Cloud Computing at TIA

chirpskulkInternet and Web Development

Nov 3, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Cloud Computing at TIA

Presented By

Betsy Covell

Chair: TIA Cloud Computing Subcommittee

Agenda

Cloud Computing Subcommittee

Cloud Computing Interoperability

Cloud Issues in CCSC

Cloud Computing Subcommittee

Cloud Computing Subcommittee charter:


Inform TIA standards committees and policy
groups of the need for interoperability standards
related to cloud computing


Increase participation by cloud experts


Introduce cloud computing organizations into
TIA standards development process


Cloud Standards Interoperability

TR
-
42 Telecommunications Cabling Systems


TR
-
42.1 updating TIA
-
942 to add support for

o
very large data centers

o
containerized data centers that are utilized by some
cloud data center service providers

o
higher speed network protocols used for cloud
computing

o
Security for data center cabling


TR
-
42.7 initiated new project to develop next
generation balanced cabling for data
transmission higher than 10Gbps


Cloud Standards Interoperability

TR
-
42 Telecommunications Cabling Systems


TR
-
42.11 developed polarity schemes that use
multi
-
fiber array connectors that will support 40
and 100 gigabit systems which will be used for
cloud computing systems.


TR
-
42.21 developed standards for fiber suitable
for manufacturing OM4 cabling which is
specified by IEEE 802.3 for Ethernet and INCITS
T11 for Fibre Channel, two applications critical to
cloud computing.


Cloud Standards Interoperability

TR
-
45 Mobile and Personal Communications
System Standards


Potential focus on cloud access by smart
devices, energy efficiency, lawful intercept and
mobility

TR
-
48 Vehicular Telematics


Potential focus on addressing improvements to
the interoperability of varying platforms and
systems


Cloud Standards Interoperability

TR
-
50 Smart Device Communications


Potential focus on M2M between cloud
-
provisioned servers in a public, private, or hybrid
cloud data center setup

TR
-
51 Smart Utility Networks


Potential focus on network agnostic standards
interoperating with an IP network suitable for
enabling access to cloud computing
infrastructure for data storage, management and
processing.

Cloud Issues in CCSC

Proliferation of cloud standards results in many
cloud definitions

But still leaves many standards gaps


End User View into Cloud


Reliability/SLA


Security


Lawful intercept




NIST Cloud Model

Community

Cloud

Private
Cloud

Public Cloud

Hybrid
Clouds

Deployment

Models

Service

Models

Essential

Characteristics

Common

Characteristics

Software as a
Service (
SaaS
)

Platform as a
Service (
PaaS
)

Infrastructure as a
Service (
IaaS
)

Resource Pooling

Broad Network Access

Rapid Elasticity

Measured Service

On Demand Self
-
Service

Low Cost Software

Virtualization

Service Orientation

Advanced Security

Homogeneity

Massive Scale

Resilient Computing

Geographic Distribution

Cloud Structural Model

Cloud Business Model

Cloud Equipment Provider

Cloud App Provider

Cloud End User Perspective

Data Location


Cloud End User Perspective

Data Access Privileges

Cloud End User Perspective

Single vs Multi Cloud

Recovery in Distributed Cloud

Public

Internet

Routing

Perimeter

Security

Load

Balancing

Application

Frontend

Application

Backend

Database

Server

Data

Center

Power

Environment

Interconnection

Public

Internet

Routing

Perimeter

Security

Load

Balancing

Application

Backend

Database

Server

Data

Center

Power

Environment

Interconnection

Assume
DUPLE
X
FAILU
RE

Native vs Virtualized Redundancy

Redundant Pair

Active

Redundant

Downtime across a redundant pair is primarily driven by…

Critical failure rate

of software is likely to be similar…

Except there may be more (possibly less reliable)
hardware and software in the critical path…

Failure coverage
likely to be similar…

Failure detection latency
likely to be similar…

Switchover success probability

likely to be similar

Switchover latency

likely to be similar…

Redundant

Redundant

Cloud makes greater redundancy feasible,
including aggressive compute redundancy
architectures where each request is simultaneously
sent to multiple server instances and client selects
first successful, quorum, or other strategy, thereby
boosting service availability

Benefits of Georedundancy

To improve service availability via
(geo)redundant data centers, failures in
primary data center must be detected,
isolated and recovered faster to
georedundant data center than they would
be locally

To get significant service availability
improvement, detection, isolation and
georedundant recovery must be automatic
and (very…) fast

Cloud Security

Coordinate with Cloud Security Alliance on
telecom related security aspects

Investigate lawful intercept issues based on
TIA’s prior joint standards efforts

Data Center Security (current)


Telecommunications cabling for data centers shall not be routed through spaces
accessible by the public or by other tenants of the building unless the cables are in
enclosed conduit or other secure pathways. Any maintenance holes, pull boxes, and
splice boxes shall be equipped with a lock.


Telecommunications entrance cabling for data centers should not be routed through a
common equipment room (CER). Any maintenance holes on building property or under
control of the data center owner should be 1624 locked and monitored by the data center
security system using a camera, remote alarm or both.


Access to pull boxes for data center cabling (entrance cabling or cabling between portions
of the data center) that are located in public spaces or shared tenant spaces should be
controlled. The pull boxes should also be monitored by the data center security system
using a camera, remote alarm or both. Any splice boxes for data center cabling that are
located in public spaces or shared tenant spaces should be locked and monitored by the
data center security system using a camera, remote alarm or both.


Entrance to utility tunnels used for telecommunications entrance rooms and other data
center cabling should be locked. If the tunnels are used by multiple tenants or cannot be
locked, telecommunications cabling for data centers shall be in solid metallic conduit or
other secure pathway.

Cloud Potential

2011