RFID Implementation in

bustlingdivisionElectronics - Devices

Nov 15, 2013 (4 years and 7 months ago)


RFID Implementation in

IIT Madras: A Case Study

Dr. Harish Chandra


Indian Institute of Technology Madras

URL: www.harishchandra.com


Expanding Electronic Information Environ.

Development of Information Infrastructure

Need for Web based Services

Resource Generation

Diversified User’s Information Thrust


Explosive growth of Information

Resource Sharing and Collaboration

Industrial Interaction

Need for Quality based Services

Marketing of Library & Information



Collections Building

Digital Rights Management

Digital Preservation

Security in Digital Libraries


Effective Transactions

Matchless Speed

Integrated Digital Library Environment

Ensures Operational Excellence

High Level Users Satisfaction

Thefts Control

Effective and Integrated Workflow


Effective Security Control Mechanism

Time Saving

Promotes World Class Facilities

Increase Productivity

Improve Materials Handling

Long life Tag

Ensure Autonomy to Users


Zero Repetitive Work

Reduced Bureaucracy

Instant Updating

Effective Rectification

Quick Stocktaking

Multiple Items are Read Simultaneously

Read and Write Function

Reduction in Queuing

Items Identified


Counter Station: Controller with 15”
Monitor, RFID Reader and Antenna,
ELIMS Borrowing and Return Modules,
ELIMS Tagging, Arm/Disarm Modules,

Library Security Gate: EAS Pedestal
Security Gate, Strobe light, Alarm and
Traffic Counter, ELIMS Security Detection

Items Identified

Self Check Out Station: LCD Panel with Touch
Screen, RFID Reader and Antenna, Smart Card
Reader, ELIMS Borrowing, Return and Sorting
Modules, Self Receipt Generator

Book Drop Station: LCD Panel with Touch
Screen, RFID Reader and Antenna for Loan
Cancellation, Full height Floor Standing Cabinet,
Trolley, ELMIS Book Drop Module, Self Receipt

Radio Frequency Identification


is a method of remotely storing and
retrieving data using devices called
. An RFID tag is a small object, such
as an adhesive sticker, that can be
attached to or incorporated into a product.
RFID tags contain

to enable
them to receive and respond to radio
frequency queries from an RFID

Types of RFID tags

Passive RFID tags do not have their own power
supply: the minute electrical current induced in
the antenna by the incoming radio
scan provides enough power for the tag to send
a response. Due to power and cost concerns,
the response of a passive RFID tag is
necessarily brief. Lack of its own power supply
makes the device quite small: commercially
available products exist that can be embedded
under the skin. Passive tags have practical read
ranges that vary from about 10 mm up to about
5 meters.

Types of RFID Tags

Active RFID tags, on the other hand, must
have a power source, and may have
longer ranges and larger memories than
passive tags, as well as the ability to store
additional information sent by the
transceiver. At present, the smallest active
tags are about the size of a coin. Many
active tags have practical ranges of tens of
metres, and a battery life of up to several

Categorization of Tags

Low Frequency (125 to 134 KHz)

High Frequency (13.56 MHz)

Ultra High Frequency (868 to 956 MHz)

Microwave (2.45 GHz)

Application Areas @ IIT Madras

Library Security


Location of Publications

Users Autonomy

Users Dependent Services

Stock Management

Quality and Excellence in Services


RFID Technology: Advantages

It has the capability for multiple

It provides effective and efficient library
detection system

It has provided full autonomy to users in
library transactions. They can issue and
return the books as and when they need
irrespective of the availability of staff

RFID Technology: Advantages

It has improved users satisfaction

It has enhanced the security level of

It has removed various repetitive work
carried out by the staff

It has enabled us to update the database
in real time environment

RFID Technology: Advantages

It offers very high security. Each tag is
identified by a Unique Identification
Number (UIN), which can be either factory
or manually programmed and then
password protected. The excellence of this
tag is that the data on the chip that uses
sophisticated algorithm techniques cannot
be duplicated or manipulated. Hence
making it the perfect tool for Secure
Access Control.

RFID Technology: Advantages

The potential problems associated with
substandard print quality of barcodes,
which in turn leads to scanning and
reading problems

It has enabled self check in/Check out

Implementation at IIT Madras

Installation of Tagging Station

Identification of central place with AC

Working Hours 09AM to 09 PM for

Identification & Training of Staff

We tagged all returned books

Additionally from shelves

Work Register

Staff Engaged in RFID Tagging

Application: Electronic Book Drop


Book for Return Should have RFID Tag

Place Only one Item at a Time on the
Book Platform

On seeing the Message, “ Please Drop
Item Now”

Push the Book against the Flap & Drop
into the Bin

Once You have return all Items, Press
Receipt Button on Right Hand Side and
Collect your Receipt

Self Check in/Check Out System


Book for Self Borrowing should
have RFID Tag

Touch the Borrow Icon on the

Place and Hold your Smart Card
Near the Reader marked

Scan Card here

You will see Your ID and Name on
the Screen


Place the Books to be borrowed
on Book Platform

Wait until the Loan is confirmed and
you see a Message “
Item Checked Out”

Remove the Book and put another
Book if any to be borrowed

Touch the Print Receipt or Exit Icon
to get a Receipt of the Transaction

RFID Gates

Self / Stock Management System


Contact less Smartcard enabled
Access Control System

Capacity Building

Smart Card Preparation

Users Data base Creation

RFID Tagging

Revalidation of Data

time Updatation

Capacity Building

Library Management Software


User Awareness Program

Site Preparation

Major Problems Faced

Lack of Trained Staff

Shortage of Staff

Leaving the Trained Staff

Removing Installed RFID Tags

Initial Activation problem in Tags

Training of Users and Staff

Our Strength

Pragmatic POSDCORB

Integrated Approach

Management Support

Technical Support

Staff Interest

Pilot Study

Machine Readable Database

Total Bar


Integration of RFID with digital
libraries will ensure considerable
security and facilitate the librarians
and information scientists to provide
more value added services to users
community in digital environment
and work comfortably for digital

Thanks for Attention

Any Question ?


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