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blusharmenianManagement

Nov 9, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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ENVIRONMENTAL MAMAGEMENT SYSTEM:



Environmental Management System
:

It
is
a
methodology

to reduce
the
environmental footprint in day
-
to
-
day activities.


An Environmental Management System (EMS) is a set of processes and practices that
enable an organizatio
n to reduce its environmental impacts and increase its operating
efficiency.

EMS
refers to the
system of
manag
ing
an organization's environmental
programs in a comprehensive, systematic, planned and documented manner. It
includes the organizational structu
re, planning and resources for developing,
implementing and maintaining polic
y for environmental protection.


The EMS has to have




Written objectives for EMS.



Documented/written processes and procedures that the officers/employees
involved in the EMS will

follow.



Assigning responsibilities to officers/employees to ensure that everyone knows
‘who has to do what’.



Environmental Audit (EA) to know that the environmental aspect and impacts of
company’s activities and to have EMS assessed and certified by an in
dependent
certifier to demonstrate that the system conforms to relevant standards.


Thus, an environmental management system brings together the people, policies, plans,
review mechanisms, and procedures used to manage environmental issues at a facility or

in
an organization. The EMS
helps a company achieve its environmental goals through
consistent control of its operations. The assumption is that this increased control will
improve the environmental performance of the company. The EMS itself does not dict
ate a
level of environmental performance that must be achieved; each company's EMS is tailored
to the company's business and goals. The
important EMS elements include continual
improvement, management commitment, formalization, and awareness of a systems b
ased
approach.


For an industry (a manufacturing activity), the EMS specifically is a system which
monitors, tracks and reports pollution and emissions information, particularly with respect
to its manufacturing activity.


EMS
includes organizational struc
ture, planning activities, responsibilities, practices,
procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving and
reviewing the environmental policy.

The term can also refer to software systems
developed/used
for

an organizational

env
ironmental management.



EMS is also explained as






A systematic and documented verification process of objectively obtaining and
evaluating evidence to determine whether an organization’s environmental management
activities

conforms to the environmental

management system audit criteria set by the
organization, and for communication of the results of this process to management.




An EMS can be defined as a tool that provides a systematic approach for managing the
components of an operation, function or bus
iness that are both critical to achieve a
desired level of environmental performance and to ensure relevant regulatory
compliance.




An EMS encourages a company to continuously improve its environmental
performance.




An EMS helps a company to address its en
vironmental (management and regulatory)
issues and demands
,

in a systematic and cost
-
effective manner.



Beneficiaries of Environmental Management System:




Serves as a tool to improve environmental performance



Provides a systematic way of managing an orga
nization’s environmental affairs



EMS i
s the aspect of the organization’s overall management structure that addresses

immediate

and long
-
term impacts of its products, services and processes on the

environment



Gives order and consistency for organizatio
ns to address environmental concerns

through

the allocation of resources, assignment of responsibility and ongoing

evaluation of practices, procedures and processes



Focuses on continual improvement of the system



Helps maintain compliance



Reduce operati
ng costs



Integrate environmental programs into mission



Increase employee involvement



Reduce environmental impacts



Objectives and targets of EMS:

An EMS
target
is a detailed measurable performance requirement for attainment of the set
norms and goals.



Com
pliance with Regulations



Reduce Waste Streams: Liquid (Wastewater), Solid, Hazardous and Universal



Reduce Energy Consumption



Recycle



Green Purchasing



Pollution Prevention



Basic Elements and Methodology of an EMS:


The system

follows a repeating cycle (F
i
gure

1
)
.






Figure 1. PDCA
[
Plan
-
Do
-
Check

(Review& Feedback)
-
Act
]

c
ycle

of EMS
.



The Basic elements of the EMS methodology are:



Plan

the company's

environmental goals



Analyzing its environmental impacts and legal requirements



Setting environmental objectives and targets to reduce environmental impacts and

comply

with legal requirements



Establishing programs to meet these objectives and targets



Moni
toring and measuring progress in achieving the objectives



Ensuring employees' environmental awareness and competence



Reviewing progress of the EMS and making improvements





Figure 2. EMS cycle
.

Referring to the figure 2 representing an EMS cycle, the following
five main stages of an
EMS, as defined are described below:


1. Commitment and Policy

T
he company first
sets and
commits to an environmental policy, then uses
this

pol
icy as a
basis for establishing a plan, which sets objectives and targets for improving environmental
performance. This established policy is then becomes foundation of the EMS.


2. Planning

Pl
anning involve identification of environmental issues and requi
rements, and defines the
initiatives and resources needed to achieve the environmental policy and economic goals.
A
company first identifies environmental aspects of its operations. Environmental aspects are
those items, such as water pollutants, air pollu
tants, solid/or hazardous wastes, noise levels,
health & safety, etc. that can have negative impacts on people and/or the environment. A
company then determines which aspects are significant by choosing criteria considered

most important by the company.


F
or example, a company may choose worker health and safety, environmental compliance,
and cost as its criteria. Once significant environmental aspects are determined, a company
sets objectives and targets. An objective is an overall environmental goal (e.g.
, minimize
use of chemical X). A target is a detailed, quantified requirement that arises from the
objectives (e.g., reduce use of chemical X by 25% by
April

2014). The final part of the
planning stage is devising an action plan for meeting the targets. Th
is includes designating
responsibilities, establishing a schedule, and outlining clearly defined steps to meet the
targets.


3. Implementation

T
he next step is implementation.
The implementation incurs the resources and manpower
and trainings.
A company fo
llows through with the action plan using the necessary
resources (human, financial, etc.). An important component is employee training and
awareness for all employees. Other steps in the implementation stage include
documentation, following operating proce
dures, and setting up internal and external
communication lines.


4. Evaluation

After implementation
, the company
regularly monitors and
evaluates its environmental
performance to see whether the objectives and targets are being met. If targets are not bei
ng
m
et, corrective action is taken.


5. Review

Top management reviews the results of the evaluation to see if the EMS is working.
Management determines whether the original environmental policy is consistent with
company values. If required, the plan is t
hen revised to optimize the effectiveness of the
EMS. The review stage creates a loop of continuous improvement for a company.

The
company then implements the revised plan. The cycle repeats, and continuous
improvement occurs.





Costs and Benefits of an
EMS
:


Potential Costs

P
otential Benefits


Internal



Staff (manager) time



Other employee time

(Note: Internal labor costs represent the bulk
of the EMS resources expended by most
organizations)


External



Potential consulting assistance



Outside training of
personnel


Improved environmental performance



Enhanced compliance



Pollution prevention



Resource conservation



New customers/markets



Increased efficiency/reduced costs



Enhanced employee morale



Enhanced image with public, regulators,

lenders, investors



Enh
anced reputation at national and

international levels and boosting the

investments and commerce (business)



Employee awareness
for

environmental
issues and responsibilities



EMS Models
:


There are many
model
s

or conceptual framework
s

for an EMS.
Though,

the most
well
known

and adopted
EMS model is the
ISO 14001

international standard. Other models
include the following:



European

Union’s


Eco
-
Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS)




Responsible Care model developed by the

American Chemical Council (ACC)




US

D
epartment of Justice (DOJ)


Seven Key
Compliance Program Elements



EPA National Enforcement Investigation Center

(NEIC) ‘
Compliance Focused


EMS.



British Standard Institution’s ‘
BS7750




Spain’s ‘UNE 77
-
801’