Ministry of Economy

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Oct 26, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Ministry of Economy




e
Polska

(
e
Poland)





The Action Plan for

the Information Society Development

in Poland for the years 2001
-
200
6




e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


2


MINISTRY OF ECONOMY

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1

INTRODUCTION

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5

OBJECTIVE „0”: DEVEL
OPMENT OF TELECOMMUN
ICATIONS INFRASTRUCT
URE

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8

Assumptions

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8

Objectives

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9

Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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OBJECTIVE 1: UNIVERS
AL, CHEAPER, FASTER
AND SAFE ACCESS TO T
HE INTERNET

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12

A
)

U
NIVERSAL
,

CHEAPER AND FASTER A
CCESS TO
I
NTERNET RESOURCES

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12

Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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13

Specific tasks

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13

B
)

F
AST
I
NTERNET FOR RESEARCH
ERS AND STUDENTS

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14

Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Spec
ific tasks

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16

C
)

N
ETWORK SECURITY

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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D
)

F
REE SOFTWARE

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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OBJECTIVE 2: INVESTI
NG IN PEOPLE AND SKI
LLS

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20

A
)

E
DUCATION IN THE DIGI
TAL AGE

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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23

Specific tasks

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24

B
)

O
CCUPATIONAL WORK IN
THE KNOWLEDGE
-
BASED ECONOMY

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26

Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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27

Specific tasks

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28

C
)

U
NIVERSAL PARTICIPATI
ON IN THE KNOWLEDGE
-
BASED ECONOMY

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28

Assumptions

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28

Objectives

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e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


3

Planned actions

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29

Specific tasks

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30

D
)

P
OLISH CULTURAL RESOU
RCES IN THE GLOBAL N
ETWORKS

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30

Objectives

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31

Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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33

OBJECTIVE 3: STIMULA
TING BETTER UTILISAT
ION OF INTERNET CAPA
BILITIES

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34

A
)

E
-
COMMERCE

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34

Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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B
)

P
UBLIC ADMINISTRATION

ON
-
LINE

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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42

C
)

N
ETWORKED JUDICIARY

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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46

Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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46

D
)

I
NFORMATION AND COMMU
NICATION TECHNOLOGIE
S IN THE
P
OLICE

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47

Assumptions

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47

Objectives

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48

Planned actions

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48

Specific tasks

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E
)

H
EALTH CARE ON
-
LINE

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49

Assumptions

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49

Objectives

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50

Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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F
)

O
N
-
LINE SOCIAL INTEGRAT
ION

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Objectives

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Planned activities

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G
)

I
NTELLIGENT
T
RANSPORT
S
YSTEMS

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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OBJECTIVE 4 : INFORM
ATION AND COMMUNICAT
ION TECHNOLOGIES IN
RURAL AREAS

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e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


4

Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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OBJECTIVE 5: DEVELOP
MENT OF DIGITAL RADI
O

AND

TELEVISION

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Assumptions

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Objectives

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Planned actions

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Specific tasks

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64

DICTIONARY OF TERMS
AND ABBREVIATIONS

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65

Institutions
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Terms and abbreviations used

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67

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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76

List of Polish and international legal bases pertaining to the information society

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.

76

e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


5


INTRODUCTION


In today’
s highly developed societies, a strong tendency to depart from the dominance of an
industry
-
based economy and to implement an information
-
based economic system can be
observed. We are entering the age of the digital civilisation. Knowledge is fast becoming

the
basic resource and the knowledge component is seen as an essential element of many
products. Institutions and objects (products, technical devices) existing in physical reality are
now often accompanied by their virtual reality counterparts and this e
ffects changes in the
nature of economic and social relations. The cornerstone of new functions is a standardised
digital notation. Consequently a new social system has emerged.

This new system, referred to as the information society, results from a rev
olution which has
taken place in the development of information and communication technologies. Access to
information, its processing and transmission, are increasingly cheaper and more effective. The
effects associated with information collection and proc
essing have their economic and social
value, and are fast becoming the basis for a new knowledge
-
based economy.

On the threshold of the 21
st

century, Poland faces enormous challenges of social and
technological nature. Success of our country’s strategic d
evelopment, welfare of Polish
families, strengthening of their economic self
-
dependence and a sense of security, are all
dependant on whether Poland is able to successfully cope with those challenges.


A key task for Poland is to join the process of buildi
ng the information age by employing
modern information and communication technologies, creating conditions for direct access to
information, raising the society’s awareness and developing its intellectual and economic
potential. Given the process of integr
ation with European Union structures, a need to adapt
Polish solutions and standards to the emerging modern information society has arisen.


“ePoland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006”

is a document prepar
ed on the basis of its componential strategies laid down by
designated ministries and public institutions. The Ministry of Communications, which
undertook the task of co
-
ordinating efforts made in that respect by other governmental
agencies, played a speci
al role in the work on this project. The Ministry collated the
component strategies prepared by the concerned ministries and on that basis prepared the
master
-
plan strategy. This fulfils the Council of Ministers’ commitment, undertaken in
response to a res
olution passed by the
Sejm

of the Republic of Poland, dated 14 July 2000,
regarding the laying of the foundations for information society in Poland. This document
presents qualitative and quantitative analysis of the needs relating to information access, i
ts
scope, as well as the means of its transmission and availability, and it lays out the steps
necessary to achieve objectives set in the strategy.

e
Poland

was inspired by the “
e
Europe 2002
-

An Information Society for All” European
initiative, whose goal
is to accelerate actions aimed at transforming the European society into
a global
Information Society
.
From its inception, the initiative has been one of key elements of
the European Commission’s strategy aimed to strengthen competitiveness of Europe’s
eco
nomy. It is expected to stimulate employment growth, labour productivity and
competitiveness of EU products on global markets, and to favourably affect the entire sphere
of European social and economic life. Assumptions of the initiative are fully reflecte
d in the
general objectives adopted by the Member States:



to bring Europe’s residents into the age of digital civilisation in all areas of social and
occupational activity,

e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


6



to
create a Europe which is competitive to the rest of the world, ready to finance and
implement new ideas,



to ensure that the on
-
going processes take account of social, economic and cultural
conditions in particular EU countries, build trust and strengthe
n social cohesion.

