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Centre for the Study of
Law & Policy in Europe












Activity Report 2005














1





Table of Contents




1.
Introduction to the CSLPE
2


2.
Background: University of Leeds
4


3.
CSLPE: The Substantive Focus
5


4.
Critical Mass: Members of the CSLPE
6


Academic Staff

6


Research Staff

6


Visiting Research Fellows

6


Associate Members

7


CSLPE Partners

7


5.
CSLPE Activities
8


Individual Scholarship and Publications

8


Events Organised by CSLPE

14


Conference Presentations by CSLPE

14


Undergraduate and Postgraduate Teaching

17


Research Informed Teaching

18


Doctoral Candidates in CSLPE

18


6.
Research Specialisation and Income Generation
20


Individual Scholarship and Research Fellowships
20


Project Development Activity
21


Externally Funded Research
21



European Integration
21



Citizenship and Equality Issues
22



Migration
22



Academic Careers and Scientific Labour Markets
22



Employment Rights and Equal Opportunities
24


Infrastructural Development and Research Support
25


7.
CSLPE Expert Work
26


Specialist Work on Achieving Gender Equality
26


Specialist Work on Disability Rights
26


Specialist Work on Harmonisation of Degree Programmes
26


8.
Strategic Partnerships
28


9.
CSLPE in the News
29
2




1. Introduction to the CSLPE




The Centre for the Study of Law and Policy in Europe (CSLPE) was formally constituted in 1993 to
promote research activity into European Legal Studies and to develop wider interest through
research projects, seminars and conferences. The CSLPE is one of the University of Leeds inter-
disciplinary research centres based in the School of Law. In 1998, the University was awarded a Jean
Monnet Centre of Excellence, a kite mark given by the European Commission to highlight the
University’s regional, national and international standing in European Studies. As part of the Jean
Monnet Centre of Excellence, the CSLPE are continually developing the ‘European’ dimension of
study and research, incorporating a wide range of research interests around a core theme of ‘Social
Europe’.

The School of Law is internationally recognized for excellence in research and in the 2001 UK
Research Assessment Exercise, scored 5a. In 2005 the School of Law was ranked 10th in the UK by
the Times newspaper. The CSLPE works closely with other research centres at Leeds, with
particularly strong ties to Leeds’ Institute for Social Sciences, the ESRC Research Group for the
Study of Care, Values and the Future of Welfare and the School of Geography. Whilst the CSLPE
benefits from access to the wider University and Law School facilities, we have worked hard to
improve our own infrastructure. In 2005 we were pleased to open our new Centre building (as
pictured on the front cover of this report), equipped with the latest technology, to house our
research postgraduates and staff.

Members of the CSLPE are strongly committed to producing first-rate research that takes forward
debates in the academic community and beyond. A marker of the Centre’s success, and our standing
in the research community, is our sustained track record in externally funded research. Since 2002, the
CSLPE has generated research income of over one million pounds. This type and volume of activity is unique
in a UK Law School. Undoubtedly, our work has been strengthened by our partnerships with other
universities and non-governmental organisations across the European Union and beyond. We have
learnt much from colleagues who have visited us at Leeds and, likewise, our members travel
extensively – recently staff returned from research visits to Princeton University and Université Jean
Moulin, Lyon III. CSLPE members work hard to disseminate their research findings both at home
3
and away and we have hosted a number of international conferences and seminars. The fruits of our
labour are evident in our extensive publication list. Our staff have also been called upon as experts in
their field by the European Commission and other bodies.

Finally, the Centre has developed a wide range of general and specialized courses in European Legal
Studies. Research postgraduates in the Centre often have unique opportunities to participate in the
Centre’s other research activities.

At the CSLPE it is our joint vision to create a premier centre for European Law and Policy. Our
staff and students come from a range of backgrounds and we embrace interdisciplinarity. At the
forefront of our plan is sustainable growth, which will allow us to continue our successes and cement
our reputation. Our priority is investment in staff and postgraduate researchers as they provide the
backbone, and the future, of the Centre. This report summarises recent CSLPE activities and our
strategic vision for the future.


Professor Louise Ackers
Director, CSLPE
September 2005




4



2. Background: The University of Leeds




The University of Leeds was founded in 1904 and is recognised as a top class institution. The last
Research Assessment Exercise placed Leeds among the top ten universities for research in the UK,
out of the 173 institutions taking part. It is now one of the most popular universities in the UK with
over 33,000 undergraduates. It has a turnover of £320M with a £100M+ research budget. The
University library is one of the largest and most well stocked in the country with over 2.5 million
books, e-journals and periodicals and fine social science and law collections.

The University was a founder member of the Santander Group of European Universities - 43
European universities which exchange good practice and collaboration in education, training and
research, and which promotes and encourages student and staff mobility. Leeds is also a founding
member of the World University Network, set up in 2000 by 5 British and 5 US Universities to
promote mobility and harmonisation across study programmes.


5



3. CSLPE: The Substantive Focus




In the CSLPE we have worked hard to create a research environment that delivers first-class
research into a range of topics related to European Law and Policy. The breath and scope of
research rests upon the specialisations of our academic staff, but we all share an interest in the
development of ‘Social Europe’ and the consequences of European Policy for different countries,
for EU development and for individual social rights.

Recent research activity within the CSLPE has addressed the following themes:

 European Integration;
 Citizenship and Equality (especially in relation to gender, disability, religion, ageing and
childhood);
 Migration;
 Academic Careers and Scientific Labour Markets;
 Common Agricultural Policy;
 Environmental Policy;
 Employment Rights;
 Comparative Law.

