The Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Checklist:

bonesworshipAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

107 views

The Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE)
Checklist:


Did any of the following experiences occur during your first 18 years of life?

Give yourself 1 point for each:


1.


Emotional Abuse

2.


Physical Abuse

3.


Sexual Abuse

4.


Emotional Neglect

5.


Physical
Neglect

6.


Mother Treated Violently

7.


Someone Abusing Substances in the Home

8.

Someone in the Home with a Mental Illness

9.


Absence of One or Both P
arents

10.

Incarcerated Household Member


The ACE Study is an o
n
-
going collaboration between the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and
Kaiser Permanente Health System.

Co
-
principal Investigators
-

Vincent J. Felitti, MD, Kaiser Permanente & Robert F. Anda, MD, MS, CDC

Source: www.acestudy.org

Useful Resources on Trauma
-
Informed Care

C
ompiled by
Sheela Raja, PhD

www.sheelaraja.com

Email: sraja1@uic.edu

Twitter: @sheelaraja

Useful Websites


General Information

The National Center for Trauma
-
Informed Care:
http://www.samhsa.gov/nctic/

International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies:
www.istss.org

The National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder:
www.ptsd.va.gov


Mental Health

Dialectical Behavior Therapy:
http://behavioraltech.org/resources
/whatisdbt.cfm

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy:
http://contextualpsychology.org/act

Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies:

http://
www.abct.org

Virtual Reality Treatments: http://ptsd.about.com/od/treatment
/a/VRexposure.htm


Issue
-
Specific Support

Veterans:
http://www.afterdeployment.org

End Violence Against Women International:
http://www.evawintl.org/

Rape, Abuse and
Incest National Network:
http://www.rainn.org/

The National Center for Victims of Crime: http://www.ncvc.org

National Domestic Violence Hotline:
http://thehotline.org

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network:
http://www.nctsnet.org/



Contacting a Therapist Trained in PTSD

http://ptsd.about.com/od/ptsdbasics/tp/txproviders.htm


References

General
Overview of PTSD and Trauma

Andreasen, N. C. (2010). Posttraumatic stress disorder: A history and a critique.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1208
, 67
-
71.

Brewin, C. R., Dalgleish, T., & Joseph, S. (1996). A dual representation theory of

post
traumatic stress disorder.

Psychological Review, 103
(4), 670
-
686.

Cahill, S. P., & Foa, E. B. (2007). Psychological th
eories of PTSD. In M. Friedman,

T. M. Keane & P. A. Resick (Eds.),
Handbook of PTSD: Science and practice

(pp. 55). New
York, New York: Guilford Press.


Janoff
-
Bulman, R. (2002).
Shattered assumptions
. New York, New York: Free Press.


Jones, E., & Wessely, S. (2000).
Shell shock to PTSD: Military psychiatry from 1900 to the
gulf war
. New York, New York: Psy
chology Press.


Roberts, A. L., Gilman, S. E., Breslau, J., Breslau, N., & Koenen, K. C. (2011). Race/ethnic
differences in exposure to traumatic events, development of post
-
traumatic stress disorder, and
treatment
-
seeking for post
-
traumatic stress disord
er in the united states.

Psychological
Medicine, 41
(01), 71.



The
Prevalence of Traumatic Events

Acierno, R., Hernandez, M. A., Amstadter, A. B., Re
snick, H. S., Steve, K., Muzzy,

W., et al. (2010).

Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse
and potential neglect in the united states: The national elder mistreatment study.

American
Journal of Public Health, 100
(2), 292
-
297.

Cooper, C.,
Selwood, A., & Livingston, G.

(2008).
The prevalence of elder abuse
and neglect: a systematic review.
Age and Ageing, 37
(2):151
-
160

Elliott, D., Mok, D.S., Briere, J. (2004). Adult Sexual Assault: Prevalence,
Symptomatology, and Sex Differences in the General Population.
Journal

of Traumatic
Stress, 17
(3), 203

211

Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I.A., & Smith, C. (1990).
Sexual abuse in a
national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors.
Child Abuse & Neglect
,14
(1) 19
-
28.


Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., Lewis, I. A., & Smit
h, C. (1990). Sexual abuse in a

national survey of adult men and women: Prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors

Child Abuse & Neglect, 14
(1),

19
-
28.



Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2007).
Polyvictimization and trauma in

a national longitudinal cohort.

