Engineering at the National Science Foundation

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Michael M. Reischman

Deputy Assistant Director

Directorate for Engineering


Presentation for the University of Vermont

September 28, 2007

WWW.NSF.GOV

Engineering at the

National Science Foundation


Independent Agencies

Major

Departments

Energy

Agriculture

Commerce

Defense

Health and

Human Services

Interior

Transportation

Office of Management

and Budget

Science Advisor, Office of

Science and Technology Policy

Other Boards and

Councils

National

Aeronautic

and Space

Administration

Environmental

Protection

Agency

Nuclear

Regulatory

Commission

Smithsonian

Institution

Other

Agencies

National

Science

Foundation

(NSF)

Staff Offices

Homeland

Security

OSTP/OMB 2008

Research Priorities*


Homeland Security


Prevention, Detection, & Remediation of NCB Threats


Medical Countermeasures and Biosurveillance Networks


Energy Security


Diversified Energy Sources and Renewables


Advanced Networking and High
-
End Computing


Supercomputing & Cyberinfrastructure


National Nanotechnology Institute


Environment


Global Climate Change Science and Technology


Global Supply of Fresh Water


Understanding Complex Biological Systems

*See www.ostp.gov/html/M
-
06
-
17.pdf


External Reports


The National Academies’

Rising Above the
Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing
America for a Brighter Economic Future

recommends enhancements in


K
-
12 education


Research


Higher Education


Economic policy




The Engineer of 2020

(NAE, 2004) and
Educating
the Engineer of 2020

(NAE, 2005)

asks “… how to
enrich and broaden engineering education so that
those technically grounded graduates will be
better prepared to work in a constantly changing
global economy.”


External Reports


Engineering Research and America’s Future (NAE,
2005): Committee to Assess the Capacity of the U.S.
Engineering Research Enterprise


Recommends increased research support for
engineering and physical sciences


Seeks enhanced partnership, infrastructure and
workforce activities




Innovate America: National Innovation Initiative Final
Report (Council on Competitiveness, 2005)


Recommends increased support for workforce,
investments and infrastructure


Emphasizes importance of frontier and
interdisciplinary research

American Competitiveness Initiative


The centerpiece of
American Competitiveness
Initiative

(ACI) is to double the federal
investment in key agencies that support basic
research in physical sciences and engineering.


Over the next 10 years, the Federal agencies
impacted are NSF, DOE Science, and NIST.


ACI includes three broad components:


Research in physical sciences and engineering (including 12
specific goals with 7 related to NSF)


Research and Development tax incentives


Education and workforce


National Science Foundation

FY 07 Budget ($6,020 million)

Office of the

Inspector General

Director

National Science Board

Staff Offices

Directorate for

Computer and

Information

Science and

Engineering


$527M

Integrative

Activities

(MRI, STC)




$131M

Directorate

for

Engineering



$520M +

$109M (SBIR)

Directorate

for

Biological

Sciences



$608M

Directorate

for

Geosciences




$745M

Directorate for

Education and

Human

Resources



$816M

Polar

and

Antarctic

Programs



$371M

Directorate for

Mathematical

and Physical

Sciences



$1150M

Directorate for

Social,

Behavioral,

and Economic

Sciences


$214M

$4,666M R&RA

$240M MREFC

$816M EHR

$6020M Total

Summary

Directorate

FY 2006
Actual

FY 2007

Request

FY 2008

Request

FY 2008 Request

Change over

FY 2006 Actual

Change over

FY 2007 Request

Amt

%

Amt

%



BIO

$580.90

$607.85

$633.00

$52.10

9.0%

$25.15

4.1%



CISE

$496.35

526.69

574.00

77.65

15.6%

47.31

9.0%



ENG

(less SBIR/STTR)