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4. Critical Mass: Members of the CSLPE




The CSLPE has ten academic staff and a further six research staff. Staff contribute in a variety of
ways to our research and teaching activities and we have close research collaborations with
colleagues across institutions.

Academic Staff
Professor Louise Ackers, Jean Monnet Chair in European Law
Michael Cardwell, Senior Lecturer
Dr Oliver Gerstenberg
, Reader
Julie Gervais de LaFonde, Graduate Teaching Assistant
Professor Juliet Lodge, Jean Monnet Professor in EU Politics & European Studies
Annick Masselot, Senior Lecturer
Damien Mather, Graduate Teaching Assistant
Sonia Morano-Foadi, Lecturer
Dr Chloe Wallace, Lecturer
Richard Whittle, Lecturer

Research Staff
Bryony Gill
Dr Keleigh Groves
Jessica Guth
Sonia Hadj Ayed
Debbie Millard
Liz Oliver

Visiting Research Fellows (2002-2005)
Dr María Luisa Fernández de Soto Blass, Senior Professor, San Pablo-CEU University of Madrid
Vicenç Aguado Cudola, Associate Professor, Administrative Law, University of Barcelona
Jesús Ángel Fuentetaja Pastor, Associate Professor, UNED, Madrid
Dr Nikolina Sretenova, Senior Researcher, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
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Heloisa Perista, Director, CESIS, Lisbon

Associate Members
The CSLPE staff actively collaborate with the following associate members for research purposes
(either on funded projects, or for co-authoring purposes):

Dr Helen Stalford, Senior Lecturer in Law, University of Liverpool
Dr Peter Dwyer, Senior Lecturer in Social Policy, University of Leeds
Dr Adrian Bailey, Reader in Geography, University of Leeds
Professor Carol Smart, Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life, Manchester
University
Professor Jennifer Mason, Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life,
Manchester University
Hannah Morgan, Lecturer in Social Work, Lancaster University
Dr Mark Redmond, Academic Head of Community Development, Bournemouth University
Professor Mark Stuart, Leeds University Business School (LUBS)
Dr Jennifer Tomlinson, Lecturer in Work and Employment Relations, LUBS
Dr Ian Turton, Senior Research Fellow in Geography, University of Leeds

Partners working with CSLPE on research projects
Evidence Ltd, UK
PERIPHERIE - Institut für praxisorientierte Genderforschung, Graz
CEFMR - Central European Forum for Migration Research, Warsaw
HSTF - Hungarian Science and Technology Foundation
APRE - Agency for the Promotion of European Research, Rome
KETHI - Research Centre for Gender Equality, Athens
CESIS - Centro de Estudos para a Intervenção Social, Lisbon
CNRS - French National Centre for Scientific Research, France
INRA - l’Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France
HWWA - Hamburg Institute for International Economics
AFEM - Association des Femmes de L’Europe Meridionale, France
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5. CSLPE Activities




5.1 Individual Scholarship and Publication

The general research interests of all CSLPE members are provided in the list below along with three
key publications (for further publications please see individual webpages):

Professor Louise Ackers: CSLPE Director
Research Interests: European Union social law and policy; migration within the European Union
and science mobility; equality issues including EU policy on gender, children and elderly people; and
comparative social-legal studies.
Publications: (1) Ackers, H. L. (2004) ‘Citizenship, Migration and the Valuation of Care in the
European Union’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30(2), pp. 373-396; (2) Ackers, H.L and
Stalford, H.E. (2004) A Community for Children? Children, Citizenship and Internal Migration in the EU,
London: Ashgate; (3) Ackers, H.L. (2005) ‘Moving People and Knowledge: Assessing the Impact of
Enlargement on Scientific Mobility within the European Union, International Migration, forthcoming.

Ann Blair: Lecturer
Research Interests: Education law; employment law; discrimination law; and equity and trusts.
Publications: (1) Blair, A (2005, with Aps, W.) ‘What Not to Wear and Other Stories: Addressing
Religious Diversity in Schools’, Education and the Law, 17, pp. 1-22; (2) Blair, A. (2004) ‘A Lesson in
Religious (In)tolerance?’, New Law Journal, 154.7121, p. 449; (3) Blair, A. (2001) ‘Equality in
Education: The Challenge of Multiculturalism’, European Journal for Education Law and Policy, 5(1-2),
pp.141-151.

Michael Cardwell: Senior Lecturer
Research Interests: Common agricultural policy and particularly milk quotas; agricultural holdings;
agriculture and world trade; and food quality and food safety.
Publications: (1) Cardwell, M. (2004) The European Model of Agriculture, Oxford University Press,
Oxford; (2) Cardwell, M. (2003, with Grossman, M.R. & Rodgers, C.P., eds.) Agriculture and
International Trade: Law, Policy and the WTO, CAB International, Wallingford; and (3) Cardwell, M.
(2004) ‘The European Model of Agriculture and World Trade: Reconfiguring Domestic Support’, in

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Bell, J., Dashwood, A., Spencer, J. and Ward, A. (eds.), Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies
2002-2003, Hart Publishing, Oxford.

Dr Oliver Gerstenberg: Reader
Research Interests: Human Rights on Private Law norms in various settings (property, tort and
contract). "Europeanization" of Private Law.
Publications: (1) Gerstenberg, O. (2003) "Radikale Rechtsfortbildung" im Europaeischen Vertrags-
und Haftungsrecht, in: Christian Joerges/Gunther Teubner (eds.), Rechtsverfassungsrecht. Festschrift fuer
Rudolf Wiethoelter, pp.61-83 (Nomos, Baden-Baden 2003); (2) Gerstenberg, O. (2005) ‘Germany:
Freedom of Conscience in Public Schools’, International Journal of Constitutional Law¸ 3(1), pp. 94-106;
and (3) Gerstenberg, O. (2004) ‘What Constitutions Can Do (But Courts Sometimes Don't):
Property, Speech and the Influence of Constitutional Norms on Private Law’, Canadian Journal of Law
and Jurisprudence, Vol. XVII, No. 1

Julie Gervais de LaFonde: Graduate Teaching Assistant
Research Interests: Family law; mediation law; and comparative and European Union law.