The
e
Europe initiative is a factor which hastens and strengthens the integration of Member
States. Therefore, candidate countries jointly made a declaration, during a conference in
Warsaw held in May 2000, of their willingness to prepar
e a plan of action
e
Europe+ and
elaborate their own national
e
-
programmes. This plan was adopted in Goeteborg on 16 June
2001.

This brief discussion of the
e
Europe initiative, its origin and objectives, explains motives
underlying the preparation of Poland
’s strategy of development of an information society


e
Poland
. Actions which will be taken by the Government of the Republic of Poland in order
to implement this strategy will determine our position in modern Europe for many years. They
are related not on
ly to social and economic transformations taking place in Poland, but also to
our preparations for our integration with the European Union.

The strategy of building the information society assumes the attainment of the following
overriding objectives:



to prepare the Polish society for fast technological, social and economic transformations
resulting from the creation of the information society,



to adapt the legal framework to requirements of fast technological progress and the
information society er
a,



to prepare the Polish society for challenges of a new labour market and new methods of
work,



to adapt the national economy to global e
-
commerce requirements by introducing
adequate legal regulations,



to create transparent and citizen
-
friendl
y public administration structures, tailored to the
open information society, by means of IT tools,



to create conditions for sustainable and balanced regional development, incorporating
modern information and communication technologies,



to develop
modern sectors of the economy and to enhance their
innovativeness

in order to
improve the Polish economy’s competitiveness,



to secure support for e
-
commerce from research facilities in order to better exploit
opportunities which the information society

model offers,



to promote widely Poland’s culture and its economic achievements.



The objectives set should be attained by:



adequately adapting the legal framework and causing it to be enacted quickly,



co
-
ordinating actions taken by different
agencies at all public sector levels,



stimulating efforts made by the private sector and non
-
governmental organisations in
keeping with the principle of subsidiarity,



determining indicators which would serve to assess and review actions carried out
,



initiating actions which require public funds to be used.


During the implementation of this strategy, a co
-
ordinating body, assigned by the Government
of the Republic of Poland, will p
repare, on a systematic basis, reports on progress in the work
and make them available to public administration agencies involved in the strategy
implementation and other stakeholders.

e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


7


The tasks presented in the tables will be implemented as and when the

necessary funds are
acquired. Extending the deadlines beyond the dates shown in the last column has been
assumed.


No

Task

Implementing / co
-
ordinating agencies

Term of
implementation

1.


Establishing indices used in assessing,
verifying and implementing the ePoland
action plan

Minister of
Telecommunications

According to the
JHLC work

2.


Preparation of reports on work progress

KSR

Every quarter

3.


Review of objectives and update of tasks

Minister of
Telecommunications

On an annual basis

e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


8


OBJECTIVE „0”: DEVELOPMENT OF
TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

Assumptions


Without efficient, good quality a
nd well
-
developed telecommunications infrastructure, it is
impossible for Poland to achieve a high dynamic of the social and economic development and
to join the process of building the information society. Therefore, it is necessary to undertake
efforts w
hich would form sustainable infrastructural and institutional foundations stimulating
Poland’s development. According to the data provided by the World Bank investing USD 1 in
data technology results in USD 10 being invested in other branches of the econom
y and an
efficient telecommunications network increased the GDP by 1%.


Over the last years, there has been a significant growth in the telecommunications sector. The
fixed line penetration rose from 78 subscribers per 1000 residents in 1989 up to 260.5 in

1999. A 14% growth in the number of subscribers is the highest in Europe, however, about
40% of the network has still not been digitised. The number of mobile subscribers was
approx. 100 per 1000 residents in 1999. At the end of 2000 the number of mobile
subscribers
exceeded 6 million. On the basis of surveys conducted by
Ośrodek Badań Opinii Publicznej

(The Public Opinion Poll Centre), it is estimated that approx. 4.9 million people in Poland use
the Internet


three fourths of this group do it on a regu
lar basis.


Despite substantial expenditures made on telecommunications infrastructure, it is still
underdeveloped. The fixed line network in Poland varies considerably in particular regions,
with rural areas clearly characterised by poorer infrastructure.

The lack of access to adequate
telecommunications services, including the Internet, is an essential obstacle to the
development of poorly
-
developed regions. The existence of infrastructure for advanced
telecommunications services will significantly boost
attractiveness of those regions for
domestic and foreign investors.


Among measures already taken in Poland, the Act
-

Telecommunications Law,
passed on 21
July 2000, which governs,
inter alia
, the universal service and interconnection settlements, is
of special significance for the telecommunications infrastructure development. The coming
into effect of this act ensures the liberalisation of local and long
-
distance calls. Measures
aimed at exc
hanging existing license
-
fee
-
related obligations of operators for accelerated and
intensive investments have also been taken, and the work on Poland’s Radiocommunications
Strategy has been launched.


In line with the State policy, actions aimed at enhanci
ng competitiveness in the telecoms
market have been taken. Bidding to provide telecoms services was announced, as a result of
which operators competitive to TP S.A. were selected. Currently, in Poland there are 100
operators licensed to provide telephone s
ervices in local markets.


With respect to the provision of long
-
distance services, as a result of bidding, three licences
were awarded in May 2000 to the following consortia: Netia 1, Niezależny Operator
Międzystrefowy and NG Koleje Telekomunikacja (now “
Energis” Sp. z o.o.). In May 2001,
the company
Netia 1 and Telekomunikacja Polska S.A. signed an agreement on
interconnection, co
-
operation and principles of interconnection settlements. Under the
agreement, Netia 1 has been providing long
-
distance telepho
ne services since 1 August 2001.
As regards the provision of international telephone services, under the Telecommunications
Law, TP S.A.’s exclusivity will be maintained till the end of 2002. The Council of Ministers
e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


9

is however empowered to shorten this pe
riod. On 21 March 2001 the Cabinet decided that the
international telephone services market will be fully liberalised as of 1 January 2003.


