weee_presentation-18.. - Cevre Koruma Dairesi

capricioustelephoneUrban and Civil

Nov 16, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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1

Nicosia,

Maria Krasteva

Waste streams
expert

Why a Directive

on WEEE
?


The amount of WEEE generated in the
World
is
growing rapidly


The content of hazardous components in electrical
and electronic equipment (EEE) is a major concern
during the waste management phase


R
ecycling of WEEE is not undertaken to a sufficient
extent


2

Main topics of the
presentation

1.

Main objectives of the regulation

2. Scope

3. Affected parties

4. Targets for collection

5. System for collection

6. Targets for recycling

7
. Permits and technical standards for the sites for
collection and treatment

8
. Obligations of producers/importers

9
. Extended producer’s responsibilities

3

Main objectives of the regulation



Lays dawn measures to protect the environment and
human health by preventing or reducing the adverse
impacts of the generation and management of waste
from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)


A
im
to achieve the improvement in the environmental
performance of all of the economic operators
involved in the life cycle of electrical and electronic
equipment (EEE) and, especially, the operators
directly involved in the treatment of
WEEE

4

5


Electrical and electronic equipment”

or ‘EEE’ means equipment which
:



is dependent on electric currents or
electromagnetic fields in order to work
properly and



equipment for the generation, transfer
and measurement of such currents and
fields and designed for use with a voltage
rating not exceeding 1 000 volts for
alternating current and 1 500 volts for
direct current
;

Scope

of the regulation


10 indicative categories
:


1.Large Household Appliances

2.Small Household Appliances

3.IT and Telecommunications Equipment

4.Consumer Equipment

5.Lighting Equipment

6.Electrical and Electronic Tools

7.Toys, Leisure and Sports Equipment

8.Medical Devices

9.Monitoring and Control Instruments

10.Automatic Vending Dispensers


6

7

Categories

Type of
equipment

1

Temperature exchange
equipment



2

Screens,

monitors,

and

equipment

containing

screens

having

a

surface

greater

than

100

cm

2

3

Lamps


4

Large

equipment

(any

external

dimension

more

than

50

cm
)

5

Small equipment (no external dimension more than
50 cm)

6

Small IT and telecommunication

equipment (no external dimension more than 50 cm)


What is not

covered as WEEE?



Military equipment


Filament light bulbs


Equipment designed to be send into space


Large scale static industrial tools


Large
-
scale fixed installations, except any equipment which is not
specifically designed and installed as part of those installations


Means of transport for persons or goods, excluding electric two
-
wheel vehicles which are not type
-
approved


N
on
-
road mobile machinery made available exclusively for
professional use


Equipment specifically designed for the purposes of research and
development that is only made available on a business
-
to
-
business
basis


Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic, where such devices are
expected to be infective prior to end of life, and active implantable
medical devices

8

Who’s affected?


Competent authority

:

EPD


Producers/Importers

of EEE


Distributors / retailers

of EEE


Municipalities


Operators who carry out Collection or/and
treatment including recycling and recovery


Consumers

9



Targets for collection



A
t least four kilograms per inhabitant per year of WEEE
from private households
shall be collected
as follows:



0.5 kg/
inh

per year 2014


1 kg/
inh

for year 2015


1.5 kg/
inh

for year 2016


2 kg/
inh

for year 2017


3 kg/
inh

for year 2018



45
% from the
average weight of EEE placed on the market
in the three preceding years in TCC.



65 %
from

the average weight of EEE placed on the market
in the three preceding years in TCC, or alternatively 85 % of
WEEE generated on the territory of TCC
.


10


System for collection

of WEEE


Ensure that the disposal of WEEE as unsorted municipal waste
is minimised and a high level of separate collection of WEEE is
achieved


Way of collection:


Existing collection points (junk yards)


Distributors chain


existing shops


For all retail outlets the retailer must take back any small item of WEEE
in
-
store at no charge to the consumer


At least one collection point per 15 000 inhabitants


Cost for final holders


Final holders can return WEEE at least free of charge


Authorization of the site for collection


Sites of the collection shall comply with technical standards
according the

draft
regulation and shall obtain the permits

11


What does WEEE consist of?