Development and Psychopathology, 19
(01), 149.


Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P., Demler, O., Jin, R., Meri
kangas, K. R., & Walters,

E. E.

(2005). Lifetime prevalence and age
-
of
-
onset distribut
ions of DSM
-
IV disorders in the

national comorbidity survey replication.

Archives of General Psychiatry, 62
(6), 593
-
602.


Skinner, K. M., Kressin, N., Frayne, S., Tripp, T. J., Hankin, C. S., Mil
ler, D. R.,
et al.

(2000). The prevalence of military sexual assault among
female veterans' administration

outpatients.

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15
(3), 291
-
310.


Tjaden, P. G., Thoennes, N., National Institute of

Justice, & Centers for Disease

Co
ntrol and Prevention. (2000).
Extent, nature, and c
onsequences of intimate partner

violence
. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Offic
e of Justice Programs, National

Institute of Justice
.




Secondary Victimization (or “Re
-
Traumatization

)

Campbell, R.

(1998). The community response to rape: Victims’ experiences with
the legal, medical, and mental health systems.
American Journal of Community
Psychology, 26
(3), 355
-
379.

Campbell, R. (2005). What Really Happened? A Validation Study of Rape Survivors
'
Help
-
Seeking Experiences With the Legal and Medical Systems,
Violence and Victims
, 20
(1),
55
-
68.

Campbell, R., &
Raja, S.
(2005
). The Sexual Assault and Secondary Victimization of
Female Veterans: Help
-
Seeking Experiences with Military and Civilian Social Systems.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29
(1), 97
-
106.

Madigan, L., & Gamble, N. (1989). The Second Rape: Society’s Contin
ued Betrayal
of the Victim. New York, NY: Macmillian.

Martin, P. Y., & Powell, R. M. (1995). Accounting for the second assault: Legal
organizations framing of rape victims.
Law and Social Inquiry,

19
, 853
-
890.

Ullman, S. E. (1996). Do social react
ions to sexual assault victims vary by support
providers.
Violence and Victims, 11
(2), 143
-
156.

Ullman, S. E., & Filipas, H. H. (2001). Predictors of PTSD symptom severity and
social reactions in sexual assault victims.

Journal of Traumatic Stress, 14
(2
), 369.

Ullman, S. E., Filipas, H. H., Townsend, S. M., & Starzynski, L. L. (2007).
Psychosocial correlates of PTSD symptom severity in sexual assault survivors.

Journal of
Traumatic Stress, 20
(5), 821
-
831.


Trauma
-
Informed Care

Campbell, R., &

Wasco, S. (2005) Understanding Rape and Sexual Assault: 20 Years of
Progress and Future Directions.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20
(1), 127
-
131.

Elliott, D. E., Bjelajac, P., Fallot, R. D., Markoff, L. S., & Reed, B. G. (2005).

Trauma
-
informed
or trauma
-
denied: Principles and implementation of trauma
-
informed services
for women.

Journal of Community Psychology, 33
(4), 461
-
477.

Lapidus, G., Cooke, M.B., Gelven, E., et al. (2002).
A

Statewide Survey of Domestic
Violence Screening Behaviors Among Pediatricians and Family Physicians.

Archives of
Pedicatric Adolescent Medicine,

156
(4), 332
-
336

Littel, K. (2001). Sexual assault nurse examiner programs: Improving the community
response

to sexual assault victims.
Office for Victims of Crime Bulletin, 4
, 1
-
19.

Linley, P. A., & Joseph, S. (2004). Positive change following trauma and adversity: A
review.

Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17
(1), 11
-
21. Retrieved from

Nelms, A., Gutmann, M.E., Sol
omon, E.S., DeWald, J.P., & Campbell, P.R. (2009).
What
victims of domestic violence need from the dental profession.
Journal of Dental Education,
73(
4): 490
-
498.

Rodríguez, M. A., Sheldon, W. R., Bauer, H. M., & Pérez
-
Stable, E. J. (2001). The factors

associated with disclosure of intimate partner abuse to clinicians.

Journal of Family Practice,
50
(4), 338
-
344.

Russell, M., & Silver, S. M. (2007). Training needs for the treatment of combat
-
related
posttraumatic stress disorder: A survey of department o
f defense clinicians.

Traumatology,
13
(3), 4
-
10.

