Tomcat: the Definitive Guide - University of Sunderland

cabbagepatchtapeInternet and Web Development

Feb 5, 2013 (4 years and 5 months ago)

124 views

Apache Struts

RIFE

Ruby on Rails

Harry R. Erwin, PhD

University of Sunderland

CIT304/CSE301

Resources


Hans Bergsten, 2002,
JavaServer Pages,

2nd edition, O’Reilly, ISBN: 0
-
596
-
00317
-
X


http://java.sun.com/products/jsp/


http://www.apl.jhu.edu/~hall/java/Servlet
-
Tutorial/


Farley, et al., 2002,
Java Enterprise in a Nutshell,

2nd edition, O’Reilly,
ISBN: 0
-
596
-
00152
-
5


Brittain and Darwin, 2003,
Tomcat: the Definitive Guide,
O’Reilly.


Kurniawan and Deck, 2004,
How Tomcat Works,
BrainySoftware.com.


Knuckles and Yuen, 2005,
Web Applications: Concepts and Real World
Design,
Wiley.


Nakhimovsky and Myers, 2004,
Google, Amazon and Beyond,
Apress.

Web Resources


Wikipedia (of course)


Apache Struts


http://struts.apache.org/


RIFE


http://rifers.org/


Ruby on Rails


http://www.rubyonrails.org/

What is Struts?


The Struts framework is designed to help developers create
web applications that utilize a Model
-
View
-
Controller
(MVC) architecture.


The framework provides three key components:


A "request" handler provided by the application developer that is
mapped to a standard URI.


A "response" handler that transfers control to another resource
which completes the response.


A tag library that helps developers create interactive form
-
based
applications with server pages.


Struts works well with conventional REST applications and
with new technologies like SOAP and AJAX.

Struts as an Approach


According to the website, Apache Struts is a free open
-
source
framework for creating Java EE web applications.


It uses and extends the Java Servlet API.


Web applications differ from conventional websites in that
they can create a dynamic response. They can interact with
databases and business logic engines to customize a response.


Web applications based on JavaServer Pages often commingle
database code, page design code, and control flow code.
Unless these concerns are separated, larger applications
become difficult to maintain. Struts is designed to control this
problem.

What is RIFE?


“RIFE is a full
-
stack web application framework with
tools and APIs to implement most common web
features.


Each of its toolkits is usable by itself and together they
offer powerful integrated features that boost your
productivity.


RIFE ensures that every declaration and definition is
handled in one place in the code.


This simplifies the developer's task by reducing code
replication, enforcing consistency, and easing
maintenance.” (rifers.org)

RIFE as an Approach


Similar in concept to Ruby on Rails and
Struts.


Single place approach to CM


Provides for the most common web
features.


Very modular


Java EE

What is Ruby on Rails?


“Rails is a full
-
stack framework for developing
database
-
backed web applications according to the
Model
-
View
-
Control pattern.


From the Ajax in the view, to the request and
response in the controller, to the domain model
wrapping the database, Rails gives you a pure
-
Ruby development environment.


To go live, all you need to add is a database and a
web server.” (www.rubyonrails.org)

Ruby on Rails as an Approach


Ruby is the language.


RoR is available in Mac OS X 10.5


Provides MVC scaffolding and helps avoid
code reuse.


Modular

Comments


There is no silver bullet.


Use what you’re comfortable with and plays
well with your development environment.


The choice of framework to use involves
taste and experience.