Ferrous Metal (Iron, stainless steel)


Non
-
Ferrous Metal (aluminium, copper)


Plastics


Printed circuit boards


Batteries


Capacitors


Liquid crystal displays


Cathode ray tubes


Mercury switches


12




Large white goods (category I)
-

average content

estimation of category composition


13

Category II small household appliances
-
average
content
-

estimation of category composition


38.20%
59.00%
2.70%
0.20%
Metal
Plastic
Others
PCB
14

Appliances

Targets for recycling

Targets for Recovery

1.Large Household
Appliances


75%

80%

2.Small Household
Appliances


50%


70%


3.IT and Telecommunications
Equipment

65%

75%

4.Consumer Equipment

65%


75%


5.Lighting Equipment

50%

70%

6.Electrical and Electronic
Tools

50%


70%


7.Toys, Leisure and Sports
Equipment

50%


70%


8.Medical Devices

50%


70%


9.Monitoring and Control
Instruments

50%


70%


10.Automatic Vending
Dispensers

75%


80%


15


Permits of the operators who collect and treat
WEEE


Any establishment or undertaking who collect or/and
transport ( including Distributors of EEE) WEEE or parts
of WEEE shall hold the permit granted by the
EPD


Any establishment or undertaking carrying out treatment
operations as well as the storage of
WEEE
shall hold a
valid permit granted from the
EPD


Applied technologies

on the sites for treatment

shall be
carry out in a way to ensure achievement of targets


The permit shall include all conditions, necessary for
compliance with technical requirements pursuant

the
draft Regulation


Treatment plants need to be able to demonstrate
these recycling rates are achieved



16

17

18






Obligations

of producers / importers

to
provide information


Producers/ Importers or distributors
must informed

the users
about
:




their role in contributing to the collection of WEEE,


the requirement not to dispose of WEEE as unsorted municipal
waste and to collect such WEEE separately



available collection/return facilities,



Producers
/ Importers

must
provide treatment facilities

with all
appropriate information to identify

components, materials and the
location of hazardous substances in
the
products



P
r
o
ducers

/ Importers

shall provide free of charge information on
dismantling and
treatment in respect of each type of new EEE put on
the market

to reuse centres, treatment and recycling facilities

19

Obligations of producers/importers for
labelling and marking


To minimising the disposal of WEEE as unsorted municipal
waste and to facilitating its separate collection producers
must
appropriately mark placed on the market

EEE

with the symbol





Producer shall identify themselves by a visible, readable and
durable mark on the appliance consisting of:



The name of the physical or legal person and its TCC
statistical identification number.


The date of manufacture / put on market after 13 August
2005.



Place of marking
:
on the
equipment
,
service manual or
instruction for use, warranty card or on the packaging





20

Obligations of producers
-
registration


Each
Importers of EEE in TCC
, shall be
registered in the public register of importers of
EEE which will be kept by EPD



The application for registration in the Register of
Importers of EEE shall be submitted to the
Department within 10 days of the day of EEE
were first imported in Turkish Cypriot Community



EPD
shall enter the importers into the Register of
Importers within 15 days of receipt of the
application




21


Type
s

of
the
equipment according
to
the
year of
placing of the market


Scheme

22

WEEE

WEEE

EEE for use in
private households

EEE other than use in
private households

Put on the
market after
13.8.2005

Put on the
market
before

13.8.2
005

(historical)


Put on the
market
after

13.8.20
05


Put on the
market
before

13.8.2005

(historical)

Waste
from his
own
products

Waste
from his
own
products

According to
the market
share

Producers/U
s
ers other than
private
households


Financial obligation of the producers


for
WEEE for use in household


Producers
/Importers

provide at least for the financing of the
collection, treatment, recovery and environmentally sound
disposal of WEEE from private households



For products placed on the market later than 13 August 2005,
each producer shall be responsible for financing relating to the
waste from his own products



The responsibility for the financing of the costs of the
management of WEEE from products placed on the market on
or before 13 August 2005 (‘historical waste’) shall be borne by
importers
in proportion to their respective share of the market
by type of equipment

23












Obligations
for producers/
importers
of


EEE


other than private households


Financing of the costs for the collection, treatment,
recovery and environmentally sound disposal of WEEE
from users other than private households resulting from
products placed on the market after 13 August 2005 is to
be provided for by producers
/importers
.


For historical waste being replaced by new equivalent
products or by new products fulfilling the same function,
the financing of the costs shall be provided for by
producers of those products when supplying them.


For other historical waste, the financing of the costs shall
be provided for by the users other than private
households.


24

Implementation of Extended producers
responsibilities


The producer/importers shall get together according to the coordination
efforts of the
EPD

and establish Associations with legal personalities in
order to fulfil their requirements on waste collection, transportation,
recycling and disposal of waste generated at the end of economic life of
their products
.

(The law on environment)



Fully private bodies (legal entities) should be established to represent the
joint collective system of producers. These legal entities will be owned,
managed, and supported by the obliged producers.



