The Restriction of The Use of Certain

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Copyright 2008 QNET LLC

1


EU Directive 2002/95/EC

on

The Restriction of The Use of Certain
Hazardous Substances in Electrical and
Electronic Equipment

(RoHS)

Presented By Yvonne Halpaus


QNET LLC



WWW.CE
-
Mark.com

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Annual

EU Waste

1.3 Billion Tons of Waste

of which

40 Million Tons is hazardous

of which

6 Million Ton is Electrical/Electronic Waste (WEEE)


Solutions Defined in Environmental Directives




Packaging Directive 94/62/EC




End Of Life Vehicle Directive 2000/53/EC




Batteries and Accumulators Directive 91/157/EEC


to be replaced September 2008 by Directive 2006/66/EC.




WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC




RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC

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PRODUCERS

A company that:



Manufactures and sells under his own brand name.

OR



Re
brands

EEE produced by other suppliers.

OR



Imports or exports EEE on a professional basis into a member state.

RoHS Details and Definitions

Not a Producer:
A reseller selling EEE with
the brand name of the original producer still on
the EEE.

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What is the

RoHS

Directive

2002/95/EC


An EU Directive Effective

1 July 2006


Purpose




To protect human health and the environment by
restricting the use of certain hazardous substances in

NEW

equipment.


AND


Environmentally sound recovery and disposal of waste


electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE directive).


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WEEE & RoHS

Not Simply A European Issue


Similar laws also aggressively

pursued in:


China

Effective date 1 March 2007


South Korea


Japan


USA


California
-
Electronic waste recycling


Act of 2003 (SB20). Tentative



compliance date 1
-
1
-
2007.





Minnesota
-
Proposed legislation SF No.



1298.




ASTM
-

Committee Appointed.



Vermont

Massachusetts
-

Hawaii


Wal Mart
-

All personal computers sold in
stores will meet the RoHS standard. (press
release 2
-
22
-
06)

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RoHS Details and Definitions

Six Hazardous Substances are banned


1.
Lead (Pb)

2.
Cadmium (Cd)

3.
Mercury (Hg)

4.
Hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI))

5.
Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs)

6.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

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RoHS Details and Definitions

Amendment Published 18 August 2005


In the Annex to Directive 2002/95/EC the
following note is added:


‘For the purposes of Article 5(1)(a), a maximum
concentration value of 0,1 % by weight in
homogeneous materials for lead, mercury,
hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls
(PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers
(PBDE) and of 0,01 % by weight in
homogeneous materials for cadmium shall be
tolerated.’


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RoHS DETAILS

&

DEFINITIONS

Electrical & Electronic Equipment

EEE

Equipment which is
:



Dependent on electrical currents or electromagnetic fields
in order to


work properly
.



For the generation, transfer and measurement of such currents which:



Falls under one of
8

categories. (8
-
Medical devices and 9
-
Monitoring &

Control instruments are excluded).



Designed for use with a rated alternating voltage not exceeding 1000


volts or a rated direct voltage of 1500 volts for direct current.

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RoHS DETAILS

&

DEFINITIONS

Electrical & Electronic Equipment
continued

EEE

In Order to Work Properly

Implies:

To be classified as EEE, electrical energy must be required to
perform its primary function.

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RoHS DETAILS & DEFINITIONS

Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment

WEEE

EEE which is waste including
:



All components



Sub Assemblies



Consumables

Which are part of the product
at the time of discarding
.

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RoHS DETAILS & DEFINITIONS

Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment
continued

At the time of discarding

All components of the waste product are to be regarded as waste
equipment.

At the time of manufacturing

The producer must exercise due diligence to ensure that all
components & subassemblies & materials used in their products
do not contain any of the six banned hazardous substances
.

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RoHS DETAILS & DEFINITIONS

RoHS


8 Product Categories

1.
Large household appliances

2.
Small household appliances

3.
IT and telecommunications equipment

4.
Consumer equipment

5.
Lighting equipment

6.
Electrical & electronic tools

7.
Toys, leisure & sports equipment

8.
Medical devices (Excluded)

9.
Monitoring & control instruments (Excluded)

10.
Automatic dispensers


Plus: Electric light bulbs and Luminaries in households.

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RoHS EXEMPTIONS

Applications of lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium,
which are exempted from the requirements of Article 4(1).



