# GANPAT UNIVERSITY

Mechanics

Oct 31, 2013 (4 years and 7 months ago)

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GANPAT UNIVERSITY

Detailed syllabus

Of

B.Tech Semester
-
III

(CBCS)

(
Civil

Engineering)

3
-
201
4

CIVIL
ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

U.V.PATEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

MEHSANA
-
GOZARIA HIGHWAY, KHERVA
-
282711, ME
HSANA

Phone: (02762)286805, 286081

Fax: (02762) 286650

www.uvpce.ac.in

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. I
II

Civil Engineering

2
C
I
301

Mathematics

II
I

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theor
y

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

0

3

3

0

3

30

70

3

-

10
0

COURSE CONTENT:

UNIT
I

THEORY OF COMPLEX VARIABLES:

Analytic functions, Cauchy

Riemann equation, harmonic functions, line integral, Cauchy’
s theorem
and Cauchy’s integral, simple form of conform transformation with application of the solution of two
dimensional problems.

UNIT
II

ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION (HIGHER ORDER):

Ordinary differential equation with constant coefficient, variatio
n of parameter methods, Cauchy

Euler differential equations, simultaneous differential equations with constant coefficient, applications
of ordinary differential equation.

UNIT
III

PARTIAL

DIFFERENTIAL

EQUATIONS:

Formation of partial differential eq
uations, LaGrange’s first order partial differential equations, directly
integral equations, method of separable of variables, application to wave equations, diffusion equation
and Laplace equation.

UNIT
IV

LAPLACE

TRANSFORMS:

Definition, Laplace transfor
m of elementary functions, properties of Laplace transform, inverse Laplace
transform, transform of derivatives, transform of integration, multiplication by t
n

, division by t,
convolution theorem, unit step and heaviside’s unit function, direct
-
delta func
tion, periodic functions,
solution of ordinary linear differential equations, simultaneous equation with constant co
-
efficient
applied to electrical circuits.

UNIT

V

FOURIER

SERIES:

Definition of periodic function, Euler’s formula, functions having poin
ts of discontinuity, change of
intervals, odd and even functions, expansion of odd or even periodic functions, half range sine and
cosine series, elements of harmonic analysis.

UNIT

VI

FOURIER

TRANSFORMS:

Definition, Fourier integral, Fourier sine and co
sine integration, complex form of Fourier integral,
Fourier transform, Fourier transforms, Fourier sine and cosine transform, inverse Fourier transforms.

UNIT

VII

STATISTICS:

Probability, Total probability, Independent events, theorem of compound probabil
ity, Bay’s theorem,
random variable, discrete probability distribution, continuous probability distribution, expectation,
moment generating function, repeated trials, Binominal, Poisson’s and normal distribution applications,
calculation of error, probable

error, standard error.

TERM WORK

I

Term work shall consist of tests on cement and aggregate, fresh concrete and hardened concrete. It
includes destructive, partial destructive and non
-

destructive tests.

II

Term work shall include report on topic assig
ned by respective lab in
-
charge.

III

Term work shall include field visit and students will have to submit a report

IV

Oral/Practical marks include viva
-
voce on practical performed and submitted reports.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

A
PPLIED
M
ATHEMATICS
V
OL
.

I

&

I
I

BY
P.N.

W
ARTIKAR
&

J.N.

W
ARTIKAR

II

H
IGH
E
NGINEERING
M
ATHEMATICS

BY
B.S.

G
REWAL

III

E
NGINEERING
M
ATHEMATICS

BY
S
HRIVASTVA

IV

H
IGHER
E
NGINEERING MATHEMATI
CS BY
D
R K
.
R
.

KACHOT
.

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. III

Civil Engineering

2CI302
Mechanics of Structures

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem

. End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

100

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

BENDING STRESSES IN BEAMS

Introduction, simple bending, theory of simple bending, moment of resistance, modulus of section, beam
of uniform section, composite section, lami
nated spring

UNIT

II

SHEARING STRESSES IN BEAMS

Introduction, shear stress distribution for beam of rectangular, circular, triangle and I
-

section.

UNIT

III

PRINCIPAL STRESSES AND STRAINS

Principal planes, principle stresses, Analytical method for princ
ipal stress, Mohr

s circle of stress and
strain, Theories of failure.

UNIT

I
V

TORSION

Basic assumption, Torsion formula, Design of circular sections, Angle of twist, Shearing stress,
Deformation, Closed coiled h
elical springs, Helical Springs, power tran
smitted by shaft, keys &
coupling.

