Biologically Inspired Materials

blaredsnottyAI and Robotics

Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Biologically Inspired Materials

Ilhan A. Aksay

Department of Chemical Engineering

Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey 08544 USA

In 2002, NASA
committed to funding
a number of special University Research, Engineering,
and
Technology

Institutes

(
URETIs)
.

One of these
URETIs
is

the Biologically Inspired Materials
Institute
(BIMat)
at Princeton

in partnership with Northwestern University, the University of
California at Santa Barbara, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the National

Institute o
f

Aerospace.
The

overall

objective of the BIMat work is to
develop
and demonstrate
new
bio
-
nanotechnology materials and structures for
future
space exploration
vehicles

and space
platforms
. This work w
ill

produce
enabling technologies and demon
strate advanced
, high
-
performance,

multifunctional
nanoscale
material
systems that integrate structural and non
-
structural functions
, including sensing/
actuation

and self
-
healing
,

in
novel structural design
. The
BIMat work includes
:
(
i
)

s
ynthesis and fabri
cation of
new
materials at the nanoscale and
microscale;

(
ii
)

e
xperimental, theoretical, and computational
work pertinent to developing an
enhanced under
-
standing of the structure and properties of

these new materials
;
(
iii
)

s
ensing and
actuation devices

f
or
embedding

in
suitable host

material
s
;

(
iv
)

s
el
f
-
healing mechanisms and
related
modeling;
and (
v
)

studies of b
iomolecular materials and functions that can provide
guidelines for the design and fabrication of new synthetic materials (biomimetics)
, includi
ng
advanced adhesives and materials
for lightweight portable energy generation and storage
.

In this
presentation, I will summarize our activities in these topics.