$486.01

519.67

566.89

80.50

16.6%

47.22

9.1%




SBIR/STTR

$99.45

108.88

116.41

17.34

17.5%

7.53

6.9%



GEO

$703.95

744.85

792.00

88.05

12.5%

47.15

6.3%



MPS

$1,086.61

1,150.30

1,253.00

166.39

15.3%

102.70

8.9%



SBE

$201.23

213.76

222.00

20.78

10.3%

8.24

3.9%



OCI

$127.14

182.42

200.00

72.86

57.3%

17.58

9.6%



OISE

$42.61

40.61

45.00

2.39

5.6%

4.39

10.8%



OPP

$390.54

438.10

464.90

74.37

19.0%

26.80

6.1%



IA

$233.30

231.37

263.00

29.70

12.7%

31.63

13.7%



U.S. Arctic Research
Commission

$1.17

$1.45

$1.49

0.32

27.4%

0.04

2.8%

Research & Related Activities

$4,449.25

$4,765.95

$5,131.69

$682.44

15.3%

$365.74

7.7%

NSF Budget by Research Directorate

Dollars in Millions

ENG and SBIR/STTR Budget History

Dollars in Millions

$0

$100

$200

$300

$400

$500

$600

FY 2000

FY 2001

FY 2002

FY 2003

FY 2004

FY 2005

FY 2006

FY 2007

Request

FY 2008

Request

ENG

SBIR/STTR

Emerging Frontiers in

Research and Innovation

(EFRI)


$25M

Chemical,

Bioengineering,

Environmental,

And Transport

Systems

(CBET)


$124M

Civil,

Mechanical, and

Manufacturing

Innovation

(CMMI)



$152M

Electrical,

Communications

and Cyber

Systems

(ECCS)



$81M

Engineering

Education and

Centers

(EEC)



$126M

Industrial

Innovation and

Partnerships

(IIP)



$120M

Directorate for Engineering

FY 2007

Office of the Assistant Director

Deputy Assistant Director

(OAD)


$629M*

Senior Advisor

Nanotechnology

Engineering FY 2008 Budget Request

Dollars in Millions









Change
over

FY 2006

FY 2007

FY 2008

FY 2007

Request




Actual


Request

Request

Amt

%

CBET

$125.09

$124.44

$144.97

$20.53

16.5%

CMMI

148.82

152.16

174.08

21.92

14.4%

ECCS

77.91

80.90

93.96

13.06

16.1%

IIP

109.65

120.08

128.39

8.31

6.9%

Small Business Innovation
Research (SBIR)

99.45

108.88

116.41

7.53

6.9%

EEC

123.99

125.97

116.90

-
9.07

-
7.2%

EFRI

-


25.00

25.00

-


-


Total, ENG

$585.46

$628.55

$683.30

$54.75

8.7%

(Totals may not add due to
rounding.)

ENG and NSF Funding Rates

Research Grants

0

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000

7000

FY 2000

FY 2001

FY 2002

FY 2003

FY 2004

FY 2005

FY 2006

FY 2007

Request

FY 2008

Projection

0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%

ENG Proposals

ENG Awards

ENG Funding Rate

NSF Funding Rate

ENG Research Themes


Energy, Water, and the Environment



System Nanotechnology



Complexity in Engineered and Biological
Systems



Competitive
Manufacturing and Service
Enterprises


Cognitive Engineering

Chemical,

Biochemical, and


Biotechnology

Systems

Biomedical

Engineering and

Engineering

Healthcare

Transport and

Thermal Fluids

Process and

Bioreaction

Engineering

Maria Burka

Catalysis and

Biocatalysis

John Regalbuto

Environmental

Engineering and

Sustainability

Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental,

and Transport Systems (CBET)

Biotechnology,

Biochemical, and

Biomass Engineering

Fred Heineken

Chemical and

Biological Separations

Rose Wesson

Thermal

Transport Processes

Pat Phelan

Interfacial Processes

And Thermodynamics

Bob Wellek

Particulate and

Multiphase Processes

Marc Ingber

Fluid Dynamics


Bill Schultz

Combustion, Fire, and

Plasma Systems

Phil Westmoreland

Research to Aid

Persons

With Disabilities

Bob Jaeger

Biomedical

Engineering

Semahat Demir

Biophotonics,

Advanced Imaging &

Sensing for Human

Health

Leon Esterowitz

Environmental

Engineering

Vacant

Environmental

Technology

Cindy Ekstein

Energy for

Sustainability

Rose Wesson/

Trung Van Nguyen

Environmental

Sustainability


Bruce Hamilton

Division Director

Judy Raper

Deputy Division Director

Bob Wellek

Senior Advisor

Marshall Lih

Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental and
Transport (CBET) Systems