UNIT

V

THICK AND THIN CYLINDER

Introduction, Thin cylinder and thin spherical vessels under pressure, Applications of thin cylinder,
Hoop and radial Stresses in cylinders, longitudinal stresses in thick cylinder, Applica
tion of thick
cylinder, Max circumferential and Radial stresses in thick cylinders

UNIT

V
I

STRAIN ENERGY

Resilience, Strain in spring, Strain energy in tension, compression, Shear bending torsion, Proof

UNIT

V
II

COL
UMNS AND STRUTS

Short column subjected axial forces and bending moments, engineering problems, long columns,
stability and equilibrium, ranking formula, Indian standard formula, criteria for design of columns

UNIT

VI
II

DIRECT AND BENDING STRESSES
:

Members

subjected to eccentric loads, middle third rule, and kernel of section, chimney
subjected

to
wind pressure,

retaining walls and dams subjected to hydraulic pressure

UNIT

IX

ANALYSIS OF PERFECT FRAME:

Types of frames,

Assumptions for forces in the members

of a perfect frames,

Analytical methods for
forces,

Method of joints,

Method of sections(Moments), Force table, Cantilever trusses,

Structures with
one end hinged and other freely supported on rollers and carrying horizontal loads
,

Miscellaneous

structure
s

PRACTICAL WORK

The practical work shall be based on experimental and analytical work on the topics mentioned above and will be
defended by the candidates.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Strength of Materials

By

S.

Ramamrutham

, Dhanpat rai & Sons.

II

Strength of Materials

By

R.

S.

Khurmi

, S. Chand & Co. New Delhi

III

Strength of Materials

By M. Chakraborti, S. K. Kataria & Sons

IV

Engineering Mechanics Of Solids By E. P. Popove

V

Mechanics Of Materials By Gere & Timosh
enko

VI

Mechanics of structure vol I

By

S.

B.

Junnarkar and H.J. Shah,

Charotar publishing house, Anand

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. III

Civil 䕮gineering

2CI303
Cons瑲uc瑩on

Ma瑥rials and 䕮gineering Geology

Teachin
g Scheme ⡈rs)

Credit

䕸amina瑩on Scheme ⡍arks)

䱥ct

Prac琮

To瑡l

Prac瑩
cal/T
W

To瑡l

Pra/

Tot

In瑥rnal

Asses

Sem . 䕮d

Marks

Hrs

2

2

4

2

1

3

3

ㄵ1

C O U R S E C O N T E N T
:

C O N S T R U C T I O N

M AT E R I A L S

UNIT

I

Types of

building stones and bricks, I.S. specification for bricks, bricks manufacturing process, tiles, stone
ware pipes and terra cotta production.

UNIT

II

Types of limes, and cements, and their usages, mortars and concrete, different type of mix proportions, a
nd
their uses.

UNIT

III

Timber usages in buildings, main varieties of timber, main defects, preservation of timber, allied products,
ply
-
wood, veneers, particle boards.

UNIT

IV

Miscellaneous building materials, iron and structural steel, aluminum, glass
, plastics, asphalts, varnishes,
distempers, paints and cement paints.

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY

UNIT

V

SCOPE OF GEOLOGY IN CIVIL ENGG.

Development of Engineering Geology, geological formation in India, geological processes.

UNIT

VI

MINERALS AND ROCKS:

Physic
al properties, types and identification.

UNIT

VII

DIFFERENT GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES:

Folds, faults, joints, dip and strike relation, geological investigation approaches

UNIT

VIII

GEOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS:

Tunnels, dams, reservoirs, roads, buildings and br
idges, earthquake zone and seismic hazards.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Technical Teachers Training Institute, “ Civil Engineering Materials “, Chandigarh

II

Gosh D. N., “ Materials of Construction “, Tata McGraw Hill Publication, New Delhi.

III

Rangwala S. C.
, “ Engineering Materials “, Charotar Book Stall, Anand.

IV

Text book of geology by P. K. Mukerjee

V

Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers V Reddy,.; Oxford & IBH, 1997, New Delhi

VI

Geology for Engineers F.G.H Blyth, and M.H de Freitas,., ELBS, 1974
London

VII

Textbook of Engineering Geology C Kesavulu, , Macmillan, India Ltd., 1993, New Delhi

VIII

Gupta R. B.,” Text book of Engineering Geology “, Vidhyarthi Gruh Prakashan, Pune.