Mercury in compact fluorescent lamps not exceeding 5 mg per lamp.


Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for general purposes not exceeding:
-
halophoshpate 10 mg,
-
triphosphate with normal lifetime 5 mg,
-
triphosphate with
long lifetime 8 mg.


Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes.


Mercury in other lamps not specifically mentioned in this Annex.


Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes.


Lead as an alloying element in steel containing up to 0.35% lead by weight,
aluminum containing up to 0.4% lead by weight and as a copper alloy containing
up to 4% lead by weight.

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RoHS Exemptions continued

7.
-
Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. tin
-
lead solder alloys containing more than 85% lead),


-

lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array
systems (exemption granted until 2010).


-

lead in solders for network infrastructure equipment
for switching, signaling, transmission as well as network
management for telecommunication.


lead in electronic ceramic parts (e.g. piezoelectronic
devices).

8. Cadmium plating except for applications banned under
Directive 91/338/EEC (1) amending Directive
76/769/EEC (2) relating to restrictions on the marketing
and use of certain dangerous substances and
preparations.

9. Hexavalent chromium as an anti
-
corrosion of the carbon
steel cooling system in absorption refrigerators.



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10. Within the procedure referred to in Article 7 (2), the
Commission shall evaluate the applications for:


-
Deca BDE,


-
mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special
purposes,


-
lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array
systems, network infrastructure equipment for
switching, signaling, transmission as well as network
management for telecommunications (with a view to
setting a specific time limit for this exemption) and


-
light bulbs,


as a matter of priority in order to establish as soon as
possible whether these items are to be amended
accordingly.

Medical devices.

Monitoring and control instruments.

RoHS Exemptions continued

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Equipment specifically for the protection of the
security of the member states and for military
purposes, e.g. arms, munitions and war material.

Large scale industrial tools.

Elements of a system which are not identifiable as
EEE in its own right or that does not have a direct
function away from the installation and is

Equipment that is part of a fixed installation:


Combination of several pieces of equipment
systems, products and/or components.


Assembled and/or erected by a professional
assembler or installer.


At a given place to operate together in an
expected environment to perform a specific task.

RoHS Exemptions continued

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Large scale industrial tools.


Large scale industrial tools are specifically exempt
under category 6. There is no present clear
guidance on the scope of EEE covered by this
exemption and it is therefore difficult for us to give
advice with certainty. Our present view is based on
all of the following criteria:


Consist of a combination of equipment, systems,
products and/or components (therefore not a singe
discrete tool such as a small or medium scale lathe,
milling machine or pillar drill)


Be a tool and not be covered under any other
category


Be required to be fixed to operate safely or within
specification


Be of ‘large
-
scale’


Require professional installation


Only be used in an industrial environment


Be built to perform a specific task


(Excerpted from www.rohs.gov.uk)


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Is it a fixed installation?


The intention of the fixed installation
exclusion follows the same principles as
the exclusion for vehicle mounted
equipment. ‘Products that become part of
a product that is outside the scope of the
directive are outside the scope of the
directive’. In the case of fixed
installations the intention is that the
product becomes part of the fabric of the
building. Once fitted is the equipment
discernable from the rest of the building
or has it become part of the building? If a
business were to move would they be
likely to move or leave the product? Lifts,
electric doors and gates etc are fixed
installations, fitted kitchen appliances,
large fixed equipment, cctv camera
systems are not.


(excerpted from www.rohs.gov.uk)

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Additional exceptions granted by the EU Commission
supposed to be published by March 2005 has been
delayed and a official objection by a Member of the EU
Parliament has been published.



Various industries and company exemptions need to be
investigated, may be approved after July 2006 Directive
effective date.



Equipment placed on the market before July 2006 may
be maintained and repaired with non
-
compliant parts.
This is under review by the EU Commission.

RoHS Exemptions continued

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RoHS Decision Tree for Guidance Only


Yes

Yes

Yes

No

PRODUCT

Dependent of electric current or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly?

Designed for use with a voltage rating not exceeding 1000 volt AC and 1500 DC

Fits in one of the 8 categories in Annex 1A of the WEEE Directive

Falls under a specific exemption before effective date

Comes within the scope of the RoHS Directive

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Does not come within the scope of
the RoHS Directive

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RoHS Enforcement

Each EU State




Adopts RoHS into National Law.