Bryony Gill: Research Fellow
Research Interests: Highly skilled mobility; return migration; comparative research methods; family
law; and EU enlargement.
Publications: (1) Gill, B. (2005, with Van de Sande, D. and Ackers, H. L.) Impact Assessment of the
Marie Curie Fellowships under the 4
th
and 5
th
Framework Programmes of Research and Technological Development of
the EU (1994-2002): Final Report. European Commission, Brussels; (2) Gill, B. (2005, with Ackers, H.
L.) ‘Attracting And Retaining ‘Early Career’ Researchers In English Higher Education Institutions’,
Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 18(3), pp. 277-300; and (3) Gill, B. (2005)
‘Homeward Bound? The Experience of Return Mobility for Italian Scientists’, Innovation: The
European Journal of Social Science Research, 18(3), pp. 319-342.

Dr Keleigh Groves: Post-Doctoral Research Fellow & Information Manager
Research interests: Social security and welfare benefits; family policy and ‘new’ Labour; Qualitative
research methods.
Publications: (1) Groves, K. (2005) ‘A Review of Existing Community Engagement Training and
Development Support for Professionals and Public Sector Organisations’, NCCCE Working Paper 2,
Lancaster University, UK; (2) Groves, K. (2004) ‘Families, Care and Welfare: Some Useful Sources’,
Social Policy and Society, 3(4), pp. 457-461; and (3) Groves, K. (2000, with Popay, J.) ‘‘Narrative’ in
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Research on Gender Inequalities in Health’, in E. Annandale and K. Hunt (eds.) Gender Inequalities in
Health. Open University Press, Buckingham.

Sonia Hadj Ayed: Research Assistant
Research Interests: EC gender equality; EC environmental law; and law on sustainable
development.
Publications: (1) Hadj Ayed, S. (2004, with Masselot, A.) European Section,
Journal of Social Welfare
and Family Law, 26(3), pp. 325-338.

Anna Lawson: Lecturer
Research Interests: Disability and equality law; human rights law.
Publications: (1) Lawson, A. (2005, with and Gooding, C., eds) Disability Rights in Europe: From
Theory to Practice, Hart Publishing, Oxford; (2) Lawson, A. (2005) ‘The EU Rights Based Approach to
Disability: Strategies for Shaping an Inclusive Society’, International Journal of Discrimination and the Law,
6(4), pp. 269-288; and (3) Lawson, A. (2005, with Matthews, B.) ‘Dismantling Barriers to Transport
by Law: The European Journey’, in Barnes, C. and Mercer, G. (eds.) Disability Policy and Practice:
Applying the Social Model, Disability Press, Leeds.

Professor Juliet Lodge: Director of Jean Monnet European Centre of Excellence
Research interests: EU institutions; EU democratic governance; EU terrorism; and Europol.
Publications: (1) Lodge, J. (ed.) (2005) Electing the European Parliament in an Enlarged EU, Palgrave;
(2) Lodge, J. (2005) ‘Ejustice and biometrics: proportionate and fit-for-purpose?’ European Current
Law Review, Feb; and (3) ‘EU Homeland Security: Citizens or Suspects?’ Journal of European Integration,
26(3), pp. 253-279

Annick Masselot: Senior Lecturer and CSLPE Deputy Director
Research Interests: Gender equality; pregnancy and maternity rights; reconciliation between work
and family life; EU enlargement; and comparative law.
Publications: (1) Masselot, A. (2004, with Caracciolo di Torella, E.) ‘The Future of Sex Equality’, in
Tridimas ed. European Union Law For The Twenty-First Century: Rethinking The Legal Order, Hart
Publishing, Oxford; (2) Masselot, A. (2004, with Caracciolo di Torella, E.) ‘Under Construction: EU
Family Law’, European Law Review, 29(1), pp. 32-51; and (3) Masselot, A. (2004) ‘The New Equal
Treatment Directive: Plus Ça Change…’, Feminist Legal Studies, 12(1), pp. 93-104.


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Damien Mather: Graduate Teaching Assistant
Research Interests: European regional development policy; European citizenship; free movement
of workers; the European Parliament and other institutional developments.
Publications: (1) Mather, D. (2005) ‘The Court of Justice and the Union Citizen’ 11 (6) European
Law Journal (forthcoming), (2) Mather, D. (2005) ‘A Politico-Legal Approach to a Multi-Tiered,
Twenty-First Century Europe’, Journal of Contemporary European Research, 30(1). (3) Mather, D. (2005)
’European Parliamentary Electoral Law and the 2004 Elections’ in Lodge, J. (ed.), The 2004 Elections
to the European Parliament, Palgrave, 2005

Debbie Millard: Research Officer
Research Interests: European migration and science careers, clustering of science in Europe, inter-
organisational knowledge and learning in relation to science clusters, sustainable
development/environmental management and inter-organisational knowledge and learning.
Publications: (1) Millard, D. (2005) ‘The Impact of Clustering on Scientific Mobility: A Case Study
of the UK’ Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, Sept 2005, 18(3). (2) Millard, D.
(2005, with Hooper, P. D., Stubbs, M. and Tilley, F.) ‘Inter-organisational Learning Networks,
Waste Minimisation Projects and SMEs: Towards a Conceptual Framework’, in Oehme, I. and
Seebacher, U. (eds.) Corporate Sustainability, Munich, Vienna: Profil, forthcoming; and (3) Millard, D.
(2003 with Drake, F., Purvis, M., and Hunt, J.) ‘European Business, National Priorities and Laggards
of Ecological Modernization’, European Environment, 13 pp 164-182.