IX

Parbinsingh “ Engineering and General Geology ”, Katson Publishi
ng House

X

Arora D. S., “ Geology for Engineers “, Mohindra Capital Publishers, Chandigarh

XI

Maclean A. C. & O. D. Gribble,
“Geology

for Civil Engineers “, George Allen & Onwin Publication.

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech.
Sem. IV

Civil Engineering

2CI304
Building Planning & Design

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

BUILDING PLANNING

UNIT

I

Study of general principles of Planning and Architecture.

UNIT

II

Typical Building Byelaws as per National Building Code and General Development Control Regulation

UNIT

III

Planning of residenti
al buildings, Public buildings and Multi
-
storied structure.

UNIT

IV

Planning of Earthquake resistant buildings considering symmetry, simplicity, continuity, staircase, water
tank etc.

UNIT

V

Preparing Working Drawings of Residential Buildings. Various t
ypes, Scale selection, Material
description.

UNIT

VI

Elements of Perspective Drawing
-
basic terms, One point and Two point Perspective.

BUILDING DRAWING:

UNIT

VII

Drawing scales, different drawings, presentation drawings, drawing parallel and oblique per
spective
views, working drawings, staircase detailing and drawing, foundation layouts, landscape and other
sketches.

PRACTICALS / DRAWING / STUDIO :

1. Assignment on planning of residential building

(a)
Bungalow

,
(b)

Duplex
,
(c)

Apartment

&
(d) Row Hou
se

2. Assignment on planning of public building

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Shah M. G.
,

Kale C. M., and S. Y. Patki, “ Building Drawing “, Tata Mc
-
Graw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd, New Delhi
(1997).

II

Sane Y. S., “ Planning & Designing of Building “, Allies Book Stall,

P
u
na

III

“General

Development Control Regulations”,
Urban Development Authority.

IV

Ernest Pickering, “ Architectural Design”, John Wiley & Sons

V

Building planning, designing and scheduling by Gurcharansingh

VII

National Building Code
-
2005, New Delhi
.

VIII

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. III

Civil Engineering

2CI305
Fluid Mechanics
-

I

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Pract
i
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS:

Specific weight, mass density, specific gravity, viscosity, Newton’s law of viscosity, surfa
ce tensionI

UNIT

II

HYDROSTATICS:

Pressure and its measurement, fluid pressure at a point, Pascal’s law, pressure and its relation with height,
atmosphe物cI absoluteI gauge and negative p牥ssu牥I measu牥ment o映 p牥ssu牥
th牯ugh piezo
J
mete爠and
va物ous types o映monometerK

qotal p牥ssu牥I intensity o映p牥ssu牥I cent牥 o映p牥ssu牥K m牥ssu牥 on ho物zontalI ve牴icalI inclined and cu牶ed
su牦rceK 䉵oyancyI cent牥 at 䉵oyancyI jeta cent牥 and jeta cent牥 heightK 䍯ndition o映eq
uilib物um o映

J
cent物c heightK

UNIT

III

HYDRO
-
KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS:
Types of fluid flow, continuity Equation, Euler’s Equation
of motion, Bernoulli’s equation of motion.

Practical application of Bernoulli’s Equation.

⡖entu物meter

o物晩ce meterI mitot tube)
K

UNIT

IV

MEASUREMENT

OF FLOW:

Orifice & Mouth piece

Classification, hydraulic coefficients, experimental determination of hydraulic coefficient Discharge
through al
l types of
orifice

& mouthpiece, time of emptying the tank through orifice and mouthpiece.

Notches and Weirs

Classification, discharge through various types of Notches and Weirs. Time of emptying a Reservoir or a
Tank with notches & weirs.

UNIT

V

FLOW TH
ROUGH PIPES:

Introduction, Loss of energy in pipe, major and minor losses of energy in
pipes, hydraulic gradient, total energy line, pipes in series, pipes in parallel, flow through branched pipes,
and hydraulic transmission of power.

TERM WORK

I

Term
work shall consist of tests on cement and aggregate, fresh concrete and hardened concrete. It includes
destructive, partial destructive and non
-

destructive tests.

II

Term work shall include report on topic assigned by respective lab in
-
charge.