An important element of the telecommunications infrastructure of the country is the data
infrastructure of science
created by scientific institutions thanks to the support of the
Scientific Research Committee. At present there exist two extensive networks


the Scientific
and Academic Computer Network (NASK) and the POL
-
34 network.
Municipal computer
networks operate i
n Białystok, Bielsko
-
Biała, Bydgoszcz, Częstochowa, Gdańsk, Kielce,
Koszalin, Kraków, Lublin, Łódź, Olsztyn, Opole, Poznań, Puławy, Radom, Rzeszów,
Szczecin, in Silesia, Toruń, Warszawa, Wrocław and Zielona Góra.
In the bigger centres the
network capacity
is 155 Mbit/s and in five it reaches as much as 622 Mbit/s. The MAN
networks use their own lines (2 750 km with variable capacity) as well as leased lines (some
700 km optical, copper and digital fibres including telephone lines leased from
Telekomunikacja

Polska S.A.). There are over 400 nodes in the networks. Apart from devices
necessary for the correct functioning of the networks the MAN centres are also equipped with
network, data base and calculation servers as well as archivisation servers. These tech
nical
components allow the MAN networks to provide high quality services to scientific users as
well as users not related to science.

Objectives




To ensure strong competition in the telecoms sector,



To develop telematics n
etworks, fixed line telephony, mobile telephony, Internet
-
enabled telephony, satellite telephony and any other new telecommunications
technologies,



To provide access to telecoms networks to all entities at prices which will allow
universal use of those

networks,



To support cheap access for citizens to state
-
of
-
the
-
art solutions in value
-
added
telecoms services.

Planned actions




Laying down transparent conditions for licensing the telecoms business,



Laying down princip
les of access to the existing infrastructure for entities providing
telecoms services,



Laying down transparent rules of interconnection settlements which will allow
effective competition in the telecoms sector,



Harmonising Polish law with acquis comm
unautaire,



Enactment of necessary decrees, in line with Telecommunications Law requirements,
in particular, the determination of requirements relating to the universal service,



Management of radio frequencies in a transparent manner, in particular, t
he
determination of clear criteria for awarding licenses to use

radio access
* and freeing
frequencies which allow broadband radio access systems to be developed.


Specific tasks


No

Task

Implementing /
co
-
ordinating
Sourc
e of financing

Term of
implemen
e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


10

agencies

tation

1.

Preparation and implementation of a
telecoms sector development plan

MoC

(Ministry of
Communication
s)

MoC budget

middle of
2001

2.

Full liberalisation of the local and long
-
distance market

a)

Designation of entities with significant
and dominant positions in the markets
in which the following services are
provided:

-

universal services,

-

leased telecoms lines,

-

telephone services provided in mobile
public telephone networks

-

in the domestic

interconnection
market

URT
(Telecommunic
ations
Regulation
Office),
UOKiK (Office
for Competition
and Consumer
Protection)

URT budget

Entities
with
dominant
position


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a)

S
ecuring the 2520

㈶㤰O 䵈j
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UMTS
*
needs)

URT, MoIA&A
(Ministry of
Interior and
Administration)
, Ministry of
Defence
(MON),
Council of
Ministers
(CoM)

MoIA&A and
URT
budgets

constant
work

b)

S
ecuring a 10 GHz spectrum from the
army for
WLL
* needs

URT, MON,
CoM

URT budget

constant
work

5.

Preparation and enactment of necessary
decrees in line with Telecommunications
Law requirements

Minister of
Telecommunica
tions, URT

MG and UTR
budget

2001
-
2002

6.

Development of rules for making the
numbering and subscriber identification
signs available, as well as rules pertinent
to transfer of numbers, including the
in
corporation of an obligation of number
transferability in the Telecommunications
Law


Minister of
Telecommunica
tions, URT

MG and UTR
budget

end of
2002

7.

Development of rules pertinent to the
regulation of the
IP*
numbers market

URT, private
sector

URT b
udget and
private sector

end of
2002

8.

Regulation of the domestic Internet
domains market

URT,NASK
(
Research and
Academic
Computer
Network)
, JBR

private sector

URT budget, JBR,
NASK and private
sector

constant

work

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OBJECTI
VE 1: UNIVERSAL, CHEAPER, FASTER AND
SAFE ACCESS TO THE INTERNET



a)

Universal, cheaper and faster access to Internet resources



Assumptions


An essential element which the building of the
information society in Poland is conditional
upon is universal, fast and cheap access to telematic (data transmission) services, including
Internet information resources. Art. 54 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland
guarantees every citizen the ri
ght to obtain and disseminate information. In order to meet this
challenge, it is necessary to create a legal framework for the development of the telecoms
sector which would introduce effective competition mechanisms and allow existing telecoms
networks’

resources and radio frequencies to be utilised in an optimal way.


Currently, a majority of connections to the Internet network is effected by use of a modem
over a public telephone network or, if possible, over a c
able TV network. Presently, approx.
5% of households use the Internet network, and this number is estimated to have grown by
60% over the past year. Low income per family member in the majority of households and
very high prices of telecoms services may be

barriers to any further dynamic growth in the
number of households using the Internet. As a consequence, it may significantly slow down
the development of the Polish information society.


Telematics networks may also be accessed via infrastructure alterna
tive to fixed line
networks. Cable TV networks, as well as wireless access, by use of
GSM
* networks (
WAP
*
and

GPRS
* protocols), and in the future UMTS, are such examples. It is essential to support
multimedia communication*
, which includes the convergence of TV networks and multimedia
wireless systems with fixed line telecommunications systems. A growing demand for
information creates a need to construct new broadband networks and to ensure the
development of
diffusion syste
ms
* which apply radio technologies. The use of those
possibilities will enable fast and relatively cheap access to advanced telematic services.


