Intelligent Wireless Sensing

brainybootsMobile - Wireless

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Intelligent Wireless Sensing
for Monitoring Applications
in the
T
wo Holy Mosques

Dr. Maher Elshakankiri

Umm Al
-
Qura University

Aim of the Research


Studying theoretical foundations of large
-
scale
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) for
monitoring applications


Running simulation experiments for different
proposed protocols for large
-
scale WSNs


Implement a theoretical platform for large
scale WSNs in the two holy mosques


Real deployment of prototype WSNs in both
holy mosques

Outline


What are WSNs


Applications of WSNs


Advantages of using WSNs


WSNs in the Two Holy Mosques


Procedural steps

Outline


What are WSNs


Applications of WSNs


Advantages of using WSNs


WSNs in the Two Holy Mosques


Procedural steps

What are WSNs?


A sensor mote is a small node with the
following capabilities


Sensing


Computation


Wireless communication


Power (Battery
-
driven)

What are WSNs?


Collaborative network of small wireless sensor
devices, sensing a physical phenomenon


Instead of focusing interaction on humans,
focus on interacting with environment


Nodes process information and
propagates
data to a base station (sink)

Wireless Sensor Network


Sensor Types (Environmental)


Temperature


Humidity


Pressure atmospheric


Luminosity


Microphone


Liquid Presence


Liquid Level


Water flow

Sensor Types (Agriculture)


Soil Temperature / Moisture


Leaf Wetness


Trunk Diameter


Stem Diameter


Fruit Diameter


Solar Radiation


Ultraviolet Radiation

Sensor Types (Events)


Weight


Vibration


Presence


Stretch


Bend


Tilt


Ultrasound


Sensor Types (Health)


ECG


EMG


GSR


Kinematics and Motion Detection



Sensor Types (Gases)

Carbon Monoxide


CO, Carbon Dioxide


CO2,
Oxygen


O2, Hydrogen


H2, Methane


CH4,
Ammonia


NH3, Isobutane


C4H10, Ethanol


CH3CH2OH, Toluene


C6H5CH3, Hydrogen
Sulfide


H2S, Nitrogen Dioxide


NO2, Ozone


O3, Hydrocarbons


VOC

Outline


What are WSNs


Applications of WSNs


Advantages of using WSNs


WSNs in the Two Holy Mosques


Procedural steps

Applications of WSNs


Intelligent (smart) buildings


Monitoring of structures


Monitoring of water quality


Health care


Disaster detection


Environmental monitoring


Social studies

Applications of WSNs


Precision agriculture


Habitat monitoring


Facility management


Logistics


Tracking of containers and boxes


Military applications

Many WSN Applications


Outline


What are WSNs


Applications of WSNs


Advantages of using WSNs


WSNs in the Two Holy Mosques


Procedural steps

Advantages of using WSN


Fast, easy and flexible deployment


Reduced cost
-
of
-
ownership


Scalability


Mobility of nodes


Work under harsh conditions


Ability to deal with node failures


Dynamic network topology


Heterogeneity of nodes

Outline


What are WSNs


Advantages of using WSNs


Applications of WSNs


WSNs in the two holy mosques


Procedural steps

WSN in the Two Holy Mosques


WSN in the Two Holy Mosques


WSN in the Two Holy Mosques


WSN in the Two Holy Mosques


WSN in the Two Holy Mosques


WSNs can be used in


Resources Management


Crowd Management


Maintenance Management

Resources Management


Saving power by turning on/off lights,
ventilators and air
-
conditions as needed


Controlling sunshades of the prophet’s
mosque and those to be implemented around
the sacred mosque according to sunlight
intensity and according to rainfall

Crowd Management


Giving a precise indication of occupied and
empty spaces in the mosque using camera
sensors


Providing direction signs to empty spaces in
case of crowd


Providing indication signs to evacuation routes
in case of emergencies


Supporting statistical studies of crowd flow

Maintenance Management


Providing a fire detection system


Determining defects in the buildings’ structure
to provide early maintenance


Monitoring sound intensity all over the
mosque and hence providing accurate control
of the sound system


Saving large amount of maintenance charges
by allowing easy deployment and replacement

Outline


What are WSNs


Advantages of using WSNs


Applications of WSNs


WSNs in the two holy mosques


Procedural steps

Procedural Steps


Survey current research in large WSNs


Study existing commercial sensors


Simulating WSN algorithm


Proposing & simulating a new algorithm


Implementing a WSN prototype


Collecting real data from holy mosques


Comparing practical and theoretical results

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