Stalker, C., Russel, D.C., Teram, E., & Schrachter, C. (2005).
Providing dental care to
survivors of childhood sexual abuse: Treatment considerations for the practitioner.
Journal
of
the American Dent
al Association, 136
(
9), 1277
-
1281.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2010). The Science of
Trauma. downloaded from
http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/
ken/pdf/NCTIC/The_Science_of_Trauma.pdf



Trauma & Health


Banyard, V. L., Edwards, V., & Kendall
-
Tackett, K. A. (2009).
Trauma and physical health:
Understanding the effects of extreme stress and phychological harm
. New Y
ork, New York:
Routledge Press.

Breiding, M. J., Black, M. C., & Ryan, G. W. (2008). Chronic disease and health risk

behaviors associated with intimate partner Violence

18 U.S. States/Territories, 2005.

Annals of
Epidemiology, 18
(7), 538
-
544.

Coker, A.
L., Smith, P. H., Bethea, L., King,
M. R., & McKeown, R. E. (2000).

Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence.

Archives
of Family Medicine, 9
(5), 451
-
457.

Dennis, M. F., Flood, A. M., Reynolds, V., Araujo, G.,
Clancy, C. P., Barefoot, J. C.,

et al. (2009). Evaluation of lifetime trauma exposure and physical health in women with
posttraumatic stress disorder or major depressive disorder.

Violence Against Women, 15
(5),
618
-
627.

Deykin, E. Y., Keane, T. M., Kaloup
ek, D., Fincke, G.,

Rothendler, J., Siegfried, M.,

et al. (2001). Posttraumatic stress disorder and the use of health services.

Psychosomatic
Medicine, 63
(5), 835
-
841.

Dutton, M. A., Green, B. L., Kaltman, S. I., Roesch, D. M., Zeffiro, T. A., & Krause,

E. D. (2006). Intimate partner violence, PTSD, and adverse health outcomes.

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21
(7), 955
-
968.


Farley, M., Golding, J., & Minkoff, J. (2002). Is a history of trauma associated with a

reduced likelihood of cervical cancer
screening?.
Journal of Family Practice
,
51
(10), 827
-
831.


Farley, M., Minkoff, J. R., & Barkan, H. (2001). Breast cancer screening and trauma history.
Women & Health.
34
(2), 15
-
27.


Farley, M., & Patsalides, B. M. (2001).

Physical symptoms, posttraumatic stress disorder,
and healthcare utilization of women with and without childhood physical and sexual abuse.
Psychological Reports.
89
(3), 595
-
606.

Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A.

M
., Edwards,

V., et al. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the
leading causes of death in adults: The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study.

American
Journal of Preventive Medicine, 14
(4), 245
-
258.


Hoge, C. W.
, Terhakopian, A., Castro, C. A., Messer, S. C., & Engel, C. C. (2007).
Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and
absenteeism among iraq war veterans.

American Journal of Psychiatry, 164
(1), 150
-
153.




Kim
erling, R., Ouimette, P.C. & Wolfe, J. (2002).
Gender and Post
-
Traumatic Stress
Disorder: Clinical, Research, and Program Level Applications.

New York:

Guilford.


Kimerling, R., Clum, G. A., & Wolfe, J. (2000).

Relationships among trauma exposure,
chronic posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, and self
-
reported health in women: Replication
and extension.

Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13
(1), 115. Retrieved from


Letourneau, E. J., Holmes, M., & Chasedunn
-
Roark,
J. (1999). Gynecologic health
consequences to victims of interpersonal violence.

Women's Health Issues, 9
(2), 115
-
120.


Ouimette, P., Cronkite, R., Henson, B. R., Prins, A., Gima, K., & Moos, R. H. (2004).
Posttraumatic stress disorder and health status am
ong female and male medical patients.

Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17
(1), 1
-
9.


Perkonigg, A., Owashi, T., Stein, M. B., Kirschbaum, C., & Wittchen, H. (2009).
Posttraumatic stress disorder and obesity: Evidence for a risk association.

American Journal of

Preventive Medicine, 36
(1), 1
-
8.


Rivara, F. P., Anderson, M. L., Fishman, P., Bonomi, A. E., Reid, R. J., Carrell, D., et al.
(2007). Healthcare utilization and costs for women with a history of intimate partner violence.

American Journal of Preventive

Medicine, 32
(2), 89
-
96.