Sonia Morano-Foadi: Lecturer
Research Interests: Highly skilled migrants within the European Union; the relationship between
migration and citizenship; comparative research.
Publications: (1) Morano S. (2000) “Libera circolazione delle persone, cittadinanza e migrazioni
all’interno dell’Unione Europea; crisi familiare e famiglie internazionali”, Quaderni Guiridici
dell’Università degli Studi di Bari. (2) Morano-Foadi S. (2002) ‘Children and Migration in the EU:
The Impact of Family Breakdown on the Children of European Migrant Families?’, Journal of the
Welfare and Family Law, 24(3), pp. 363-375.

Karen Morrow: Senior Lecturer
Research Interests: Community participation in sustainable development, Women and sustainable
development, Theory of environmental law, Mobile phone installations, radiation and the
precautionary principle
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Publications: (1) Morrow, k. (2003) ‘Public Participation in International Environmental Decision-
making: the Case of Transboundary Environmental Assessment’, in European Yearbook of
Environmental Law.

Dr Amrita Mukherjee: Lecturer
Research Interests: International Law and International Human Rights, particularly in relation to
UN supervisory and monitoring capacities; The International prohibition of torture and other cruel,
inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment; Competition Law.
Publications: (1) Mukherjee, A. (2004) ‘The ICCPR as a Living Instrument: the Death Penalty as
Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment’, Journal of Criminal Law, 68(6), pp. 507-519; (2)
Mukherjee, A. (with Lawson, A., 2004) ‘Slopping Out in Scotland: the Limits of Degradation and
Respect’, European Human Rights Law Review, 6, pp.645-659; and (3) Mukherjee, A. (2005) ‘Special
Immigration Appeals Commission: Admissibility of Evidence Obtained by Torture - A and Others v.
Secretary of State for the Home Department - Case Commentary’, Journal of Criminal Law, 69(1), pp.
34-38.

Liz Oliver: Research Assistant
Research Interests: Highly skilled migration; gender and atypical work within the European Union.
Publications: (1) Oliver, E. (2005, with Adams, J., Smith, D., Mount, D., Ackers, H.L., Gill, B., and
Hazelhurst, S.) Researchers in Higher Education Institutions: Scoping Study of Career Development and Human
Resource Management, HEFCE, Bristol; (2) Oliver, E. (2005) ‘The Effect of Regulation in the Area of
Fixed Term Contracts on the Recruitment and Retention of Early Career Researchers in the UK’,
International Studies of Management and Organization, forthcoming; (3) Oliver, E. (2005, with Ackers, H.
L.) ‘Fixed Term Positions in the Academic Career Trajectory’, CSLPE Working Paper 2005-3.

Professor Peter Vincent-Jones
Research Interests: contract, public law and civil liberties
Publications: (1) Vincent-Jones, P. (2002) ‘Regulating Government by Contract: Towards a Public
Law Framework?’ Modern Law Review, 65, pp. 611-628; (2) Vincent-Jones, P. (2002) ‘Values and
Purpose in Government: Central-local Relations in Regulatory Perspective, Journal of Law and Society,
29, pp. 27-55; and (3) Vincent-Jones, P. (2001) ‘The Reception of Ian Macneil’s Work on Contract in
the UK’, in D. Campbell (ed.) Selected Papers of Ian Macneil, Sweet and Maxwell.



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Professor Clive Walker
Research interests: Civil Liberties, Public Law, Terrorism and the law, Police Powers, Media and
the law.
Publications: (1) Walker, C. (2002)
The Anti-Terrorism Legislation,
Oxford University Press, Oxford;
(2) Walker, C. (2004) ‘Political Violence and Commercial Risk’, Current Legal Problems, 56, pp. 531-
578; and (3) Walker, C. (2005) ‘Prisoners of “War all the Time”’, European Human Rights Law Review,
pp. 50-74

Dr Chloe Wallace: Lecturer
Research interests: Comparative law, especially comparative discrimination law and human rights law.
Publications: (1) Wallace, C. (2000) ‘Community Sex Discrimination in National Courts: A Legal
Cultural Comparison’, in J. Shaw (ed.) Social Law and Policy in an Evolving European Union, Oxford,
Hart; (2) Wallace, C. (2003, with Shaw J) ‘Education, Multiculturalism and the Charter of
Fundamental Rights of the European Union’, in T. Hervey and J. Kenner (eds) Economic and Social
Rights under the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Oxford, Hart Publishing; and (3)
Wallace, C. (2003) ‘The Draft Constitutional Treaty: Towards a Social Constitution for Europe’
Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 25(4).

Dr
Julie Wallbank: Lecturer
Research Interests: the legal regulation of existence, family law, gender and the law, feminist
jurisprudence, child law and rape law.
Publications: (1) Wallbank, J. (2004) ‘The Role of Rights and Utility in Instituting a Child’s Right to
Know her Genetic History’, Social and Legal Studies, 13(2), pp. 245-264; (2) Wallbank, J. (2004, with
Bryan, I.) ‘The Lure of Sexual Difference in Social and Legal Discourse on ‘Date Rape’’, Law and
Critique, 15(2), pp. 183-206; and (3) Wallbank, J. (2004) ‘Reconstructing the HFEA 1990: Is blood
Really Thicker than Water?’, Child and Family Law Quarterly.