III

Term
work shall include field visit and students will have to submit a report

IV

Oral/Practical marks include viva
-
voce on practical performed and submitted reports.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines By Dr.R.K.Bansal

II

Fluid mechanics

By Dr.D.S.Kumar

III

Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines By Dr.P.N.Modi & Sheth

IV

Fluid mechanics By Dr.A.K.Jain

V

Hydraulic Fluid mechanics & Fluid Machines By S.Ramamurthan

VI

Engineering Fluid Mechanic By R.J.Garde & A.C.Mirajgaoker

VII

Fluid Me
chanics V.L Streeter,. and E.B Wylie,., , McGraw Hill, 1985, New York

VIII

Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, K Subramanya , Tata
-
McGraw Hill Publishing Co, 1993, New
Delhi.

IX

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics E.J Shaughnessy,., I.M Katz,. and
J.P Schaffer,. SI edition, 2005,

Oxford University Press, New Delhi

X

Fluid
Mechanics,

F.M., White, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, New York.

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. III

Civil Engineering

2CI306
NUMARICAL METHODS & COMPUTER PR
OGRA
M
MING

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS

U
NIT

I

SOLVING NONLINEAR EQUATIONS

Interval Halving Revisited, Linear Interpolation Method, Newton’s Method, Muller’s Method,

Newton’s
Method for polynomial.

UNIT

II

SOLVING SETS OF EQUATIONS

Matrix notation, the elimination method, gauss & gauss
-
jordan me
thods, Iterative method, system of
nonlinear equation
.

UNIT

III

INTERPOLATION AND CURVE FITTING

Lagrangian polynomials, Divided difference, Least
-
Squares approximation
.

UNIT

I
V

NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND NUMERICAL INTEGRATION

Getting derivatives and
integrals numerically, Derivatives from difference table, higher order derivatives,
extrapolation techniques, Newton
-
Cotes integration formulas, the trapezoidal rule, simpson’s rules

UNIT

V

NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

The Taylor
-
Series method, Euler and modified
Euler

method, runge
-
kutta method, multistep method,
milne’s method, convergence criteria, error and error propagation, systems of equation and higher order
equation, comparison of method/stiff equation

OBJECT ORIENTED PRO
GRAMMING

UNIT

VI

PRINCIPLES OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING

Paradigm, Basic Concept, Benefits of OOP, Application of OOP, Structure of C++ program, scope
resolution operator

UNIT

VII

FUNCTION IN C++

The main function, call by reference, return by referen
ce, inline function, default argument, const

UNIT

VII
I

CLASS AND OBJECT

Introduction, specifying a class, defining member function, C++ program with class, making an outside
function inline, private member function, arrays

within a class, static data member, static member
function, array of objects, object as function arguments, friendly function, returning objects

UNIT

IX

CONSTRUCTORS AND DESTRUCTORS

Introduction, constructor, parameterized constructor, multiple construct
or in a class, constructor with
default arguments, dynamic initialization of objects, copy constructor, destructor

UNIT

X

operator,
type conversion

UNIT

XI

INHERITANCE

Introduction, defining derived class, single inheritance, multiple inheritance, multilevel inheritance,
hierarchical inheritance, hybrid inheritance, virtual base class, abstract class, constructor in derived
class

UNIT

XII

POINTERS, VIRTUAL FUNCTION AND POLYMORPHISM

Introduction, pointer to object, this pointer, pointers to derived class, virtual function, and pure virtual
function

PRACTICAL WORK:
-

The practical work shall be based on and analytical work o
n the topics mentioned above and will be defended by the
candidates.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Object Oriented Programming with C++

by

E
Balaguruswami

II

by Schmidt

III

Object Oriented Programming in Turbo C++
by Lafore Robert

IV

Applie
d Numerical Analysis
by Curtis F. Gerald, Patrick O.Wheatley

V

C language and Numerical Method
by C Xavier

VI

Numerical Method
by E. Balagurusamy

VII

Computer Oriented Numerical Methods
by V.Rajaraman

VIII

Computer oriented numerical methods By R.S.

Salania , Khanna book company, new delhi.

IX

Introductory methods of Numerical Analysis By S.S.Sastry
-

Prentice Hall Publication

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

Detailed syllabus

Of

B.Tech Semester
-
IV (CBCS)

(
Civil

Engineering)

Effectiv
3
-
201
4

CIVIL
ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

U.V.PATEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

MEHSANA
-
GOZARIA HIGHWAY, KHERVA
-
282711, MEHSANA

Phone: (02762)286805, 286081

Fax: (02762) 286650

www.uvpce.ac.in

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. I
V

Civil

Engineering

2
C
I
401

Structural Analysis
-
I

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

CO
URSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

SLOPE AND DEFLECTIO
N OF BEAMS:

Differential equation of elastic curve,

relation between moments, slope and deflection, double integration
method

Macaulay’s method, moment area method & conjugate beam method applied to beams includi
ng
varying moment of

inertia. Slope and Deflection of all types of beams

, Analysis of simple portal frame
with sway.