Sadler, A. G., Booth, B. M., Nielson, D., & Doebbeling, B. N. (2000). Health
-
related
consequences of physical and sexual violence: Women in the military.

Obstetrics & Gynecology,
96
(3), 473
-
480.


Spertus, I. L., Yehuda, R., & Wo
ng, C. M. (2003). Childhood emotional abuse and neglect
as predictors of psychological and physical symptoms in women presenting to a primary care
practice.
Child Abuse & Neglect.
27
(11), 1247
-
58


Stein, M. B., McQuaid, J. R., Pedrelli, P., Lenox, R., &
McCahill, M. E. (2000).
Posttraumatic stress disorder in the primary care medical setting.

General Hospital Psychiatry,
22
(4), 261
-
269.


Thompson, M. P., Kingree, J. B., & Desai, S. (2004). Gender differences in long
-
term
health consequences of physical
abuse of children: Data from a nationally representative
survey.

American Journal of Public Health, 94
(4), 599
-
604.


Sledjeski, E.M., Speisman, B.A., & Dierker, L.C. (2008).
Does number of lifetime traumas
explain the relationship between PTSD and chron
ic medical conditions? Answers from the
National Comorbidity Survey
-
Replication (NCS
-
R).
Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31
(4), 341
-
349.


Wagner, A. W., Wolfe, J., Rotnitsky, A., Proctor, S. P., & Erickson, D. J. (2000). An
investigation of the impact o
f posttraumatic stress disorder on physical health.

Journal of
Traumatic Stress, 13
(1), 41.


Walker, E. A., Katon, W., Russo, J., Ciechanowski, P., Newman, E., & Wagner, A. W.
(2003). Health care costs associated with posttraumatic stress disorder
symptoms in women.

Archives of General Psychiatry, 60
(4), 369
-
374.


Woods, S. J., Hall, R. J., Campbell, J. C., & Angott, D. M. (2008). Physical health and
posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in women experiencing intimate partner violence.

Journal of
Midwifery & Women's Health, 53
(6), 538
-
546.



Zoellner, L. A., Goodwin, M. L., & Foa, E. B. (2000). PTSD severity and health perceptions
in female victims of sexual assault.

Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13
(4), 635
-
649.


Mental Health

Barlow, D. H. (Ed.).

(2007).
Clinical handbook of psy
chological disorders: A step by

step treatment manual

(FourthEdition ed.). New York, New York: Guilford Press.


Bisson, J. I., Ehlers, A., Matthews, R., Pilling, S., Richards, D., & Turner, S. (2007).

Psychological
treatments for chronic post
-
traumatic stress disorder: Systematic review and
meta
-
analysis.

The British Journal of Psychiatry, 190
(2), 97
-
104.

Foa, E.B., Keane T.M., Friedman MJ.
Effective treatments for PTSD: Practice guidelines
from the International S
ociety for Traumatic Stress studies
. New York: Guilford Publications,
2000.

Friedman, M. (2003).
Post traumatic stress disorder: The latest treatment strategies
.
Kansas City, MO: Compact Clinicals.

Gray, M.J, & Litz, B.T., (2005).
Behavioral Interventio
ns for Recent Trauma: Empirically
Informed Practice.
Behavior Modification,
29
, 189
-
215.

Kimerling, R., Ouimette, P.C. & Wolfe, J. (2002).
Gender and Post
-
Traumatic Stress
Disorder: Clinical, Research, and Program Level Applications.

New York: Guilfor
d.

Miller, L. J., & Wiegartz, P. (2003). Posttraumatic stress disorder: How to Meet women’s
specific needs.
Current Psychiatry Online
,
2
(3), 341
-
349.

Monson, C. M., Schnurr, P. P., Resick, P. A., Friedman, M. J., Young
-
Xu, Y., & Stevens, S.
P. (2006)
. Cognitive processing therapy for veterans with military
-
related posttraumatic stress
disorder.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74
(5), 898
-
907.

Orsillo, S. M., & Batten, S. V. (2005). Acceptance and commitment therapy in the treatment
of
posttraumatic stress disorder.

Behavior Modification, 29
(1), 95
-
129.

Raja, S. (2012).
Overcoming Trauma and PTSD: A Workbook Integrating Skills from
ACT, CBT and DBT.

Oakland, CA: New Harbing
er