Cybernetics and American Youth

blessinghomoeopathAI and Robotics

Nov 30, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

74 views

Cybernetics and American Youth
Subculture

From
Wikipedia


In 1947, Wiener decided to introduce the neologism cybernetics into his scientific
theory. The name

cybernetics

was coined to denote the study of "teleological
mechanisms”


In the early 1940s

John von Neumann
… contributed
cellular automata
, and their
logical follow up the

Von Neumann Universal Constructor
.


The result of these deceptively simple thought
-
experiments was the concept of

self
replication

which cybernetics adopted as a core concept. The concept that the same
properties of genetic reproduction applied to social

memes
, living cells, and even
computer viruses is further proof of the somewhat surprising universality of cybernetic
study.

Cybernetics founders:

Norbert Wiener



John von Neumann

Develops mathematical models for
feedback; particularly

analog systems


Develops mathematical model for top
-
down architecture of digital computer

Collaborate with labor unions to prevent
displacement of workers from automation;
announces he will cease collaboration with
military. FBI opens file on him as
suspected communist.

Pushes for more nuclear weapons
development, claims

radiation not that bad.
Pushes for first strike against USSR.
Develops Cellular Automata in context of
machines that survive nuclear strike.

The political polarization of cybernetics: basins of attraction

Coupling between political and technological maps in
Bateson versus Mead

Youth subculture 1967

Youth subculture 1977