UNIT

II

CONSISTENT DEFORMATION
METHOD:

Analy
sis of propped cantilever beams,

rigid and elastic
supports
,

beams of varying

moment of inert
ia.

UNIT

III

FIXED BEAMS:

Computation of fixed
-
end actions for point load, u.d.l. varying load and couples, settlement and rotation of
supports,

beams of varying moment of inertia.

UNIT

IV

CURVED STRUCTURES :

Analysis of three hinged arches, segmental
and parabolic
shapes forces & end actions in cables.

UNIT

V

SHEAR CENTRE

Introduction, Shear centre of channel section, Shear centre of different sections
.

UNIT

VI

INFLUENCE LINES FOR BEAMS

Definition and use of influence lines for support reaction, shea
r force and bending moment of statically
determinate beams, influence lines for girders with floor system, properties of influence lines, computation
of maximum moment and maximum shear for a series of concentrated loads and uniformly loads for

positions and computation of max. Values, absolute maximum shear, bending moments and
axial force.

(Muller
-
Breslau's principle, Influence Line Diagrams for reaction and internal forces in propped
cantilever and continuous beams having one static indeterm
inacy, qualitative ILD for statically
indeterminate structures such as beams & frames)

UNIT

VII

SPACE TRUSS:
Classification of 2
-
D and 3
-
D

truss, analysis of simple ball
-
socket
jointed

three
dimensional statically determinate space
trusses

by tension
-
coef
ficient method.

TERM WORK

This will consist of graphical and/or analytical solutions of
at least

problems based on the s
yllabus of structural
analysis.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Mechanics

of structures Vol I
S.B.Junarkar & H.J.Shah
,

Charotar publishing house
, Anand

II

Intermediate Structural
Analysis

Wang C.K.
,

Tata McGraw Hill book Company, New Delhi

III

Mechani
cs of MaterialS

E.P.Popov.

,Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi

IV

Strength of ma
terials

G.H.Ryder.
,

Mcmillan

V

Mechanics of Materia
ls
Timoshenko

& Gere.
,

CBS Publishers & Distributors, Delhi

VI

Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures

By P. Dayaratnam

Affiliated east and West Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

VII

Ba
sic Structural Analysis
-

By C.S. Reddy

Ta
ta Mc Graw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd.

New Delhi
.

VIII

Theory
of Structures By

Ramamrutham.

XI

Hibbler R C; Mechanics of Materials; Pearson

X

Hibbler R C; Structural Analysis; Pearson

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. IV

Civil Engineering

2CI402

Surveying

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra
ct
/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem.
End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

PLANE TABLE SURVEY:

Plane table and accessories, plane table techniques, two point and three point problems, error in plane

UNIT

II

LEVELLING:

Definition, Calculation

of Rl,
Methods of

level
li
ng
, setting out levels,
Curvature and Refraction, Distance
to visible horizon, Contour, Temporary adjustment of level profile of ground
,

cross section of ground,

applications of levelling in sewer line, road alignment, precise lev
elling, levelling errors.

UNIT

III

COMPUTATION OF AREAS AND VOLUMES:

Areas from field measurements and plans, different methods, Trapezoidal and Simpson's rule,
Plannimeter.

Volume by trapezoidal and prismoidal formula, calc
ulation of earthwork in cutting

and embankment for
civil engineering works, mass haul diagram, volume by spot levels, capacity of reservoir.

UNIT

IV

THEODOLITE SURVEY:

Introduction, types of theodolite, temporary
relation between fundamental axis of theodolite, a
djustment
of theodolit
e, field operations with theodolite, theodolite traversing, latitude and departure, Gale's
traverse table, omitted measurements in theodolite traversing, errors in theodolite traversing

UNIT

V

CURVE SURVEYING:

Introduction, classification of curves, simpl
e, compound and transition curves, methods of setting the
curves, vertical curves.

UNIT

VI

CONSTRUCTION SURVEYS:

Introduction, setting out buildings, pipe lines and sewers, roads
, bridges, piers
.

UNIT

VII

HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYS:

Introduction, controls in h
ydrographic surveying, shore line survey, soundings, reduction in soundings,
methods of locating and plotting of soundings.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Dr. K. R. Arora, " Surveying and Levelling, Vol. I & II ", StandardPublications

II

Kanitkar & Kulkarni, " S
urveying and Levelling, Vol. I & II ", Vidyarthi Gruh Prakashan.

