National Tsing Hua University

builderanthologyAI and Robotics

Oct 19, 2013 (4 years and 22 days ago)

77 views

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Cheng
-
Kuo Sung, Professor


Department of Power Mechanical Engineering

National Tsing Hua University

August 4, 2006

從學術與教育界的角度看共通性基礎技術之發展


Interpreting the Generic Base Technology Development:

a Perspective from Academia and Education Discipline


National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Content

1. Introduction

2. Generic Base Technology and Academic Community

3. Academic Participation on the Development of


Generic Base Technology

4. Conclusions

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab


(1) Background


(2) Significance of Generic Base Technology

1. Introduction

(a) Definition

(b) Features

(c) Importance

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Basic Engineering Disciplines:



Opto
-
Mechatronic Design: for functionalities, CAD/CAM/CAE,


strength, stiffness, manufacturing, assembly



Material Processing: cutting, forming/molding, heat treatment



Measurement and Quality Control and Assurance

Basic Science Disciplines:



Mathematics

Material Science and Engineering



Physics



Thermodynamics






Chemistry


Solid Mechanics



Biology



Fluid Mechanics



History



Electronics and Control



Emerging Technology

Generic Base Technology:



Vacuum Technology



Bearing and Precision Positioning Technology



Actuator and Transmission Design

(1)

Background

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab


Generic base technology


Key technology

Product
technology

Application

Advanced
manufacturing/
machine tools

Intelligent robots

Intelligent vehicles

Consumer electronics

Precision
optical
instruments


Compound machine


Mesoscale machine


R2R ultra
-
precision
manufacturing machine


Security robot


Companionate robot


Personification robot


Optics and biological
recognition


Detecting control chip


Multi
-
joint articulating
simulation and control


ICT/AI


Navigation and positioning


Multiplex coordinate


Artificial intelligence


Machine Vision


360
o

active security
protections


Self
-
Inclined anti
-


rolling control


X by Wire


Operation
principle


Detecting


control chip


Telematics


ICT


Digital camera


Optical
-
disk drive


Cell
-
phone camera


Projection display


Optical scanning lens


Photon ion beam


Optics inspecting


Automatic optical
inspection instruments


Stepper


Medical instrument


Aerospace
photographs


Basic technology of precision stability


Technology of precision motion control


High reliability technology


Technology of high
-
reliability radio frequency


High
-
precision analog design technology


Basic technology of optics and opto
-

mechatronic
design


Manufacturing technology of precision optical
component

From: MSL, ITRI

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

From: ERI, MUS, Japan; MSL, ITRI

Aero
-

space

etc.

etc.

Industrial

machinery

Automobile

Electrical appliances

Electronic machines, etc.

General application, etc.

American enterprise

German

enterprise

Japanese

enterprise

Taiwanese enterprise

South Korean

enterprise

Category

International Status of the Industrial Machinery

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

From: Professor Sato, Japan; MSL, ITRI

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

Added value

0.001

0.01

0.1

(1

m)

(mm)

Manufacturing precision

Ultra
-
high
precision processing


(within

2



偲散e獩on po捥獳楮c

睩thin

〮〱浭


佲igin慬 pr散e獩on

睩瑨in

〮ㅭ1
)

䕬敭敮琠獨慰攠

浡瑥mi慬 p散e獩on

Taiwan



Intermediate machine

2,000~5,000 thousand

European/Japan

A+ machine

10 ~15 million

Owing to the discrepancy of the precision,
stability and repeatability, the added value
of equipment of the Europe/Japan is 3~5
times than that of Taiwan

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Machine industry


progress

Because of the growth of 3C industry, the accuracy of the parts of
telecommunications and optics, and medical equipment, etc., are
required from micron (1μ) to submicron (0.1μ).

Position accuracy

Manufacturing size

0.5μm

1μm

300mm

500mm

ROKUROKU
NANO
-
21

ROKUROKU
CEGA
-
542

0.1μm

Sodick
MC430L

YASDA
YMC325

MATSUURA
LX
-
0

SUGINO
XionII
-
5AX

ROKUROKU
MEGAIII
-
400

MAKINO
HYPER2J

10μm

5μm

Europe
/Japan
A+ range

Taiwan
range

Kern

OKK
VD300

From: MSL, ITRI

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Microscope lens,
projection lens, cell
-
phone lens

Laser Collimator,

Safety glass
industry

Stepper, DVD, the
optic lens of DSC ,

(V)

