FULBRIGHT FORUM 2011 - Universidad Externado de Colombia

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 1 month ago)

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FULBRIGHT


UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE



INTERNATIONAL

CONFERENCE
2011

ENERGY, DEVELOPMENT AND GOVERNANCE


CALL FOR PAPERS

AND INVITED SESSIONS

Background

The Fulbright Colombia
-
Universidad del Norte annual conference is dedicated to addressing
political
, economic and social issues of concern to the region and the hemisphere through an
international dialogue with scholars and stakeholders from different disciplines and sectors in both
countries.

Given the growing importance of the energy and mining sect
ors in Colombia to the country’s
development goals, as well as the environmental, political and social implications of this field, the
theme chosen for the September 2011 event is Energy, Development and Governance.
Colombia
is
currently at the crossroads

of developing and implementing economic, poli
tical, and research
policies all linked to one of its
most important resources: compensation and royalties from foreign
companies extracting coal oil, nickel, and precious minerals. Three apparently different
junctures
create a challenge for the Colombian government and the country’s society in general:


The country is
on
the verge of a significant growth

spurt

in
coal mining
, already Colombia’s
second export product, and significant areas of the country are b
eing explored for oil (the
first export product) and natural gas. Most of these resources are extracted by foreign
companies which pay compensations and royalties to the Colombian government. These
compensations are primarily redirected to the towns or d
epartments where the extraction
takes place. Nevertheless, some of these regions have been unable to achieve significant
development even after years of receiving royalties.


The Colombian scientific research promotion agency, COLCIENCIAS, was recently
t
ransformed into an administrative department and its director now has a seat in the
Ministry’s Council. In a country with near 0.8% of GDP investment in Science and
Technology, President Santos has announced that 10% of the country’s royalties will be
all
ocated for S&T. Presently the Colombian congress is studying a law to implement the
President’s promise. However, representatives from the regions where the coal and oil is
extracted are opposed to the government’s proposal as the plan is to reduce their

royalties and transfer them to COLCIENCIAS. For representatives of the regions affected,
the financial support for S&T should come from other sources.


The Colombian congress is studying a new law for territorial planning where the concept
of “region”, de
fined as a territorial unity in the 1991 constitution, is implemented.
Expectations range from economic autonomy with a regional government to a planning
region articulated with a decentralized budget allocation process. The governors from the
Department
s located in the Colombian Caribbean Coast, where most of the coal mining
and natural gas production take place, are the leaders of the regionalization initiative and
state that the regionalization process should not be related to the one about royalties a
s
the national government is attempting to do.

Separately, each of these issues represents a significant challenge. Together, they generate
compelling questions regarding Colombia’s future such as:

1.

What is the ideal governance structure to assure an equit
able redistribution of mining and
energy royalties to the regions, while guaranteeing sustainable national development
goals? Is this governance structure compatible with the regionalization process the
regions are promoting and lobbying for in Congress?

2.

What political and social strategies would effectively promote the adequate use of
royalties by local governments, leading to growth and development in town and
departments where natural resources are extracted?

3.

Since coal and oil are the main exports of t
he Colombian economy, what role should
science and technology play in a world pushing for renewable sources?

4.

Should Science and Technology resources be subject to regionalization? To what degree?

5.

Oil, gas and coal companies in Colombia have traditional
ly been core technology buyers.
What development models could integrate competitive growth, while promoting a close
relationship between them and academia?

The 2011 FULBRIGHT
-
UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE Conference in Barranquilla, Colombia will address
such q
uestions by bringing together researchers and practitioners from the region in the fields of
policy planning, economic development, energy, and science and technology management.


Call for Papers

The organizing committee of the 2011 Fulbright Internation
al Conference in Colombia invites
authors to present their papers, in the context of the discussion presented in the background
section of this call, in one or more of the following topics:


Governance
challenges


Royalties distribution


R
egionalizat
ion of th
e nation
-
state



Science and Technology Policy


Renewable resources in developing countries


Clean coal and oil technology


Technology transfer


Energy prospective


Authors are invited to submit their abstracts (300


500 words) in a one page pdf file indicatin
g
title, authors name, affiliation, and email.
Papers will be received from March 1
st

to April 30
th

2011
.
Abstracts should be sent to
:


catedrafulbright@uninorte.edu.co



The organization committee
also welcomes the proposal of invited sessions with topics related to
the background of this call, sponsored by agencies, companies or associations.