Automated Broker Interface - ABI

cavalcadehorehoundMechanics

Nov 5, 2013 (4 years and 3 days ago)

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Automation


... This section contains the guidance information for Automated Broker Interface (ABI), Automated Clearing House (ACH) and o
ther
electronic interfaces with Customs and other government agencies.


1. Procedures for becoming "
ABI Certified
"


2
. Software

for a Customs Brokerage operation

(usually there is a separate manual supplied by the software vendor). Particulars on how
to do "special entries" are included in this section of the manual. Also, computer input procedures are described (depends o
n the

particular software system purchased as to how this is done)


3.
Enhancements to ABI
, such as statement processing, ACH, automated protest, automated invoice,
etc. are explained.


4. OGA interfaces
-

e.g.
FDA Product Code Builder
.


5. Windows capabilities for use in printing operation formats and other correspond
ence (again pertains to the particular software system
used)


6. Hardware specifics of automated system
--
inventory of items, network provider, service on hardware


7. Reports computer can generate ...


Cross references such as... entry # to file #, Fil
e # to Customer reference, carrier to file #,


Cargo release report, daily log, daily billing edit list, check edit list, aged trial balance, entry release
-

entry summary due log


8.
ABI procedures

-

CATAIR

--

including paperless entries, paperless entry summaries, release dates vs. "preliminary releases", listing of
AMS carriers, printing and distributing of ABI messages, etc.




Automation in the Customs Brokerage

Industry


A.C.E.
--

Automated Commercial Environment


1) A.M.S.
-

Automated Manifest System


2) A.B.I
-

Automated Broker Interface


3)

A.E.S.
-

Automated Export System



Automated Broker Interface
-

ABI


ABI Benefits as described on the Internet


Definition:

This is a module of the Customs Automated Commercial Environment (ACE), which allows qualified filers to transmit data
electronic
ally to Customs through ABI and to receive transmissions through ACE. Its purposes are to improve administrative efficiency,

enhance enforcement of Customs and related laws, lower costs, and expedite the release of cargo.


Participants:

Customs Brokers, I
mporters, port authorities & ABI service bureaus (service bureaus provide communications facilities and
data processing services for brokers and importers, but do not engage in the conduct of customs business).


Performance requirements:

Each participant m
ust become "ABI Certified" by demonstrating that his system can interface directly with
the Customs computer and ensure accurate submission of required data. This demonstration will include intensive testing of th
e
participant's system and monitoring of it
s performance.



2

Procedure for electronic immediate delivery and entry:
CR 143.34 ... "To file immediate delivery or entry electronically, the filer will
submit certified immediate delivery or entry data electronically through ABI. Data will be validat
ed and, if found error
-
free, will be
accepted. If it is determined through selectivity criteria and review of data that documentation is not required to be physi
cally submitted
in paper form, merchandise will be released and Customs will electronically no
tify the filer."


Totally Paperless possibility
--
Form of immediate delivery, entry and entry summary:

CR 143.36...

Under the electronic form of data in which Customs selectivity and invoice requirements are met, "the filer will not be requi
red to produce
or physically submit any official Customs forms of immediate delivery, entry or entry summary."


.... "Participation constitutes declaration by the electronic filer that, to the best of his knowledge, all transactions file
d electronically fully
disclose pr
ices, values, quantities, rebates, drawbacks, fees, commissions, and royalties, which are true and correct, and that all good
s or
services provided either free or at a reduced cost to the seller of the merchandise are fully disclosed."


.... "In order to s
atisfy the statutory requirement for presentation of invoice, invoice data must be submitted in one of the following forms:
a) Paper form, b) All or EDIFACT format, or C) under a pre
-
classification / binding ruling program in which information is electroni
cally
transmitted which is adequate for the examination of the merchandise and the determination of duties and for verifying inform
ation
required for statistical purposes".




Primary ABI Operations


Cargo Selectivity

... This system "sorts" high risk fro
m low risk cargo and determines the type of examination required of "high
risk" cargo. The system accepts data transmitted through ABI and compares it against established criteria.


Entry Summary Selectivity

... This system automates the
review of entry s
ummary data

by matching national and local selectivity
criteria against entry summary data to assess risk by importer, tariff number, country of origin, manufacturer and value.


Census Interface

... ABI entry summary transmissions pass through Census ed
its and the data is captured in ACE. Customs then
transfers this data to the Census Bureau. Trade statistics are based on this data.