An extremely significant task is the changeover to the
IP
* version 6 protocol, which is a
response to the revol
ution which has taken place in the Internet network over the last years. A
dynamic growth in the number of computers connected to the network has led to a situation in
which the pool of available addresses has been almost exhausted. Requirements which
mode
rn and future Internet lines must meet are entirely different than those 20 years ago,
when the IP standard was designed.


One of the ways of increasing competitiveness in the telecoms sector is to create a transparent
interconnection settlement system. Ru
les laid down by the Ministers of Communications are
applicable to the determination of settlement rates
. Decisions in each individual case are taken
by the URT under interoperator dispute settlement procedures. Other terms relating to
interconnection sett
lements are to be laid down by evaluating proposals for framework
interconnection agreements. The issue connected with the unbundling of the local loop
remains open, as discussions on that matter are still continuing in the European Union.


A high cost of
telecoms services is also a considerable obstacle to the development of e
-
commerce in the Internet. This cost, in particular, the cost of broadband access, is much
higher in our country than in European Union countries. The tariff structure based on the ti
me
of usage of a telephone line, as well as small
capacity
* of modem connections, effectively
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discourage potential customers from searching out and purchasing products by means of the
Internet.


The appearance and development of amateur and private Interne
t networks in Poland is worth
emphasising. Today there are some 1000 active sub
-
networks enabling relatively fast and
cheap global net access.

Objectives




To cause charges for access to the Internet to be reduced substantially,



To create favourable conditions for strong competition among operators providing
access to the Internet,



To enhance quality of access to Internet resources across the country,



To guarantee conditions for efficient development of diverse types of

access to the
Internet (mobile telephony, radio access, satellite connections, cable TV, digital radio
and TV, broadband networks, amateur networks, leased lines, and others).

Planned actions




Creation of a transparent system
for settlements made between ISPs and telecoms
operators,



Taking up effective actions aimed at unbundling the local loop,



Work on principles of the changeover to IPv6,



Implementation of measures creating possibilities of for the local government t
o
increase the number of Internet access points,



Supporting initiatives aimed at the construction and development of amateur and
private networks and creating, adapting and effectively enforcing regulations
preventing network construction blocking.

Specific tasks

No

Task

Implementing /
co
-
ordinating
agencies

Source of financing

Term of
implemen
tation

1.

Development of interconnection settlement rules

a)

D
esignation of entities which hold a
dominant position in the provision of
universal services and leased lines
services

URT

URT budget

middle of
2001

b)

Monitoring and evaluation of
framework proposals and, if need be,
causing them to be modified

URT

URT budget

constant
work

c)

I
nteroperator disputes settlement.

URT

URT budget

constant
work

2.

Laying down and implementing
regulations resulting in the subscriber loop
being unbundled, including: monitoring
change
s in the EU regulatory policy in
that regard and developing the URT
strategy on its basis

URT

URT budget

in line
with work
in EU
countries

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3.

Laying down principles of common use of
telecoms infrastructure and framework
terms of leased lines services, as well as
evaluation of framework proposals

URT

URT budget

End of
2001

4.

Work on principles of the changeover to
IPv6

KBN, scientific
institut
ions,
private sector

KBN budget and
private sector

in line
with work
in EU
countries

5.

Co
-
operation of the local government in
increasing the number of Internet access
points in gminas and districts

Local
government
agencies

Local government
budget

constant
work


b)

Fast Internet for researchers and students



Assumptions


Broadband telematics networks create new possibilities for collabor
ation between academic
and research centres, thereby enabling publicly available information resources to be created.
They allow efforts of researchers working in different locations to be united in one vital
system designed for developing and promoting ne
w ideas. Efficient, multimedia
communication between research and academic communities will form a basis for
innovativeness not only in different fields of science, but also in different areas of the
economy. Experience proves that solutions which are freq
uently applied at universities today,
will become solutions applied in business tomorrow.


The current level of development of the Polish IT infrastructure for researchers’ needs
corresponds to the level of Western Europe countries.


We owe this status to IT infrastructure development programmes supported by the Scientific
Research Committee (
Komitet Badań Naukowych


KBN
). In total, including effects of a 5
-
year development strategy completed in 2000, in Poland there are two wide
-
area

networks
(the Research and Academic Computer Network (
Naukowa i Akademicka Sieć Komputerowa


NASK
) and
POL
-
34
*), with an international link providing a 155 Mb/s capacity (POL
-
34 to
the TEN
-
155 network and the
NASK
* to Stockholm). 22 MANs have been create
d and 5
computer centres with large processing capacities. Structures established are also made
available to users outside the researchers’ community.


Any further development of the national network structures must be maintained at a pace
approximate to
that of Western Europe countries. It will have a stimulating effect on the
development of the information society.


The programme
“PIONEER: Polish Optical Internet


Advanced Applications, Services and
Technologies for an Information Society”
, prepared an
d co
-
ordinated by the KBN (the
Scientific Research Committee), is an essential method of providing Polish researchers and
students with access to fast Internet links for needs of research and collaboration with leading
domestic and foreign centres.

Objectives




To build out and upgrade the backbone research network in Poland to enable it to be
used for carrying out research into the challenges posed by modern science,
technology, services and application,

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To create and test
pilot services and applications for the information society needs,
forming the basis for implementations in science, education, administration and
economy,



To join the competition as regards the creation of software for new applications,



To prevent
a generation gap occurring among Polish scientists and to arrest the flow of
your scholars away from academic institutions .


