AP FINAL study guide

clattergumneckBiotechnology

Oct 23, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Chapter 9



The Cell Cycle



Interphase



Mitotic Stage



Cell Cycle Control



Mitosis & Cytokinesis



Mitosis in Animal Cells



The Cell Cycle & Cancer



Prokaryotic Cell Division


Chapter 10



Reduction in Chromosome Number



Homologous Pairs



Meiosis Overview



Genetic
Variation



Crossing
-
Over
,
Independent Assortment



Fertilization



Phases of Meiosis
,
Meiosis I
/
Meiosis II



Meiosis Compared to Mitosis



Changes in Chromosome Number and Structure


Chapter 11

Gregor Mendel



Mendel’s Laws



Law of Segregation



Law of Independent
Assortment



Punnett Squares



Pedigrees



Extending the Range of Mendelian Genetics



Multiple alleles



Degrees of Dominance



X
-
Linked Inheritance



Chapter 12



Genetic Material



Transformation



DNA Structure



Watson and Crick



DNA Replication



Prokaryotic versus
Eukaryotic



Replication Errors



The Genetic Code



Transcription



Translation



Structure of Eukaryotic Chromosome


Chapter 13



Prokaryotic Regulation



trp

Operon

o

lac

Operon



Eukaryotic Regulation

o

Chromatin Structure

o

Transcriptional Control

o

Posttranscriptional
Control

o

Translational Control

o

Posttranslational Control



Genetic Mutations

o

Cancer

Chapter 14



DNA Cloning


Recombinant DNA Technology


Restriction Enzymes


DNA Ligase


Polymerase Chain Reaction



Biotechnology Products


Transgenic Bacteria, Plants, and Animals