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brainystitchAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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EDUARDO
KAC



VIDEOTEXT


TELEPRESENCE


TELECOMMUNICATIONS

NEW INSIGHTS CAN BE GAINED BY
EXAMINING ARTWORKS THAT ARE
THEMSELVES REAL DIALOGUES…


Digital

Artist

for

over

30

years


Challenged

conventions

of

traditional

art

w
orld


Constantly

exploring

new

uses

for

digital

media


Helped

engineer

a

number

new

fields

in

digital

art

…that is, active forms of
communication between

two living entities

DIGITAL ART FIELDS


Videotext


Telecommunications


Telerobotics


Telepresence


Accessible online
during Brazil High
-
Tech
(1986)


Animated Poem


Series of Lines and
Shapes assemble into
letters and then words


Erotic
-
lyrical statement


Viewer must
experience

animation to
understand

message behind poem

VIDEOTEXT
-

TESÃO


Also created in 1986


Features the assemblage
of what appears to be an
ordinary UPC barcode


Numbers refer to the date
piece was created and
uploaded


Letters form
the word
Deus (God) isolating the
eu

(Latin for I)


Questions man’s
relationship to God, man
to consumerism, God to
labeling and identity by
computer

VIDEOTEXT


D/EU/S

NEW MEDIA ART IS COLLABORATIVE
AND INTERACTIVE…

…and abolishes the state of
unidirectionality


traditionally characteristic

of literature and art
.


Telecommunication art refers to works created
with telecommunication equipment


Based on interactions between two or more
people


Recreate the spontaneity of a verbal conversation


Two groups of artists


one in Chicago, the
other in Pittsburgh


I
mages of the artists’
faces transmitted live
via slow
-
scan
television


Spontaneous,
improvised images
reflected the
unpredictable nature
of conversations


Idea of ‘collective
identity’


Visual dialog


TELECOMMUNICATION


INTERFACES
(1990)


Kac
, as creator, gave
up a considerable
amount of control over
the final object


Information in flux,
negotiating meaning
between artist and
participant, and
communication as an
experience


all more
important than an art
object


Visuals merely
document the process

TELECOMMUNICATION

INTERFACES

I WANTED TO ENABLE THE PARTICIPANT
TO CROSS THE SCREEN…


Telepresence

art “creates invented worlds
populated by imaginary creatures embodied in
electronic parts”


Combines visual messaging and bilateral dialog
with remote experience and robotics


Participant can experience remote spaces through
a different point of view

…and gain a sense of his or her
own presence in a remote
social milieu


Began in 1989 in Chicago
with hardware engineer
Ed Bennett


Developed through 1996,
comprising of six
telepresence

events


Ornitorrinco

is
Portuguese for
“platypus”


Objectives: Create a
remote world for
participants to explore,
imply kinship between
animal and robot, and
highlight hybridity

TELEPRESENCE




ORNITORRINCO

(1989


96)


Hybrid between robot and
human


Participant remained at
one location and remotely
controlled robot at a
second location


Participants could see the
created space from
Ornitorrinco’s

point of
view


Participants had to
rethink preconceived
notions of scale, spatial
relationships, and
navigation

TELEPRESENCE

ORNITORRINCO


Each person constructs a
personal mental image of
the space


Mental image is based on
the images the participant
sees through the robot


Movement is physically
real, but the constructed
mental image of the
space comes from
images on screen


The passage between two
spaces defines the nature
of
Telepresence

communication

TELEPRESENCE

ORNITORRINCO

EDUARDO
KAC



VIDEOTEXT


Experience animated messages


TELECOMMUNICATIONS


Bilateral communication


TELEPRESENCE


Communication to understand space