Current Areas of Interest:


postgenomic engineering, metabolic engineering, and
tissue engineering.


biomedical photonics and sensing, assistive technology,
medical technology innovation


complex environmental systems, especially with respect to
understanding the fate and transport of surface and
groundwater pollutants; novel processes for waste
treatment; industrial ecology; and technologies for avoiding
pollution


projects that develop and integrate new principles and
knowledge underpinning use
-
inspired products and
services based on chemical, fluid
-
thermal and biological
transformations of energy and matter.


nanoscale science and engineering, safety and security,
environmentally
-
friendly and energy
-
focused processes and
products, and smart manufacturing and processing.


Fundamental aspects of fluid, thermal and mass transport
processes, and research to support the development of
renewable energy sources.

Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI)

Engineering

Infrastructure

Systems

Innovation Sciences

and Decision

Engineering

Division Director

Adnan Akay

Deputy Director

George Hazelrigg

Information Technology

And Infrastructure Systems

Edward Jaselskis

Geoenvironmental Engineering

and Geohazards Mitigation

Richard Fragaszy

Manufacturing Machines

and Equipment

George Hazelrigg

Structural Systems

and Hazards Mitigation

of Structures

Douglas Foutch

Infrastructure

Management

and Hazard Response

Dennis Wenger

Network for Earthquake


Engineering Simulation


Research

Joy Pauschke

Control Systems

Suhada Jayasuriya

Dynamical Systems

Edward Misawa

Engineering Design

Judy Vance

Manufacturing

Enterprise Systems

Abhi Deshmukh

Operations Research

Stephen Nash

Service Enterprise

Engineering

Matthew Realff

Sensor Innovation

and Systems

Shih Chi Liu

Geomechanics and

Geotechnical Systems

Richard Fragaszy

Infrastructure Materials

And Structural Mechanics

Perumalsamy Balaguru

Materials Processing

and Manufacturing

Mary L. Realff

Mechanics and

Structures of Materials

Ken Chong

Nano and Bio Mechanics

Jimmy Hsia

Materials

Transformation

and Mechanics

NanoManufacturing

Haris Doumanidis

Materials Design and

Surface Engineering

Clark Cooper

Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation
(CMMI)


CMMI areas of interest:


Dynamics and control, mechanics and materials, nano
and bio mechanics, sensing for civil and mechanical
systems, simulation

based engineering science.


Management of risks induced by earthquakes and other
natural and technological hazards, critical infrastructure
protection.


Infrastructure development and management,
geotechnology, structures


CMMI supports fundamental academic research in
design, manufacturing, and industrial engineering. CMMI
also manages crosscutting industrial innovation
programs that encompass major components of NSF.


CMMI
-
funded research includes an emphasis on
environmentally benign manufacturing and a sustainable
industrial economy, and seeks to address those
fundamental issues that will benefit society through a
deeper understanding of the processes and systems that
comprise modern design, manufacturing, and service
enterprises


Electrical, Communications and Cyber
Systems (ECCS)

Division Director

Usha Varshney

Senior Engineering Advisor

Lawrence Goldberg

NNIN; ENG
-
MRI; STC

Electronics, Photonics and
Device Technologies


Power, Controls and
Adaptive Networks


Integrative, Hybrid and
Complex Systems


Optoelectronics; Nanophotonics;
Ultrafast and Extreme Ultra
-
Violet

Rongqing Hui




Micro/Nanoelectronics;
Bioelectronics; NEMS/MEMS;
Sensors

Rajinder Khosla




Micro/Nanoelectronics; Molecular
Electronics; Spin Electronics;
Organic Electronics;
Micromagnetics; Power Electronics

Olufemi Olowolafe


Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive
Control; Sensing and Imaging
Networks; Systems Theory;
Telerobotics