Planned actions




Implementation of the
“PIONEER: Polish Optical Internet


Advanced Applications,
Ser
vices and Technologies for an Information Society”
programme including the
development of organisational and technical concepts of the development of the
information society as regards:

-

ensuring universal access to the Internet and its services for the
education sector,

-

creating a national infrastructure of a wide
-
band network of the government and
local government administration,

-

creating new models of operation and co
-
operation of government, local
government and economic institutions in a modern

information society through
advanced services and applications.



Providing the scientific community with access to advanced network and specialised
infrastructure (including high power computers),



Enabling Polish teams to participate as partners in
the 5
th

and subsequent EU
Framework Research, Technical Development and Presentation Programmes and
other international programmes,



Keeping the level of data infrastructure development on par with that in the EU
countries,

Unlike other programmes PIONER

is to be implemented by scientific consortia consisting of
research units, economic entities, organs of the government and local government
administration and co
-
financed with extra
-
budgetary funds. This programme will form an
important element initiating

the introduction of the information society in all walks of social
and economic life.

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Specific tasks

No

Task

Implementing /
co
-
ordinating
agencies

Source of financing

Term of
implemen
tation

1.


Implementation of the “
PIONEER: Polish
Optical Internet


Advanced Applications,
Services and Technologies for an
Information Society” programme

KBN, consortia
consisting of
research units,
economic
entities, organs
of the
government and
local
government
administration

Budget and other
sources

end of
2005



c)

Network security

Assumptions


Trust of both consumers and the business world as regards the use of services provided over
the Internet network is a key condition for any further growth of e
-
commerce and Internet
-
based banking. Along with the emergence of an increasingly larger number o
f such services,
new types of crime occur, against which we should be protected. These are,
inter alia
, crimes
against confidentiality, integrity and availability of data and computer systems, the
dissemination of illegal content over the Internet network
and the violation of intellectual
property rights.

Due to the nature of cyber
-
crime, it is essential that international co
-
operation in that field
should be effective and elaborated in detail. Poland’s efforts in that area should be closely
linked with ef
forts undertaken in the European Union. It relates to, in particular, the adoption
of national standards and laws to solutions created in the EU.


Security systems may be very expensive and slow down the operation of computer networks.
Therefore, no arbit
rary solutions should be introduced, but the private sector should be left
with as much freedom as possible when defining security levels adequate for its customers’
needs. One should remember that customers are often not aware of the absence of full secur
ity
in Internet
-
enabled transactions, and they are not aware how they can protect themselves
against risks. Chip cards, which are an essential element in winning trust of customers using
Internet
-
based services, may provide transaction security, ensure con
fidentiality of
transactions and safe access to data. A wide dissemination of those cards is planned in EU
countries. Hence, it is necessary to prepare the Polish infrastructure in such a manner so as to
enable chip cards to be used in line with EU standar
ds.


Since 1998, in the Business Crime Section of the Criminal Service Co
-
ordination Office at the
Chief Police Headquarters, a team has been operating, whose task is to fight cyber
-
crime and
crime against intellectual property, as well as to co
-
ordinate a
ll police actions in that area. In
addition, this team is involved in the fight against crimes committed against fixed line and
mobile operators.


The Poli
sh police have also entered into co
-
operation in this area with abroad, being active in,
among others, Interpol structures. They also participate systematically in the process of police
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stuff training. Under the Phare programme, 60 persons will be trained
in 2001, and, apart from
that, professional skills enhancement training is conducted.


Since 1996 a Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) has been operating at the JBR
NASK. The task of the team is to react to events breaching security in the Internet.

Objectives




To guarantee a high level of security of the network and access to electronic services,



To guarantee market businesses freedom in defining levels of security adequate for
their customers’ needs,



To support th
e integration of new security technologies with applications,



To co
-
operate with abroad in the area of network security and prosecution of cyber
-
crime.

Planned actions




Development of a detailed plan of action in the area
of network security and
prosecution of cyber
-
crime,



Amendment of existing legal acts and drafting new ones regarding cyber
-
crime,



Development of a plan of co
-
operation in transnational structures in the area of cyber
-
crime,



Preparation of procedur
es to review work of persons responsible for strategic network
elements,



Creation of conditions for the introduction of new authorisation technologies


multifunctional chip cards, biological parameter readers (fingerprint lines, iris, DNA),
and others.

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Specific tasks

No

Task

Implementing /
co
-
ordinating
agencies

Source of financing

Term of
implemen
tation

1.


Development of a detailed plan of action
in the area of network security,
prosecution of cyber
-
crime

MoJ (Ministry
of Justice) and
MoIA&A
(Ministry of
Interior and
Administration)
, private sector

MoJ (Ministry of
Justice) and
MoIA&A (Ministry
of Interior and
Administration),
private sector
budget

middle of
2001

2.


Development of a detailed plan of action
in the area of violation of intellectual
property and related rights

MoJ (Ministry
of Justice) and
MoIA&A
(Ministry of
Interior and
Administration)
, KBN, private
sector

MoJ (Ministry of
Justice) and
MoIA&A (Ministry

of Interior and
Administration),
KBN, private sector
budget

middle of
2001

3.


Amendment of existing legal acts and
drafting new ones regarding cyber
-
crime

MoJ

after
interdepartmental
consultations

end of
2001

4.


Development of a plan of training for
police services with respect to the
prosecution of cyber
-
crime and violation
of intellectual property

MoIA&A

after
interdepartmental
consultations

middle of
2002

5.


Trans
national co
-
operation in the area of
network security

KGP (Chief
Police
Headquarters),
Ministry of
Foreign Affairs
(MoFA)

after
interdepartmental
consultations

constant
work


d)

Free software

Assumptions

Over the last years, there has been an intensive development of computer software made
available free with no limitation on its use, in particular, software available with the so
-
called
source code, known as shareware or Open Source software.


Shareware
allows technological barriers to be overcome quickly, as programmers across the
world may participate in its development on equal rights.


