咸宁学院医学院2005年秋季学期2002级临床医学本科 - 继续教育学院

burpfancyElectronics - Devices

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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咸宁学院

继续教育学院

《专业英语》
复习



.
Translate the following word
s

and expression
s

into Chinese
.
(
写出下列词组的汉语。
)

1.

software instruction
__
_________________

2.

input

device

__________________________

3.

mainframe computer

_________
_________

_

4.

data bus

_________
_________
_
_
___
_
_

5.

machine

cycle

________________
__
_
___
__
_

6.

cache memory
_
__________
________
_


7.

disk capacity

__________________
______

8.

timing swith

_____________
____________

9.

open architecture
_____________
____________

10.

storage latioin
_____________
____________

11.

amount of mem
ory
__
_________________

12.

input hardware

__________________________

13.

main memory

_________
_________

_

14.

expansion slot

_________
_________
_
____
_
_

15.

instruction cycle

________________
__
_
___
__
_

16.

intelligent terminal
_
__________
________
_


17.

disk
drive

___________
_______
______

18.

photocopying machine

_____________
____________

19.

impact printer
_____________
____________

20.

digital signal
_____________
____________

21.

software instruction
__
_________________

22.

output device

__________________________

23.

parity chip

_________
_________


_

24.

soft
-
sectored disk

_________
_________
_
____
_
_

25.

laser printer
________________
__
_
___
__
_

26.

ink
-
jet printer
_
__________
________
_


27.

non
-
impact printer

__________________
______

28.

dumb terminnal

_____________
____________

29.

application program
_____________
__________
__

30.

relay station
_____________
____________

31.

twisted
-
pair wire
_____________
____________

32.

coaxial cable
_____________
____________

33.

closed architecture
_____________
____________

34.

mechanical component
_____________
____________

35.

smart terminal
_____________
____________

36.

c
ommunications link
_____________
____________

37.

full
-
sized keyboard
_____________
____________

38.

commercial

application
_____________
____________

39.

software package
_____________
____________

40.

host computer
_____________
____________

41.

conventional mouse
_____________
______
______

42.

three
-
dimensional mouse
_____________
____________

43.

web server
_____________
____________

44.

client browser
_____________
____________

45.

carriage return
_____________
____________

46.

hard
-
copy
_____________
____________

47.

soft
-
copy
_____________
____________

48.

source code
__
___________
____________

49.

default extension
_____________
____________

50.

memo field
_____________
____________


.
Fill in the blanks with

the
corresponding
English
abbreviations
.

(
根据汉语写出相应的英语缩写。
)

1.

中央处理器
____________
_______

2.

个人计算机
_________
_________

_

3.

算术
/
逻辑单元
__
_________________


4.

随机存储器

__________________________

5.

计算机协会

_________
_________
_
____
_
_

6.

每秒钟字符


___________
_____
__
_
___
__
_

7.

红绿蓝
__________
________
_


8.

每英寸磁道数

__________________
______

9.

自动取款机

_____________
_____________

10.

兆字节
_____________
_____________

11.

数据库文件
____________
_______

12.

面向对象
_________
_________

_

13.

输入输出
__
_________________


14.

毫秒

__________________________

15.

只读存储器

__
_______
_________
_
____
_
_

16.

每英寸位数

________________
__
_
___
__
_

17.

液晶显示
__________
________
_


18.

每平方英寸的点数

__________________
______

19.

电子数字计算机

_____________
_____________

20.

千兆字节
_____________
_____________

21.

机器语言
____________
_______

22.

美国信息交换标准代码
_________
_________

_

23.

文档类型定义
__
___
______________


24.

超文本标记语言

__________________________

25.

所见即所得

_________
_________
_
____
_
_


.

Match each of the following terms to the phrase of definition that is mostly closely related. (

给下列术语找
到最恰当的定义。
)

1
.______
monitor





2
.
______
_

keyboard

3
.
______
bit





4
.
______
_
buffer

5
.
______
screen




6
.
______
_
clone

7
.
______
pixel




8
.
______
__
workstation

9
.
______
network




1
0
.
______
__

sensor

11
.

______
__

mouse

12
.
______
__

virtual

reality

13
.

______
__

synchronous

1
4
.
______
__

coaxial cable

15
.

______
__

optical media 16
.
______
__

transmission

17
.

______
__

modem


18
.
______
__programming

19
.

______
__

retri
eve


20
.
______
__
hardware

21
.

______
__

hardcopy


22
.
______
__plotter

23
.

______
__

format



2
4
.
______
__
track

25
.

______
__

index


A.

output device of the computer, which can be thought of as
an electionic desktop
.

B.

a binary digit
.

C.

most common type of input device used with computers
.

D.

an individual dot on a computer screen

E.

surface on which picture or data are shown.

F.

copy.