Radhakisan Baheti


Power and Energy Systems and
Networks; Interdependencies of Power
and Energy on Critical Infrastructures;
Power Drives; Renewable and
Alternative Energy Sources

Dagmar Niebur


Adaptive Dynamic Programming;
Neuromorphic Engineering; Quantum
and Molecular Modeling and
Simulations of Devices and Systems

Paul Werbos


RF and Optical Wireless and
Hybrid Communications
Systems; Inter and Intra
-
chip
Communications ; Mixed Signals

Leda Lunardi


Cyber Systms; Signal
Processing

Scott Midkiff


Micro and Nano Systems;
System
-
on
-
a
-
chip;

System
-
in
-
a
-
Package; Diagnostic
and Implantable Systems

Yogesh Gianchandani

Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems
(ECCS)


Nanosystems, Microsystems, Macrosystems


Cyber Systems

¾
Signal Processing


Nano and Microsystems


System
-
on
-
a
-
chip

¾
System
-
in
-
a
-
package

9
RF and Optical Wireless and Hybrid Communications Systems

¾
Inter and Intra
-
chip Communications

¾
Mixed Signals



Bioelectronics


Electromagnetics

9
Flexible Electronics

9
MEMS/NEMS

9
Micro/Nanoelectronics

9
Micro/Nanomagnetics

9
Microwave Photonics


Molecular Electronics


Nanophotonics

9
Optoelectronics

9
Power Electronics

9
Sensors and Actuators

9
Spin Electronics

Electronics, Photonics and

Device Technologies

EPDT

Integrative, Hybrid and
Complex Systems

IHCS

Power, Controls and

Adaptive Networks

PCAN


Adaptive Dynamic Programming


Alternate Energy Sources

9
Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive
Control

9
Neuromorphic Engineering

9
Power and Energy Systems &
Networks


Quantum and Molecular Modeling &
Simulation of Devices and Systems


Sensing and Imaging Networks

9
Telerobotics

Emerging Technologies (ECCS)



Cyber Systems


Alternate Energy Sources and Integration in the National Grid
(InterGrid)


Diagnostic, Wearable and Implantable Devices and Systems


Flexible Electronics


Neuromorphic Engineering


Interdependencies of Critical Infrastructures in Power and
Communications


Quantum and Molecular Modeling and Simulation of Devices and
Systems


Very Large
-
scale Photonic Integration

Engineering

Education

and

Centers (EEC)

Deputy Director

For Engineering

Centers

Lynn Preston

Deputy Director

for Engineering

Education

Sue Kemnitzer

Research

Experiences for

Teachers

Mary Poats

Research

Experience for

Undergrads

Esther Bolding


Division Director

Allen Soyster

Bioengineering

Barbara Kenny

Manufacturing

and Processing

Bruce Kramer

Earthquake

Engineering

Vilas Mujumdar

Microelectronics

Systems and

Information

Deborah Jackson (lead)

Barbara Kenny

Engineering

Education

Sue Kemnitzer (lead)

Vacant

Sharon Middledorf

Nanotechnology

Undergraduate

Education

Mary Poats

Nanoscale Science

and Engineering

Bruce Kramer (lead)

Deborah Jackson

Barbara Kenny

ERC Education

Win Aung

Evaluation and

Assessment

Vacant

Bioengineering &

Bioinformatics

Summer Institutes

Mary Poats

Senior

Advisor for

Engineering

Bruce Kramer

Administrative

Officer

Priscilla Bezdek

Senior Staff

Associate

Win Aung

ERC Diversity

And Pre
-
College

Education

Mary Poats

International

Research and

Education in

Engineering

Win Aung

Cross
-
Directorate

Programs

Sharon Middledorf

Management

Operations

Specialist

Beverly Baker

Office

Automation

Clerk

vacant

Program

Assistants

Darlene Suggs

(lead)

Shalika Walton

Susan Watson


Science

Assistant

Victoria

Kwasiborski

)

Engineering Education and Centers

(EEC)


Current Areas of Interest:


Centers that collaborate with industry
to promote innovative research and
education


Centers that promote partnerships with
small business and international
researchers