III

K. S. Duggal," Surveying and Levelling, Vol. I & II", TMH Edition.

IV

Surveying Vol.I, II and III by Dr. B.C. Punamia

V

Surveying and Levelling by N.N. Basak

VI

Surveying an
d Levelling by R. Agor

VII

VIII

Roy, S.K., Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi

IX

Subramanian, R., Surveying and Leveling, Oxford University Press, New Delhi

GANPA
T UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. I
V

Civil Engineering

2CI403
Building Construction

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

INTRODUCTION:

Overview of construction practices, theory and methods

UNIT

II

SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION:

Objectives, methods of boring like wash boring, percussion etc.

UNIT

III

SHALLOW FOUNDATION
S:

Necessity, types, setting out, excavation, construction, failures of foundation and remedial measures.

UNIT

IV

MASONRY CONSTRUCTION:

Stone masonry: Technical terms, lifting appliances, joints, types
-

random (un
-
coursed) rubble, coursed
rubble, dry r
ubble masonry, Ashlars masonry
-

Ashlars fine, chamfered fine.

Brick masonry: Technical terms, bonds in brick work
-

English bond, single & double Flemish bond,
garden wall bond, raking bond, Dutch bond.

Composite masonry: Stone facing with brick backing, b
rick facing with concrete backing. Hollow
concrete blocks and construction

Cavity walls: Brick cavity walls, position of cavity at foundation, roof and at opening levels.

Lintels & arches: Lintels
-

types, construction.
Arches
-

technical terms, types
-

brick arches, rough,
axed, stone arches, flat
-

semi circular.

UNIT

V

PLAIN AND REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION:

Pre
-
cast and cast
-
in
-
situ construction

UNIT

VI

DOORS AND WINDOWS:

Doors: Location, technical terms, size, types, construction, suitability.

Windows: Factors affecting selection of size, shape, location and no. of windows, types, construction,
suitability, fixtures and fastenings.

Ventilators: Ventilators combined with window, fan light.

UNIT

VII

STAIRS AND STAIRCASES:

Definition, technica
l terms, requirements of good stair, fixing of going and rise of a step, types of steps,
classification, example
-

stair planning, elevators, escalators.

UNIT

VIII

FLOORINGS:

Introduction, essential requirements of a floor, factors affecting selection o
f flooring material, types of
ground floors, brick, flag stone, tiled cement
-

concrete, granolithic, terrazzo, marble, timber flooring,
upper floor
-

timber, timber floor supported on RSJ flag stone floor resting on RSJ, jack arch floor,
reinforced concret
e floor, ribbed floor, pre cast concrete floor.

UNIT

IX

ROOFS AND ROOF COVERINGS
:

Introduction, requirements of good roof technical terms, classification, types of roof coverings for
pitched roof. A.C. sheet roofs
-

fixing of A.C. sheets, laying of big s
ix sheets, G.I. Sheets roofs, slates,
flat roof
-

-
advantages, types of flat terraced roofing.

UNIT

X

WALL FINISHES:

Plastering, pointing and painting.

UNIT

XI

TEMPORARY WORKS:

Timbering in trenches ,
types of scaffoldings, shoring,

underpinning

UNIT

XII

SPECIAL TREATMENTS:

Fire resistant, water resistant, thermal insulation, acoustical construction and anti
-
termite treatment

TERM WORK

Term work shall be based on the above mentioned course content.

FIELD VISIT

Field visits bas
ed on course content are suggested

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Building Construction by Dr. B. C. Punamia

II

Building Construction by Sushil Kumar

III

Building Construction by Gurcharan Singh

IV

Building Construction by S. C. Rangwala

V

Building Construction
by P.C Varghese,Prentice
-
Hall of India, New Delhi

VI

Indian Standard Institution, National Building Code of India, ISI, 1984, New Delhi

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. I
V

Civil Engineering

2CI404

Basic Transportation Systems

Teachin
g Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

2

0

2

2

0

2

30

70

3

0

100

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

Introduction :

Role of transport
ation in society, Objectives of transportation system, different types of modes, planning &
Co
-
ordination of different modes for Indian conditions

UNIT

II

Railway Engineering

Merits of rail transportation, railway gauges and gauge problems.

Cross sectio
n of permanent way and track componen
ts. Sleepers
-
function and types
, sleeper density,
ballast functions and different ballast materials.

