RubyPayne

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Feb 5, 2013 (4 years and 4 months ago)

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Ruby Payne


A Framework for Understanding Poverty





GEAR UP Conference


October 25
-
26, 2004


Tom Milliron & Terri Campbell

Key Points from Research


Poverty is relative


Poverty occurs in all races


Generational and situational poverty are
different


This work is based on patterns


all patterns
have exceptions


Schools operate from middle
-
class norms &
values


Individuals bring with them the hidden rules of
the class in which they were raised

Key Points from Research


There are cultural differences in poverty


We must neither excuse students nor scold
them, we must teach them


We must teach students that there are two
sets of rules


To move from poverty to middle class, one
must give up (for a period of time)
relationships for achievement


if you are not
educated you don’t have a choice to move

Hidden Rules of Poverty


Noise level is higher


Important information is given non
-
verbally


Your value to your group is your ability to
entertain


You are not respected unless you are
personally strong


There is a wider range of behaviors that are
acceptable


Hidden Rules of Wealth


It’s not o.k. not to be perfect


Details are very important


You are not respected unless you have
expertise


The rules do not apply to their children


The weapon of choice is social
exclusion


Conflicts


To survive in
poverty, one must
rely upon non
-
verbal, sensory and
reactive skills


To survive in school
one must use
verbal, abstract and
proactive skills

Conflicts


In poverty, you can
only live in the
present


The role of “paper”


The role of money


In middle class, you
mix the abstract with
sensory


The role of paper


The role of money

Registers of Language


Frozen: Language that is always the same
(Lord’s Prayer)


Formal: The standard for work & school


Consultative: Formal register in conversation


Casual: Language between friends


Intimate: Language between lovers or twins


Can go up or down 1 register


Cognitive Strategies: Reuven
Feuerstein


If you:


do not develop the ability to plan


cannot predict


cannot identify cause and effect


cannot identify consequences


cannot control impulsivity



You may have an inclination to criminal
behavior