EDItX and Web Services


Nov 3, 2013 (4 years and 8 months ago)


The new supply chain for books

EDItX and Web Services

Francis Cave


The Book Business and International Information Standards

EDItEUR Seminar, Moscow, September 2007

The new supply chain…

The Internet has changed the way that
businesses trade with one another

The book trade is no exception!

consumers buy books online

publishers promote books online

now supply chains are going online

The cost of going online is relatively low

small enterprises (publishers, bookshops) can afford
to be players in the new supply chain

traditional EDI is too expensive for small players

Supply chain communication

To trade electronically the book trade
needs communication standards

standards define how business partners

how messages are exchanged

what messages contain

standards exist for traditional EDI

EDIFACT, national standards

what is needed for trading on the Internet?

Standards for e

There have been several international projects
to develop global standards for electronic


, AS/3)

Web Services

Do general
purpose e
commerce standards
work in the book trade?

historically, no

not without modification


In 2001 EDItEUR decided to develop
based message formats for
transactions used in the book supply chain

in collaboration with the Book Industry Study
Group (BISG), representing the book trade in
North America


EDItX for trade supply

Initial development of a family of message
formats for trade supply:

Order, Order Response, Ship Notice,

Order Cancellation, Order Status Enquiry,

Order Status Report, Stock Enquiry,

Stock Report

Invoice format not included in original set

Version 1.0 published by EDItEUR in
March 2004

EDItX for library supply

The library supply chain has its own
requirements that differ from trade supply

Separate set of message formats required for
use in library supply?

EDItX Library Order format published by
EDItEUR in March 2004

No initial demand for other formats

Demand led by the requirements of the North
American market (BISG)

How to exchange EDItX messages?

EDItX specifies message formats, but not how
they should be communicated

For the supply chain to trade electronically there
need to be standard methods of communication
as well as standard message formats

Existing Internet
based solutions use FTP and

…but these need to be integrated with order
processing and stock managements systems

There has to be a better way…

Web Services

In 2004 Book Industry Communications in the
UK launched the


AIM: to have the entire UK book industry trading
electronically by May 2008

An early conclusion was that the industry
needed to define better ways of communicating
over the Internet that were accessible to small

BIC decided to develop a series of Web Service
standards for the UK book trade

What are Web Services?

Web Services are established conventions
for the use of Web protocols for
communication between business systems

Web Services enable transactions that
involve requests and responses to be
conducted in “real time” (without delay)

e.g. an Order Request requires an

Order Response

BIC Web Services

Published BIC Web Service standards:

Price & Availability Request / Response

Order Cancellation Request / Response

Product Information Request / Response

ONIX and MARC versions

Draft standards in development include:

Order Request / Response

Retrieve Invoice List

Copy Invoice Request / Response

Post Invoice

International interest in EDItX

In 2006 there was renewed international interest
in EDItX, especially in Scandinavian countries

In April 2007 EDItEUR published EDItX Version
1.1 for trade supply, including new formats:

Invoice, Returns Request, Returns Response

New interest in EDItX for Library Supply

full set of message formats currently under

EDItX and Web Services

In the UK, BIC is implementing a number
of EDItX trade formats in its Web Service

Order, Order Response, Invoice

EDItEUR and Web Services

The current Web Service standards have
only been developed for use in the UK

BIC, through EDItEUR, is keen to share its
work with trade organisations in other

Maybe there is a role for Web Service
standards in the Russian book trade?