Brook_Surgeon_Articlex - Lost Art Student

bonesworshipAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

61 views

Brook Surgeon

Printmaking article

Box 779


M
AKING MESSES
,

MAKING ART


In an increasingly virtual reality, messy, paint splattered artists are
increasingly rare. Studios with stained walls and floors, permanently stained
smocks, and palettes with layers
of crusted paint are forgotten. Bold, irrevocable
marks on papers are an anomaly.


As a graphic designer, I have a love for clean type and perfectly aligned
margins. I certainly do not mind the option of edit/undo. But my hands yearn to
make, in a way

tha
t computers cannot satisfy. I am not much of a drawer or painter.
I have found that I prefer
creating in
realism solely
through photograph.
I really
enjoy design. For these reasons, the art of printmaking strongly appeals to me.


Printmaking is the proces
s of creating an image by transferring ink from a
plate of some sort, most commonly to a piece of paper
. Printmaking is different than
printing because, in printing, one pulls many images that are exactly the same. In
printmaking, one can expect subtle var
iations from one print to another.
Plates can
be created from nearly anything; the texture is what creates the image. Most
commonly artists use metal plates, wood, or linoleum blocks. Some other techniques
include silkscreen and lithography.


The art of g
raphic design has its history in printmaking.
A lithographic
process created by Jules Cheret allowed artists to create images with bold color,
remarkable texture, and rich subtleties that were previously unattainable. This
"three

stone

lithographic process
" was the first lithographic technique that was a
viable option for combining text. So, starting in Paris in the 1870s and spreading
through major European cities, posters became the primary means for public
communication. Soon, posters evolved from simply

being a means of
communication to being a fine art. Some posters from the era include Moulin Rouge
(fig. 1)
by
Henri de
Toulouse
-
Lautrec and
Le Chat Noir
(fig. 2)
by T
heophile
Alexandre Steinlen
.


The mastery of this new technique created movement toward

the style that
we now know as graphic design. Poster designers worked to create images that
were vibrant, eye catching, and appealing to the general population. The message
had to be gleaned quickly and clearly because passersby only caught glimpses
befor
e the con
tinued walking down the street

(fig. 3)
.


Modern day graphic designers could learn a lot from these early poster
makers and their techniques. These designs not only served a purpose during the
time in which they were used, but they continue to be used to give social and
cultural insights into eras

passed. The Library of congress has a collection of
posters,
which tell stories of people unknown.


Early designers put a lot of effort into their designs, and were highly
regarded as being fine artists. Perhaps, it is all because they got their hands a
little
messy.











Works Cited

Ansell, Joseph, and James Thorpe. "The Poster."
Art Journal

Spring 44.1 (1984): 7
-
8.
Print.

Schmidt, Christine.
Print Workshop: Hand
-
printing Techniques + Truly Original
Projects
. New York, NY: Potter Craft, 2010. Pr
int.

Dehn, Adolf. "Revolution in Printmaking."
College Art Journal

Winter 9.2 (1949
-
1950):
201
-
03. Print.

Millie, Elena G. "POSTERS: A Collectible Art Form."
The Quarterly Journal of the
Library of Congress

Summer 39.3 (1982): 146
-
64. Print.