ET763
Digital Signal Processing
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Discrete time signals and systems
Signal and system classification, time and frequency domain representation.
2.
Discrete time signal analysis and linear systems
Linear time
invariant system. Linear time invariance. Unit impulse system response.
Causality, stability, IIR and FIR systems. Difference calculations and its solutions.
Fourier transforms, frequency response, linear phase system. Sampling of analog signals.
3.
Z

transfo
rms and its properties
Analysis of LTI systems in Z

transform.
4.
Realization of digital systems
Recursive and non

recursive structures. Block diagram and signal flow graphs Direct
cascade, parallel, ladder and lattice realization.
5.
Design of IIR digital filte
rs
Approximation theory impulse invariance and bilinear transformations. Frequency
transformations. Computer aided design techniques.
6.
Design of IIR digital filters
Windowing and frequency sampling techniques. Computer aided design methods.
7.
Discrete Fourier
transforms
Discrete time Fourier series. Discrete time Fourier transforms. Properties, circular
convolution and computation of DFT.
8.
FFT algorithm
Basic D

I

T and D

I

F algorithms Computational efficiency considerations.
9.
Finite word length effects
Quantization errors and their effects on performance of digital signal processor.
10.
Digital signal processing applications
Introduction to image processing, speech and audio processing.
Text Books / references:
1. A.V. Oppenheim and R.W. Schafer

Discrete T
ime Signal Processing, Prentice

Hall of India.
2. J. G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis

Digital Signal Processing: principles, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice

Hall
of India.
3. Alkin

Digital Signal Processing : A Laboratory Approach using PC

DSP, Pren
tice

Hall of India.
4. MATLAB User's Guide, Math Works Inc.
ET764
Mobile Communications
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional: 75 marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Introduction to Wireless Communications
The wireless vision. Applications and requirements. The obstacles and
challenges. A brief historical tour. Standards.
Spectrum regulation and de

regulation. Classification of wireless systems. The cellular concept and its guiding principles.
Frequency reuse. Handoff. Some essentials on traffic theory.
2.
Antennas & Propagation
Antenna fundamentals. Radiation patterns, gain and effective area. Reciprocity. Friis formula. Free

space propagation.
Ray tracing. Empirical models. Large

scale path loss, Shadow fading. Cell coverage and outages.
3.
The Mobile Radio Channel
Multipath propag
ation and fading. Doppler spectrum and coherence time. Slow and fast fading. Narrowband signals.
Stationarity. Power angular spectrum and correlation, Fading distributions: Rayleigh, Ricean and Nakagami. Level
crossing rates and average fade durations.
4.
Wid
eband Radio Channels
Frequency

selective fading. Coherence bandwidth. Delay spread and intersymbol interference. Equalization. OFDM.
5.
Channel Capacity
Basic information theory notions. Shannon’s coding theorem. Capacity. Side information. Capacity of AWGN
and faded
channels. Rate adaptation. Capacity of frequency

selective channels.
6.
Diversity
Concept of diversity. Macroscopic and microscopic diversity. Diversity mechanisms: frequency, time, space, polarization
and pattern. Diversity combining: selection, eq
ual

ratio, combining and maximal

ratio combining. Performance. Transmit
diversity.
7.
Spread Spectrum
Spread spectrum principles. Direct

sequence spread spectrum. RAKE receivers, Frequency

hopping spread spectrum.
8.
Multiple Access
Multiuser channels: uplink an
d downlink. Multiple access schemes: orthogonal (FDMA, TDMA and OFDMA) and non

orthogonal (CDMA and SDMA).
Text books / references:
Andrea Goldsmith
–
Wireless Communications, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
David Tse and Pramod Viswanath
–
Fundamentals
of Wireless Communication, Cambridge University Press,
2005.
John Proakis
–
Digital Communication, McGraw

Hill.
W. C. Y. Lee

Mobile Communication Design Fundamentals, John Wiley and Sons, 1993, 2/e.
T. S. Rappaport

