THE HISTORY OF PC GAMES

boilermakerwrapperElectronics - Devices

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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THE HISTORY OF PC GAMES


In this section I will be writing about the

history of pc games
. The industry
started with the pc powered tennis for two, and throughout to games such as
world of warcraft and present day graphically detailed games in the 2000s.


A.S. Douglas’ Tic
-
Tac
-
Toe


A game developed as a university project to test a humans


interaction
with a
computer. Developed on an EDSAC vacuum
-
tube computer, and viewed on a
cathode ray tube display. This was actually the first developed pc based game,
bu
t not recorded as the first video game.


Tennis for two


Tennis for two, which was created in 1958 by William
Higginbotham,

was the
first PC based game running off

a
custom computer and shown using an
oscilloscope
monitor. This game started the video

gam
e’s history.


Spacewar


Spacewar was the first video computer game intended

for computer use. The
Game was developed on a MIT PDP
-
1 mainframe computer, being the third and
most successful computer based game.



Commodore

64


The commodore 64 was created in

1982 by commodore, with 64KB RAM,
Microsoft BASIC Operating System and custom sound and colour graphics. The
64 sold 17 million units and was able to play. Games such as Lucasfilm Game’s
Maniac Mansion and pirates were available on the commodore 64, most
games
released on this PC were, what are commonly known as point and click
adventure games.

















A Commodore 64 Personal computer

ZX81

Personal Computer


The ZX81 Developed by Sinclair was created and released on March 5
th

1981.
The ZX81 was a small machine officially brought PC gaming to the public at a
reasonable price of £69.95, containing a
3.5MHz Z80A 8
-
bit Microprocessor and
1KB of RAM the ZX81 was useable for game graphics although had no colour
screen. The ZX81 was
used as a game development platform although no games
were released on the device it had the capability of generating and creating its
own games.
























Modern Day computers


Modern day computer have developed since the early 2000’s with their
minuscule 200KB RAM and 3GB Hard Drive storage, the development has led to
high end gaming graphics cards and high powered 8 Core
processors. A

mid
-
range
PC can be bough
t at consumer pric
e of £300 which can run most games of
the current age. If the normal consumer spent £500 on a Personal computer they
would get the pinnacle of graphics rendering on games such as the battlefield
series and the Crysis series which have near realistic graphi
cs for the avid gamer.



Games like

Call of duty, Battlefield and M
inecraft have set the bar on Graphics,
rendering and gameplay with realistic environments, graphics and User
interfaces such as Heads up display.





The ZX81 Personal Computer










A current generation Personal Deskt
op
Computer