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Feb 5, 2013 (4 years and 6 months ago)

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The National Animal
Identification System: Basics,
Blueprint, Timelines, and
Processes

Prepared by:

C. Wilson Gray

District Extension Economist,

Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

Twin Falls Research and Extension Center

University of Idaho

Email: wgray@uidaho.edu

Western Center for
Risk Management
Education


Western Extension

Marketing Committee

The National Animal
Identification System


What is the National Animal Identification
System?


A system capable of tracing an animal or group of
animals back to the herd that is the most logical source
of a disease of concern


Can trace potentially exposed animals that have moved from
the subject premises.


trace back to all of the locations a suspect animal has been
within 48 hours


provide information on all other animals that came in contact
with the subject animal

The National Animal
Identification System


Why is it Important to Track Animals?


national plan will enhance disease
preparedness


provides the ability to quickly trace animals
exposed to disease


permits rapid detection, containment, and
elimination of disease threats


This is essential to preserving the domestic
and international marketability of our nation’s
animals and animal products

The National Animal
Identification System


Are Only U.S. Animals Affected by the NAIS?


Animals entering the United States from other
countries will be subject to the same ID procedures


The ID devices on animals entering the United States would
remain on the animals as official devices


The Canadian ID program is compatible with NAIS.


Are the NAIS and Traceability Connected?



NAIS is designed to quickly trace live animal
movements in the event of a disease outbreak


Traceability can be established in a two
-
step process



“farm to slaughter” and “plant to retail”


Tracking throughout the system is possible, but only at higher
cost

How Does the Recent BSE
Discovery Impact the NAIS?


USDA accelerated implementation of a
nationwide animal ID plan


Mad
-
Cow Disease is a disease of the central
nervous system (CNS) in cattle


BSE has never been found in meat or muscle cuts


non
-
ambulatory animals are banned from entering
the food system



important to be able to quickly trace an
animal’s premises history


NAIS should allow for this to occur within 48
hours

Who is Supporting the NAIS?



dairy, cattle, sheep, and swine industries
have developed preliminary implementation
plans


All other livestock are becoming engaged in
the plan


goats, cervids, equine, aquaculture


poultry, llamas, and bison

How Will Implementation Occur?


NAIS defines the standards and framework for a
national animal ID system including:


a premise numbering system


an individual and group/lot animal number system


standards for data and data handling


When Will Implementation of the NAIS Happen?



29 state and tribal pilot projects were funded on
August 29, 2004



USDA planned to begin issuing premises ID numbers
by the fall of 2004


farms, ranches, feed lots, packing plants, and other livestock
locations

NAIS Timeline

Summary of Major Milestones
Jul-03
Dec-03
Jun-04
Dec-04
Jun-05
Dec-05
Jun-06
Dec-06
National Premisies System: Partial Operation
National Premisies System: Fully Operational
National ID Database: Partial Operation
National ID Database: Fully Operational
Implementation of Animal Identification Numbers - AIN Tags Available
Animal Identification Numbers - AIN used with all ID devices
Compulsory ID: Livestock in Interstate Commerce
Compulsory ID: Livestock in Intra-state Commerce
What Will the NAIS Cost?


Federal government may pay $165 million, or
one
-
third of the cost, over five years


partners in bearing the cost


USDA


state governments


the livestock industry



Costs of the plan are


ID device(s)


retrofitting facilities to utilize the ID devices


upgrades to software to handle the database requirements


Volume requirements and technology advances will
lower costs

How Will the NAIS Work?


NAIS currently supports the following
species and/or industries:


bison, beef cattle, dairy cattle


swine, sheep, goats, camelids (alpacas and
llamas)


horses, cervids (deer and elk), poultry (eight
species including game birds)


aquaculture (eleven species)

Three Phases of
Implementation



Phase I


making premises ID available


this should be implemented in the fall of 2004


Phase II


individual or group/lot ID of animals inter
-

and
intrastate commerce


planned for implementation by February 2005.


Phase III


retrofitting remaining processing plants, market
outlets, and other industry segments with appropriate
technology to track animals throughout the livestock
marketing chain


planned for implementation by July 2006.

Implementation


Initial focus on the cattle, swine, and small
ruminant industries.


standards apply to all animals within the
represented industries regardless of their
intended use as seed stock, commercial, pets,
or other personal uses


Animal ID work began with the cattle
industry due to concerns about Mad
-
Cow
Disease


ID work will also begin with other major food
animals such as hogs, sheep, and poultry

For More Information


The U.S. Animal Identification Program is
at



www.usaip.info


USDA/APHIS also has information at


http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/highlights/sectio
n3/section3
-
10.html

Publications In This Series


C. Wilson Gray: The National
Animal Identification System:
Basics, Blueprint, Timelines,
and Processes


DeeVon Bailey: Benefits and
Costs of Animal Identification


Michael Roberts: Product
Liability Types (negligence vs.
strict liability)


Michael Roberts: Information
Management Confidentiality


Wendy Umberger: Cool vs.
Animal ID


Darrell Mark: Structural Issues
-

Feedlot/Stockers/Cow
-
Calf/Purebred


Ruby Ward: Value of
Production Information


Kynda Curtis: Consumer
Driven Forces


Jim Robb: Technical and
Pricing Issues Related to
Traceability


Russell Tronstad: Challenges
of Adoption in Western
Production Systems


Michael Coe: Working with
Technology Providers


Dillon Feuz and Jim Robb:
Implications for the future

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