These legal entities should be authorized by EPD as a operators of the
Extended

Producer Responsibility System



Obligations of the producers
/importers

and the rules of running the
system and the permit for establishing Extended Producer Responsibility
System are set up in the draft WEEE regulation



By granting permission for operation of PRCS the state allows also
importers to take responsibility for establishing the system and to finance
appropriate activities under certain conditions.


25

Fees

-

Art.9 (8) of Law on environmnet



The
producer

of EEE shall pay
the fee at the import of the
equipment together with all
duties.


The fee currently stands at 2 %
by the single price of the
imported equipment per
categories 1, and 3% by the
single price of the equipment
per categories 2
-
10 referred to
in Annex I



The fee
as
defined in Par.2
shall be paid in the account
owned by
the
PRCS and is
allowed to be used for covering
the cost

as follows:



Not less 60% of the money
shall be spent to be subsidized
the activities of collection and
treatment of WEEE


Not more 10% of money shall
be spent on information
campaigns to raise awareness
of citizens and businesses as
regards requirements of
regulation.


Not more 10% of the money
shall be spent on administrative
costs for the operation of
PRCS.


Not less 20% of the money
shall be
spent for
building up of
installation for
landfilling of
WEEE.



26

27

Application shall be
submitted to EPD

Permits for operation of
PRCS granted from EPD

Annual report for collected
and treated WEEE and
targets achieved

Written decision

by EPD
whether the operator of PRCS
have attained the respective
targets and the conditions of
the permits

Permits for operation of PRCS



Attached Documents to the application for permit


The copy of the memorandum (Statute of the legal body)
and articles of association


Agreements with operators of authorized treatment
facilities (ATF).


The quantity of EEE put on the markets per categories
during the previous year by the members of PRCS


The description of the proposed system which will provide
for the collection and treatment in accordance with the
provisions of these regulations.


The financial plan in relation to the proposed scheme.


The volume (number and weight) of WEEE so treated or
projected to be treated


28

Thank you for your attention!


Maria Krasteva

waste streams expert


Chamber of commerce

Nicosia

18 April 2013

29

Extended
Producer Responsibility Principle

30

Product

Design
&Production

Product

Distribution

Product

Use

Product

End of Life

1
.
Design

Requirements

(
incl.recycled

content)

2. Restrictions
on

the presence of

certain
dangerous

chemicals

3. Notification/

Registration

Requirements

1

1
. Authority

Notification

2. Labeling

3.Transporta
tion

4. Customer

Information

1.Energy
Efficiency

2.Product
Emission

Restrictions

3.Instructio
ns for

Safe Use


1.
Take
-
back
(incl.

safe waste

handling &

transfrontier

shipment)

2. Materials

recovery/

recycling

3. Safe
disposal of

residual
wastes


Extended producers responsibilities


The concept of Extended Producer Responsibility is
typically applied to those product and waste streams
that pose high environment risks and generate high
costs for collection and treatment
:


H
azrdouse substancies are part from EoLV, WEEE,
Bateries, waste oils


Manual opretaions are carry out in oreder to avoid the
risk for environment and human health


H
igher

standards for the collection, transportation,
storage and treatment

should be implemented



31



The collection cost

for WEEE
in various EU states are as
follows:





Belgium
-


45 per tonne


Finland
-


50 per tonne


Spain
-


80 per tonne


Portugal
-


26 per tonne


Austria
-


57 per tonne (

40/tonne


large appliances;

55/tonne


refrigeration; TVs and monitors

85/tonne;
small appliances
-


52/tonne; lamps
-


430/tonne)


32

Number

of imported
EEE in TCC

(for 2011)

Avearage unit’s

price

Euro

Total

amount
, Euro

1

2

3

4

Refrigerators

10,026

300

3 007 800

Electric radiators

5,232

120

627 840

Television sets

19,134

600

11 480 400

Washing machines

10,417

250

2 604 250

Dish washing machines

6,185

250

1 546 250

Boilers for hot water

8,407

150

1 261 050

Microwaves

3,982

70

278 740

Personal computers
(CPU, mouse, screen
and keyboard included)

5,500

500

2 750 000

Telephones

150,248

150

22 537 200

Total

46 093 530

Fee

rate
-

3
%

1 382
805

Pottential

amount
which can be collected
from fees in TCC per
year


33

34

35


Cost for treatment of different

WEEE

Large
household
appliance,

automatic

dispensers

Refrigerators

and Freezers

ITC, Consumer

Equipment, and

CRT

Gas Discharge

Lamps

Small
Household

appliances,
monitoring and
control
equipment

Euro/ton
(2005)

5
-
20

180
-
250

140
-
180

30 cents per
unit

85
-
150

Euro/ton
(
2006
)

0
-
10

180
-
240

20
-
120

30 cents per
unit

50
-
120