Shareware is excellent teaching material, and the team nature of work on shareware
develop
ment and modification teaches habits of team work.


The use of shareware may be a source of substantial savings, what, in case of the budget
sector, seems to be of exceptionally great significance.

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Objectives




To promote shar
eware in public and commercial applications.


Planned actions



Reducing costs and providing full access to source codes thus improving the level of
security of the network systems and software in public and commercial applications.

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OBJECTIV
E 2: INVESTING IN PEOPLE AND SKILLS



a)

Education in the digital age



Assumptions


The pace of technological changes taking place in the modern world causes a modern
information society to
work out a new paradigm of education. Until now emphasis used to be
placed in schools on acquiring knowledge of facts. In the digital age creative thinking and
innovativeness are of great importance. Dynamic procedural skills covering information
search, f
iltering, evaluation of reliability and significance, processing, synthesising,
presenting, etc. are becoming increasingly important. The most effective means must be used
in these areas. Schools should teach how to take effective actions.



The developmen
t of information and communication technologies has enriched methods of
knowledge dissemination, what may considerably enhance attractiveness of the educational
process and improve its efficiency. Thanks to new telecoms systems,
distance teaching
*,
which f
its well the mainstream of transformations of the modern information society, has
experienced a rapid growth.


The upgrading of the Polish system of education is a necessary investment in the development
of the society which is entering a digital century,

in particular, as regards the younger
generation. It has become necessary to include in curricula classes which enable pupils to
acquire skills in using information and communication technologies that are indispensable for
active participation in the info
rmation society.


Resources of the Internet global network contain diverse educational content. A prerequisite
for the use of the Internet is to create school IT infrastructure and to prepare teaching stuff
both to teach computing
sensu stricto

and to uti
lise IT in teaching other subjects. By way of
example, a modern school library is not only a computerised library, but, first of all, it is a
library which performs the role of a centre for gathering information by teachers, pupils, as
well as parents, equ
ipped with fast access to Internet resources.


The status of computer penetration at Polish schools substantially differs from the level of
equipment at European schools. In Poland, the number of pupils per 1 school computer is
approx. 40, whereas the Eur
opean average is approx. 10, and the US average is approx. 5
pupils per one computer. Polish Internet educational resources are also underdeveloped. In
addition, teachers’ skills in using modern IT tools are very limited. This situation is gradually
improv
ing, as a result of the reform of education launched in Poland in September 1999.


This reform provides for multi
-
degree professional advancement possibilities, starting with a
position of a trainee teacher, when taking up work at school, to a contract te
acher, to a
qualified teacher, to a chartered teacher, and, finally, to a professor of education. The process
of professional development of a teacher will be carried out at his/her request, and it is only
dependent on his/her determination and will to bro
aden and deepen specialist and general
knowledge, as well as results of teaching, the level of engagement in schooling of the youth
and one’s availability and creativity. The status of teachers’ knowledge and professional
training is evaluated by relevant
commissions, which bring forward motions that particular
teachers should be awarded successive degrees of professional development.

The status of IT tools penetration at Polish schools is improving systematically. One of the
initiatives in this field has b
een the Intercl@ssroom programme supported by the
Parliamentary Education, Science and Youth Commission and the Ministry of National
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Education. The programme prepares the ground for the implementation of the National
Programme of Education for the Informat
ion Society. In order to increase the efficiency of
this work the Programme’s initiative group has been transformed into a Task Force of the
Intercl@ssroom Programme. This Programme uses various sources of finance: budget, EU,
international financial orga
nisations, international bilateral co
-
operation programmes, local
government, non
-
governmental organisations, private sponsors and parents of pupils. It is
estimated that this Programme will use up to PLN 400 million. The Programme has registered
the Inter
cl@ssroom mark. Under this programme in the years 1998


2000 the Ministry of
National Education continued the implementation of two projects
: “Internet Classroom in
Each Gmina”

and
“Internet Classroom in Each Gymnasium”.

The effect of the
implementation
of those projects is the creation of 5800 computer classrooms, mainly in
gymnasia, equipped with multimedia computer workstations, connected to a local network
and with access to the Internet, along with basic software. The equipment which was supplied
ove
r the period of those three years accounts for 40% of all computers currently in place at
schools.


Over the next two years work will be carried out to prepare young people to use computers
and the Internet in solving problems and to prepare teachers to cr
eatively utilise computers in
the didactic process. Schools are to be transformed into multi
-
media centres serving the
development of local communities. The
“Internet Classroom in Each Gymnasium”
programme is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2001. T
his will be accompanied by the
establishment of a mass system of teacher education in the area of information technology
utilisation, development of high school computerisation, propagation of the use of computers
and the Internet on behalf of local commun
ities, European education as well as Polish and
international programmes important from the point of view of education and the adoption by
the Government and Parliament of the “National Education Programme for the Information
Society”. A priority present a
t all stages of this work is to level the chances of young people
from rural areas and the disabled.



Insufficient training of teachers is a factor which limits the common use of IT at schools.
Tra
ining in this area must be carried out as soon as possible, within the next few years at the
maximum. It should cover not only computing teachers, but also teachers of other subjects,
including exact sciences, humanities and arts. The fact of high awarenes
s of the teachers’
community as regards a need for fast and specialist development of skills in IT is a positive
phenomenon.


The number of teachers who were trained in information technology is approximately 10% of
the total number of teachers employed in

public schools (approx. 546 thousand). The Ministry
of National Education estimates that about 410 thousand teachers must yet be trained, taking
into account a projected workforce reduction attributable to the oncoming demographic low.
In 2000, as part of

preparations for the development of training programmes, criteria were
established, which must be met by centres conducting such training. Also, bidding was
announced, aimed at selecting centres which meet those criteria, a list of accredited centres
was
drawn up, and it was passed to school superintendents


project co
-
ordinators. In
addition, principles of execution of tasks, recruitment of participants, as well as supervision
and transfer of funds, were determined.