Wireless Communication, Prentice Hall
, 1996.
W. C. Y. Lee

Mobile Cellular Telecummunications, McGraw

Hill, 1995, 2/e.
G. H. Stubber

Principles of Mobile Communications, Kluwer, 1996.
EEE701
Advanced Embedded Systems
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hrs
1.
Introduction
Introduction to embedded systems with examples, embedded system design & modeling wit
h unified markup language
(UML)
2.
ARM processor fundamentals
Introduction to microprocessors and microcontrollers
8

bit and 16

bit, von Neumann and Harvard architectures,
CISC and RISC architectures, open source core (LEOX),
ARM versions, ARM instruction set: programming model, assembly language, Thumb instruction set, memory
organization, data operations and flow control. CPUs: Input/output mechanisms, isolated and memor
y mapped IO;
interrupts and real time operations, ARM interrupts vectors, priorities and latency; supervisor modes, exceptions, traps,
co

processors; cache memory and memory management.
3.
Embedded Platforms
CPUs: bus protocols, system bus configuration, USB
and SPI buses, DMA, ARM bus; memory devices: memory device
configuration, ROM, RAM, DRAM; I/O devices: timers, counters, ADC
&
DAC, keyboards, displays and touch screens.
4.
Processes and Operating Systems
M
ultiple tasks and multiple processes; process abst
raction; context switching: cooperative multitasking, preemptive
multitasking, process and object

oriented design; operating systems and RTOS; scheduling polices; inter

process
communication
5.
Networks
D
istributed embedded architectures: networks abstraction
s, hardware and software architectures; networks for embedded
systems: I2C bus, CAN bus; examples. Case studies: Inkjet pri
nter, telephone exchange, etc.
Texts:
1.
W. Wolf, "Computers as components: Principles of embedded computing syst
em design", 2/e, Elsevier, 2008.
2.
A. N. Sloss, D. Symes, and C. Wright, "ARM system developer's guide: Designing and optimizing system
software", Elsevier, 2008.
References:
1.
Product data sheet LPC 2141/42/44/46/48. NXP Semiconductors.
2.
ARM7TDMI Technical Ref
erence Manual, ARM Limited.
3.
Jack Ganssle, "The art of designing embedded systems", 2/e, Elsevier, 2008.
4.
Michael Barr, “Programming Embedded Systems in C and C++”, O'Really, 1999.
5.
Kirk Zurell, “C Programming for Embedded Systems”, CMP Books, 2000.
EEE70
2
Thermal and
Hydroelectric Power Systems
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hrs
Part A: Hydroelectric Power Stations
1.
Introduction
Potential of hydropower in India

its development and future
prospect
2.
General hydrology
H
ydrological cycle,
precipitation, run

off and its
measurement, hydrography, unit hydrograph, flow duration and mass
curve. Site
investigations.
3.
Classificatio
n of hydroelectric power plants
Pondage and storage,
Operating principles of different types of hydel pla
nts like ru
n

off

the

river type,
Storage reservoir
plant

pumped storage plant
4.
Design, construction and
op
eration of different components
Dams, spillways, Canals, penstocks, surge
tanks, draft tubes etc;
5.
Power
–
house structure.
Selection of prime mover, speed and p
ressure regulation, methods of governing,
starting and stopping of water turbines,
operation of hydro turbines. Machine
loading and frequency control
6.
Maintenance of hydropower plants
PART B:
Thermal systems Design:
7.
Laws of thermodynamics
Zeroth law

Concep
t of equilibrium

Principles of thermometry

Fixed points
,
First law of thermodynamics and its
application to open and closed systems

