OCIMF Presentation - Intertanko

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Intertanko North European Panel Meeting

31
st
March 2009

Our Purpose & Organisation

Engage in activities of mutual concern relating to transportation by
tanker and marine terminalling of crude oil, liquefied natural gas,
liquefied petroleum gas, their derivatives and related organic
compounds, with special reference to the protection of the marine
environment and the promotion of safety in marine operations.


72 members in voluntary association


Executive Committee directs standing
committees and a full
-
time secretariat
supporting the work of the Marine
Forum

Our Members


Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil
Operations (ADCO)


Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company
(ADMA OPCO)


Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC)


Addax Oryx Group


Administracion Nacional de Combustibles
Alcohol y Portland (ANCAP)


Bakri International Energy Company Ltd


BG LNG Services LLC


BHP Billiton Ltd


BP Shipping


Cargill Ocean Transportation


Centrica PLC


Chevron Shipping Company LLC


Compania Espanola de Petroleos SA
(CEPSA)


ConocoPhillips Shipping LLC


Emirates National Oil Company


EnCana Corporation


Enel Trade FTL



Engen Petroleum Ltd


Eni SpA


Erg Med SpA


Essar Oil Ltd


Excelerate Energy


Greater Nile Petroleum Ltd.


Hess Corporation


Husky Energy


Indian Oil Corporation


Ineos Manufacturing Scotland Ltd


International Marine Transportation Ltd


Koch Supply & Trading LP


Kuwait Oil Company (KOC)


LUKOIL Oil Company


Lyondell
-
Basell


Maersk Oil


Marathon Petroleum Co LLC


Marquard & Bahls AG


Motor Oil (Hellas) Corinth Refineries SA


Murco Petroleum Ltd

Our Members


National Iranian Tanker Company


Neste Oil Corporation


Nexen Inc


Nigeria LNG


Occidental Petroleum LLC.


OMV Refining & Marketing GmbH


PDV Marina SA


Petro
-
Canada


Petroleo Brasileiro SA (PETROBRAS)


Petroleos de Portugal PETROGAL SA


Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX)


Petroleum Industry Marine Association

of Japan (PIMA)


Petronas Sungai Udang Port Sdn Bhd


Petron Corporation


Preem Petroleum AB


Primorsk Oil Terminal


Qatar General Petroleum Corporation


Reliance Industries Ltd


Repsol YPF Trading Y Transporte SA


SARAS SpA


Saudi Arabian Oil Company

(Saudi Aramco)


Sempra LNG


Shell International Trading and

Shipping Company Ltd


Sonangol USA


Sonatrach SpA


StatoilHydro ASA


Sunoco Logistics Partners LP


Talisman Energy UK Ltd


Tasweeq


Tesoro Maritime Company


Total SA


Valero Marketing & Supply Co


Vermillion Energy Resources

OCIMF Committee Structure

Executive Committee
(ExCom)

General Purposes

Committee
(GPC)

Legal

Committee

Ports and Terminals

Committee
(PTC)

IMO Observer

Delegation

Marine Technical

Sub
-
Committee

(MTSC)

Navigation and Routing

Sub
-
Committee

(NaRSuC)

SIRE Focus Group

ICE

Sub
-
Committee
(ICE)

Western Terminal


Forum
(WTF)

Offshore Terminal

Forum
(OTF)

European/Eastern

Terminal Forum

(EETF)

Asia/Pacific

Terminal Forum

(APTF)

Task Forces

Task Forces

OCIMF Secretariat

Phil Davies

Director

Jane Fairweather

Executive Administrator

Pauline Gilbert

Accounts Administrator

Oliver Pointon

SIRE Compliance

Manager

David Savage

SIRE Training &
Development
Manager

Geoff Snow

OCIMF Programme
Manager

Bill Crabbs

Senior Technical
Adviser

Philip
Pascoe

General Counsel

Mike Sitts

Deputy Director,
Chief
Representative to
IMO

Lauren McGee

Advisers’ &
Conference
Facilities
Administrator

Rebecca Harrison

SIRE Inspector
Accreditation
Administrator

Aziz
Benbelkacem

OCIMF & IT
Systems
Administrator

Cliff Proctor

Technical Adviser
(Engineering)

Ian
Soady

Technical Adviser
(Offshore)

Shaikh

Rahim

Technical Adviser
(Nautical)

Our Objectives

Standards

To identify safety and environmental issues facing the oil tanker and terminal industries,
and develop and publish recommended standards that will serve as technical
benchmarks.


