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GMOs AND GMO DERIVATIVES UNDER TRIALS

IN CONTAINMENT AND/OR SMALL SCALE FIELD TRIALS

IN THAILAND: 1991
-
2003
1











Banpot Napompeth
2

Chairman, National Biosafety Committee (NBC)

National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)

National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)

Bangkok, Thailand

1
Updated October 2003

2

Advisor, National Biological Control Research Center (NBCR), Kasetsart University,


Bangkok, Thailand


APPLICATIONS, ENQUIRIES AND APPROVALS FOR FIELD TRIALS

OF GMOs AND GMO DERIVATIVES IN THAILAND (1991
-
2003)



ANIMAL VACCINES:

(1)



-

DEVELOPMENT OF A VACCINE PROTECTIVE AGAINST



AVIAN COLISEPTICEMIA IN THAILAND




(DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY, FACULTY OF LIFE SCIENCE,



TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY, TEL AVIV, ISRAEL AND



FACULTY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, CHULALONGKORN



UNIVERSITY, BANGKOK, THAILAND)



-

DATE OF APPLICATION: JUNE 1991 (2534)



-

STATUS: APPLICATION REJECTED BY NBC



TRANSGENIC ANIMALS: (1)



-

FIELD TEST OF BIOSYNTHETIC GROWTH HORMONE USING



RECOMBINANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY TECHNIQUES FOR



ORNAMENTAL FISH INDUSTRY AND AQUACULTURE



(???)



DATE OF APPLICATION: 1993 (2536)



STATUS: APPLICATION WITHDRAWN


TRANSGENIC MICROORGANISMS: (4)



-

LYSINE PRODUCTION BY GENETICALLLY MODIFIED



ESCHERONTIA COLI

K12 IN LABORATORY SCALE



-

LYSINE PRODUCTION BY GENETICALLY MODIFIED



BREVIBACTERIUM LACTOFERMENTUM
IN LABORATORY



SCALE




[AJINOMOTO CO., (THAILAND) LTD.]




DATE OF APPLICATION: NOVEMBER 12, 1998 (2541)




STATUS: EXEMPT STATUS GRANTED BY NBC



-

PRODUCTION OF FEED GRADE L
-
LYSINE
-
HCL BY GENETICALLY



MODIFIED
E. COLI

K12 IN COMMERCIAL SCALE




[AJINOMOTO CO., (THAILAND) LTD.]




DATE OF APPLICATION: DECEMBER 23, 1999 (2542)




STATUS: APPROVED BY NBC WITH AN AFFIDAVIT; SEPTEMBER,


2000 (2543)



-

PRODUCTION OF ACID PHOSPHATASE FROM
ESCHERONTIA COLI



JM109 FOR NUCLEIC ACID PRODUCTION




[AJINOMOTO CO., (THAILAND) LTD.]




DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST, 2001 (2544)




STATUS: APPROVED BY NBC WITH AN AFFIDAVIT;



MARCH 14, 2002 ON THE BASIS THAT
E. COLI

JM109



IS “GRAS” (GENERALLY REGARDED AS SAFE)


APPLICATIONS, ENQUIRIES AND APPROVALS FOR FIELD TRIALS

OF TRANSGENIC PLANTS (GM PLANTS) IN THAILAND (1991
-
2003)


[NO REGULATION UNDER THE PLANT QUARANTINE ACT B.E. 2507

(1964)]


TRANSGENIC PLANTS: (4)



-

FIELD EVALUATION OF A NEW HYBRID SYSTEM IN CORN



(PLANT GENETICS SYSTEM N.V., GENT, BELGIUM)



DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST 1992 (2535)



STATUS: “APPROVED” BY NBC BUT NO TRIAL CARRIED OUT




-

PRODUCTION OF VIRUS
-
RESISTANT SEEDS OF GENETICALLY



ENGINEERED CATALOUPE AND SQUASH



(ASGROW SEED CO., UPJOHN CO., KALAMAZOO, MICHIGAN,



USA AND THE UPJOHN CO., PANG KHON, SAKON NAKHON,



THAILAND)



DATE OF APPLICATION: SEPTEMBER 1992 (2535)



STATUS: “APPROVED” BY NBC BUT NO TRIAL CARRIED OUT



-

FIELD TRIALS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED TOMATO PLANTS



ALTERING RIPENING CHARACTERISTICS TO PRODUCE



QUALITY SEEDS FOR FUTURE LARGE SCALE TRIALS, PROBABLY



IN THE U.S.



