Appendix C: List of Acronyms

blackstartNetworking and Communications

Oct 26, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Appendix C: List of Acronyms



147

Appendix C: List of Acronyms


ABM

Asynchronous Balanced Mode

AC

Alternating Current

ACK

Acknowledgement

ADSL

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

AM

Amplitude Modulation

AMI

Alternate Mark Inversion

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

API

Application
Programming Interface

ARM

Asynchronous Response Mode

ARP

Address Resolution Protocol

ARQ

Automatic Repeat Request

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASK

Amplitude Shift Keying

ASN.1

Abstract Syntax Notation 1

AT

Attention

ATDM

Asynchr
onous Time Division Multiplexing

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

bit

binary digit

bit/s

bits per second

BCC

Block Check Character

BSC

Binary Synchronous Communications

BiSync

Binary Synchronous Communications

BnZS

Bipolar n Zero Substitution

CA

Certificatio
n Authority

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

CIDR

Classless Internet Domain Routing

CHAP

Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol

CMI

Code Mark Inversion

CMIP

Common Management Information Protocol

CRC

Cyclical Redundancy Check

CSMA/CA

Carrier Sense M
ultiple Access with Collision Avoidance

CSMA/CD

Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection

dB

deciBel

DC

Direct Current

DCE

Data Communications Equipment /


Data Circuit
-
terminating Equipment

DLE

Data Link Escape

DES

Data Encryption Standard

DI
B

Directory Information Base

DME

Differential Manchester Encoding

DMT

Discrete Multi
-
Tone

DNA

Digital Network Architecture

DNS

Domain Name System

DOS

Disk Operating System

DSLAM

Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer

DoD

Department of Defense

DTE

Data
Terminal Equipment

DAP

Directory Access Protocol

DLE

Data Link Escape

DOCSIS

Data over Cable Service Interface Specification

DSA

Directory Service Agent

DSP

Directory Service Protocol

CIS 222


Vol 1: Data Communications

148

DUA

Directory User Agent

DWDM

Dense Wave Division Multiplexing

EBCDIC

Ex
tended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

EIA

Electronic Industries Association

FDDI

Fibre Data Distributed Interface

FDM

Frequency Division Multiplexing

FDMA

Frequency Division Multiple Access

FEC

Forward Error Correction

FM

Frequency Modulation

FSK

Fr
equency Shift Keying

FTAM

File Transfer Access and Management

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GUI

Graphical User Interface

HDB3

High density Bipolar Order 3

HDLC

High
-
level Data Link Control

HFC

Hybrid Fibre
-
Coaxial

HTML

Hyper
-
Text Mark
-
up Language

HTTP

Hyper
-
T
ext Transfer Protocol

HTTPS

Secure HTTP

Hz

Hertz

ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IGMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

IMAP

Internet Mail Access Protocol

IP

Internet Protocol

IPCP

IP Control Protocol

IPsec

IP Security

IPX

Internetwork Packet Exchange

IrDA

Infra
-
red Data Association

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital network

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet Service Provider

ITU
-
T

I
nternational Telecommunications Union



Telecommunications Standardization Sector

JPEG

Joint Photographic Expert Group

kbit/s

kilobit (thousand bits) per second

kHz

kiloHertz (thousand Hertz)

LAPB

Link Access Protocol Balanced

LAN

Local Area Network

LASER

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

LCP

Link Control Protocol

LDAP

Light
-
weight Directory Access Protocol

LED

Light
-
Emitting Diode

LLC

Logical Link Control

LRC

Longitudinal Redundancy Check

MAC

Medium Access Control

MAN

Metropolitan Ar
ea Network

Mbit/s

Megabits (million bits) per second

MIB

Management Information Base

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MLT
-
3

Multi
-
Line Transmission 3
-
level

MPEG

Motion Picture Expert Group

ms

milliseconds (thousandth of a second)

m/s

metres per s
econd

MA

Multiple Access



Appendix C: List of Acronyms



149

Mbit/s

Megabits (million bits) per second

MHS

Message Handling Service

MHz

MegaHertz (million Hertz)

MOTIS

Message Oriented Text Interchange Standard

MPE

Manchester Phase Encoding

MSS

Maximum Segment Size

MTU

Maximum Transfer Unit

Mux

Multiplexer

mW

milliWatts (thousandth of a Watt)

NAK

Negative Acknowledgement

NCP

Network Control Protocol

NFS

Network File System

NIC

Network Interface Card

NRM

Normal Response Mode

NSAP

Network Service Access Point

NSDU

Network Service Data Unit

NPDU

Network Protocol Data Unit

NRZ

Non
-
Return to Zero

NRZ
-
I

Non
-
Return to Zero
-

Invert

NRZ
-
L

Non
-
Return to Zero
-

Level

NVT

Network Virtual Terminal

OSI

Open Systems Interconnection

OUI

Organisationally Unique Identifier

PAM

Pulse Amplitude Modulation

PAN

Pe
rsonal Area Network

PAP

Password Authentication Protocol

PC

Personal Computer

PCM

Pulse Code Modulation

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant

PDU

Protocol Data Unit

PKI

Public Key Infrastructure

PM

Phase Modulation

POP3

Post Office Protocol 3

PPP

Point
-
to
-
Point P
rotocol

PSK

Phase Shift Keying

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

QAM

Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

RARP

Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

REJ

Reject

RFC

Request For Comment

RPC

Remote Procedure Call

RQ

Repeat Request

RTT

Round Trip Time

RZ

Return
to Zero

SAP

Service Access Point

SDH

Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SDU

Service Data Unit

SETI

Search for Extra
-
Terrestrial Intelligence

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

SNA

Systems Network Architecture

SNR

Signal t
o Noise Ratio

SPrings

Shared Protection Rings

SPX

Sequenced Packet Exchange

SSH

Secure Shell

SSL

Secure Sockets Layer

CIS 222


Vol 1: Data Communications

150

STDM

Statistical Time Division Multiplexing

STP

Shielded Twisted Pair

TCM

Trellis Code Modulation

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TDM

Ti
me Division Multiplexing

TDMA

Time Division Multiple Access

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

TIA

Telecommunications Industries Association

TLS

Transport Layer Security

TTL

Time To Live

TV

Television

UART

Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter

UDP

U
ser Datagram Protocol

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

USB

Universal Serial Bus

UTP

Unshielded Twisted Pair

VRC

Vertical redundancy Check

VT

Virtual Terminal

W

Watt

WAN

Wide Area Network

WDM

Wavelength Division Multiplexing

WWW

World
-
Wide Web

XDR

External Data

Representation

XML

Extensible Mark
-
up Language

XOR

Exclusive OR