Ultra
-
high
precision

(IV)

High precision

(III) Ordinary precision

(II) General precision

(Example) : Global DSC output value:

Plane precision <10nm

Manufacturing precision
<0.1μm

2008 (goal) : NTD 500 billion

2008 (estimate) :

NTD 60 billion

Film Camera lens

Scanner Lens

(Example) : Output value of
the global projector:

Technological level

Industry's profit

Germany / Japan

Enterprises

Taiwan

Enterprises

Plane precision < 1μm


Manufacturing

precision < 3μm

Plane precision < 3



M慮uf慣瑵t楮朠

precision < 5μm

From: EOL, ITRI

Added Value of the Optical Precision

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Scanner lens

DSC/DV

Optics lens

Semiconductor

high
-
accuracy

optics inspecting

The relationship between the optics precision and added value

From: Panasonic; EOL, ITRI

Stepper

High pixel DSLR

optics lens

2

Added value

Ultra
-
high precision

precision

Taiwan

Europe / Japan

HD
-
DVD,DVD

Objective

Aerospace

lens

Optics

microscope

Micro
-
Lens

Cell
-
phone

Camera lens

4

6

8

10

tens

hundreds

100nm

10nm

1

m

1nm)

Requirement of optics precision

High precision





Parting line between

Taiwan and Europe/Japan

When precision optical technology applies
to measuring instrument, added value
may achieve more than several ten
-

to
hundred
-
times.

Projection

Optics lens

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

(2) Significance of Generic Base Technology



Definition:



Be the infrastructure of a certain industry



May not be a hot/prevailing technology



May be very difficult, having attacked but failed or still in


struggling



The basic technology is the infrastructure required by a


certain industry for the development of various products.



It is similar to electricity, water, highway, etc., required


by the government for the development of a new city or


an industrial park.



Features (in general):

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

(2) Significance of Generic Base Technology (Cont.)



Importance:



Advance enterprise’s competitiveness by establishing/


upgrading key technologies and components



Increase added values by manufacturing highest
-
quality


products



Prevent disordered competition and promote brand by setting


up the quality
-
differentiating capability



Need to build up the capability personally, cannot count on


others



Need dedicate efforts from education, research and industry



Need a long
-
term plan due to the difficulty of demonstrating


short
-
term performance

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

2. Generic Base Technology and Academic


Community

(1)
Academic Duty

(2)
Possible Difficulties


(a) Barriers between Industrial and Academia


Collaboration


(b) Taiwan’s Particular Situation

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

(1) Academic Duty

Universities are in a dynamic equilibrium with society.
They act as conservators of its history and archivists of
its highest cultural attainments. On the other hand, they
are seen as leaders, adventuring into new knowledge
domains, developing transforming technologies, as
serving as the seedbed for novel and often disturbing
ideas.

Academic duties include:


preparing,
teach, mentor, serve the university, discover,
publish, tell the truth, reach beyond the walls, change

From: Academic Duty, by Donald Kennedy

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

(2) Possible Difficulties



Barriers between
Industrial and Academia Collaboration



The governmental laws prohibit from in
-
depth interactions


between universities and enterprises.



The university emphasizes on the advancement of emerging


science and technology and/or technology development; the


enterprise on the commercialization of technology.



The university is interested in the topics that and need


longer time to attack, even is interested in the processes


rather than results; the enterprise wants the prompt


commercialization of research results.

From:
蕭萬長、蘇顯揚,工商時報,
July 1, 2006.

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab



Taiwan’s particular situation:

(2) Possible Difficulties (Cont.)



The university investigates the principles first and then find


applications; the enterprise adopts the consumers’ needs and


then finds solutions.



The academic community evaluates professors’ performance


by accountable data, e.g., SCI papers, but disregards the


quality of research, teaching, services to industry and


academic community, etc.



Technical universities are very similar to common universities


except the source of students, but their resources are much


more insufficient because they conduct the same research


activities as the common universities.

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab



The government sets policies to guide/regulate universities, so


universities count heavily on her, and don’t want to or can’t to


take their own responsibilities.



The business model for Taiwanese enterprises has been in


OEM for decades, most of their efforts are on manufacturing


the products with low price but acceptable quality. There is


no need for design and R&D.



China provides the best opportunity for Taiwanese enterprises


to survive, it may slow down the needs for upgrading products’


quality and technology.

(2) Possible Difficulties (Cont.)