Concept
of internal energy

Steady Flow energy equat
ion

Processes of closed
systems,
Second Law of thermodynamics

Variou
s statements

Carnot cycle

Irreversible and
Reversible processes

Thermodynamic efficiency and temperature scales

Concept of
entropy

Entropy changes in various processes.
8.
Properties of steam
Latent heat

Saturation pressure and temperature

Dryness fractio
n

Degree of
superheat

Total heat; Rankines cycles.
9.
Air Standard cycles
Otto, Diesel

Principles of working and description of two

and four stroke SI and CI
engines

Representations of
processes on T

S and PV diagrams.
Suggested Text Books & References:
Hydroelectric Power Systems
Jagdish Lal, “ Hydraulic Machines”, Metropolitan book company(P) ltd.
Modi , P.N., & Seth, S.M.,”Hydraulic & Fluid mechanics including
Hydraulic Machines”, Standard Book House
.
Guthrie Brown,”Hydroelectric Engg. Practice”,2
nd
e
d.(in 3 vols.)
Vol. I : Civil Engineering
Vol.II : Mechanical & Electrical Engg.
Vol III : Economics, Operation , Maintenance
Hydro Power an Indian Perspective
,
Author

Cum

Editor Dr. B.S.K. Naidu , Director General , NPTI.
Hydro
–
Electric and Pump storage
Plants
–
MG Jog , Wiley Eastern
Limited.
Micro Hydroelectric Power Stations
–
By L.Monition, Power Ststions

By L.Monition , Mle Nir, J.Roux translated by Joan Mc Mullan, John
Wiley & Sons.
Hydro Power by Professor Dr. Ing. Joachim Raable VDI

Verlag
,
Gmbt
t.
Hydro Power Plant Familarisation, NPTI Publication.
For Thermal Systems
Engineering Thermodynamics by P.K Nag.
Power Plant Engineering

P. K. Nag

Tata McGraw Hill
A Course in
Power Plant Engineering by Arora
and Domkundwar, Dhanpat Rai and. Co .
Pvt.Ltd.
Fundamentals of Thermodynamics by Cengel and Boles.
Thermodynamics by Radhakrishnan.
EEE703 (
CS575
)
Software Engineering
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Introduction
Life cycle models
2.
Function oriented software design
Structured analysis and structured design.
3.
Object Oriented De
sig
n
User interface design, GUI design primitives, Window management system and the XWindows system.
4.
Coding and Test
in
g
Coding standard and unit testing.
5.
Software require
m
ents, analysis and
specification
Informal and formal specification.
6.
Project manage
m
ent
Estimation, scheduling, risk management and configuration management.
7.
Software reliabili
ty
and quality assurance
Reliability metrics and growth modeling, ISO

9000, SEI and CMM.
8.
Software ma
int
ena
nce and CASE tools.
Text Books / References:
1. An Integrated Approach to Software Engineering by Jalote. Narosa Publishing
House
2. Software Engineering by R. S. Pressman, McGraw Hill
\
3. Software Engineering by R. Mall, PHI.
EEE70
4
Power System
Stability and Control
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Power System Structure
Operating states, control problem, control loops. Hydraulic and steam turbine, Effect of exciter and governor. Excitation
system
–
requirements, functions, ty
pes and modeling of excitation systems.
2.
Control of Power and Frequency
Power, Frequency characteristics, control of voltage, frequency and tie

line power flows, Automatic Generation Control,
Division of load, Area control, Computer control of load and freq
uency, under

frequency load shedding.
3.
Control of voltage and Reactive Power
Relation between voltage, power and reactive power, Generation and absorption of reactive power, voltage control, and
voltage stability analysis.
4.
Stability: Concepts
S
teady state a
nd transient stability, swing equation for single and multi machine system, small signal stability, excitation
system, Dynamic and transient stability analysis of single machine and multi

machine systems, power system stabilizer
design and analysis for sta
bility problem.
5.
Transient Stability
Solution of swing equations, swing curves, stability criterion, Techniques for the improvement of stability, operation
under abnormal and distressed condition.
Reference Books :
Prabha Kundur, “Power system stability and
control”, Mc

Graw Hill Inc, New York, 1993.
Taylor C.W., “Power System Voltage Stability”, Mc

Graw Hill Inc, New York, 1993.
Nagrath IJ, Kothari D.P., “Power System Engineering”, Tata Mc