Higher education is in a better situ
ation in terms of computer equipment possessed. Further,
increased expenditures are nevertheless necessary, since the acceleration of the information
society development is conditional upon them. The main stress should be placed on training
of academic tea
chers in the use of new technologies in research and teaching, as well as on
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the creation of knowledge resources commonly available both to primary, post
-
primary and
higher education, as well as to the general public.


Fast progress in the implementation
of modern technologies generates a need to continually
brush up and deepen one’s knowledge in order to meet new civilizational challenges. Distance
teaching, understood as a method of conducting the teaching process under conditions when a
teacher and his/
her students are separated from one another in space and in time, plays an
increasingly more important role in the process of permanent education. Modern information
and communication technologies enable the transmission of audio and video materials,
compu
ter data, as well as they provide a direct contact in real time between the teacher and
the student by means of audio and teleconference systems.


Distance teaching is an important element of a modern system of education, even more so that
it is primarily

addressed to people wishing to enhance the level of their education and
professional qualifications, the jobless, the youth from poor families and rural communities
with impeded access to knowledge, as well as the disabled.


Experiences of highly develop
ed countries demonstrate that economic prosperity and high
position of these countries in the world market as well as the competitiveness of their
economies increasingly depend on the level of knowledge in society and the ability to create
and utilise tech
nical, economic and IT expertise in economic processes. Their national
economies are based on the growing numbers of well
-
educated people with creative skills
which turns out to be a necessary precondition for technical, economic and social progress.


The
processes of economic modernisation coupled with structural changes in the existing
branches of the economy and the development of new ones have accelerated significantly in
Poland over the past several years. Due to the economic restructuring huge numbers

of
employees have been faced with the need to acquire new qualifications adapted to the
requirements of the market. Changes in production, technology and economic philosophy
have resulted in the demand for new professions e.g. IT, marketing, banking, adve
rtising
specialists as well as new skills such as computer literacy and knowledge of foreign
languages. In addition Poland must fill the education gap in order to catch up with the most
industrialised countries. This is of paramount importance on the eve o
f the country’s
accession to the European Union and the prospects of participating in the international labour
market. In order to meet these challenges it is necessary to build a system of continuous
learning of adults. Actions aimed at constructing the a
foresaid system form the key elements
of the “
National Employment Growth and Human Resources Development Strategy for the

years 2000


2006
” and the “
National Action Plan for Employment in the years 2000


2001
”.
Supporting the tasks set forth in the above
-
mentioned documents by applying information
technology could effectively contribute towards faster establishment of a modern system of
continuous learning in Poland.

Objectives




To adapt Polish educational programmes to needs
of the knowledge
-
based society,



To saturate public schools with computer equipment having access to the Internet,



To prepare teaching staff for the use of IT tools,



To create a multimedia teaching materials base,



To develop permanent educatio
n and distance teaching systems,



To develop IT and telecommunications education among adults.

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Planned actions




Furnishing schools with computer equipment,



Modifying teacher studies curricula to include the use of IT and
telecommunications
equipment,



Training of teachers in the use of IT tools,



Creation of
multimedia information centres
in schools libraries,



Training of librarians in the use of IT tools,



Building an educational resources base: thematic educatio
nal portals, virtual e
-
libraries, servers with educational materials, the development of multimedia
educational applications,



Preparation of schools’ head teachers and administrations for the use of modern
in
formation and communication technologies for education management and in
school teaching,



Implementation of the “IT Education” programme,



Causing Polish educational establishments to have full accreditation for mutual
diploma recognition purposes,
without a need to have diplomas certified,



Elaboration of a conception of a permanent education system,



Elaboration of a conception for the implementation, development and co
-
ordination of
a distance teaching system and development of a certificatio
n system,



Laying down principles of control of the formal and technical level of educational
applications,



Enabling adults to gain qualifications required to use the applications of the
information society,



Building data bases on modular vocationa
l training programmes and the training
services market,



Increasing the participation of regional / nation
-
wide local government organisations
in IT and telecommunications education.

e
Poland


Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


24

Specific tasks

No

Task

Implementing /
co
-
or
dinating
agencies

Source of financing

Term of
implemen
tation

1.



Completion of the equipping of gymnasia
with 10
-
station Internet classrooms

MoNE
(Ministry of
National
Education

MoNE budget

end of
2001

2.


Equipping approx. 100 special gymnasia
with 4
-
station sets having access to the
Internet

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2001

3.


Equipping post
-
gymnasium schools with 15
-
station Internet classrooms with a server

Equipping 373 secondary schools

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2001

Equipping gradually other post
-
gymnasium schools

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2003

4.


Creation of
multimedia information centres
in school libraries

Equipping 373 libraries in secondary
schools

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2001

Equipping gradually other libraries in
post
-
gymnasium schools

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2003

5.


Equipping primary schools with computer
classrooms

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2006

6.


Building an educational resources base:
thematic educational portals, virtual e
-
libraries, servers with educational
materials, multimedia educational
applications

MoNE

MoNE budget

constant
work

7.


Training of teachers in the use of IT tools
and technologies

MoNE

MoNE budget

end of
2006

8.


Continuation of the teachers’ skills
enhancement process by use of a worked
-
out model of IT classes during post
-
graduate studies under successive editions
of ce
ntral grants

MoNE

MoNE budget

constant
work

9.


Conducting training courses under
voivodship grants or other forms co
-
ordinated by school superintendents

MoNE

MoNE budget

constant
work

10.


Defining the standards for entities vying
for accreditation for the running of
training courses in information technology
and communications at various levels

MoNE

MoNe budget

end of
2001

11.


Announcement and the carrying ou
t of
another bidding for training centres


the
expansion of the list of centres qualified to
train teachers in IT,

MoNE, s

MoNE budget

end of
2001

12.