Regulatory

To contribute to the development of international conventions and regulations that
enhance the safe construction and operation of oil tankers and terminals, working with
the IMO and other regulatory bodies, both regional and national.


Enforcement

To encourage flag States, port States and classification societies in their enforcement of
international conventions and regulations.


Promulgation

To facilitate access by charterers and authorities to data on tankers relating to safety and
pollution prevention, through the Ship Inspection Report (SIRE) Programme and the Tanker
Management Self Assessment Programme (TMSA).


Consultation

To promote ratification and implementation of international compensation conventions.


Promotion

To actively promote OCIMF’s role in the development of safety and environmental
guidelines and recommendations, harnessing the skills and experience of OCIMF
members and holding industry events addressing the issues.

SIRE Status


46 report submitting
companies


>17,000 reports less the 12
months old on 6,550
tankers


~1,300 new inspection
reports per month


~2.6
inspections/vessel/year


~5000 reports requested
per month


Electronic 24/7 access via
WebSERM2


Expansion of SIRE to barges
and small ships


SIRE

OCIMF


TMSA2

TMSA

Geographical Distribution of subscribers

Piracy
-

Maersk Regensburg

Piracy
-

Advocacy



High Level Contact
through;


IMO


EU


NATO


US Government


MARAD


DOD


USCG


Assigned Personnel
to EUNAVFOR

Piracy
-

Industry


Facilitated Joint
Naval Forces
Somalia Piracy
Workshop


December 18
th


Follow
-
up Workshop
planned for March
17
th

2009.

Piracy


Best Practices


Developed Piracy
Guide with
Intertanko, SIGTTO &
Intercargo


Need to ensure
ALL
vessels

have access
to Best Practices.

MARPOL Annex VI & Climate Change



OCIMF supports the approach chosen by the IMO
MEPC 57 when amending the MARPOL Convention,
Annex VI, on the prevention of air pollution from ships.






OCIMF welcomes the IMO commitment to adopt, by
2009, an international binding framework aimed at
reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from
shipping operations.

IMO


Greenhouse Gas Reduction

OCIMF participates in IMO's Working Groups on Greenhouse Gas
Emissions from Ships and we support IMO’s assessment that this
regulatory framework should be:



effective in contributing to the reduction of
total

global GHG emissions;


binding and
equally applicable to all flag states
;


based on a
goal
-
based approach

and not prescribe specific methods;


based on sustainable environmental development without penalizing
global trade and growth;


able to limit
-

or at least
-

effectively minimize competitive distortion;


cost
-
effective;


supportive of promoting and facilitating technical innovation and R&D in
the entire shipping sector;


accommodating to leading technologies in the field of energy efficiency;


practical, transparent, fraud free and easy to administer.


Current Progress @ IMO


IMO OSLO Intercessional Meeting made progress in regard to:


Design Index; This index will establish the minimum fuel
-
efficiency requirements at the
design stage of ships.


Operational Index; This index was adopted in July 2005 and has been used by a
number of flag States and industry organisations to evaluate and improve the
performance of their fleet with regard to CO2 emissions.


Merits of Market Based Instruments (bunker levy and ETS) were considered.



MEPC 58 (October 08); GHG central to the agenda:


Design Index; Completed work on the development of the Design Index. Shipyards are
encouraged to implement index voluntarily and bring results back to MEPC 59 where
code will be finalised.


Operational Index; Work continued on developing an IMO Best Practice guide for Fuel
Efficiency.


Market Based Instruments; Deferred until MEPC 59



Intercessional Meeting


March 2009


Develop the Shipboard energy Management Plan, SEMP.
F
or adoption at MEPC 59.



MEPC 59


Market Based Instruments


Working Group at MEPC 59 will be focused on building a framework for a
possible Maritime MBI for presentation at the post Kyoto summit in Copenhagen,
November 2009.


Options Include
:


Bunker Levy


This has been discussed both in Oslo and at MEPC 58. There is little
support outside of Denmark for any form of direct, or indirect taxation on fuel.


Greenhouse Gas Pollution Compensation Fund


Similar to tax, is based upon bunkers
consumed during year with a contribution based on CO2 produced paid into an
International fund. Seen as a back door approach to a levy.