Graw Hills, New Delhi 1994.
Weedy B.M. “Electric Power System” John
Wiley and Sons, 3
rd
edition.
Elgerd O.I., “Electric Energy Systems Theory”, TMH, New Delhi, Second Edition 1983.
P.S.R. Murthy, “Power System Operation and Control”, Tata Mc

Graw Hill, New Delhi 1984.
EEE705 (ET 766) Multimedia
Theory: 100
marks
Sessional: 75
marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Introduction
History of Multimedia Systems, Hypermedia/Multimedia, HyperText/HyperMedi
a,
Overview of Multimedia Software
Tools, Music Sequencing and Notation, Graphics
Image and Video Editing, Multimedia Authoring.
2.
Issues
in Multimedia authoring
Multimedia Authoring Metaphors, Content Design, Scripting(Writing),
Graphics(Illustrating), Animation(Wiggling),
Audio(Hearing), Interactivity (Interacting)
3.
Multimedia Data Representations
Basics of Digital audio, Introduction to MI
DI(Musical Instrument Digital Interface),
Graphics/ Image File Formats,
Standard System Independent Formats, System Dependent
Formats, Color in Image and Video, Basics of Video, Types of
Color Video Signals,
Digital Video.
4.
Video and Audio Compression
Basic
s of Information Theory, Lossless Compression Algorithms, Huffman Coding,
Lempel

Ziv

Welch Algorithm,
Image Compression

JPEG, 4 JPEG modes, JPEG 2000,
Video Compression, H.261, H.263, MPEG, New MPEG
Standards, Audio Compression,
Simple Audio Compression
Methods, Psychoacoustics.
Text Books/ References
Multimedia System Design by Adeleigh and Thakrar.
Multimedia at Work by T. Vaughan
Introduction to Data Compression by Khalid Sayood
EEE706 (ET 765)
Integrated Circuit Technology
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional: 75 marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Basic Outline of fabrication techniques
Silicon bipolar transistor as an example. Cost
benefits of mass produced circuit blocks, reliability and performance considerations.
Disadvantages. Exploiting the inherent component
matching capabilities of I.C.s

example from linear and digital circuits.
Introductory ideas about crystal growth and wafer preparation. Short description
of the
Czochralski process.
2.
Diffusion process
Simple diffusion theory and the evaluation of impurity
diffused in
silicon

determination of junction depth and sheet resistance. Oxidation and epitaxial
growth of silicon. Pre

deposition and drive

in diffusions in junction devices. Fick's law,
distribution of impurities and the calculation of emitter and ba
se depths. Lateral diffusion.
Diffusion related parameters for boron and phosphorous. Preparation of a simple process
schedule.
3.
Lithography.
Optical lithography, minimum line

width consideration, layout
fundamentals and mask making. Brief references to X

ray,
electron beam and deep UV
lithography.
4.
Interconnection.
Aluminium metallization,
resistance heated evapovated and CVD
methods. Brief mention about metallization failures

step covering and electromigration.
Other method of interconnection.
5.
Passiv
e components
MOS capacitors and resistors. Calculation of area and the layout of
capacitors and resistors,
NMOS and CMOS
fabrication techniques. Polysilicon self aligned gate devices.
6.
Layout
of simple Circuits.
Introduction to VLSI processing and layout
Stick diagrams and layout
and simulation tools.
7.
Other related processes
Ion implantation, dry etching, sputtering, assembly and
reliability related evaluation
8.
Future trends
Text Books / references:
Douglas J. Hamilton and William G. Howard

Basic Integr
ated Circuit Engineering,
McGraw

Hill Book
Company.
S M. Sze

Basic VLSI Technology. McGraw

Hill Book Company
Douglas A. Pucknell and Karman Eshraghain

Basic VLSI Design, Prentice Hall of
India.
Andrew S. Grove

Physics and Technology of Semiconductor
Devices, John Wiley
and Sons.
R Jacob Baker, Harry W. Li and David E. Boyce