Introduction of a principle under which
MoNE,
MoNE, professional
after
e
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Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


25

the passage to the next qualification
degree, from a trainee
teacher to a
chartered teacher, should be conditional
upon obtaining by 2006 a licence
evidencing enhancement of professional
qualifications in the use of IT

professional
organisation

organisations’
扵摧et

c潮獵o瑡瑩
潮o

ㄳN


Training of librarians in the use of IT

MoNE

MoNE budget

after
consultati
ons

14.


Training of schools’ head teachers and
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䵯久

䵯久⁢畤来t

a晴f爠
c潮獵o瑡瑩
潮o

ㄵN


Implementation of the “IT Education”
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J
se浥獴mr
灯獴
J
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a晴f爠
c潮獵o瑡瑩
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ㄶN


Introduction of an absolute requirement of
hiring only those teachers who can
produce a relevant certificate or licence
evidencing their skills in using IT in the
performance of teaching tasks

MoNE

MoNE budget

after
consultati
ons

17.


Development of a concept of continuous
learning

MoNE

MoNE budget

after
consultati
ons

18.


Introduction of a system of professional
grades or licences in IT professions

MoNE,
professional
NGOs

MoNe and
professional NGOs’
扵摧et

a晴f爠
c潮獵o瑡瑩
潮o

ㄹN


Elaboration of a conception for the
implementation, development and co
-
ordination of a distance teaching system
and development of a certification system

MoNE, KBN

MoNE budget

after
consultati
ons

20.


Laying down principles of control of the
formal and t
echnical level of educational
applications

MoNE,
professional
organisations

MoNE, professional
organisations’
扵摧et

a晴f爠
c潮獵o瑡瑩
潮o

㈱O


Adaptation of vocational schools to the
needs of the labour market (now profiles
of schools)
and the equipment of selected
schools with computers

16 voivodship
governments

Phare 2001, Social
and Economic
Cohesion, Human
resources
development
programme, budget

2002
-
2004

22.


Development and implementation of
modular vocational training programme
s
in IT and communications and the
application of IT in various areas of
vocational activity, including the
operation of the EU sector data systems

MoLSP
(Ministry of
Labour and
Social Policy)

Phare 2000

1Q 2003

23.


Establishment of a data base on modular
vocational training programmes including
IT training programmes and institutions
implementing them

MoLSP

Phare 2000

1Q 2003

e
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Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


26

24.


Establishment of a computer data base on
the training services market by, among
othe
rs, expanding the Education module
in the Doradca 2000 computer program

NLO (National
Labour office)

Budget and other
sources

End of
2003

25.


Development and pilot implementation of
the rules and procedur
es of organising
training for persons seeking employment,
included the disabled persons within the
distance learning framework
(correspondence courses utilising multi
-
media education packages and Internet
resources)

NLO, labour
offices

NLO’s budget,
ia扯b
爠r畮u

䕮搠 潦o
㈰〲

㈶O


Vocational IT training for the young
unemployed (5000 persons from 50
districts with structural unemployment)

MoLSP

Phare 2001, Social
and Economic
Cohesion, Human
resources
development
programme

2002
-
2004

27.


IT training fo
r the unemployed and people
threatened with unemployment

Local
governments in
Warmińsko
J
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i畢u汳歩eⰠ
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癯楶潤v桩灳

m桡牥 ㈰〱O p潣楡i
a湤n 䕣潮潭oc
C潨o獩潮Ⱐ oeg楯湡i
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m牯rra浭es

㍑P 潦o
㈰〱O


㈰〳

㈸O


IT training for the unemployed and people
threatened with unemployment

16 voivodship
local
governments

Phare 2001, Social
and Economic
Cohesion, Human
resources
development
programme

2002
-
2004

29.


Improving skills increasing the chances of
finding emplo
yment by disabled persons
by organising IT training guaranteeing a
qualifications certificate

PFRON, district
local
governments,
NGPs

PFRON

Constant
work



b)

Occupational work in the knowledge
-
based economy

Assumptions


The application of information technology can also significantly facilitate the observation and
registration of phenomena taking place in the labour market. Over the past several years this
market in Poland has been undergoing dyn
amic changes both in terms of the overall system
and its individual sectors. The restructuring processes lead to the disappearance of many
professions and the creation of others. Day
-
to
-
day observation of these processes in necessary
for the creation of ra
tional labour policies and stimulation of the desired changes in the
employment structure. This observation can be made much easier by the use of information
technology in collecting, processing and publishing data. Work in this area has already been
initi
ated by the Central Statistical Office. The labour offices computerisation system is being
improved. The implementation of the PULS system has contributed to better flow of
e
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Strategy for Development of Information Society in Poland for the Years 2001
-
2006


27

information required for monitoring and creating labour market policies and improvi
ng
customer service at individual labour offices. However, there still remain considerable
possibilities for improving the functioning and expanding the offer range of labour offices by
utilising the data network. The most important include the preparation

of a computerised data
base of the labour market and the introduction of a full, nation
-
wide job offers bank in the
Internet.


Data networks also enable the development of flexible forms of employment and above all
teleworking. This form of employment is

attractive not just to certain groups experiencing
problems with labour market access such as the disabled or child
-
caring women but above all
to employers as it contributes to the lowering of the labour costs. It is therefore necessary to
adopt measures
stimulating the development of teleworking both in the internal and the
European market by drafting regulations enabling Poles to obtain this form of work in foreign
companies.


Universal development of the utilisation of information technology depends

not only on the
creation of the data infrastructure but also on providing the possibilities of obtaining IT
training by large numbers of specialists in this field who would then create progress in this
area. Without high
-
class experts the development of t
he data and telecommunications market
will come to a standstill. Hence the need to stimulate the development of professions utilising
information and telecommunications technology. The basic matter requiring urgent attention
is the registration of achievem
ents, identification of information technology professions
existing in the market and their entry in the Classification of Professions and Specialisation.
Identification of information technology professions will provide the basis for initiating work