Rails:

coning of wheels and titling of rails, rail cross sections, wear and creep of rails, rail fasting.

Geometric
design
: Gradients, transition curves, widening of gauges on curves, cant and can deficiency.

Point and crossing
: Design of turnouts and description of track junctions.

Yards:

details of different types of railway yards and their functions.

Signaling and

interlocking: classification of signals, interlocking of signals and points control of train
movements. Construction and maintaince of railway track, methods of construction, material requirements,
special measures for high speed track, maintaince of trac
ks and traffic operations.

UNIT

III

Airport Engineering:

1. Aircraft characteristics and their influence on airport planning.

2. Airport planning: Topographical and geographical features, air traffic characteristics and development of
new airports, facto
rs affecting airport site selection.

3. Airport obstruction: Zoning laws, classification of obstruction, imaginary surfaces, approach zones,
turning zones.

4. Airport layout: runway orientation, wind rose diagrams, and basic runway length. Correction of ru
nways
length, airport classification, geometric design, airport capacity, location of terminal buildings, aircraft
hangers and parking.

5. Airport marking and lighting: marking and lighting of runways, taxiways and approach areas.

6. Terminal area and airp
ort layout: Terminal area, planning of terminal building, Apron size of the gate
position, number of gate position, aircraft parking
system:

Hanger:

general planning considerations, blast
considerations.

7. Air traffic control: Air traffic control aids, En
route aids, landing aids.

8. Airport Drainage: requirement of airport drainage, design data, surface drainage design,
subsurface
drainage design.

UNIT

IV

Water Transportation

1. Harbors: Selection of site, entrance and channel requirement, ship characteri
stics and their influence on
ports management and operations, harbor maintaince.

2. Harbor layout: harbor works, break waters, jetties, wharves, piers, berthing facilities, types and
construction dolphins.

3. Navigational aids: buoys and lighthouses etc.

4
.

Port facilities: docks, transit sheds and warehouses, general layout, containers and container yard,

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Saxsena S C and Arora S P A course of railway engineering. Dhanpat Rai and sons, New Delhi.

II

Khanna and Arora, Airport planning

III

Agrawal M M (1991). Indian Railway Track, Sachdeva Press, Mayapuri, New Delhi

IV

Bindra S P Docks & Harbour engineering, Dhanpat Rai and sons

V

R Shirinivasan, Harbour dock and tunnel engineering

VI

Rao G V

,
Airp
ort engineering, Tata McGraw Hill

VII

Horonjeff & Mcklerey, planning & design of airports

VIII

Quinn A D, Design and construction of ports and marine structures

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. IV

Civil Engineering

2CI405
Fluid Mec
hanics
-

II

Teaching Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

Introduction
:

Different Types of fluid and its thermodynamic properties, continuity equation in Cartesian
coordinates.

UNIT

II

VISCOUS FLOW:

Flow of viscous fluid through circular pipe and two parallel plates, loss of head due to
friction in viscous flow, methods of
determination of coefficient of viscosity (capillary tube method,
orifice type, falling sphere Resistance method, rotating cylinder method), network of pipes (Hardy
-
cross
method)

UNIT

III

TURBULENT FLOW

:
Reynolds’s experiments, friction loss in pipe flow,

velocity distribution in
turbulent flow in pipe, shear stress in turbulent flow, Nikuradse work on artificially rough pipe, Cole
brooks and white equations : Moody’s diagram.

UNIT

IV

BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW:
Definitions, growth, thicknesses, drag forces, la
minar and turbulent
boundary layer on a flat plate, and separation of boundary layer.

UNIT

V

Dimensional and Model Analysis:
Concept of dimensions and dimensional homogeneity dimensionless
parameters, methods of dimensional analysis, model analysis, types

of similarities, types of forces acting
on moving fluid, dimensionless numbers, model laws, classification of model.

UNIT

VI

OPEN CHANNELS:
Classification of flow in channel, velocity distribution, discharge through open
channel, most economical section,

specific energy and specific energy curve, critical flow, standing wave
flume and parshall flume, gradually varied flow, hydraulic jump and its application.

TERM WORK

Term work shall be based on the above mentioned course content.