CMOS circuit design layout and
simulation
,
PHI.
EEE707 (CS 574) System Programming
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
Overview
Definition and classification of
system software.
2.
Assemblers
Assembly language, Assembly process, Assembler data structures, Assembler macros and macroprocessors.
3.
Linkers and loaders
Basic concepts, Static and Dynamic linking, shared libraries, loaders, overlays. Case study of UNIX
linking system,
Windows DLL, OLE, ActiveX.
4.
Debugger
Types, features, case study : sdb/dbx.
5.
Editors
Types, Structure, case study of vi, sed and wordstar.
6.
Unix Utilities
Make, RCS, sed, grep, awk, etc.
7.
Compiler Principles.
Books:
Dhandhere, System
programming and operating systems, Tata McGraw Hill.
Beck, System Software
Sumitabha Das, Unix System V.4 Concepts and Applications, TMH.
Linux Manuals.
Windows Manuals.
EEE708
Robotics and Embedded System
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3
hours
1.
Introduction
Robots and embedded controllers and operating systems,
2.
Sensors
position, velocity, acceleration, digital camera;
3.
Actuators
H

bridge, Pulse Width Modulation, Servos, Stepper Motors, Control: PID, Multiple Motors, V

Omega Interface;
4.
Multitasking
Cooperative, Preemptive, Synchronization, Scheduling, Interrupts and Timers; Mobile Robot Design,
5.
Driving Robots:
Single wheel, differential drive etc, drive Kinematics; Omni

directional Robots, Balancing Robots, Walking Robots,
Autonomous pl
anes, autonoumous vehicles and underwater vessels;
6.
Localization and Navigation
Probabilistic, Dijkstra's algorithm, A* Algorithm; Maze Exploration algorithms; Map Generation: Mapping Algorithm,
Boundary Following Algorithm; Basics of Real Time Image Proce
ssing: Color Detection, Image Segmentation; Neural
Networks, genetic algorithms``
EEE709
Electrical Distribution System
Theory: 100 marks
Sessional:
75
marks
Time: 3 hours
1.
GENERAL
CONCEPTS
Introduction to distribution systems, Load modelling
and characteristics. Coincidence factor, contribution factor loss
f
actor

Relationship between the load factor and loss
f
actor. Classification of loads (Residential, commercial,
Agricultural and Industrial) and their characteristics.
2.
DISTRIBUTION
FEEDERS
Design Considerations of Distribution Feeders: Radial and loop types of primary feeders, voltage levels, feeder loading;
basic design practice of the secondary distribution system.
3.
SUBSTATIONS
Location of Substations: Rating of distribution substation,
service area within primary feeders. Benefits derived through
optimal location of substations.
4.
SYSTEM ANALYSIS
Voltage drop and power

loss calculations: Derivation for voltage drop and power loss in lines, manual methods of
solution for radial networks, th
ree phase balanced primary lines.
5.
PROTECTION
Objectives of distribution system protection, types of common faults and procedure for fault calculations. Protective
Devices: Principle of operation of Fuses, Circuit Reclosures, line sectionalizes, and circuit
breakers
6.
COORDINATION
Coordination of Protective Devices: General coordination procedure.
7.
COMPENSATION FOR POWER FACTOR IMPROVEMENT
Capacitive compensation for power

factor control
Different types of power capacitors, shunt and series capacitors, effect
o
f shunt capacitors (Fixed and switched) Power factor correction, capacitor allocation

Economic justification

Procedure to determine the best capacitor location
8.
VOLTAGE
CONTROL
Voltage Control: Equipment for voltage control, effect of series capacitors,
effect of
AVB/AVR
, line
drop compensation
.
TEXT
“Electric Power Distribution system, Engineering”
–
by Turan Gonen, Mc Graw

hill Book Company.
Electric Power Distribution
–
by A.S. Pabla, Tata Mc Graw

hill Publishing company, 4th edition, 1997.
REFERENCE
Electrical Power Distribution and Automation by S.Sivanagaraju, V.Sankar, Dhanpat Rai & Co, 2006
Electrical Power Distribution Systems by V.Kamaraju, Right Publishers.
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