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belchertownshuffleAI and Robotics

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Links to important stuff:

Martin Hellman

Martin Edward Hellman

(born
October 2
,
1945
) is a
cryptologist
, famous for his invention of
public key cryptography

in cooperation with
Whitfield Diffie

and
Ralph Merkle
.

Martin and
Whitfield Diffie
's paper
New Directions in Cryptography

was published in 1976. It
introduced a radically new met
hod of distributing
cryptographic

keys, which went far toward
solving one of the fundamental problems of cryptography, key distribution. It has become known
as
Diffie
-
Hellman key exchange
. The article also seems to have stimulated the almost immediate
public development of a new class of encryption algorithms, the
asymmetric key algorithms
.


Website at Standford

-

http://www
-
ee.stanford.edu/~hellman/

http://www.nuclear
risk.org/soaring_article.php


http://www
-
ee.stanford.edu/~hellman/breakthrough.html

I recommend Simon Singh's
Codebook

and Steven Levy's
Crypto
.












Bailey Whitfield 'Whit' Diffie

(born
June 5
,
1944
) is a
US

cryptographer

and one of the
pioneers of
public
-
key cryptography
.

He received a
Bachelor of Science

degree in
mathematics

from the
Massachusetts Institute of
Technology

in 1965.

Diffie and
Martin Hellman
's paper
New Directions in Cryptography

was
published in 1976. It
introduced a radically new method of distributing
cryptographic

keys, that went far toward
solving one of the fundamental problems of cryptography,
key distribution
. It has become known
as
Diffie
-
Hellman key exchange
. The article also seems to have stimulated the almost immediate
public development of a new class of encryption algorithms, the
asymmetric key
algorithms
.
[
citation needed
]


Best known for his 1975 discovery of the concept of public key cryptography, Diffie spent the 1990s
working primarily on the public poli
cy aspects of cryptography and has testified several times in the
Senate and House of Representatives. His position
-

in opposition to limitations on the business and
personal use of cryptography
-

is the subject of the book, _Crypto_, by Steven Levy of Ne
wsweek. Diffie
and Susan Landau are joint authors of the book Privacy on the Line, which examines the politics of
wiretapping and encryption and won the Donald McGannon Award for Social and Ethical Relevance in
Communications Policy Research and the IEEE
-
U
SA award for Distinguished Literary Contributions
Furthering Public Understanding of the Profession.

http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/299992/The_
Grill_Whitfield_Diffie_on_the_Hot_Seat












C
laude Shannon



father of information theory

Shannon is famous for having founded information theory with one landmark paper published in 1948.
But he is also credited with founding both
digital computer

and
digital circuit

design theory in 1937,
when, as a 21
-
year
-
old master's
student at
MIT
, he wrote a thesis demonstrating that electrical
application of
Boolean algebra

could construct and r
esolve any logical, numerical relationship. It has
been claimed that this was the most important master's thesis of all time.
[


http://www.nyu.edu/pages/linguistics/course
s/v610003/shan.html


Communication Theory of Secrecy Systems


















Horst Feistel

-

father of computer protection

Horst Feistel

(January 30, 1915
(1)

November 14, 1990) was a
cryptographer

who worked on the design
of
ciphers

at
IBM
, initiating research that would culminate in the development of the
Data Encryption
Standard

(DES) in the 1970s.


http://www.apprendre
-
en
-
ligne.net/crypto/bibliotheque/feistel/index.html