G.

temporary memory of storage used to adjust for the speed differential betw
een two devices.

H.

a powerful single
-
user computer, usrally attached to a network
.

I.

two or more computer linked by communication lines

J.

an electronic device to detect movement

K.

a device used to point at a location on a computer screen

L.

an attempt to create an ar
tificial world within a computer in which the user can move about

M.

taking place at precisely
the same time, agreeing in time, speeds, etc

N.

a type of network cable consisting of two wires, one of which is contained totally within the other

O.

generally, input me
dia on which data are represented as light and da
rk
patterns

that can be interpreted by an
optical scanner

P.

the sending of message

Q.

a device that enables data to be communicated over telephone lines

R.

the act of writing a computer program

S.

to recover informatio
n from storage

T.

the

physical components of a computer system

U.

a printed copy of computer input or output

V.

an output device for translating information from a computer into a pictorial or graphical form on paper or
similar medium

W.

prepare a disk used by a compu
ter whereby the structure of the pattern of information to be held on the disk
is written to the disk surface

X.

circular regions a disk is divided into on each side

Y.

a set of links that can be used to locate records in a data file


.

Fill in the blanks with t
he words or terms given below.Change the form if

necessary.
(从
下面
方框中
选择合适的词或短语,以其适当的形式填空。)
(


2
分共
20

)










1.

The computer

s
_______
reads the information into the computer
.

2.

A computer cannot execute a program stored on disk unless part of it is first copied i
nto
_______
.

dot
,



main memory
,


input device,


overwrite
,


m
o n o c h r o me
,




s p e c i a l i z e d
,
c h a r a c t e r,


r e s p o n d,

r e v o l v e
,



i n t e l l i g e n t


c o mp a t i b l e
,

p e r f o r m
,

i n s t a l l a t i o n,
w o r k s t a t i o n,

p h y s i c a l


r e l a y,

h i g h
-
v o l u me
,



s u s c e p t i b l e,

e n c r y p t
,

p i x e l,

d e t e c t,

s p e c i a l i z e
,

i n s e r t,

mo u n t e d,

t r a n s mi t,


i
n p u t

d e v i c e
,
ma n i p u l a t e,

i n s t r u c t i o n
,

r e t r i e v e,

mo n i t o r,

k e y b o a r d
,
a t t a c h,
me c h a n i s m,

R O M
,

ma i n me mo r y,

c o mp u t e r p r o f e s s i o n a l
,


b i n a r y,
s e mi c o n d u c t o r,

A L U,

ma c h i n e l a n g u a g e
,

u p g r a d e,


s c r e e n
,



b y t e,


R
A M,

f o r ma t,


f r e q u e n c y

s o f t w
a r e,

n e t w o r k
, f u n c t i o n k e y s, mo d e m

3.

The letter T and the number 5 are known as
_______
.

4.

A dot
-
matrix printer uses separate pin
-
like hammers to form characters out of

_______
patterns
.


5.

In overstrike(
改写状态,与
insert mode
相对
) mode any characters entered will

_______
any characters
current
ly displayed
.

6.

A plotter is a
_______
output device designed to produce high
-
quality graphics in a variety of color
.

7.

A
______
monitor displays information in black and
white, while

a color monitor is capable of displaying
color
.

8.

An
_______
terminal, also called

a programmable
terminal
, input and receive data as well as do its own
processing
.

9.

The synchronous orbit satellite

_______
once a day with the earth
.

10.

If you type a wrong command, after you press the Enter key, MS
-
DOS
_______
:Bad command of file name
.

11.

Not all

programs

are
_______
with your hardware.

12.

Extended memory is also composed of RAM chips that are either plugged directly into motherboard or
_______
to a board that is plugged into an expansion slot.

13.

With a well
-
designed CPU in your computer, you can
_______
highly sophisticated tasks in a very
short

time.

14.

The high
-
volume output requirements of most large computer
_______
cannot be satisfied by dot
-
matrix or
letter
-
quality printers.

15.

Printers are categorized according to whether or not the image produced is form
ed
by _
______
contact of the
print mechanism with the paper.

16.

A plotter is a
_
______
output device
designed

to produces high
-
quality graphics in a variety of color.

17.

Several types of high
-
speed printers have been developed to satisfy the

_
______
output requirem
ents of most
large computer installations.

18.

The term bus refers to an electrical pathway through which bits

_
______
between the various computer
components.

19.

Private key encryption is a method of encryption of data that requires the sender recipient of an

_
_
_____
document to exchange a shared cryptographic key directly and secretly.

20.

Microwaves have a higher

_
______
range than radio waves.

21.

A byte
contains

8 bits to represent a single character, and the ninth bit is used
to _
______
errors.

22.

The earliest type of tel
ephone lines were highly

_
______
to electrical interference, so they had to be spaced
about 12 inches apart to minimize the problem.