Richard Whittle: Lecturer
Research Interests: EU disability law and policy
Publications: (1) Whittle, R. (2002, with Bell, M.) ‘Between Social Policy and Union Citizenship:
The Framework Directive on Equal Treatment in Employment’, European Law Review, 27, 677; (2)
Whittle, R. (2002) ‘The Framework Directive for Equal Treatment in Employment and Occupation:
An Analysis from a Disability Rights Perspective’, European Law Review, 27, 303; and (3) Whittle, R.
(2000) ‘Disability Rights after Amsterdam: The Way Forward’, European Human Rights Law Review, 33.


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5.2 Presentations

5.2.1 Recent events co-ordinated by the CSLPE

June 2005
Mobility and Progression in Science Careers: A Workshop for New Scientists

Co-organised with Science NextWave and funded by Science in Society Programme
Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, Poland

May 2005
Critical Perspectives on Family Friendly Policies: Mobility and Progression in Science
Careers
ESRC Seminar Series 6
Sintra, Portugal

May 2005
Colloquium on Researching Innovative Themes in Skilled Mobility

Funded by Science in Society Programme
University of Leeds, Leeds

March 2004
Comparative Approaches to Religious Freedom and the Headscarf Debate

University of Leeds, Leeds

5.2.2 Conference Presentations: Three Key Presentations by Members in 2004/05

Professor Ackers
‘Excellence or Exploitation? The Role of Fixed Term Contracts in Junior Research Careers’,
European University Association Conference on Doctoral Programmes in the European Knowledge
Society
, Salzburg, 3
rd
February, 2005.

‘Gender, Mobility and Progression in Science Careers’,
ESRC, DTI and DfES Workshop on
Diversity in Science Education and Training
, Oxford, 1-2 February, 2005

‘Capturing the Subject in Comparative Socio-Legal Research: a case study of family migration’,
European Cross-National Research and Policy:
Researching Family and Childhood from a European
Welfare Perspective
, Estonia, 12 June 2004
th


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Michael Cardwell
‘Agricultural law in England and Wales: is it still exceptional?’,
VIIIth Symposium of European
Agricultural Law
, Corsica, June 2004

Landlord and Tenant Law: Past, Present and Future
, Oxford, 21-22 September 2005

American Agricultural Law
Association 2005 Annual Conference, Kansas City, 7-8 October 2005

Bryony Gill
‘Mobility and Progression in Science Careers’,
ESRC Seminar Series 6: Mobility and Progression in
Science Careers
, Lisbon, 28
th
May 2005

‘Mobility and Progression in Science Careers’,
Science Next Wave Workshop for Early Career
Researchers
, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, 15
th
May 2005

‘Policies and Practices in Return Migration’ Paper delivered at
EuroScience Open Forum
, Stockholm
27
th
August, 2004

Jessica Guth

The Bologna Process: The Impact of Higher Education Reform on German Doctorates’,
Socio-
Legal Studies Association’s Annual Conference
, Liverpool, 30 March 2005.
th

‘Studying and Working in the German Higher Education Sector’,
Science Next Wave Workshop for
Early Career Researchers
, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, 15
th
May 2005

Annick Masselot
‘Conciliation entre vie familiale et vie professionnelle en droit Communautaire’,
Association des
Femmes de l’Europe Meridionale
, 27-28 February 2004, Ferrara, Italy.

‘The Recent Development of EU Gender Equality’,
Manchester Law School: Matrix Seminar in EU
Law
, 11 February 2004.

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‘Combating Discrimination on the Grounds of Sexual Orientation: Implications for the Free
Movement of Persons and for Family Law’,
European Institute of Public Administration
,
Luxembourg, 17-18 May 2004.

Debbie Millard
‘Science Clusters and the Mobility of Researchers: The Attraction of the UK’,
Regional Science
Association International: British and Irish Section Annual Conference
, Cork, Ireland, 18-20 August
2004.

‘Assessing Organisational Learning in Waste Minimization Projects: From Incremental to Radical
Change’,
Business Strategy and the Environment Conference, Leeds
, UK, 5-6 September 2005.

Sonia Morano-Foadi
‘La cittadinanza europea con particolare attenzione ai problemi dell’allargamento’,
Action Robert
Schuman 2004/2005,
Facoltà di Giurisprudenza, Università degli Studi di Bari, Italy, May 2005

‘Progressione di Carriera, Genere e Mobilita’ Scientifica nell’Area di Ricerca Europea’,
CNR Rome,
Conference “L’Europa e noi: a che punto siamo
?, October 2004

‘Brain Drain o Mobilita’ Scientifica? Il Caso dell’Italia’,
Women in Science: “Ragionando della nuova
scienza
”, Rome, June 2004

Liz Oliver
‘Contracts and Career Progression in Science’,
Research Workshop on the Athena Surveys of
Science, Engineering and Technology (ASSET)
, The Royal Society, London, 5
th
May 2005

‘Living with Insecurity: Employment Security as a Factor Shaping Retention and Progression’,
ESRC
Seminar Series 6: Mobility and Progression in Science Careers
, Lisbon, 28
th
May 2005

‘Highly Skilled Mobility in the European Union’,
European Law Research Students Network
,
Liverpool, 13
th
June 2005




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Richard Whittle
‘EU Disability Policy and the Equal Opportunity Principle’,
Working for an Inclusive Society: EDRC
National Conference
, Malta, 15
th
September 2005.