Focused efforts that integrate research
into new advances in undergraduate
and PhD engineering education, and
partner with K
-
12 pipeline innovators


Industry University

Cooperative

Research Centers

Alex Schwarzkopf

Edward Clancy

Glenn Larsen

Partnerships

for Innovation

Sara Nerlove

Grants Opportunities

for Academic

Liaison With

Industry

Donald Senich

Office of

Industrial

Innovation

SBIR/STTR

Industrial Innovation and Partnerships (IIP)

Division Director

Kesh Narayanan



Advanced Electronics (4)



Advanced Manufacturing (3)



Advanced Materials (7)



Biotechnology (4)



Civil Infrastructure Systems (3)



Energy and the Environment (5)



Fabrication and Processing


Technology (7)



Health and Safety (4)



Information and Communications (6)



Quality, Reliability and


Maintenance (2)



System Design and Simulation (1)



Advanced Materials. Manufacturing


and Chemical Technology


Cheryl Albus, Deepak Bhat,


Rathindra DasGupta, Joe Hennessey



Biotechnology


Thomas Allnutt, Ali Andalibi,


George Vermont


Electronics


Juan Figueroa, Murali Nair, Bill Haines,


T. James Rudd



Information Technology


Errol Arkilic, Ian Bennett



Special Topics


Bob Norwood

Senior Advisors

Joe Hennessey

Donald Senich

Industrial Innovation and Partnerships (IIP)

Current Programs supporting academic
-
industry partnerships


-

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)


-

Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR)


-

Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC)


-

Partnerships for Innovation (PFI)


-

Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry

(GOALI)

IIP supports a wide spectrum of Technology Areas


-

Advanced Materials


-

Manufacturing


-

Civil Infrastructure Systems


-

Chemical
-
Based Technologies


-

Energy and Environment


-

Biotechnology


-

Electronics


-

Information
-
Based Technologies

Emerging Frontiers in Research and
Innovation (EFRI)


EFRI will support higher risk, higher payoff opportunities
leading to:


new research areas for NSF, ENG, and other agencies


new industries/capabilities resulting in a leadership
position


significant progress on advancing a “grand challenge”


Successful topics would likely require:


small
-

to medium
-
sized interdisciplinary teams


the necessary time to demonstrate substantial
progress and evidence for follow
-
on funding through
other established mechanisms


The current investment for EFRI totals $25 million for 4
-
year awards at $500k per year.


Sohi Rastegar, Office Director

EFRI Criteria


TRANSFORMATIVE
-

Does the proposed topic represent an
opportunity for a significant leap or paradigm shift in a research
area, or have the potential to create a new research area?


NATIONAL NEED/GRAND CHALLENGE
-

Is there potential for
making significant progress on a current national need or grand
challenge?


BEYOND ONE DIVISION
-

Is the financial and research scope
beyond the capabilities of one division?


COMMUNITY RESPONSE
-

Is the community able to organize and
effectively respond (but not in very large numbers; i.e., it is an
"emerging" area)?


ENG LEADERSHIP
-

Are partnerships proposed, and if so, does
NSF/ENG have a lead role?


EFRI Topics


FY 2007 (NSF 06
-
596)


AUTONOMOUSLY RECONFIGURABLE ENGINEERED SYSTEMS
ENABLED BY CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE
(ARES)


Key idea:

Autonomously reconfigurable engineered systems robust
to
unexpected/unplanned

events


CELLULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR ENGINEERING
(CBE)


Key idea:

Comprehensive modeling, measurement, and control of
coupled biological, chemical, electrical, mechanical, and thermal
processes at the cellular and biomolecular level under multiple stimuli.

FY 2008 (NSF 07
-
579)


COGNITIVE OPTIMIZATION AND PREDICTION: FROM NEURAL
SYSTEMS TO NEUROTECHNOLOGY
(COPN)

-

Key idea
:
Understanding subsymbolic intelligence can lead to
development of new designs and algorithms for optimal decision
making and prediction in engineered systems.


RESILIENT AND SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURES
(RESIN)


Key idea:

Design, renew, expand, monitor, and control critical
interdependent infrastructures to be
both

resilient and sustainable.


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