EDItX and Web Services

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Nov 3, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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The new supply chain for books

EDItX and Web Services

Francis Cave

EDItEUR

The Book Business and International Information Standards

EDItEUR Seminar, Moscow, September 2007

The new supply chain…


The Internet has changed the way that
businesses trade with one another


The book trade is no exception!


consumers buy books online


publishers promote books online


now supply chains are going online


The cost of going online is relatively low


small enterprises (publishers, bookshops) can afford
to be players in the new supply chain


traditional EDI is too expensive for small players

Supply chain communication


To trade electronically the book trade
needs communication standards


standards define how business partners
communicate


how messages are exchanged


what messages contain


standards exist for traditional EDI


EDIFACT, national standards


what is needed for trading on the Internet?

Standards for e
-
commerce


There have been several international projects
to develop global standards for electronic
trading:


ebXML


EDIINT (AS/1,
AS/2
, AS/3)


Web Services


Do general
-
purpose e
-
commerce standards
work in the book trade?


historically, no


not without modification

EDItX


In 2001 EDItEUR decided to develop
XML
-
based message formats for
transactions used in the book supply chain


in collaboration with the Book Industry Study
Group (BISG), representing the book trade in
North America


EDItX =
EDIt
EUR
X
ML

EDItX for trade supply


Initial development of a family of message
formats for trade supply:


Order, Order Response, Ship Notice,

Order Cancellation, Order Status Enquiry,

Order Status Report, Stock Enquiry,

Stock Report


Invoice format not included in original set


Version 1.0 published by EDItEUR in
March 2004

EDItX for library supply


The library supply chain has its own
requirements that differ from trade supply


Separate set of message formats required for
use in library supply?


EDItX Library Order format published by
EDItEUR in March 2004


No initial demand for other formats


Demand led by the requirements of the North
American market (BISG)

How to exchange EDItX messages?


EDItX specifies message formats, but not how
they should be communicated


For the supply chain to trade electronically there
need to be standard methods of communication
as well as standard message formats


Existing Internet
-
based solutions use FTP and
email…


…but these need to be integrated with order
processing and stock managements systems


There has to be a better way…

Web Services


In 2004 Book Industry Communications in the
UK launched the
e4books

project


AIM: to have the entire UK book industry trading
electronically by May 2008


An early conclusion was that the industry
needed to define better ways of communicating
over the Internet that were accessible to small
players


BIC decided to develop a series of Web Service
standards for the UK book trade

What are Web Services?


Web Services are established conventions
for the use of Web protocols for
communication between business systems


Web Services enable transactions that
involve requests and responses to be
conducted in “real time” (without delay)


e.g. an Order Request requires an
immediate

Order Response

BIC Web Services


Published BIC Web Service standards:


Price & Availability Request / Response


Order Cancellation Request / Response


Product Information Request / Response


ONIX and MARC versions


Draft standards in development include:


Order Request / Response


Retrieve Invoice List


Copy Invoice Request / Response


Post Invoice

International interest in EDItX


In 2006 there was renewed international interest
in EDItX, especially in Scandinavian countries


In April 2007 EDItEUR published EDItX Version
1.1 for trade supply, including new formats:


Invoice, Returns Request, Returns Response


New interest in EDItX for Library Supply


full set of message formats currently under
development

EDItX and Web Services


In the UK, BIC is implementing a number
of EDItX trade formats in its Web Service
standards:


Order, Order Response, Invoice

EDItEUR and Web Services


The current Web Service standards have
only been developed for use in the UK


BIC, through EDItEUR, is keen to share its
work with trade organisations in other
countries


Maybe there is a role for Web Service
standards in the Russian book trade?

THANK YOU!