Biotechnology Project IMPORTANT The video on the slide will be on ...

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Feb 20, 2013 (4 years and 5 months ago)

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Biotechnology Project


IMPORTANT

The video on the slide will be on every slide. It is pretty much just me talking. It is
somewhat like a tutorial (make sure volume is on). Thank you! (Also, click on “Slide Show”,
then go to “View Show” to watch the entire show with transitions and other things.)

By Quinlan Bruce FI8B

December 8, 2010

Job Title:

Genetically Modified Food Engineer (
focus
on safety
)

What are Genetically Modified
Foods? Double click on the link
above!

http://www.youtube.com/wa
tch?v=jAP6ZtfP9ZQ

Salary Range

The salary range of a Genetically Modified Food Engineer really depends on
the education level. In 1999, people with a B.S.
(Bachelor of Science)

may
have earned around $20,000. People with a M.S.
(master of science)
may
have earned around $30,000, while entry positions for a Ph.D. degree
were earning around $50,000. Senior
-
level Ph.D. positions may have
earned $150,000.

The Salary Range
(Graph form)


Amo
unt of money (in
thousands)

$150

$50

$30

$20

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

Education Required

The education required for the job of the Genetically Modified Food
Engineer is: You need to go to school for an additional three or
four years after receiving a bachelor's degree (3
-
5 years) to
obtain a doctoral degree. A few genetic engineering research
scientists get both a doctor of medicine (M.D.) degree and a
doctoral (Ph.D.) degree. In high school, you may want to
specialize in biology, microbiology, genetics, and other
specialized bioscience or medical science.

Education

Duties required for the job


Most Genetically Modified Food Engineers spend a large amount of their
time in clean, well made laboratories. They generally work thirty five to
forty hours a week. In some cases, they may work extra hours to complete
special projects.



Genetically Modified Food Engineers usually work as part of a team. They
must be able to cooperate and communicate with other scientists in their
field. They should enjoy working with precise and difficult work and be
willing to work well with safety standards.

How it is linked to Biotechnology

Like I said in my description of biotechnology…


Biotechnology is using living things to create products or to do tasks for human
beings. Biotechnology is based on biology, especially when used in
agriculture, medicine,
food science, and engineering
. Genetic
engineering is considered an area of biotechnology that induces cell
alterations in organisms. It is the use of scientific techniques like
modifying plants.

The type and specifics of biotechnology used for this career

1.
Molecular Genetics:


The branch of genetics on a molecular level. It deals with issues such as how a
gene is copied, how genes are turned on and off when their activity is needed or
not needed.


2.
Microbiology:


The study of microorganisms, which are microscopic. includes virology, mycology,
parasitology, bacteriology and other branches.It is closely related to the field of
molecular biology.


3.
Biochemistry:


Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes in living organisms. Biochemistry
deals with structures and functions of cellular components such as proteins and
other biomolecules.

The newest discoveries in the field

One of the newest discoveries in the field are that you may see
extreme increases in GM product development as researchers
gain increasing access to genomic resources that are applicable
to organisms beyond the scope of individual projects.

New discoveries may be changed in directions to interests of rich
countries.


Who the employers and associated partners are in the field

Genetic engineering research scientists can become project leaders
or administrators of entire research programs. Some genetic
engineering research scientists may be able to start their own
consulting firms or biotechnology laboratories.


Research scientists will be in high demand as more and more
applications for genetic engineering are found in medicine,
agriculture, and private industry.



Safety Issues

a)
There are human health impacts, including allergens,
transfer of antibiotic resistance markers and unknown
effects.

b)
It’s more difficult to evaluate the safety of crop
-
derived
foods than individual chemical, drug, or food additives.

c)
Crop foods are more complicated and their composition
changes according to differences in growth and agronomic
conditions.

d)
DNA technology include potential losses of biodiversity

and negative impacts on other aspects of the
environment.

e)
Possible allergic reactions to the transferred protein.

(
For
example, if a gene from Brazil nuts that produces an allergen

were transferred to soybeans, an individual who is allergic to
Brazil nuts might now also be allergic to soybeans).

The Benefits

I.
Improved resistance to disease, pests, and herbicides

II.
Better taste and better quality

III.
Increased resistance, productivity, hardiness, and feed efficiency

IV.
Able to produce more of meat, eggs, and milk

V.
Improved animal health and diagnostic methods

VI.
Increased food security for growing populations.

VII.
Pest resistance:

Crop losses from insect pests can be staggering, resulting
in devastating financial loss for farmers and starvation in developing
countries.

VIII.
Disease resistance:

There are many viruses, fungi and bacteria that cause
plant diseases.

Bibliography


All pictures are from Clip Art


“Genetically Modified Foods and organisms”.
Human Genome Project Information
.
http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/gmfood.shtml

(Dec. 2, 2010).


Pusztai, Arpad “Genetically Modified Foods: Are They a Risk to Human/Animal Health?”.
Action
Bioscience
.
http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/pusztai.html

(Nov. 14, 2010).


Whitman, Debroah B. “Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?”.
CSA
.
http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php

(Dec. 5, 2010).


“Genetic Engineer”.
Book Rags
.
http://www.bookrags.com/research/genetic
-
engineer
-
plsc
-
02/

(Nov.
22, 2010).


“Genetic Engineering Research Scientist”.
State University Careers
.
http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/402/Genetic
-
Engineering
-
Research
-
Scientist.html

(Nov.
19/Dec. 3, 2010).


“Biotechnology”.
FAQS
.
http://www.faqs.org/nutrition/Ar
-
Bu/Biotechnology.html

(Nov. 29, 2010)


“Genetically Modified Foods”.
Crystalinks
.
http://www.crystalinks.com/gmproducts.html

(Nov. 25,
2010)

Thank you for listening!

Feel free to check out
some of these sites!

http://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=8gvMlmBocn4

Check out the funny video
above!