‘EC Disability Non-Discrimination Law: Background and Prospects’,
Anti-Discrimination
Legislation: The Disability Experience
, Oslo, Norway, 1-3 December 2003.


5.3 Undergraduate and Postgraduate Teaching

Members of the CSLPE team are actively engaged in teaching Masters students not only on LLM in
European Legal Studies but also in delivering core modules on other Masters programmes (including
the LLM and MA in International and European Business law.) These modules include European
Business Law and European Social Law.

We also play a central role in the delivery of the undergraduate curriculum, ensuring that the study of
European legal issues forms a significant feature of the undergraduate learning experience in the Law
School. Central to this is the core EU law module, taken by virtually all LLB students. Options are
also offered in a wide range of EU and comparative law subjects, notably Freedom, Justice and
Security Law and Policy, Social Law and Policy, EU Enlargement, the New EU, French Law and
Comparative Legal Systems. The popular 10 credit elective on Introduction to European Law
ensures that the study of European legal issues is available to students throughout the university.

In line with our efforts to promote a genuinely transnational approach to the study of law, members
of the CSLPE team are particularly involved in the delivery and running of the interdisciplinary Law
and French LLB and of the Socrates-Erasmus programme in the Law School. Through this
programme, between 15 and 25 Leeds law students gain a transnational educational experience
through having the opportunity to study in a different Member State, and the international
atmosphere within the Law School is enhanced by roughly the same number of students from our
partner universities. As a further aspect of this element of our mission, Chloë Wallace has been a
visiting lecturer at the University of Le Mans and the University Lyon III, teaching aspects of
English law to French students.




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5.4 Research Informed Teaching
CSLPE members are engaged in research informed teaching. We have secured a number of teaching
related funds. For instance Chloe Wallace and Annick Masselot have successfully obtained funding
from the European Commission for developing course material in EU law for postgraduate level on
“Constitutional development of the EU and implications in the Member States” and “Decentralised
adjudication of EU law” (EUNICUM project, Contract No: 47892-IC-2001-1-HU-ERASMUS-EPS-
1, €7,200.00). Our knowledge in the area of adjudication of EU law and the constitution of the EU,
as well as our teaching experience has in particular allowed us to develop an innovative method of
teaching based on students’ research and active participation ultimately leading toward students’ deep
and active learning. For further information, please visit the website for this project at:
http://eunicum.istream.hu/

Similarly, Louise Ackers and Richard Whittle have secured Jean Monnet funding for the
development of a teaching module entitled: ‘EU Enlargement: legal implications’. This module has
involved the collaboration of various academic contributors and research assistants and is due to go
‘live’ on the 1
st
October 2005. For further information, please visit the website for this module:
http://cslpe.leeds.ac.uk/enlargement/home


5.5 Doctoral Candidates

CSLPE members have a range of expertise in the broad field of European social law and policy and
are currently supervising doctoral candidates in the areas of gender equality; disability rights, free
movement of persons, scientific mobility, EU enlargement, freedom, equality and justice; children’s
rights; multiculturalism and human rights and citizenship. Where possible the CSLPE jointly applies
for funding for PhD candidates with associate members, Schools and institutions:

Julie Gervais de LaFonde
The Impact of Dispute Resolution Processes on the Legal Profession
Full-time GTA, 2005
Supervisors: Annick Masselot and Louise Ackers

Bryony Gill
The Movement of Scientists from Central and Eastern Europe To and From the UK: Retention or
Return?
Part-time, 2005
Supervisor: Louise Ackers

Jess Guth
The Bologna Process: The Impact of Higher Education Reform on German Doctorates
ESRC: MOBEX2-sponsored
School of Law Scholarship
19
Part-time, 2004
Supervisor: Louise Ackers

Damien Mather
European Regional Policy within the Context of Interdisciplinary Approaches to European
Integration and Governance
Full-time GTA, 2002
Supervisors: Juliet Lodge and Chloe Wallace

Hannah Morgan
Work, Care and Dependency in the European Union: A Socio-Legal Analysis of Citizenship Status
and Experience of Disabled People
CSLPE-sponsored
Part-time, 2002
Supervisor: Louise Ackers and Anna Lawson

Liz Oliver
Gender Equality and Career Progression in Science: Managing Work and Family Life on Fixed Term
Contracts
ESRC CASE Award
Full-time, 2003
Supervisors: Louise Ackers and Pete Dwyer (Sociology)

Heloisa Perista
The Use of Time and the Valuation of Unpaid Work: Gender Perspectives in EU Law and Policy
CESIS-sponsored
Part-time, 2001
Supervisors: Louise Ackers and Annick Masselot
20



6. Research Specialisation and Income Generation




6.1 Individual Scholarship and Research Fellowships

Reflecting the nature of legal scholarship in this area the Centre encompasses more traditional
‘individual’ scholars who are able to pursue their research at a high level. Some of these scholars have
been awarded research fellowships to release their time for research and support their endeavours:

Dr Oliver Gerstenberg has completed the following fellowships:
 Fellowship at Princeton University in the Program in Law and Public Affairs (LAPA-
Fellowship) at the Woodrow Wilson School for the academic year 2004-2005
 JF Kennedy Memorial Fellow (2001-2002), Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies,
Harvard University
 Jean Monnet Fellow (1999-2000), Department of Law, European University Institute, Florence,
Italy
Michael Cardwell was awarded an Arts and Humanities Research Board (sic.) Research Leave
Award over 2000-2001 and has also completed fellowships at:
 National Centre for Agricultural Law, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, in February
2001
 University of Nantes, during July 2003 and July 2004.

