REMOTE SENSING MALAYSIA (RSM)

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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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REMOTE SENSING MALAYSIA

(RSM)



Malaysian

Remote Sensing

Agency (Remote Sensing
Malaysia, RSM),
formerly known as Malaysian Centre for Remote Sensing (
MACRES).


A
department under the Ministry of Science, Technology and
Innovation (MOSTI), Malaysia.


In

August 1988
, Remote Sensing Agency was established as a

Research
and Development

centre in remote sensing and related technologies.
The agency were fully
operationalized

by

January
1990
.


The RSM
is equipped with

computer system

for satellite data

image
processing
,

geographic information system

and

global positioning
system
, satellite ground receiving station for real time

data acquisition
,
microwave remote sensing laboratory (
anechoic chamber
, mobile
scatterometer
), remote sensing digital photographic laboratory and
remote sensing data archiving
and
retrieval centre
.



Location

Role of Remote Sensing Malaysia

@
Core Activities



Research
and
Development


Data
Services (MS ISO 9001:2000 certified
)


Training Services


Consultancy


Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

1. Research and Development
(R&D)


The R&D
programme

of ARSM is formulated to support user
agencies in the management of agriculture production, natural
resources, environment, disaster, security and land development.


The
programme

also carries out the cabinet directives on the use of
remote sensing technology to support implementing agencies in
the planning, development and management of national resources.
The success of this
programme

is achieved through active
participation by government agencies, institutes of higher learning
and private sectors.



The R&D
programme

is divided into the following sub
-
programmes:


Application Development


Technology Development




Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

2.
Data Services (MS ISO 9001:2000
certified)


One of Remote Sensing Malaysia's mandates is to
provide remote sensing satellite images to all users in
the country, including

RazakSAT
satellite

data.



RSM also responsible to enter into direct negotiations
with foreign satellite operators for the procurement of
direct reception of satellite images via Ground
Receiving Station in
Temerloh
, Pahang. Acquisition of
Radarsat
-
1, Spot 2, 4 and 5,
Modis
, OCM and NOAA
satellite image satellite is done through this ground
station, while
Ikonos

and
QuickBird

satellite images are
accomplished through foreign ground stations.

Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

3.
Training Services


Human Capital Development (HCD) programmes has been
organised

for user agencies. The main objective of the
programmes is to increase skilled and trained work force in
user agencies in remote sensing and related technologies.
The activities include trainings, workshops, seminars,
conferences and various customized courses to meet
specific users' requirements.



The training includes hands
-
on practices on basic and
advanced image processing, satellite data integration,
image interpretation and classification.


Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

4.
Consultancy Services


Consultancy services are provided in various
application for both government and private
sectors.



Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI


Major National Programmes


Integrated Geospatial Database And Planning

(
IGDP)
System


Disaster Management


Fishing
Zone
Identification


Rice
Monitoring and Yield Prediction
System


Precision Farming


Monitoring
of Environmentally Sensitive
Areas


Microwave
Remote Sensing Research and
Development


Integrated
Remote Sensing and GIS Software
Development


Satellite
Image Map


Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Example 1:

Integrated
Geospatial Database And Planning
(IGDP) System

Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Precision Farming Processes for Rice
Crop Fertilizer Recommendation

Example 2: Precision
Farming Concept

Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Example 3: Microwave
Remote Sensing
Research and Development

C
-
band Ground
-
based
Scatterometer


Anechoic
Chamber



The

developments

of

L
-
band

and

P
-
band

mobile

scatterometer

and

C
-
band

Airborne

SAR

are

also

currently

being

undertaken
.

In

modeling

and

application

development,

fundamental

research

involving

laboratory

and

field

measurement

has

resulted

in

the

development

of

theoretical

and

application

models

for

monitoring

and

yield

forecasting

of

paddy

and

oil

palm

crops
.

Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Example 4: Satellite
Image Map (SIM)


Satellite Image Map (SIM) project was developed by

ARSM in partnership with the
Department of Surveying and Mapping Malaysia (JUPEM).




SIM
consists of
ortho
-
rectified satellite remote sensing image overlaid with
selective corresponding topographic data, transportation network, hydrological
network and administrative.


Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Satellite Image Map of
Putrajaya

Satellite Image Map of
Kuantan

Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Data Services


LANDSAT
-

5&7


SPOT
-

1,2,4&5


RADARSAT


1


QUICKBIRD


IKONOS


MODIS


OCM


NOAA



SPOT
5 SUPERMODE PANSHARP
(ORTHORECTIFY)


Copyright ©2005 Malaysian

Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM), MOSTI

Tree Counting From Satellite Imagery



Utilizing
techniques to automatically extract features
from

satellite imagery

has contributed significantly in
vegetation structure mapping and building
extraction.



Ongoing research is focusing on a tree counting project
where the importance of developing a stable and
adjustable
ruleset

is significantly important to lessen
human intervention to the counting process
.



A program was developed using 0.5m and 1m resolution
satellite images of major plantation estates
in
Asia. The
accuracy of tree counting result is now proven and is being
applied in practical projects
.


Improvements Taken for Automatic
Tree Counting

Boundaries of SPIDS’ Oil Palm Areas


Phase 15: 7
th

February
2007

Data: Quickbird XS Pan
-
Sharpened


Example of the Palm Counting Process

Accuracy Assessment

No.

Palm
Block

Age
(Year)

Number of
palms
counted
visually

Number of
palms counted
from filtered
image (in GIS)

Accuracy
(%)

1

12 / 2A

2

396

382

96.4

2

19 / 2B

5


465

469

99.1

3

21 / 3A

10


383

387

98.9

4

22 / 3B

13

445

451

98.7

5

33 / 4A

18

431

439

98.1