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Feb 5, 2013 (5 years and 5 months ago)


The National Animal
Identification System: Basics,
Blueprint, Timelines, and

Prepared by:

C. Wilson Gray

District Extension Economist,

Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

Twin Falls Research and Extension Center

University of Idaho


Western Center for
Risk Management

Western Extension

Marketing Committee

The National Animal
Identification System

What is the National Animal Identification

A system capable of tracing an animal or group of
animals back to the herd that is the most logical source
of a disease of concern

Can trace potentially exposed animals that have moved from
the subject premises.

trace back to all of the locations a suspect animal has been
within 48 hours

provide information on all other animals that came in contact
with the subject animal

The National Animal
Identification System

Why is it Important to Track Animals?

national plan will enhance disease

provides the ability to quickly trace animals
exposed to disease

permits rapid detection, containment, and
elimination of disease threats

This is essential to preserving the domestic
and international marketability of our nation’s
animals and animal products

The National Animal
Identification System

Are Only U.S. Animals Affected by the NAIS?

Animals entering the United States from other
countries will be subject to the same ID procedures

The ID devices on animals entering the United States would
remain on the animals as official devices

The Canadian ID program is compatible with NAIS.

Are the NAIS and Traceability Connected?

NAIS is designed to quickly trace live animal
movements in the event of a disease outbreak

Traceability can be established in a two
step process

“farm to slaughter” and “plant to retail”

Tracking throughout the system is possible, but only at higher

How Does the Recent BSE
Discovery Impact the NAIS?

USDA accelerated implementation of a
nationwide animal ID plan

Cow Disease is a disease of the central
nervous system (CNS) in cattle

BSE has never been found in meat or muscle cuts

ambulatory animals are banned from entering
the food system

important to be able to quickly trace an
animal’s premises history

NAIS should allow for this to occur within 48

Who is Supporting the NAIS?

dairy, cattle, sheep, and swine industries
have developed preliminary implementation

All other livestock are becoming engaged in
the plan

goats, cervids, equine, aquaculture

poultry, llamas, and bison

How Will Implementation Occur?

NAIS defines the standards and framework for a
national animal ID system including:

a premise numbering system

an individual and group/lot animal number system

standards for data and data handling

When Will Implementation of the NAIS Happen?

29 state and tribal pilot projects were funded on
August 29, 2004

USDA planned to begin issuing premises ID numbers
by the fall of 2004

farms, ranches, feed lots, packing plants, and other livestock

NAIS Timeline

Summary of Major Milestones
National Premisies System: Partial Operation
National Premisies System: Fully Operational
National ID Database: Partial Operation
National ID Database: Fully Operational
Implementation of Animal Identification Numbers - AIN Tags Available
Animal Identification Numbers - AIN used with all ID devices
Compulsory ID: Livestock in Interstate Commerce
Compulsory ID: Livestock in Intra-state Commerce
What Will the NAIS Cost?

Federal government may pay $165 million, or
third of the cost, over five years

partners in bearing the cost


state governments

the livestock industry

Costs of the plan are

ID device(s)

retrofitting facilities to utilize the ID devices

upgrades to software to handle the database requirements

Volume requirements and technology advances will
lower costs

How Will the NAIS Work?

NAIS currently supports the following
species and/or industries:

bison, beef cattle, dairy cattle

swine, sheep, goats, camelids (alpacas and

horses, cervids (deer and elk), poultry (eight
species including game birds)

aquaculture (eleven species)

Three Phases of

Phase I

making premises ID available

this should be implemented in the fall of 2004

Phase II

individual or group/lot ID of animals inter

intrastate commerce

planned for implementation by February 2005.

Phase III

retrofitting remaining processing plants, market
outlets, and other industry segments with appropriate
technology to track animals throughout the livestock
marketing chain

planned for implementation by July 2006.


Initial focus on the cattle, swine, and small
ruminant industries.

standards apply to all animals within the
represented industries regardless of their
intended use as seed stock, commercial, pets,
or other personal uses

Animal ID work began with the cattle
industry due to concerns about Mad

ID work will also begin with other major food
animals such as hogs, sheep, and poultry

For More Information

The U.S. Animal Identification Program is

USDA/APHIS also has information at

Publications In This Series

C. Wilson Gray: The National
Animal Identification System:
Basics, Blueprint, Timelines,
and Processes

DeeVon Bailey: Benefits and
Costs of Animal Identification

Michael Roberts: Product
Liability Types (negligence vs.
strict liability)

Michael Roberts: Information
Management Confidentiality

Wendy Umberger: Cool vs.
Animal ID

Darrell Mark: Structural Issues


Ruby Ward: Value of
Production Information

Kynda Curtis: Consumer
Driven Forces

Jim Robb: Technical and
Pricing Issues Related to

Russell Tronstad: Challenges
of Adoption in Western
Production Systems

Michael Coe: Working with
Technology Providers

Dillon Feuz and Jim Robb:
Implications for the future

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