In an increasingly virtual reality, messy, paint splattered artists are
increasingly rare. Studios with stained walls and floors, permanently stained
smocks, and palettes with layers
of crusted paint are forgotten. Bold, irrevocable
marks on papers are an anomaly.
As a graphic designer, I have a love for clean type and perfectly aligned
margins. I certainly do not mind the option of edit/undo. But my hands yearn to
make, in a way
t computers cannot satisfy. I am not much of a drawer or painter.
I have found that I prefer
enjoy design. For these reasons, the art of printmaking strongly appeals to me.
Printmaking is the proces
s of creating an image by transferring ink from a
plate of some sort, most commonly to a piece of paper
. Printmaking is different than
printing because, in printing, one pulls many images that are exactly the same. In
printmaking, one can expect subtle var
iations from one print to another.
be created from nearly anything; the texture is what creates the image. Most
commonly artists use metal plates, wood, or linoleum blocks. Some other techniques
include silkscreen and lithography.
The art of g
raphic design has its history in printmaking.
process created by Jules Cheret allowed artists to create images with bold color,
remarkable texture, and rich subtleties that were previously unattainable. This
" was the first lithographic technique that was a
viable option for combining text. So, starting in Paris in the 1870s and spreading
through major European cities, posters became the primary means for public
communication. Soon, posters evolved from simply
being a means of
communication to being a fine art. Some posters from the era include Moulin Rouge
Le Chat Noir
The mastery of this new technique created movement toward
the style that
we now know as graphic design. Poster designers worked to create images that
were vibrant, eye catching, and appealing to the general population. The message
had to be gleaned quickly and clearly because passersby only caught glimpses
e the con
tinued walking down the street
Modern day graphic designers could learn a lot from these early poster
makers and their techniques. These designs not only served a purpose during the
time in which they were used, but they continue to be used to give social and
cultural insights into eras
passed. The Library of congress has a collection of
which tell stories of people unknown.
Early designers put a lot of effort into their designs, and were highly
regarded as being fine artists. Perhaps, it is all because they got their hands a
Ansell, Joseph, and James Thorpe. "The Poster."
Spring 44.1 (1984): 7
Print Workshop: Hand
printing Techniques + Truly Original
. New York, NY: Potter Craft, 2010. Pr
Dehn, Adolf. "Revolution in Printmaking."
College Art Journal
Winter 9.2 (1949
Millie, Elena G. "POSTERS: A Collectible Art Form."
The Quarterly Journal of the
Library of Congress
Summer 39.3 (1982): 146