Emissions Trading



All submissions too date have been made by EU member states.
OCIMF generally supports Emission Trading as the most efficient means to reduce GHG
if Operational & Technical solutions are not considered to effectively meet reduction
targets. OCIMF would prefer an IMO developed framework for future International or
Regional ETS.


A fundamental difference between the two schemes is that for the ETS there is a
direct link to the market price of carbon and that the revenues will directly fund
CO
2

reductions whereas with the GHG Compensation Fund, there is no certainty
on where the funds will be directed or how they will be spent. There is a danger
that the compensation funds could be allocated according to political drivers
and without achieving the environmental objective.



OCIMF
Activities


OCIMF has developed an Energy Efficiency & Fuel Management Plan to
provide operators with a basis for assessing, modifying, and improving their
management systems, with the aim of maximising energy efficiency and thus
reducing GHG emissions.



Within the plan vessel operators are encouraged to establish and maintain
procedures to measure and limit the use of energy in their operations. These
should include provisions for:


Minimising energy waste.


Promoting energy efficiency awareness.


Implementing vessel and voyage energy strategies to minimise energy usage.


Promoting co
-
operation with charterers and others to facilitate energy efficient operations.

Overall

OCIMF remains committed to the development of an effective
and sustainable international solution which achieves the
objective of reducing ship emissions, ensuring that shipping
remains the greenest form of transport.



EU Issues


Maritime transport is by definition of an international nature. To
preserve the competitiveness of the European ports and fleet,
EU requirements should remain harmonised with the IMO.


Upcoming review of the Marine Fuels Directive:


With agreement at IMO level, the planned revision of the
Marine Fuels Directive should remain in line with the IMO
decisions and therefore be used to quickly implement the
amendments of the MARPOL Annex VI within the EU.


The 0.1% Sulphur ‘at berth’ is particularly problematic.



OCIMF believes this provision should be reviewed before it enters
into effect on 1
st

January, 2010.



The fair treatment of seafarers must be ensured, maritime jobs
must remain attractive:


MEPs must also take this concern into consideration when
reviewing the Criminal sanctions Directive.




Lifeboat Safety



Significant Concern
that incidents
continue to occur.


Three Incidents with
OCIMF members in
last 3 months 2008


4 Injuries / 3 Boats
destroyed.


Industry & IMO
need to move
faster to resolve.

Lifeboat Safety
-

Advocacy


IMO DE


Inter Industry
Lifeboat Working
Group


OCIMF MTSC

Lifeboat Booklet


Developed as
Practical Guidance
for Seafarers.


Intertanko
participation &
assistance.


OCIMF Next Steps


Development of
Standard Hook


Improved/Standard
Cockpit Ergonomics.


System Certification




Current OCIMF Priority Issues at IMO




Comprehensive Review of the STCW Convention and Code


Measures to Prevent Accidents with Lifeboats


Measures to Prevent Explosions on Oil and Chemical Tankers


MARPOL Annex VI and NOX Technical Code revision


Green House Gas Emissions


MARPOL STS Regulation
-

new Chapter 8


Ballast Water Convention


MSDS


E
-
Navigation Strategy


Goal Based Construction Standards


Performance Standards for Protective Coatings

27

Mercury In Crude
-

Shipping Issues



Mercury in Crude/Condensate will be lost during
transshipment in a number of ways


Adsorption
-

Hg adhering to the sides of the tank.


Mercury vapors


Hg is very volatile and will be driven
into the vapour space especially while carrying a high
pour crude oil which requires heating.


Drop Out


Hg may drop to the bottom of the tank and
remain. Industry standard included sludge removal in
dirty tankers every 2
-
5 years.


Current waste disposal practices do not reflect the
presence of Hg.




28

Crudes in the Far East with High Hg.

