Uhurunet: Delivering high capacity bandwidth to Africa's businesses ...

bloatdecorumSoftware and s/w Development

Oct 30, 2013 (4 years and 14 days ago)

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Professor Victor Lawrence

Chairman

Baharicom

Development Company

Baharicom Properietory and Confidential

Solution for Africa’s Global Communications

Global
Telecom
Infrastructure 2009

Africa: Missing from the Global Telecom Infrastructure

The African Market is currently served by expensive, inconvenient, low quality
telecommunication infrastructure consisting primarily of the
SAT
-
3/WASC/SAFE fiber
network and satellite service
.


“Imagine

a

major

research

university

with

tens

of

thousands

of

students

trying

to

access

the

Internet

though

a

single

US

household
.



“The

challenges

the

continent

[of

Africa]

faces



meeting

human

needs,

participating

in

the

global

economy,

managing

the

environment,

and

improving

governance



require

engineers,

doctors,

scientists,

and

businessmen,

all

products

of

Africa’s

universities
.

For

years,

strategies

to

address

these

challenges

centered

on

providing

direct

assistance

for

combating

disease

and

poverty

and

for

providing

food

and

water
.

But

living

conditions

in

Africa

cannot

be

improved

without

sustained

long
-
term

economic

growth
.

That

goal

in

turn

requires

connecting

Africa

to

the

rest

of

the

world
.





Cal estous

Juma


Professor

of

the

Practice

of

International

Development,

Harvard

Kennedy

School



Cambri dge,

MA
.





El i sabeth

Moyer


Assistant

professor

in

the

Department

of

Geophysical

Sci ences,


Uni versity

of

Chicago,

Chicago,

IL

and

former

l ecturer

at

the

African

Institute

for

Mathematical

Sciences
.

Africa in 2012

Sustainable Social and Economic
Development


Requires


Education

Broadband to 600,000 schools and
universities


Healthcare

ICT healthcare systems to remote regions
and cities


Agriculture

state of the art methods and information


Infrastructure

Government and community ICT
access


Civil society

modern knowledge transfer systems


Uhurunet’s Broadband Capacity Grants will meet these
needs!





The Need


Africa is the last frontier of the global fiber optic network infrastructure. Uhurunet has been
launched in order to meet the need for Internet, data, and voice services in Africa that local service
providers have been unable to provide adequately or economically through existing cable networks and
satellite facilities.



Underpinning Uhurunet’s business rationale is the concomitant recognition that Information
Communication Technologies (ICT) are essential to Africa’s economic development and that Africa,
although one of the fastest growing telecommunications markets in the world, lags far behind the rest of
the world, because of the scarcity of broadband capacity which is generally supplied by submarine fiber
optic systems. The statistics are alarming:



Africa's bandwidth per capita is only 1% of the world average


Only 4% of Africans have access to the Internet


Africa has the highest connectivity costs in the world


African universities pay some 50 times more for bandwidth then do similar institutions in the United
States


Connectivity costs per GDP is almost 200 times higher than in the United States




Uhurunet’s business is therefore also its social mission

to deliver capacity to Africa’s businesses,
schools, communities, civil society and governments.




[
7

]

ICT Penetration in Africa is Still the Lowest in the World

Source:

ITU, 2008; Broker research


Sub
-
Saharan Africa is an under
-
served market across
telecom services


Despite the high rate of growth of mobile telephony in
Africa, penetration rates still lag both developing and
developed markets


Internet usage remains at extremely low levels given the
high cost and limited availability of services


Future broadband penetration growth is expected to be
mainly driven by mobile broadband


As African countries continue to transition from 2G to
3G technology, the use of mobile broadband will
continue to rise


Falling connectivity prices from new submarine cable
capacity in East and West Africa will promote a rapid
increase in telecom services


Estimated
capex

of key African operators
Bharti
, MTN,
Vodacom and
Millicom

to be invested in African
networks from 2010 to 2012 amounts to $12 billion

ICT Penetration Rates: Africa vs. Rest of World

Victor

[
8

]

Internet Usage in Africa

Source:

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database

Notes:


1.
The
ITU’s

ICT Price Basket shows how much countries are paying for telecommunication services, relative to income levels. It is compose
d
of three sub
-
baskets: fixed telephone, mobile cellular and fixed broadband Internet tariffs. The ICT Price
Basket is computed as the sum of these three tariffs, as a percentage of monthly Gross National Income per capita

2.
Internet users per 100 inhabitants in Africa, 2008


Online Penetration in Africa
2


In 2008, Africa had 32.1million internet users


Nearly 8 times as many as in 2000


Only 0.6 million fixed broadband internet subscribers


Penetration still lies far below world averages


One per thousand in Africa vs. two hundred per
thousand in Europe


According to ITU, African consumers pay the highest
broadband costs in the world


ICT costs amount to 41% of average monthly income
while internet penetration is only 4%
1


Lower broadband cost seen as key political and
economic factor by governments and international
agencies


Numerous initiatives in the region to boost broadband
penetration


Afri ca Average

Worl d Average

Victor

[
9

]

Internet and Broadband
Growth

in Western Africa


African governments recognise broadband as key enabler
of socio
-
economic development and GDP growth and
therefore have begun to prioritise accessibility and
affordability of broadband services


As African markets have historically been sensitive to price
reductions, competition should bring about a growth in
internet and broadband


Increased access to end
-
users and all operators


Increased penetration rates in the region


In 2009, Tanzania experienced rapid growth in broadband
penetration as customers and operators benefitted from
connectivity to the new undersea cables


According to industry research, the number of broadband
subscribers in Africa is expected to grow by 18% CAGR
over the next 5 years


Source:

International Telecommunication Union (ITU), African Alliance, Pyramid Research, Pioneer Research, Morgan Stanley Resear
ch (The Mobile Internet Report, 15
-
Dec
-
2009)

Mobile Broadband
Subscribers (mm)

Africa Mobile Broadband Subscriber Growth

Victor






The ongoing liberalization of Africa’s telecommunications regulatory
regimes as well as accelerating economic development in Africa have
led to explosive growth in the telecommunications sector.


Consistent with global trends, approximately 95% of international traffic
is forecasted to be driven by Internet data access.


With historically low internet penetration rates in Africa in comparison
to levels elsewhere, demand for data access in these regions is
expected to continue to grow at a rapid pace.


Broadband internet access and heavier, content
-
rich traffic are
expected to fuel strong demand for international connectivity via
submarine fiber optic systems over the next 15 years.

Broadband Capacity for Africa

Today, lack of international connectivity, diversity,
and the corresponding use of scarce and
expensive satellite resources are limiting Africa
telecommunications development.


To achieve the forecasted growth, Africa needs a
new international highway with a complete
connectivity

Africa


tomorrow capacity


Uhurunet will support the growth of the traffic between Africa and the rest of the
world, thus reducing the digital divide and driving the economic and social development
of Africa

Uhurunet Objectives

Provide international connectivity to Countries (including
land
-
locked Countries
) who don’t have access to any submarine cable


Improve connectivity, provide diversity and traffic securization to
Countries




Reduce the cost of international traffic



Speed up the development of broadband services



Favor economic development and education

Uhurunet, a high
connectivity


A
17,000 km

long Submarine
Cable designed to provide
5.12
Tbps



22 Countries

to be connected,
including 9 Countries not
served today by a cable system



The best connectivity ever
offered by a submarine cable
along the West Coast of Africa




2

3

4

5

7

8

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

19

21

22

20

6

18

9

10

1







Maroc Telecom



Mauritius Telecom



OCPT (DRC)



Orange Cameroun



Orange Guinée



Orange Mali



Orange Niger



Republic of Gabon



Sierra Leone Cable Ltd.


Sonatel


Sotelgui



Baharicom



Benin Telecoms



Camtel



Côte d’Ivoire Telecom



CST (Sao Tomé)



Expresso Telecom



France Telecom



Gamtel



Getesa



International Mauritania
Telecom



Libtelco

Uhurunet members

Uhurunet

An Innovative System


Consortium members can aggregate their investment
to finance the same landing point




Increased competition for international traffic in
all Countries, for the benefit of the end user



Operators in Landlocked Countries are members of
the Consortium.



