Biotechnology Notes

calendargrumpyBiotechnology

Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 6 months ago)

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From 3 ancient Greek words


Bios


Life


Technikos


Tools


Logos


Study of


Study of living tools


Using living organisms to make a product


Used in agriculture, food processing, medicines


Bacteria


Yogurt, cheese, silage, sauerkraut, vinegar, BST, HGH,
insulin


Yeast


Bread, wine, beer


Enzymes


Cheese, beer


Mold


Cheese


Modifying the genetic material of living cells


Selection


Picking the best organisms to produce the next generation


Breeding


Choosing parents to obtain desirable characteristics in the
offspring


EX: Hybrids, artificial insemination


Transgenics


Transferring genes from one organism to another


EX: E. coli


insulin, glow fish