Annick Masselot has been awarded an Arts and Humanities Research Board (sic.) Research Leave
Award over 2004-06

Sonia Morano-Foadi has applied for a 3 year Marie Curie Fellowship in 2005 which has been rated
very highly in the first round.

Professor Louise Ackers was awarded a Marie Curie Experienced Researcher Fellowship to visit
CESIS in Lisbon.

Jessica Guth has recently been awarded a T. H. Marshall Fellowship from the LSE for a series of
research stays in Germany over a 6 month period later this year.
21
Dr Chloe Wallace was awarded study leave in 2004 to visit the University Jean Moulin Lyon III,
and the University of Le Mans.

6.2 Project Development Activity

Externally funded projects through the CSLPE contribute to over 50% of the Law School’s external
research income generation. Since 2002, the CSLPE has generated research income of over 1 million
pounds (£1,017,221). Most of this activity has developed in the last 4 years and is remarkably
successful based on a relatively small base of staff. The routine management of the projects have
been undertaken by contract research staff and show effective teamwork and career building in the
centre. Our externally funded research profile provides evidence of:

 The diversity of funding bodies (national and international);
 Ability to attract co-funding – new applications etc;
 The involvement of new staff and researcher as applicants/co-applicants (building research
careers);
 Diversity as evidence of sustainability and entrepreneurship;
 Establishment of a strong international reputation in our field;
 Ability to identify and respond quickly and flexibly to new opportunities.


6.2.1
Externally Funded Research (Since 2002)

Although projects may bridge across themes they are shown in relation to one theme only here:

European Integration
EUNICUM: Constitutional Development of the EU and Implications in the Member States and
Decentralised Adjudication of EU Law
European Commission
€7,200
2002 – 2005
Principal Investigator: Annick Masselot

Legal Implications of European Enlargement: A Jean Monnet Teaching Project
European Commission
€15,000
2005
Principal Investigator: Richard Whittle

The Impact of Changes in the Executive Function of the Community Legal Order on Decision-
Making and Policy Objectives
22
European Commission - Marie Curie Fellowship
£41,970
2002 – 2003
Principal Investigator: Jesus Angeal Fuentetaja Pastor
Co-Applicant: Louise Ackers


Citizenship and Equality Issues (especially in relation to gender, disability, religion, ageing
and childhood)
Citizenship and Retirement Migration in the European Union
Wellcome Trust
£180,000
2000 – 2002
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Researchers: Pete Dwyer

Working it Out: A Concerted Strategy to Ensure Europeans with Intellectual Disabilities can Access
the Framework Employment Directive and Other Legal Instruments
European Commission
€29,700
2004 – 2006
Principal Investigator: Richard Whittle

Migration
Transnational Kinship Study (part of the CAVA Research Programme)
ESRC
£1.4 million (CSLPE share £25,312)
2000 – 2003
Principal Investigator: Fiona Williams
Co-Applicant: Louise Ackers

Researching Innovative Themes in Highly Skilled Migration
ESRC (Science and Society PIPE - Project Initiated Programme Event)
£4,015
2005
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Co-Applicant: Bryony Gill and Jess Guth

Highly Skilled Return Migration: Policy and Practice
Socio-Legal Studies Association
£600
2005
Principal Investigator: Bryony Gill

Academic Careers and Scientific Labour Markets
AIRR: Assessing the Impact of the Roberts Review on Postgraduate and Postdoctoral Positions
RCUK
£35,901
October 2005
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
23
Co-Applicants: Bryony Gill, Keleigh Groves, Jess Guth, Liz Oliver

IMPAFEL: An Impact Assessment of the Marie Curie Fellowship Scheme
European Commission
£61,498
2003 – 2005
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Researcher: Bryony Gill

MOBEX: Mobility and Excellence in the European Research Area
ESRC (Science and Society Programme)
£40,768
2002 – 2003
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Co-Applicant: Sonia Morano-Foadi, Ian Turton
Researchers: Bryony Gill, Debbie Millard

MOBEX2: The Impact of Enlargement on Scientific Mobility in European Union
ESRC (Science and Society Programme)
£182,788
2004 – 2006
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Co-Applicant: Bryony Gill and Helen Stalford
Researchers: Jess Guth

MOBEX2: Science Mobility and Balanced Growth in an Enlarging Europe
Anglo-German Foundation
£31,505
2004 – 2006
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Co-Applicant: Bryony Gill
Researchers: Jess Guth

Science Policy, Mobility and Brain Drain in the EU and Candidate Countries
European Commission PHARE
£28,325
2003
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers

Researchers in Higher Education Institutions: Career Development and Human Resource
Management
HEFCE
£10,000
2004 – 2005
Principal Investigator: Evidence Ltd.
Co-Applicant: Louise Ackers
Researchers: Liz Oliver and Bryony Gill

E-MeP Laboratory: Exploring the Human Capital Dimension of a European Cell Biology Project
European Commission FP6
€24,000
2005 – 2010
24
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Researchers: Bryony Gill

Early Career Researchers: A Workshop
ESRC (Science and Society PIPE - Project Initiated Programme Event)
£2,500
2005
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Co-Applicant: Bryony Gill and Jess Guth

British Council Young Scientist Award – Fieldwork with Polish Scientists
British Council
£930
2005
Principal Investigator: Bryony Gill

The Enlargement of the EU and the European Research Area
BLESS, University of Leeds.
January 2003
£1000
Principal Investigator: Sonia Morano-Foadi

MORESS: Mapping Research in European Social Sciences and Humanities
European Universities Association
£22,184
2003 – 2005
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Researchers: Keleigh Groves


