Hidden Rules

bricklayerbelchedInternet and Web Development

Feb 5, 2013 (4 years and 9 months ago)

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Hidden Rules

Hints for Tutors

A review by Linda Evans,

Based on the works of Ruby Payne, PhD

Notes & info


This is just an overview of some of Ruby Payne’s
works


Dr. Payne also does workshops for school
districts around the country


For more information, please check out:

“A Framework for Understanding Poverty,” and
“Hidden Rules of Class at Work,” or on the web:
http://www.ahaprocess.com/

Please don’t switch your brain off when you
hear the term ‘poverty’…it doesn’t just
mean economic standing… it’s much more


Adding to your tool kit


You’ve learned about different learning styles
and how they impact teaching…


You’ve learned about technology and how it
can assist, or detract, from learning/work…


You may know about personality types from
Meyers
-
Briggs or True Colors, how personality
affects relationships, and how we see our
world…


NOW, add another tool to your professional
toolkit, and see how our cultural values act as
lenses and limiters, creating hidden rules of
behavior, and more…

It’s like we’re not speaking

the same language…

Area

Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Money

Use now

Manage

Invest

Personality

For Entertaining

For Stability

For Connections

Food

Enough Quantity

Quality, Taste

Presentation

Clothing

Style Expression

Quality, Norm

Designer

Time

Present Moment

Future

Historical

Education

Abstract Value

Critical to Success

Tradition, Connections

Language

Casual Register

Formal Register

Formal Register

World View

Local

National

Global

Love

Conditional/Likes

Conditional/Worth

Conditional/Standing

Focus

Survival

Achievement

Strategic Connections

Possessions

People

Things

Legacy

Family

Matriarchal

Patriarchal

Who's Got $

So what do we do with this?


Most educational institutions & employers are
of the culture/values of Group 2


There are increasing numbers of Group 1
coming into those venues without knowledge
that there are differences in culture/values


Our job as educators is not to say “Your
values are wrong, mine are right,” rather it is
to say: “There are different rules for different
places


yours are important for your daily
world


but let me help you become familiar
with these rules too.”

Shouldn’t everyone just

conform to
my

rules?


Discounting the use of another set of rules
says: “Your culture is irrelevant and wrong”


Unconsciously insulting someone’s cultural
values and coping methods is unprofessional


try instead to be curious, learn about their
values & share yours


As an educational institution, we owe it to all
of our students to provide the tools to be
successful in life; providing education on
hidden rules can ease their path to success


This is a two
-
way street, both people win

More on Levels of Language

Issue

Casual Register

Consultative

Formal Register

Poor assignment
turned in to
instructor

“This is a do
-
over.”

“I can’t accept this
the way it is, please
revise.”

“This assignment is
not acceptable in
its current form.”

Student doesn’t
understand
assignment

“I’m sick & can’t
turn in my
homework.”
(
doesn’t know how
to ask for help
)

“I’m not sure
exactly what you
want on this paper,
can you help me?”

“I’d like to make
an appointment
with you to discuss
assignment 3
before it is due.”



What level of language is used in most college syllabi, tests, & texts?



What language level is required for college essays?



What level of language is used for the college catalog or policies?



Can you think of examples of how to help students translate from casual
register into formal?



How can you encourage students to build their vocabulary?



Don’t assume students are familiar with parts of texts (glossary, index, test Q)



Hidden Rules in Education


Students must understand the formal
language of education and critical
thinking.


Students need to put school first.


Work should be arranged around
classes.


Students are responsible for learning.


Time management and planning are
necessary.


Impact on teaching/learning


Lack of formal register/academic language causes
students to (1) fail to ask questions in class, (2)
procrastinate on written assignments, (3) commit
plagiarism, often without knowing what it is, or (4)
cheat, out of desperation


School work tends to come last in priorities:
suggest planning ahead, turn things in early


Critical or abstract thought are often not learned
previously, need help making that leap


May avoid taking responsibility (blame others) or
have lots of personal problems that interfere with
learning & assignments

What can I do?


Help Group 1 learn the Hidden Rules of school:


Clarify the need to put school first in order to make
things better for their family (rather than for
“personal achievement”)


Clarify the need to arrange work around their class
times, network with other students to get notes if
they are out sick, & contact instructors appropriately


Instructors are not responsible for learning, the
students are; help tutees know learning styles/limits


Importance of deadlines, planning the semester in
advance, use of calendar & alarm clock


Having plan B (ex. preventive car maintenance)


Refer to Master Student class; or teach planning, goal
setting, basic money mgmt skills

Suggestions for tutors


Follow positive tutoring model:


Sit beside, not across from, tutee


Build on the positive


Ask specific questions


Give tips on how this concept would be shown on
a test, or how they could display mastery


Model asking for help yourself when you don’t
know the answer or process


Model appropriate language use & share ways
you have improved your own vocabulary


Help students build their own study skills,
tools, peer support systems

More suggestions


Need extra
-
clear instructions with very clear
deadlines


remind about using a planner and
asking the instructor for clarification


Break down big assignments into small parts
with interim deadlines, ask for rough drafts


Give tours of resources or refer often to library,
advising, financial aid, counseling


Refer often to the syllabus, assignment lists


Refer to course or lecture outlines, study guides


Use multiple learning styles, encourage
students with awards, positive reinforcement


Parting thoughts…


The Hidden Rules of different environments
offer challenges
and

opportunities to increase
understanding


Our different cultural values are not ‘excuses’
for inappropriate behavior, but they may
provide explanations for ‘why’


Accountability first requires explanation of
requirements and rules


don’t assume
everyone knows your ‘rules’


Mutual respect should be the foundation of all
relationships; it takes effort to build it

References


Payne, R. K. (1996).
A framework for
understanding poverty
(3
rd

ed.).
Highlands, TX: Aha! Process


Payne, R. K. (2008, April). Nine
powerful practices.
Educational
Leadership,
65(7), 48
-
52.


Payne, R. K., & Krabill, D. L. (2002).
Hidden rules of class at work
. Highlands,
TX: Aha! Process