FIELD VISIT

Field v
isits based on course content are suggested.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines By Dr.R.K.Bansal

II

Fluid mechanics By Dr.D.S.Kumar

III

Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic Machines By Dr.P.N.Modi & Sheth

IV

Fluid mechanics By Dr.A.K.Jain

V

Hydraulic Fluid mechanics & Fluid Machines By S.Ramamurthan

VI

Engineering Fluid Mechanic By R.J.Garde & A.C.Mirajgaoker

GANPAT UNIVERSITY

B.Tech. Sem. I
V

Civil Engineering

2CI406
Concrete Technology

Teach
ing Scheme (Hrs)

Credit

Examination Scheme (Marks)

Lect

Pract.

Total

Theory

Practi
cal/T
W

Total

Theory

Pra/
TW

Tot
al

Internal

Asses

Sem . End

Marks

Hrs

3

2

5

3

1

4

30

70

3

50

150

COURSE CONTENT
:

UNIT

I

GENERAL
:

Historical background
, composition of concrete, general note on strength mechanism,
current practice and future trends.

UNIT

II

INGREDIENTS OF CONCRETE

Cement
-

Chemical composition, hydration, heat of hydration, hydrated structure, various types of
cement, testing of cement a
s per Indian standard.

Aggregates
-
Function in concrete, classification, effect of geometry & texture, strength, mechanical
properties, moisture content, water absorption, bulking of sand, deleterious substances, sieve analysis,
requirements, sampling & testing as per Indian Standards.

Water
-

General Requirements & limiting values of impurities.

-

-

Fly ash, silica fume, blast furnace slag, and other po
zzolanic materials.

-

Accelerator, retarder, water reducing elements, plasticizer and super
-
plasticizer,
their functions and dosage.

UNIT

III

FRESH CONCRETE
: Methods of mixing, transporting and placing of concrete. Workability

Defini
tion and need, factors affecting workability, various tests as per IS ad ASTM. Segregation and
bleeding, stiffening, re
-
tempering. Curing: necessity and various methods, microcracking.

UNIT

IV

HARDENED CONCRETE

Compressive and tensile strength and their

relationship, various tests as
per IS and ASTM. Factors affecting strength

water cement ratio, gel space ratio, aggregate cement
ratio, properties of ingredients, and effect of age, maturity, and aggregate cement
-
paste interface
various finishes of conc
rete. Introduction to aspects of elasticity, shrinkage and creep. Tests for strength
of concrete: Destructive, semi destructive and non
-

destructive tests with their limitations, test methods
as per IS and ASTM.

UNIT

V

DURABILITY AND PERMEABILITY OF CONCR
ETE:

Definitions, causes, carbonation, cracking

UNIT

VI

CONCRETE IN AGGRESSIVE ENVIRONMENT:

Alkali

aggregate reaction, sulphate attack,
chloride attack, acid attack, effect of sea water, special coating for water proofing, sulphate chloride and
acid att
ack, concrete for hot liquids.

UNIT

VII

SPECIAL CONCRETE
:

Review of behavior and characteristics of high strength concrete, high
performance concrete, fiber reinforced concrete, mass concrete, light weight and heavy weight
concrete, Precast concrete.

UNI
T

VIII

SPECIAL CONCRETING TECHNIQUES
:

Pumped concrete, shotcrete, underwater concrete, pre
-
placed concrete,
vacuum

dewatered concrete, hot and cold weather concreting, Ready mixed concrete.

UNIT

IX

CONCRETE MIX DESIGN:

Principles of mix proportioning, pro
babilistic parameters, factors
governing selection of mix. Road note
-

4, DOE, ACI and IS method
(10262
-
2009)
of concrete mix
design, Variability of test results, acceptance criteria, various IS code provisions.

UNIT

X

REPAIR AND REHABILITATION:

Distress i
n structure

causes and precautions, damage
assessment of structural elements, repairing techniques and repairing materials.

TERM WORK

I

(
A) Term work shall consist of tests on cement and aggregate, fresh concrete and hardened concrete. It
includes dest
ructive, partial destructive and non
-

destructive tests.

(B) Term work shall include report on topic assigned by respective lab in
-
charge.

(C) Term work shall include field visit and students will have to submit a report on it.

(D) Oral/Practical marks inc
lude viva
-
voce on practical performed and submitted reports.

REFERENCE BOOKS
:

I

A.M.Neville ; Properties of Concrete

II

D.F.Orchard; Concrete Technology

III

P Kumar Mehta, Monteiro; Concrete Technology

IV

A R Santhakumar; Concrete Technology

V

M S
Shetty; Concrete Technology

VI

M L Gambhir; Concrete Technology

VII

IS CODE 456:2000
, IS 383
-
1917, IS 10262
-
2009