Employment Rights and Equal Opportunities
MOBISC: Equal Pay, Career Progression and the Socio-Legal Valuation of Care
European Commission
£225,575
2003 – 2004
Principal Investigator: Louise Ackers
Co-Applicant: Sonia Morano-Foadi
Researchers: Liz Oliver

NETWORK I: Network of Legal Experts on the Application of Community Law on Equal
Treatment between Women and Men
European Commission
€ 737,550 (CSLPE share €52,500)
2000 – 2003
Co-Applicant: Annick Masselot
Researcher: Sonia Hadj Ayed

NETWORK II: Network of Legal Experts on the Application of Community Law on Equal
Treatment between Women and Men
European Commission
€828,900 (CSLPE share €78,750)
2004 – 2005
25
Co-Applicant: Annick Masselot
Researchers: Sonia Hadj Ayed

Reconciliation between Work and Family Life in the European Union
AHRB
£14,013
2004 – 2006
Principal Investigator: Annick Masselot

Reconciliation between Work and Family Life: From a Legal to a Practical Perspective
European Commission
€382,316,94 (CSLPE share £21,130)
2002 – 2004
Co-Applicant: Annick Masselot
Researchers: Sonia Hadj Ayed

European Law Journal on Gender Equality: A Contributors’ Workshop
University of Leeds
£1500
2005
Principal Investigator: Annick Masselot



6.2.2 Infrastructural Development and Research Support
The CSLPE successfully bid for SRIF funding last year (£300,000) to support the development of
high quality research facilities for its researchers and doctoral candidates. This work was completed
in March 2005 and the CSLPE now provides high quality facilities including office accommodation
and seminar/meeting rooms.

26



7. CSLPE Expert work




Some of the specialist research we undertake in the CSLPE has led to staff being recognised for
their expertise and undertaking consultancy or sitting on high-level groups:

7.1 Specialist Work on Achieving Gender Equality

Annick Masselot is the Assistant Co-ordinator of the European Commission’s network of legal
experts on the application of Community law on equal treatment between women and men. The
network provides information to the Commission as to Member States’ progress on the
implementation of European instruments and national initiatives in the field of equality law. As
part of her work she develops draft legislation for the Commission and acts as an advisor to the
Equal Opportunity Unit. In 2001, Masselot acted as a consultant for the Open Society
Foundation (OSF) which was examining how to challenge discrimination in Romania through
litigation. In the same year as a consultant for the Slovak Republic, Masselot drafted the terms of
references for a MATRA project grant on the effective application of the Acquis Communautaires
in the field of equal opportunities.

7.2 Specialist Work on Disability Rights

Between 1998 and 1999, Richard Whittle represented the Disability Unit of the EU Commission
in the development of Directive 2000/78/EC (the
Employment Framework Directive
); a
directive that is, in effect, the first EC disability anti-discrimination law. Whittle is an expert
advisor to the British Disability Rights Commission and the European Disability Forum and has
been employed as a consultant to the EC Group of Experts on Combating Discrimination on
Grounds of Disability and to the Norwegian Disability Rights Commission. He has published
various papers on EU disability law and policy and is a regular speaker on this issue at national
and international conferences. Since 2003, Whittle has been a registered expert on the EU
Commission’s DG Employment and Social Affairs AMI-INT Expert database.

7.3 Specialist Work on the Harmonisation of Degree Programmes

The EC (2003) recently stated that “the time may be right to take a fresh look at the notion of
“European” doctorates and the recognition of doctoral degrees in Europe for the purpose of
careers in R&D.”
1
Recognition of the Centre’s expertise in this area meant Professor Ackers was


1
EC (July 2003) “Researchers in the ERA: One Profession, Multiple Careers” COM(2003) 436 final
27
invited to be a member of the Steering Committee for a project co-ordinated by the European
Universities Association that is concerned with the harmonisation of EU Doctoral Programmes.







8. Strategic Partnerships




8.1 Strong connections with user-groups

Our ongoing relationships with the following organisations mean we are well placed in policy
circles to comment on key issues. Our contacts keep us abreast of developments and
opportunities:


























28
29



9. CSLPE in the News




Over the years, there has been much local, national and international media interest in the
research activities of CSLPE members. Below is a selection of articles and radio programmes
which feature CSLPE research:

Wainwright, T. (2005) ‘UK Looks Abroad to Fill Jobs’,
Time Higher Education Supplement
, 28
th

July 2005.

Goodman, S. (2005) ‘Solutions to the Two-Body Problem’,
Nature
, 433(3), p.552-553.

‘Watch your Mouth: Terrorism and Civil Liberties’,
The Economist
, 13
th
August 2005.

Lipsett, A. (2004) ‘Show Me the Money: Attracting Scientists from the New EU Member States,’
Guardian
, March 23
rd
, p. 26.

Scott, A. (2004) ‘Brain Wars in Europe: EU Countries Compete for Scientists from New Member
States’,
The Scientist
, March 16
th
.

‘UK Must Stop ‘Brain Drain’,
Leicester Mercury
, 16
th
March 2004, p. 31.

‘Education Matters: Britain Warned over EU Brain Drain’,
Birmingham Post
, 15
th
March 2004, p.
4.

Buie, E. (2004) ‘Fears of Brain Drain over New EU States: Germany and Austria Top Choices’,
Glasgow Herald
, 15
th
March, p. 2.

‘How to Block the Science Brain Drain’,
Leeds Business Update
, 1
st
May 2004.

‘Pregnancy and Maternity Rights in Europe – An Interview with Annick Masselot’,
BBC World
Service ‘Europe Today’
, 9
th
September 2004.