(ZENECA SEED, BERKSHIRE, UK)



DATE OF ENQUIRY: MARCH 1993 (2536)



STATUS: INFORMATION AND GUIDELINES PROVIDED,



NO FURTHER RESPONSE



-

SEED PRODUCTION OF FLAVR SAVR TOMATO IN THAILAND



(CALGENE, USA)



DATE OF APPLICATION: 1993 (2536)



STATUS: “APOROVED” BY NBC; FIELD PRODUCTION TRIAL



CARRIED OUT UNDER CLOSE SUPERVISION BY NBC



AT PHITSANULOK; COMPLETED

[MINISTERIAL DECREE NO. 2 ISSUED UNDER THE PLANT QUARANTINE

ACT 2507 B.E. (1964) PROHIBITING 40 PLANT SPECIES KNOWN TO

UNDERGO GE OF MAY 10, 1994, ENFORCED JUNE 7, 1994]


[OVERSEAS APPLICATIONS] (16)



-

SEED PRODUCTION OF FLAVR SAVR TOMATO (pCGN4109,



pCGN1436)



(THE UPJOHN CO., PANG KHON, SAKON NAKHON)



DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST 2, 1995 (2538)



STATUS: APPROVED; BIOSAFETY TRIAL COMPLETED



-

FIELD TRIAL OF BT COTTON (CRY 1A BTK)



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: OCTOBER 18, 1995 (2538)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; TRIAL COMPLETED



-

FIELD TRIAL OF BT COTTON UNDER FIELD CONDITION



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: JULY 10, 1996 (2539)



STATUS: 20 KG SEEDS APPROVED FOR FIELD TRIALS;




TRIALS COMPLETED, PENDING DEREGULATION)



-

FIELD TRIALS OF BT CORN RESISTANT TO ASIATIC CORN



BORER



(CIBA GEIGY AND PIONEER HI
-
BRED INTERNATIONAL, USA)



(NOVARTIS (THAILAND) LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: OCTOBER 8, 1996 (2539)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT AT NOVARTIS



EXPERIMENT STATION, TAK FA, NAKHON SAWAN;



TRIAL IN PROGRESS)



-

LABORATORY EFFICACY TEST OF DRY, POWERED BT CORN



LEAF TISSUE AGAINST ASIATIC CORN STALK BORER



(DEKALB GENETICS CORP., USA)



DATE OF ENQUIRY/APPLICATION:

DECEMBER 1996
-

JANUARY



1997 (2539
-
40)



STATUS: APPROVAL RECOMMENDED BY NBC; NO RESPONSE



-

FIELD TRIALS OF TRANSGENIC COTTON (NUCOTN 32B,



NUCOTN 33B, BT)



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: APRIL 22, 1997 (2540)



STATUS: APPROVED IN DOA EXPERIMENT STATIONS AND



FARMERS’ FIELDS; COMPLETED AND SUBJECTED



TO ACCUSATION OF LEAKAGE INTO THE ENVIRONMENT


BY NGOs AND UNDER INVESTIGATION



-

EXPERIMENTAL FIELD RELEASE OF FLAVR SAVR TOMATO



(DNA PLANT TECHNOLOGY CORP, USA THROUGH A LOCAL



COMPANY IN THAILAND)



DATE OF APPLICATION: MAY 1997 (2540)



STATUS: REJECTION RECOMMENDED BY NBC ON


TECHNICAL GROUND



-

FIELD TRIAL OF BT CORN RESISTANT TO THE (ASIATIC)



CORN STALK BORER



(PIONEER OVERSEAS CORP, (THAILAND), LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICAION: MAY 27, 1997 (2540)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS)



-

FIELD TRIAL OF R&R CORN (ROUNDUP RESISTANCE)



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: FEBRUARY 19, 1998 (2541)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



-

FIELD TRIAL OF BT CORN



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: MAY 1, 1998 (2541)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



-

FIELD TRIAL OF R&R CORN (ROUNDUP RESISTANCE)



(CARGILL CO., LTD., USA)



DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST 24, 1998 (2541)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS


-

FIELD TRIALS OF BT CORN FROM THE U.S.



(NOVARTIS THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST 24, 1998 (2541)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



-

FIELD TRIAL OF COMPOSITE BT CORN FROM THE U.S.



(NOVARTIS THAILAND, LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST 24, 1998 (2541)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER ISOLATED SMALL PLOTS;




IN PROGRESS



-

FIELD TRIAL OF R&R CORN



(CARGILL CO. LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: JANUARY 24, 1999 (2542)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



-

FIELD TRIAL OF R&R COTTON AND CORN



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: JANUARY 24, 1999 (2542)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



[PLANT QUARANTINE ACT 2507 B.E. (1964) AMENDED TO BECOME


PLANT QUARANTINE ACT AMENDED B.E. 2542 (1999); MAY 18, 1999]



-

FIELD TRIAL OF BT CORN (MON 810)



(MONSANTO THAILAND LTD.)



DATE OF APPLICATION: JUNE 10, 1999 (2542)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER ISOLATED SMALL PLOTS PENDING




QUARANTINE (5 KG SEED)



[MINISTERIAL DECREE NO.3? ISSUED UNDER THE PLANT


QUARANTINE ACT B.E. 2507 (1964) AMENDED B.E. 2543 (1999)


PROHIBITING 40 PLANT SPECIES KNOWN TO UNDERGO GE OF


MARCH 17, 2000, ENFORCED MARCH 29, 2000]



(THE SAME PLANT LIST IN MINISTERIAL DECREE NO.2)


BAN ON FIELD TRIALS OF TRANSGENIC PLANTS



-

ON APRIL 3, 2001 PRESSURE GROUPS (ORGANIZATION OF THE


POORS AND AFFILIATED NGOs) FORCED THE CABINET TO


“BAN” FIELD TRIALS OF TRANSGENIC PLANTS UNTIL THE


“BIOSAFETY LAW” WILL BE ENACTED.


