EECE 3440/3441: Electromagnetic Fields and Waves
Course Charter
1. Credit and contact hours
o
Course Credit Hours: 4 SH, Lab Credit Hours
1 SH
o
Course
Contact
hours: 3 x 65 minutes per week, Lab Contact Hours:
1 x 120 minutes per
week
2. Revision histo
ry
o
Prepared by S. W. McKnight, May 22, 2007
o
Revised by Carey Rappaport, October 18, 2011
o
Revised by Teaching Group, June 2012
o
Revised by teaching group, Dec 2012
o
Revised by teaching group, May 2013
3. Textbooks:
o
Shen and Kong,
Applied Electromagnetism
,
Third Edition, PWS, 1995.
Recommended:
o
Staelin, Morgenthaler, and Kong,
Electromagnetic Waves
, Prentice Hall, 1994
o
F. T. Ulaby
Fundamentals of Applied Electromagnetics
,
Sixth
Edition, Prentice Hall,
2007
o
Fogiel (Ed.),
The Electromagnetics Problem Solver
,
Research and Education Association,
1993
4. Course information
o
Introduces electromagnetics and high

frequency applications. Topics include
transmission lines: transmission line model with distributed circuit elements, transmission
line equations and sol
utions, one

dimensional traveling and standing waves, Smith Chart;
electromagnetic field theory: Lorentz force equations, Maxwell’s equations, Poynting
theorem, TEM waves, uniform plane wave propagation along a coordinate axis and along
an arbitrary direct
ion; equivalent transmission lines for TEM, TE, and TM waves;
reflection and refraction of uniform plane waves by conducting and dielectric surfaces;
applications to waveguides, resonators, and optical fibers and radiation and elementary
antennas; introduc
tion to modern electromagnetic techniques (computational methods)
and applications (optics, bioelectromagnetics, and electromagnetic effects in high

speed
digital circuits).
o
Lab: Supports class material related to transmission lines, wave

guiding structu
res,
plane

wave reflection and refraction, and antenna radiation. Includes experiments with
microwave transmission line measurements and the determination of the properties of
dielectric materials, network analyzer analysis of microwave properties of circu
it
elements and transmission line electrical length, analysis of effective dielectric constant
and loss from microstripline resonator transmission, optical measurement of refraction
and reflection leading to determination of Brewster angle and optical cons
tants for
transparent and absorbing materials, and measurement of radiation patterns from dipole
antennas.
o
Prerequisite: MATH 2321, PHYS 1155, and EECE 2410. Co

requisite: EECE 3441
o
Required for EE program, elective for CE program
5. Course Outcomes
Students should be able to:
1.
Model voltag
e/current wave propagation on a modern high

speed
transmission line,
calculate reflection at discontinuities, and calculate parameters for matching circuits.
2.
Derive the wave equation from Maxwell’s Equations in d
ifferential form and find a
plane

wave solution in rectangular coordinates.
3.
Calculate the refection and transmission of uniform plane waves normally incident on the
boundary between two media.
4.
Find the refraction for a wave obliquely incident on the bounda
ry between two lossless
media, including the critical angle for total internal reflection.
5.
Calculate the antenna radiation pattern for simple dipole antenna.
6.
Design an experiment to measure these properties of light beams at different angles of
incidence f
rom several materials for two polarizations, find the Brewster angle for a
transparent material, and estimate the optical constants of the materials.
7.
Use a Network Analyzer to measure the electrical length of a coaxial cable and determine
its effective die
lectric constant.
8.
Measure the transmission of a microstripline resonator and analyze the data to determine
the dielectric permittivity of the microstripline dielectric and the loss mechanisms of the
resonator.
Mapping of course outcomes to program outc
omes and ABET student outcomes:
Course outcomes
Student Outcomes
1
j
2
a
3
4
5
6
b
7
8
b
6. Topics Covered:
1.
Transmission lines
2.
Physics of wave propagation (retardation, etc.)
3.
Models for transmission systems using circuits with distributed p
arameters
4.
Mathematical solution for the transmission line and wave equations (time domain and
frequency domain)
5.
Reflection, standing wave ratio, transmission into another line, impedance, excitation,
etc.
6.
Practical transmission line applications (matchin
g, location of short, resonators, etc.)
7.
Smith Chart derivation and use, including single stub matching
8.
Fundamental electromagnetic field equations in differential form:
9.
Lorentz’s force equation (definition of the electromagnetic field)
10.
Maxwell’s equations
(electromagnetic field in terms of the sources)
11.
Conservation of charge (restriction on the sources)
12.
Constitutive relations (flux densities in terms of the electromagnetic field)
13.
Poynting’s theorem (calculation and conservation of energy)
14.
Uniform plane wave
s:
15.
Physics of electromagnetic waves
16.
Polarization
17.
Derivation from Maxwell’s equations (no boundaries)
18.
Transmission line model for TEM waves
19.
Reflection and transmission of uniform plane waves:
20.
Derivation of the boundary conditions
21.
Normal incidence
22.
Oblique in
cidence (Snell’s Law)
23.
Total transmission
–
Brewster angle
24.
Total reflection

Optical Fibers
25.
Parallel plate waveguide and resonator
26.
Wireless transmission
27.
Radiation (solution of Maxwell’s equations in unbounded media)
28.
Electric dipole antenna
29.
General characte
ristics for transmitters
30.
General characteristics for receivers
31.
Friis transmission formula
32.
Phased arrays
33.
Lab 1: Microwave Measurements of Constituitive Parameters of Dielectric Matierials

Measure dielectric properties of transmission lines by measuring V
SWR.
34.
Lab 2: Network Analyzer

Become familiar with a microwave vector network analyzer.
Measure electrical length of cable.
35.
Lab 3: Microstripline Resonator

Measure the transmission of microstrip resonators and
use the resonances to determine substrat
e ε and loss tangent δ.
36.
Lab 4: Radiation Properties of a Dipole Antenna

Observe and measure radiation pattern
of antennas.
37.
Lab 5: Brewster’s Angle and Optical Properties

Design and implement an experiment
to determine optical constants from reflectio
n measurements.
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