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab


(1) The Role of Academic Community


(2) Academic Participation


(3) Examples


Nanoimprint

3. Academic Participation on the Development


of
Generic Base Technology

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab



To train students with in
-
depth knowledge of basic science
and engineering, or with high
-
quality hands
-
on skill but
with modern technology




To walk into companies and offer courses on basic/modern
knowledge to engineers in comply with corporate’s day
-
to
-
day needs or new
-
product developing projects



To act as a consultant for particular purposes



To conduct cooperative research projects on short
-
term or
long
-
term basis. Professor David Ewins’ 16
-
year
experience between Emperor College and Rocyrolles has
been providing a successful model of Industrial
-
Academia cooperation.


(1) The Role of Academic Community

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

Mechanical

Engineering

Materials

Engineering

Physics

Chemistry

Chemical

Engineering

Machine

Tools

MIRDC

CSIST

ITRI

Biomedical

Equipment

Research
institutes

Applied
researches

Industries

Market
demands

Universities

Basic
researches

NSC,

MOE, MOEA


sponsored

Industrial
-
Academia
Cooperation
Platform

Energy
Fabrication
Equipment

Optical

Equipment

Electrical

Engineering

Biology

Opto
-

electronics

Engineering

Micro/Nano

Fabrication

(2) Academic Participation

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab


Industries


Product development


and production



Universities, colleges and institutes



T
alents fostering


Basic researches

Optical components

factory

Inspect equipment

factory

Optical system

factory

Optics mold

factory

Opto
-
electronics

department

Mechanical, optical

and electrical

integration department

Mechanical

department

Other institutes

Precision processing

Mechanism
-
component

manufacturing

ITRI

Design and control

of the interfaces

Micro
-
structure fabrication

of precision curved surfaces

Cooperation among industries, universities and institutes

From: EOL, ITRI

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab



Integration and shearing
among industries, research
institutes and universities

Visit of industries
and research
institutes

Featuring
courses and
labs

Competition of
hands
-
on
experiments

Cooperation with
international
universities

Talents
fostering

Competitiveness

Universities

Industries

Research Institutes

Talent fostering project supported by MOE

Sponsorship
from other
governmental
office

Accreditation

MOE


sponsored

Industrial
-
Academia
Cooperation Platform

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab



For developing a nanoimprint equipment, the required


technologies and key components include:

(3) Example
-

Nanoimprint



Laser heating technology



Vacuum technology



Molding technology



Control technology for precision force and position/velocity



Precision positioning technology



Precision machine design technology



System integration technology



Environmental and cleaning technology



Reliability design technology

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab


Generic base technology


Key technology

Product
technology

Application

Advanced
manufacturing/
machine tools

Intelligent robots

Intelligent vehicles

Consumer electronics

Precision
optical
instruments


Compound machine


Mesoscale machine


R2R ultra
-
precision
manufacturing machine


Security robot


Companionate robot


Personification robot


Optics and biological
recognition


Detecting control chip


Multi
-
joint articulating
simulation and control


ICT/AI


Navigation and positioning


Multiplex coordinate


Artificial intelligence


Machine Vision


360
o

active security
protections


Self
-
Inclined anti
-


rolling control


X by Wire


Operation
principle


Detecting


control chip


Telematics


ICT


Digital camera


Optical
-
disk drive


Cell
-
phone camera


Projection display


Optical scanning lens


Photon ion beam


Optics inspecting


Automatic optical
inspection instruments


Stepper


Medical instrument


Aerospace
photographs


Basic technology of precision stability


Technology of precision motion control


High reliability technology


Technology of high
-
reliability radio frequency


High
-
precision analog design technology


Basic technology of optics and opto
-

mechatronic
design


Manufacturing technology of precision optical
component

From: MSL, ITRI

National Tsing Hua University

Precision Transmission Lab

4. Conclusions



The highly industrialized countries usually possess higher


level of generic base technology, so it seems to be a gateway


towards sophisticate culture and high standard of living.



Generic base technology is the key not only for upgrading


existing Taiwanese product into higher quality but also


for entering into new product development.



To promote the development of generic base technology


involves the change of Taiwanese culture and custom.



Taiwan’s natural resources are relatively insufficient, an


efficient but effective platform needs to be constructed to


accumulate and share the endeavor from industries, research


institutes and universities.



Thanks to Professor Richard C. T. Lee’s sensible observations


and carefulness.