Quota

... The automated system (ACE) tracks quantity controls and country visas on imported merchandise. The Quota sy
stem
checks the quantities against the visas and transmits this information against the visas and transmits this information to th
e
country of origin.


Reference and Query Options via ABI
...


The following information can be extracted from Customs referenc
e files:


Antidumping / Countervailing Duty Cases

Import Specialist Assignments

Foreign Port Codes




Harmonized Tariff Schedule

Error Warning Statistics



Carrier Codes

Currency Exchange Rates



ISO Country Codes

FIRMS Codes





Other Government Agency In
formation


A Filer can query from Customs the following electronically:


ADD/CVD Information

Cargo release information

Entry and entry summary status, collections, billings and refund information

Error / Warning statistics by filer, district, port and appl
ication

Importer / Bond data

MID Code information on file

Visa requirements by country, tariff, category

Quota information queries







3

Enhancements...


AII

-

Automated Invoice Interface

... This enhancement allows a filer to send electronic invoice inform
ation to Customs. The
information is transmitted using either ABI record formats or the EDIFACT CUSDEC (Customs Declaration).


Drawback
... Claims for duty refunds under Drawback can be submitted to Customs on a diskette
--

which is uploaded into ACE.
Th
is results in faster claim processing and the issuance of the drawback refund. In the future, claims will be filed
directly
through ABI.


National Entry Processing
... This is in a testing mode currently. Customs will allow a procedure where shipment cle
arances for
a filer permitted in one port of entry can attend to Customs formalities in another port of entry. In effect, “national” rel
eases with
“national” import specialist review are the vision for the future. This procedure will be used where practic
al, feasible, and
conducted under Customs' restrictions (for instance, only electronic invoices can be utilized).


Payment using ABI
...


Statement Processing

... This allows ABI filers to pay
multiple entry summaries

with one check or payment transaction.

This
reduces the processing time for collection and acceptance of an entry summary.


ACH
-

Automated Clearinghouse

... This is an electronic payment option that allows an ABI filer to pay Customs fees, duties,
and taxes with one electronic transaction. T
he payer's bank account is debited and Customs' account is credited with the amount
due after the filer makes an authorization. This is also a means for importers to pay duty "directly" from their bank accou
nt to
Customs' account (via their broker's auth
orization). By being on ACH, the filer obtains an additional 10 days to pay duties,
taxes, and fees on quota and other special merchandise classes.


Other Government Agencies (OGA)
interface

... ACE interfaces with other government agencies (currently Dep
t. of Transportation,
Food and Drug Administration, Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Federal Communications Commission). Transactions subject to

further
agency review are identified through a selectivity process, similar to Customs' cargo selectivity.
Through these programs, faster cargo
release is possible
--

particularly if no sampling or examination is required.



Automated Manifest System



... The Automated Manifest System (AMS) is a multi
-
modular cargo inventory control and release notific
ation system. It interfaces
directly with Cargo Selectivity and "IN
-
BOND" systems. The linkage allows faster identification and release of low risk shipments.



Carriers, port authorities, service bureaus, freight forwarders, and container freight

stations can participate in AMS. The system
reduces the reliance on paper documents and speeds the processing of manifest and waybill data.



By
SEA
, participants are allowed to transmit manifest data electronically prior to the vessel's arrival.

Customs can then determine in
advance whether the merchandise merits examination or immediate release. Upon receiving notification from Customs, the carri
er can
make decisions on staging cargo and the importer can arrange for examination, release, and d
istribution of the merchandise.



By
AIR
, carriers can "arrive" an in
-
bond shipment and to file in bond, permit to proceed, and local transfers electronically. Air
waybill data (and amendments) can be transmitted in any sequence. This system increa
ses data reliability and enforcement capabilities by
standardizing the way the trade community and Customs communicate.


Automated Export System (AES)


This is being developed by U.S. Customs to fully automate the
export environment
. It will be an informa
tion system that gathers data and
conveys it electronically to other government agencies for information or action purposes. Objectives...


1. More accurate trade statistics

2. Managing Harbor Maintenance Fee collection (if still constitutional)

3. Fac
ilitation of export cargo release in compliance with legal requirements

4. Maximize export compliance
--

targeting and analysis of export trends for enforcement purposes.



... "One
-
stop
-
shopping" to the trade community through an information sharing cap
ability.