[MINISTERIAL DECREE NO.4 ISSUED UNDER PLANT QUARANTINE

ACT B.E. 2507 (1964) AMENDED B.E. 2542 (1999) PROHIBITING

ADDITIONAL 49 PLANT SPECIES KNOWN TO UNDERGO GE,

DRAFTED SINCE 2002, IS YET TO BE ANNOUNCED]


APPLICATIONS AND APPROVALS FOR TRIALS OF GMOs BY LOCAL

UNIVERSITIES, INSTITUTES AND AGENCIES IN THAILAND


TRANSGENIC PLANTS: (4+)



-

CALLI OF TRANSGENIC SQUASH



(PLANT PATHOLOGY & MICROBIOLOGY DIVISION, DOA)



DATE OF APPLICATION: SEPTEMBER 30, 1996 (2539)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



-

TRANSGENIC PAPAYA RESISTANT TO PAPAYA RING SPOT VIRUS



THAI STRAIN (COAT PROTEIN)



(PLANT PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY VIVISION, DOA)



DATE OF APPLICATION: SEPTEMBER 30, 1996 (2539)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS



-

TRANSGENIC PAPAYA RESISTANT TO PAPAYA RING SPOT VIRUS



THAI STRAIN (TISSUES AND SEEDLINGS)



(HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, DOA)



DATE OF APPLICATION: MAY 15, 1997 (2540)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT AT THA PHRA,




KHON KAEN; IN PROGRESS



-

TRANSGENIC RICE SEEDLINGS (KHAO HOM DOK MALI 105)



CLONED WITH Xa21 GENE IN THE U.S. RESISTANT TO



LEAF BLIGHT



(RICE RESEARCH INSTITUTE, DOA)



DATE OF APPLICATION: AUGUST 11, 1997 (2540)



STATUS: APPROVED UNDER CONTAINMENT; IN PROGRESS


EXPERIMENTS ON LOCALLY DEVELOPED TRANSGENIC PLANTS

OF UNKNOWN STATUS: (4+++)



-

DEVELOPMENT OF BT COTTON



(DORAS/CIRAD PROJECT, PLANT GENETIC ENGINEERING UNIT,



BIOTEC, KASETSART UNIVERSITY AT KAMPHAENG SAEN)



-

DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSGENIC PAPAYA RESISTANT TO PAPAYA



RING SPOT VIRUS (PRSV)



(PLANT GENETIC ENGINEERING UNIT, BIOTEC, KASETSRAT



UNIVERSITY AT KAMPHAENG SAEN)



-

DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSGENIC CHILI PEPPER



(PLANT GENETIC ENGINEERING UNIT, BIOTEC, KASETSRAT



UNIVERSITY AT KAMPHAENG SAEN)



-

DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSGENIC TOMATO



(PLANT GENETIC ENGINEERING UNIT, BIOTEC, KASETSRAT



UNIVERSITY AT KAMPHAENG SAEN)



-

ETC.


AFTER CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY TO THE CBD ENTERS

INTO FORCE ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2003:



-

IMPORTATION OF TRANSGENIC FLUORESCENT ZEBRA FISH



(
BRACHYDANIO RERIO
, CYPRINIDAE) CONTAINING GREEN



FLUORESCENT PROTEIN (GFP) ISOLATED FROM JELLYFISH



(
AEQUOREA VICTORIA
) FROM SINGAPORE FOR AN EXHIBITION



DURING THE NATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY WEEK



2003 AT THE IMPACT CONVENTION CENTER ON THE SUBURB



OF BANGKOK FROM SEPTEMBER 24


OCTOBER 5, 2003




(NATIONAL CENTER FOR GENETIC ENGINEERING AND



BIOTECHNOLOGY (BIOTEC), NSTDA, MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND



TECHNOLOGY)



DATE OF APPLICATION: SEPTEMBER 8, 2003



STATUS:
-

REJECTED
BY NBC ON SEPTEMBER 23, 2003




ON THE GROUND OF NON
-
COMPLIANCE WITH THE




CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY, IMPROPER




PREPARATION FOR IMPORT, LACK OF REQUIRED




ACCOMPANYING AND SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS




WITH REFERENCE TO BEING LMO AND PERMIT




FROM DEPARTMENT OF LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT




-

APPROVED

ON A SPECIAL AND EXCEPTIONAL




CONDITION BY NBC ON SEPTEMBER 25, 2003 WITH




AN AFFIDAVIT TO GUARANTEE BIOSAFETY AND




THE FISH CONSIGNMENT BE RETURNED TO THE




POINT OF ORIGIN (SINGAPORE) IMMEDIATELY




AFTER THE END OF THE EXHIBITION