Relationship between economic and political freedom

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Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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Contemporary (Recent &
Present) World

WHII.15abc

Refugees &
guest workers


Refugee


people forced to flee their
homeland


Guest worker (in Europe)
-

an immigrant
worker who is temporarily hired to do
work and then returns to his or her
native country.


Northern Ireland Conflict

Catholics
vs

Protestants


In the 16
th

century,
English forces
occupied Ireland.


Under English rule
Catholic Irish could
not:


Vote


Hold office


Inherit land


Purchase land


The wealthy English
took ownership of
much Irish land.


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Northern Ireland Conflict


Catholics
vs

Protestants


After protests in 1921,
most of Ireland (except the
northern part) declared
itself free from Britain.


Tensions between
Protestants and Catholics


job discrimination


police brutality


political status


IRA wants N. Ireland to
unify with Ireland.


Bombings and assassinations




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Balkans Conflict

Serbs vs. Bosnians


Tensions between many
ethnic group have existed
for many years.


Josip

Broz Tito
(Communist Leader)
suppressed these feelings
with his harsh rule.


The end to Communism
led to uprising of these
suppressed nationalistic
feelings with a desire to
self rule.


SOL 2007 Released Test

Africa’s Conflict


Sudan


Muslim military regime
has been charged of
genocide against the
Nuba

(Christians).


Rwanda


Fighting between
Hutus & Tutsis


Lead to horrendous
rights violations


In 1994, about 500,000
Tutsis were killed as a
form of genocide


Janjaweed

Asia’s Conflict


China and Tibet


Chinese have ruled the
Tibetans since 1950


Persecution of Tibetans by
the Chinese for:


Buddhist religion


Traditional culture


Desire for independence


Estimated 1 million
Tibetans have been killed
under Chinese rule


Dalai Lama (Tibet religious
leader ) remains in exile

Tenzin

Gyatso
, the 14th Dalai Lama

New Technologies


Widespread but unequal access to computers
and instantaneous communications.


Example: USA
population regularly used the internet
6 times the amount of Brazil.


Internet Government Censorship: China, Iran, &
other counties.


Genetic engineering create new strains of plants
and animals.


What could be the unforeseen side effects?


Raise ethical questions both for and against:


Gene therapy


Stem cell research


Genetic Research

Economic Interdependence


Rapid transportation, communication, and
computer networks have lead even more
to a global economy.


Global economy


Economy linking the
economies of many nations


multinational corporations


a
corporation that operates in many
countries

Developed & Developing Nations


Developed nation


Industrialized nation


Developing nation


nation that is still
developing industry


Many corporations
founded in developed
nations began opening
branches in
developing nations
where cheap labor
was readily available.

SOL Released Test


2007

What do you think the
ratio is for the literacy
rate
vs

access to health
care or famine?

Environment


That economic development and the
rapid growth of population are having
an impact on the environment.


This leads to increase pollution, loss
of habitat, and decrease ozone.

Relationship between
economic and political freedom


Free market economies produce rising
standards of living and an expanding
middle class, which produces growing
demands for political freedoms and
individual rights.


Recent examples include Taiwan and
South Korea.

European Union (EU)


EU formed by 12
nations in 1991


a powerful economic
and political bloc
promoting European
unity.


There are currently

27 EU member
nations.


Made a single
currency =
Euro

Google Finance

NAFTA


North American Free
Trade Agreement
(NAFTA)


removed barriers and
increase trade among
the United States,
Canada, and Mexico


1993

World Trade Organization (WTO)


WTO establishes
powers for


reducing trade
barriers


Monitor trade
agreements


Seattle WTO
protests


Charged WTO of
putting corporate
interests above
democracy,
workers’ rights, and
the environment

Seattle Times

International Monetary Fund (IMF)


a specialized agency of
the UN


designed to stabilize
international
monetary exchange
rates.


Helps member
countries meet
temporary difficulties
encountered in
foreign exchange
payments

Google Finance

Major World Leaders


Indira

Gandhi


First female prime minister of India



Established a close relationship with the Soviet Union during the
Cold War and built a nuclear program





Margaret Thatcher



First female British prime minister

Less government regulate of business

Close relationship with the U.S. on foreign policy

Major World Leaders


Mikhail Gorbachev

Leader of the Soviet Union who allowed people to criticize the
government (glasnost)

Allowed private ownership of small business (perestroika)

Last president of the Soviet Union


Deng Xiaoping

Became leader of Communist China after Mao’s death

Reformed economy to a market economy which allowed for rapid
growth

Continued Communist rule of China