23.

Microwave signals must be

_
______
from point to point by microwave
towers, or relay stations, places 20 to
30 miles apart.

24.

If

you are
formatting

a floppy disk, the MS
-
DOS will prompt you to

_
______
new diskette for drive A.

25.

Since loose chips are fragile and difficult to handle, they are normally package, and

_
______
on boards.

26.

The computer

s

_
______
reads the information into the c
omputer.

27.

The processor
_
______

the data, storing the results back into memory.

28.

If a computer is to function without direct human control, it must be given a set of
_
______

to guide it, step by
step,
through

a process.

29.

The Recycle Bin is a temporary storage p
lace for deleted files. You can use it to
_
______

files deleted in
errors.

30.

Color
_
______

displays characters, charts, pictures, and diagrams in color.

31.

The basic input device on most small and microcomputer systems is a
_
______
.

32.

We call such a material a
_
___
___
as sometimes conducts electricity and sometimes dose not.

33.

A
_
______
is a terminal used by an employee to enter data and receive information.

34.

_
______
is a storage system that holds information while the computer is turned on.

35.

_
______
is a part primary stor
age that can be retrieved but not erased or changed by a program instruction.
.

36.

When you meet
difficulties

in using computer, you

d better ask a
_
______
for help.

37.

A computer can not execute a program stored on disk unless part of it is first copied into
_
___
___
.

38.

In the
_
______
the symbol 10 represents the decimal number 2.

39.

The
_
______
part of the CPU performs all addition and subtraction operation.

40.

Programs written in
_
______
require no further interpretation by the computer.

41.

If you are buying a computer syste
m and think you might want to
_
______
it at a later data make sure you
purchase a computer with open
architecture
.

42.

The command

cls


stands for clear the screen
_
______
.

43.

Bits are grouped to form
_
______
, which, in turn, are grouped to form words.

44.

Inside the

disk drive unit, a small
_
______
checks to
determine

if the disk

s write/protect notch is covered.

45.

For the most part, you will use the
_
______
command

to prepare floppy disks.

46.

The computer controls the color and brightness of each
_
______
.

47.

Programs are con
sidered to be
_
______
.

48.

Generally, several independent computers linked by communication lines form a
_
______
.

49.

Usually,
_
______
have their tasks labeled on them.

50.

Any computer communication over telephone lines requires a
_
______
.


.
Translate the following
s
entences

into Chinese.
(将下列句子翻译成汉语。)

1.

The central processing unit is the brain of computer
.

2.

Technologies have made the computer smaller and smaller
.

3.

To get form here to there, data must move through something
.

4.

The wider the bandwidth, the larger the amount o
f data that can be transmitted at a time.

5.

A byte commonly contains 8 bits to represent a single character, and the ninth bit is used for error dectection.

6.

We use terminals to input data to and retrieve data from a remotely located main system
.

7.

For the user
, the most important one is the data bus, which carries data throughout the CPU
.

8.

The true virtual reality input devices are very expensive
.

9.

Disk drives have two read/write heads so that the two suraces of diskette can be accessed at the same time.

10.

The output hardware must be compatible with the equipment the computer already has.

11.

Nonimpact printers have no inked
-
ribbon, and cannot produce carbon forms.

12.

The principal function of main memory is to act as an intermediary between the central processing
unit and
the rest of the computer system components
.

13.

You should be familiar with the differences among computer systems if you want to
show

a potential
employer that you have a fundamental knowledge of computer
.

14.

These systems are extensively used for high
-
volume as well as long
-
distance communication of both data
and voice in the form of
electromagnetic

waves similar to radio waves.

15.

The processing hardware is mainly made up of CPU and memory.

16.

Computers are
generally

grouped into four basic categories: super
computers, mainframe computers,
minicomputers, microcomputers.

17.

Printers are categorized according to whether or not the image produced is formed by physical contact of the
print mechanism with the paper.

18.

The ALU controls the speed of calculations and so
re
ceives

a great deal of attention from computer enginners
trying to meet the needs of the fast
-
paced business world.

19.

It is up to the software to interpret what the input devices are telling the computer and how to apply it to the
virtual world..

20.

The primar
y advantage of using microwave systems for voice and data communications is that direct cabling
is not required.

21.

The form or method of communications affects the
maximum

rate at which data can be moved through the
channel and the level of noise that will e
xist.

22.

With the help of a special device that produces ultraviolet light,
minuets

the data or instructions on an
EPROM chip can be erased in a approximately 15.

23.

As you know, main memory is random access memory.

24.

As a result, manufactur
ers tended to record in

ROM only those instructions that were crucial to the operation
of the computer
.

25.

Registers are special temporary storage locations within the CPU

some in the control unit and some in the
ALU.