Robotics Systems: Trends, Research, Future - SEAS

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Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Robotic Systems

Trends, Research, Future

CSCi 338 :: Distributed Systems :: Fall 2005

Aleksandar Stefanovski

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

What are Robots?

“A reprogrammable, multifunctional
manipulator designed to move material,
parts, tools, or specialized devices
through various programmed motions for
the performance of a variety of tasks"






-

Robot Institute of America, 1979


Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Autonomous Robots

Machines that can:


Perceive


constantly know the state of the environment


Reason


use of cognition


decision making


Act


autonomously carry out tasks


react to the environment

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics


Industrial robot systems


To achieve high
-
quality and cost
-
effective flexible
manufacturing and logistics in all major industrial branches

Service robots


To be found in all domains of our life: in domestic and
leisure environments, in health and rehabilitations, in
professional services and in hazardous environments

Space and Security robots


Concerned with the use of robots in land, sea, subsea, air,
space and crisis or civil security management missions

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics


Industrial robot systems


Manufacturing:


automotive and truck manufacturing


construction


agriculture


aerospace


marine


consumer products


electronic and telecommunications products


furniture and more.

Service robots

Space and Security robots

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics


Industrial robot systems


Used for:


welding (arc & spot welding),


material handling, pick and place, loading/unloading


machine tending,


packaging,


cutting (plasma cutting, router cutting)


grinding

Service robots

Space and Security robots

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics


Industrial robot systems

Service robots


Professional applications


Medicine, Mining, Search and rescue


Domestic use


Vacuum cleaners


Entertainment


Sony AIBO, Honda ASIMO


Soccer

Space and Security robots

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics

Industrial robot systems

Service robots

Space and Security robots


Autonomous Land Robots


Unmanned Ground/Air/Sea Vehicles


Assembly & Repair in Space


Planetary Explorations


Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Trends in Robotics

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Research & Development


Overlaps in all application areas:

Industrial robot systems

Service robots

Space and Security robots


AI


communication


(remote) control & coordination


precision


distribution


sensor networks


Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Distributive Systems

Control and Coordination


Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Distributive Systems

Control and Coordination

Autonomous vs Remote Control

Tele
-
robotics


PDA
-
base control


Laptop/Desktop


Relative proximity (on the field)


No proximity (room/city/country/continent)


via the Internet

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Technology Challenges

Manipulation and Grasping


Very flexible and dexterous arms with a payload/weight ratio
1:1

Autonomy and dependability


Autonomous and safe behavior for robots acting in everyday
environments and coping with a wide set of tasks in all
operational modes


Detect unforeseen situations and recover into a controlled
state (ex. Wireless robot lost in 9/11 rescue because no
recovery mechanism)

Intuitive human
-
robot interaction


Transfer of information and instructions of tasks, skills,
objects, environment, etc…

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Technology Challenges

Sensing and control


Be aware of the environment: detect objects and
people, monitor processes,

Intelligent distributed environments


Agents of physical action for delivering,
individually or collectively as a group, new
capabilities, applications and services

Mechatronic design and miniaturization

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Components

Actuators


Robot arms, motor systems, etc.

Sensors


3D, tactile, force/torque, heat


Range; Imaging; Proximity; Orientation; Contact;
Internal; Communications…

Processing and communications


Man
-
machine
-
interfaces


Input/output, graphics, virtual environment

Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Robotics Research

Space and Naval Warfare (SPAWAR) Systems
Center, San

Diego


“Autonomous Mobile Communication Relays”


“Challenges for deploying man
-
portable robots into hostile
environments”


Robotics Institutes



Stanford


Carnegie Mellon


University of Southern California


Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Fall 2005

Distributed Systems :: CSCi 338

Robotics Research of Interest

Self
-
organizing robotic networks

Distributed multi
-
robot systems

Challenges of planetary robotic
explorations


Mapping and exploration of unknown environments


Probabilistic Robotics

Robotic Systems

Trends, Research, Future





Questions and Answers

CSCi 285 :: Information Policy :: Fall 2004