Uhurunet is a state of the art and upgradeable
system, ready for 40G implementation.


Philanthropic Strategy


Philanthropic services
to promote social and
economic development throughout Africa.


The Phelps Stokes Fund will raise at least $60
million from philanthropic donors and other
sources to fund the purchase of broadband
capacity from Baharicom that will make up the
corpus of the
Uhurunet Capacity Endowment
(the Endowment).


The Endowment
will be formed as a pool of
capacity units on the Uhurunet system through
purchase or a presale of capacity on an right of
use (ROU) basis made in advance of the
system’s construction.

Page
16

The Uhurunet
Capacity
Endowment is a
philanthropic
initiative of
Baharicom and
Phelps Stokes
to
distribute
broadband
capacity grants to
schools,
universities,
healthcare
initiatives, NGO’s,
and public service
programs across
Africa.

Baharicom

Laboratories

Technology Solutions for

Baharicom Properietory and Confidential

Facilitating the Dissemination of ICT Knowledge Capital in
the Service of African Development

Why Baharicom Labs


Research and study unique attributes of the African Information
and Telecom market to


communicate, interact and/or partner with global players through
focused conference, trade shows , and literatures.


identify niche opportunities and provide solutions internally, through
partnerships or outsourcing (to academia and/or industry).


Provide leapfrog solutions to help Africa’s Development
competitively and to attract


global institutions such as Google, Yahoo, Facebook, YouTube, IBM, etc.


African service providers to facilitate new or unique services


Transfer technology across product or service life cycle


Development of human capital for the African technical industry

Baharicom Properietory and Confidential

Vision Statement


Vision


Develop a state of the art research
center to provide the most appropriate
information and communication technologies
and processes to enrich African people’s
quality of life.




Baharicom Properietory and Confidential

Baharicom Labs Mission


An Independent Industrial Research Laboratory



To assemble and create technological capabilities for African
communities to thrive their standard of living


To develop and deploy an array of ICT utilities, applications
and practices optimized for and broadly supportive of African
development

Coordinate & facilitate projects, stakeholders and technology
development to accelerate the effective transmission of
appropriate methods

To act as a hub and center of excellence at the core of ICT
-
centric activities

Sample Programs


Information and Communication Technologies(ICT)


Traffic monitoring and data mining of
Uhurunet

and
Umojanet


Security services; e.g., encryption, authentication


Develop appropriate User Interface solutions


Mobile social computing for the next billon users


Rapid deployment of ad hoc technologies to provide ICT
infrastructure for health or emergency applications


Distance learning and research capabilities (a 21
st

century
digital arts and sciences academy for Africa)


Integrate Africa into international
eCommerce

Network


Engage with international philanthropic organizations to
design, prototype and/or deploy life
-
enhancing solutions

Baharicom Properietory and Confidential

Operations

Baharicom Labs will achieve its goals through the following
activities:


Intellectual Property:

Developing and managing a portfolio
of intellectual properties


Industry/Academia Bridging (Ventures):

Actively search
the industry and academia for niche technologies that are
aligned with the goals of BDC and help advance ideas,
prototypes and IPs into products through direct funding
and/or partnerships.


Market Research:

Continual market and technical research
culminating in literature provided to affiliates.


Baharicom Properietory and Confidential

Baharicom Labs


Baharicom Labs will develop:


A state
-
of
-
the art research center


New ICT services for ISP’s and telecom carriers


ICT health and education applications


A network operating center


A 21
st

century digital arts and sciences academy


Provide training in ICT skills

Page
25

Technology


for

Baharicom Properietory and Confidential


Undersea Fiber Optic Network
Components

Branching

Unit

Repeater

Cable

Terminal

Traffic

Line

Terminating

Equipment

Power Feed

Equipment

Undersea
Network
Management

Equipment

High

Performance

Optical

Equipment

Undersea Fiber
-
Optic Cable

OPTICAL

FIBER

UNIT

FIBER STRUCTURE

STRENGTH

WIRES

COPPER

SHEATH

INSULATION

JACKET

ARMORED PROTECTION

LAYER

2.

Brief Overview
of Undersea Cables and Fiber
-
Optic
Technologies