Sets up enforcement mechanism


Personnel and administrative provisions.


Determines penalties which must be:



Effective
-
Proportionate
-

Dissuasive.

Examples
: UK: Fines and prosecution of director and removal of EEE




from market.



NL: Fines and removal of EEE from the market.



Germany: Fines up to 50,000


for each offence , removal of



EEE from the market.


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RoHS Producer Implementation

All producers

of EEE



Effective July 1, 2006 place EEE on the EU
Market that complies with RoHS directive
only
.


Technical documentation verifying absence
of banned hazardous substances in all
components, materials, and parts.


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Document Compliance




Supplier
:
Compliance declarations or
certificate (no standardized format) for each
component
.




Supplier
:
Test results or analysis certificate.




Producer
:
Standard procedure and records
showing due diligence obtaining documented
proof of RoHS compliance for each component.




Producer
:
Performs internal audits of
procedures and records.



RoHS Producer Implementation

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Manufacturers must verify

that the
components used in their end products
are RoHS compliant. Documented
compliance must be available for each
component. If documentation is not
available, the only alternative may be to
have the component analyzed for
hazardous substances.


Manufacturers should request

a
declaration from each supplier and if in
doubt review for accuracy and test if
necessary.



RoHS Implementation

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Suppliers may design their own materials
declarations or certificates, there is no
standard format.


There are no requirements for special
marking or testing by independent third
parties


Importers should be provided all
technical documentation detailing the
presence or absence of RoHS restricted
material.

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No official RoHS Symbol




The International Electrotechnical
Commission has decided not to publish a
standard covering the marking and
labeling of products designated as lead
-
free or RoHS compliant.


The speed with which RoHS compliance
changes renders any mark or label
meaningless.


Compliance information can be given by
a manufacturer declaration only.

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UnOfficial RoHS Labels

Examples

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Declaration of Compliance EC Directive RoHS 2002/95/EC of
January 27, 2003



Manufacturer Part Number (MPN) & Description:


MPN Part/Product Film Capacitor Description


WIMA SMD 1812 / 2220 / 2824 / 4030


5040 / 6054 / 4036 / 5045 / 6560


Polyester film, metallized


WIMA SMD MP 3
-
Y2 Paper, metallized


WIMA MKS 02 / MKS 2 / MKS 4 Polyester film, metallized


WIMA MKM 2 / MKM 4 Mixed dielectric, metallized


WIMA MKP 2 / MKP 4 MKP 10 Polypropylene film, metallized


WIMA FKS 2 / FKS 3 Polyester film, film/foil


WIMA FKP 1 / FKP 2 / FKP 3 Polypropylene film, film/foil


WIMA FKM 2 / FKM 3 Mixed dielectric, film/foil


WIMA Snubber MKP Polypropylene film, metallized


WIMA Snubber FKP Polypropylene film, film/foil


WIMA GTO MKP Polypropylene film, metallized


WIMA MP 3
-
X2 /
-
Y2 Paper, metallized


WIMA MKP
-
X2 /
-
Y2 Polypropylene film, metallized


Page 1 of 2

Example of a Suppliers Declaration

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This document certifies that the components under above
mentioned part numbers manufactured by


WIMA GmbH & Co.KG / Germany are in compliance with


Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the
Council of 27 January


2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous
substances


(Lead (Pb), Cadmium(Cd), Mercury(Hg), Hexavalent
Chromium or their compounds, flame retardants


Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and Polybrominated diphenyl
ethers (PBDE)) in electrical and electronic


equipment (RoHS Directives). The stated components are
deemed as compliant to the definitions given in


the said directive.


Authorized signatory for WIMA GmbH & Co.KG:


__________/___________________________ /_ 7th Dec.
2004_ /___ _ Quality Manager


Printed Name / Signed for and on behalf of / Date / Title
(Officer of Company)


MANNHEIM


Hausanschrift / Street address


Pfingstweidstr. 13 ∙ D
-
68199 Mannheim


Telefon / Phone: +49
-
621/86295
-
0



Page 2 of 2


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UK Site for RoHS Compliance



WWW.ROHS.GOV.UK



For the latest information on
exemptions and amendments
to the Directive.


http://ec.europa.eu/environm
ent/waste/pdf/era_study_final
_report.pdf

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THE END

The End