NWS Cond

60.4

0.01

25
-
200

Dampier

Laminara

58.5

0.03

1ppb

FPSO (1.4)

Crude Name

API

S %wt

HG ppb

Load Port

Brunei Cond

72.6

0.01

10ppb

Brunei Light

40.3

0.06

25ppb

Seria Term

Champion

25.4

Seria Term

Nanhai Light

39.7

0.06

3 ppb

Huizhou FPSO

Malamapaya

52.2

0.1

300ppb

Terminal

300

Minas

35

0.08

13ppb


Dumai

Arun Cond

57.2

0.01

250 ppb


Blang Lancang

Senipah

50.8

0.03

125 ppb

Senipah

Tapis

45.5

0.02

25ppb


Tapis OT

Bach Ho

40.4

0.03

58ppb


Bach Ho OT

Tantawan


41.8

0.03

230


FPSO

Rang Dong

38.5

0.05

112ppb


FPSO

Miri

29.6

0.07

2 ppb


Miri OT

Labuan

30.6

0.03

1 ppb


Labuan

Ruby

34.3

0.02

7ppb


FPSO

Erawan


54.3

0.
01

1980


FPSO

Benchamas


41.3

0.03

500


FPSO

Belida

45.3

0.07

7ppb


FPSO

Anoa

45.9

0.07

16ppb


FPSO

Attaka/Badak

42.3

0.09

6ppb

Santan

Bayu Undan

55.9

0.007

30ppb

FPSO

Bintulu Cond

66.2

0.04

1 ppb

Bintulu

Bongkot

50

0.01

900


FPSO

Barrow

37.7

0.04

10ppb

Barrow Term

Thevenard

40.7

0.05

4ppb

Barrow Term

Sembilang

35.7

0.05

5 ppb


FPSO

Bontang Mix

50.8

0.03

10ppb

Kumul Term

Mckee

43.5

0.33

On Shore

25 ppb

Maui Cond

51.4

0.01

On Shore

2 ppb

Kapuni Cond

62.7

0.01

On Shore

42 ppb

Maui Crude

43.1

0.06

2 ppb

WestPort

Pattani

1125


FPSO

Sleb

35.3

0.08

8ppb

Seria Term

Ardjuna

35.2

0.09

5 ppb


FPSO

Sepinggan

30.7

0.103

5 ppb


FPSO

Kerapu

44.7

0.04

42 pbb


FPSO

Kaji

39.2

0.02

7ppb


FPSO

West Seno

38

0.12


FPSO

Terengganu Con

41.8

0.05

10ppb


Masa OT

Varanus

44.0

0.04

1ppb

FPSO

41.1

0.03

Black Lion

37

Low

2ppb

FPSO

Onshore

B3

B17

B93

B86

B91

B84

B84

B92

B89

B94

B91

B50

B22

B22

B25a

Belanak

43.3

0.019

400ppb


FPSO

B75

B25

B75

B75

B50a

A2

A20

A24

A17

A14

B5

B41

B69

A34

A35

A34

A31

B29

Lalang

39.7

0.05

67 ppb


FPSO

B47

B**

B29

B52

B46

Kutubu

44.7

0.05

8 ppb

Kumul Term

B42

B53

B23

B95

B95

B95

B95

B111

Ref #

3 ppb

3ppb


Hg content over 50 ppb

Hg Hot Spots

CVX Equity Crude

29

Scope of Mercury Issue


Mercury is co
-
produced with crude oil and gas in some formations.
We have many potential gaps in our knowledge regarding its
behavior as it travels through our processes.


Tank bottoms

Produced water

Cutting and
drilling mud

Process equipment

Pipeline

Hg Specs on Gas

Vapour space

Tank bottoms

Waste Disposal

Emission limits

PPE maintenance

Product Specs

MRU waste

Other waste streams

Disposal options


Hg speciation changes.

Question is………..

where, what & how much



OCIMF Publications

New Publications


Mooring Equipment Guidelines


(10/08)


Published


Lifeboat Safety Booklet



(10/08)


Published


FPSO Competency Assessment


(11/08)


Published


Piracy


The East Africa/Somalia Situation

(01/09)


Published


LPG & LNG Manifolds



(In Progress)

SIGTTO Taking Lead


Offshore Hose Guidelines



(03/09)


Under Review



Tandem Mooring Guidelines


(03/09)


Under Review


Multi Buoy Moorings



(03/09)


Under Development


Effective Mooring



(04/09)


Under Development


Guide To Perils At Sea And Salvage

(06/09)


ICS/OCIMF


Piracy & Armed Robbery


(06/09)


Under Development


A Voice for Safety


www.OCIMF.com

Oil Companies International Marine Forum

29 Queen Anne's Gate, London, SW1H 9BU

Tel: +44 (0) 20 7654 1200

Fax: +44 (0) 20 7654 1205