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Feb 5, 2013 (4 years and 6 months ago)

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Teaching with Poverty:
The Impact and Strategies

By: Matt Bergman

About Me

@
mattbergman14


bergman
-
udl.blogspot.com/


learn
-
lead
-
grow.weebly.com/

Essential Questions for Today:


What is poverty?


How does poverty impact our
classrooms?


What strategies can we use to
overcome the challenges of poverty in
our classrooms?

% of Americans Living in Poverty

Source
: US Census Bureau

We see the impacts of poverty
in our classroom

Lack of motivation

Cognitive lags

Chronic tardiness

Inappropriate behavior

Lack of parental involvement

High transience rates

But do we understand what
poverty really is?

Poverty is
“the extent
to which an individual
does without
resources.”

-

Ruby Payne

SOURCE: Payne
, R. (1996).

A framework for
understanding poverty

. Highlands, TX: aha!
Process, Inc.

In
the United States, the official
poverty thresholds are set by the
Office of Management and Budget
(OMB).

Persons
with income less than that
deemed sufficient to purchase basic
needs

food, shelter, clothing, and
other essentials

are designated as
poor.



In 2011, what was the poverty
threshold of a family of 4?

$23,018

SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009).

Teaching with
poverty in mind
. United States: ASCD.

Source: US Census Bureau

How Poverty Occurs…

Situational

Generational

Absolute

Relative

Urban

Rural

SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009).

Teaching with
poverty in mind
. United States: ASCD.

Situational

Generational

Absolute

Relative

Urban Poverty

Rural

Source:

William P. O'Hare,

The Forgotten
Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural
America

(2009
).

Source:

William P. O'Hare,

The Forgotten
Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural
America

(2009
).

Barrier = Poverty


Many of our students come from poverty,
which we cannot control




We can control how we can help our
students in our classrooms

Strategies We Can Use
to Overcome the
Challenges of Poverty in
our Classrooms

Tip 1: Build Relationships


"No significant learning occurs without a
significant relationship."

James Comer
(1995)

Tip 2: Create a Stable Environment

Tip 3: Encourage a Growth Mindset


Lowering expectations
does not work!

Reading to your child is a critical
element of cognitive development.
36%
of low income parents read
daily to their kindergarten aged
child.

SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009).

Teaching with
poverty in mind
. United States: ASCD.

Tip 4: Reading is the Key to
Vocabulary Development

The Matthew Effect

Keith
Stanovich

What can we do?

Provide
access to a
variety of
reading
materials

Opportunities
to read in
school

Supports in
place

Reading
through a
social lens

4 A’s Model:


What
assumptions

does the
author make?


What do I
agree

with from the
text?


What do I
argue

with from the
text?


What do I want to aspire to
from the text?

A mother’s role is critical in the
development of vocabulary. According to
research,

by
the time
MOST children
start school, they will have been exposed
to 5 million words and should know about
13,000

of
them


SOURCE: Jensen, E. (2009).

Teaching with
poverty in mind
. United States: ASCD.

Tip 5: Developing Vocabulary
Strategies


“The achievement gap is largely
a vocabulary gap.”


How do you choose words to teach?

Tier 3



Domain
Specific

Tier 2




General Academic

Tier 1



Everyday words
that we use

Beck, I.L.,
McKoeown
, M.G., &
Kucan
, L. (2002).
Bringing words to life: Robust
vocabulary instruction
. New York: The Guilford Press.

What can we do?


Multiple

opportunities


Meaningful interactions

Word Walls

Word Wall

Tip 6: Oral Language is Important!

Teachers use Academic Vocabulary and
“smart words” in the classroom.



Embed higher
-
level synonyms and
explanations within language.



Never use slang.


Tip 7: Increase Engagement

One last thought…


“Do what you can, with what you have,
where you are at.”


Theodore Roosevelt

Thank You!


For questions:


mattbergman14@gmail.com



For more Web 2.0 ideas!


@mattbergman14 (Twitter)


learn
-
lead
-
grow.weebly.com/

(Website)


http://bergman
-
udl.blogspot.com/

(Blog)

References


Beck, I.L.,
McKoeown
, M.G., &
Kucan
, L.
(2002).
Bringing words to life: Robust
vocabulary instruction
. New York: The
Guilford Press.



Jensen, E. (2009).

Teaching with poverty
in mind
. United States: ASCD.



Payne, R. (April 2008). Poverty and
learning: 9 powerful practices.

Educational
Leadership
,

65
(7), 48
-
52.