“Cognitive Linguistics”

blabbedharborAI and Robotics

Feb 23, 2014 (3 years and 3 months ago)

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“Cognitive Linguistics”

Laura A. Janda

Since Stockholm 1999…


Santa Barbara, CA 2001


La Rioja, Spain 2003


Seoul, Korea 2005


Krakow, Poland 2007


Berkeley, CA 2009

Our Journal…


“Tier I” International
journal since 1989…
Currently edited by
Ewa Dąbrowska
(Sheffield U)


Relations to other disciplines


psychology, anthropology, neurobiology,
AI, etc.


Why is this important? How does this differ
from other linguistic approaches?

Core concepts


Status of linguistic cognition


Status of meaning


Status of prediction


Embodiment of meaning and perceptual
filtering of reality


Structure of cognitive categories


Mental spaces and mapping


metaphor,
metonymy, and blends

Advantages of Cognitive Linguistics


Data
-
friendly


User
-
friendly (
Case Book for Russian

and
pedagogical applications)


The Russian Genitive case


Four core members of the radial category


Genitive: a source (prototype)


Genitive: a goal


Genitive: a whole


Genitive: a reference


How are they related to each other?


How are they extended?

Genitive: a source


Physical withdrawal
: вещи вынутые из
сундука


Extension to emotional withdrawal:

бояться, стесняться

Genitive: a goal


Physical approach:
до земли


Extensions to domains of:


Time
: до понедельника


Purpose
: для, ради; Как вы достигли такого
нравственного совершенства?, ожидать,
требовать

Genitive: a whole


Physical part/whole relationship:
кусок яблока;
среди, внутри


Extension to domains of:


Possession:
машина брата


Category membership
: человек большой души; в
виде, в качестве


Event relationship
: издание съедобных детских книг


Quantification:
пятнадцать минут, достаточно;
выпил чаю (
partitive
); набрался храбрости


Genitive: a reference


Physical reference point:
у


Е
xtension to domains of:


Time:
восьмого августа


Quantification:
без, никаких забастовок
небыло


Comparison:
выше личных интересов

Some possible uses of cognitive
linguistics for study of Russian


Phonology


Morphophonology


Morphology


Case


Aspect


Derivational morphology


Syntax


Lexicon