1
Abstract
Th
is study examines the
effect of
electric and
magnetic field on
to
r
sional waves in
hetrogeneous
viscoelastic cylindrically aeolotropic
tube subjected to initial compression stresses.
A new equation of
motion and phase
velocity of torsional waves propagating in
cyli
n
drically aeolotropic
tube
subjected to initial compres
sion stresses
,
nonhomogeneity, electric and magnetic field
have been derived.
The
study reveals that the initial stresses
,
nonhomogeneity, electric and
magnetic field
present
in the
aeolotropic
tube of viscoelastic solid
have a notable effect on the propagation of torsional waves.
The
results have been discussed graphically.
This investigation is very
significant for potential application
in various fields of science such
as detection of mechanic
al explosions in the interior of the earth.
Keywords
Aeolotropic Material
,
Viscoelastic Solids, Non

Homogeneous, Bessel
Functions
.
Magneto

Electro

V
iscoelastic Torsional Waves in
Aeolotropic
Tube
under Initial Compression Stress
1
INTRODUCTION
The mutual interactions between an externally applied magnetic field and the elastic deformation in
the solid body, gi
ve rise to the coupled field of
magneto

elasticity. Since electric currents also give
rise to magnetic field and vice

versa, the combined effect is also s
o
metimes known as magneto

electro

elasticity.
It is evident that since many component fields are interacting, a large number of
unknowns are involved and the solution of even the most elementary problems becomes difficult and
cumbersome. We therefore almost always have to take certain assumptions to
solve the problems.
The interaction of elastic and electromagnetic fields has numerous applications in various field of
science such as detection of mechanical explosions in the interior of the earth.
In spite
of the fact that
Maxwell equations governing e
lectro

magnetic field have been known for long time, the
interest
in
the coupled field is
helpful
in the field such as geophysics, optics,
acoustics
, damping of
acoustic
waves in magnetic fields, geomagnetics and oil prospecting etc.
Much literature is av
ailable on torsional surface wave propagation in homogeneous elastic and visc
o
elastic media. Pal (2000) presented a note on torsional body forces in a viscoelastic half space. Dey
et
al.
(1996, 2000, 2002, 2003) investigated the effect of torsional surface
waves in non

homogeneous
anisotropic medium, torsional surface waves in an elastic layer with void pores, torsional surface
waves in an elastic layer with void pores over an elastic half space with void pores and effect of grav
i
ty and initial stress on to
rsional surface waves in dry sandy medium.
Kaliski (
1959) purposed
d
y
namic equations of motion coupled with the field of temperatures and resolving functions for elastic
and inelastic bodies in a magnetic field, Narain
(
1978) discussed
magneto

elastic torsional waves in a
bar under initial stress, White
(
1981
)
studied c
ylindrical waves in transversely isotropic media
.
Das
et al.
(
1978
) investigated
a
xisymmetric vibrations of orthotr
opic shells in a magnetic field.
The co
n
tribution of
var
ious researchers on
torsional wave propagation such as
Suhubi
(
1965
)
,
Abd

alla
Rajneesh Kakar
Principal. DIPS Polytechnic College, India
rkakar_163@rediffmail.com
2
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/
Electro

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Viscoelastic Torsional Waves
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
13
) xxx

xxx
(
1994
),
Dat
ta (
1985
) and
Se
lim (
2007
) cannot be ignored.
Kakar and Kakar (201
2
)
discussed
t
o
r
sional waves in fiber reinforced medium subjected to magnetic field.
Kakar and Gupta
(2013) pr
e
sented a note on torsional surface waves in a non

homogeneous isotropic layer over viscoelastic half

space.
Tang et al. (2010) discussed transient torsional vibration responses of finite, semi

infinite and
infinite
hollow cylinders.
Kakar
and K
umar
(2013)
investigated
surface waves in
electro

magneto

thermo
two layer heterogeneous
viscoelastic
medium involving time rate of change of strain and
r
ecently,
Kakar (2013) presented a note on
interfacial
waves in non

homogeneous
electro

magneto

thermoelastic orthotropic granular half space.
In this study an attempt has been made to investigate the torsional wave propagation in non

homogeneous viscoelastic cylindrically aeolotropic material permeated by
an
electro

magneto field
.
The graphs have been plotted showing the effect of variation of elastic constants and the presence of
electro

magneto field
. It is observed that the torsional elastic waves in a viscoelastic solid body pro
p
agating under the influence of a superimposed
el
ectro

magneto field
can be different significantly
from that of those propagating in the absence of
an
electro

magneto field
.
2
BASIC EQUATIONS
The problem is dealing with
electro

magnetoelasticity. Therefore the basic equations will be ele
c
tromagnetism and elasticity.
The Maxwell equations of the electromagnetic field in a region with no
charges (ρ
=
0) and no currents (
J
=
0), such as in a vacuum, are
(
Thidé, 1997
)
0
,
(1a)
0
,
(1b)
t
,
(1c)
0 0
.
t
(1d)
w
here,
,
,
0
and
0
are electric field, magnetic field induction, permeability and
permittivity of the
vacuum.
For vacuum,
0
=
7
4 10
and
0
=
12
8.85 10
in SI units.
These equations lead directly to
and
satisfying the
wave equation
for which the solutions are linear combinations of
plane
waves
traveling at
the
speed of light
,
0 0
1
.
c
In addition,
and
are mutually perpendicular
to each other to the direction of wave propagation.
Also, the term
Ohm's law
is used to refer to various generalizations
.
The simplest example of this is:
,
J E
(2a)
3
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
w
here
,
J
is the
current density
at a given location in a resistive material
is the electric field at that
location, and
σ
is a material dependent parameter
called the
conductivity
.
If an external
magnetic
field induction
is present and the conductor is not at rest but moving at velocity
V
, then an extra
term must be added to account for the current induced by the
Lorentz
force
on the charge carriers
(
Thidé,
1997
).
( ) ( ).
v
J E V B E B
t
(2b)
The
electromagnetic wave equation
is a second

order partial differential equation that describes the
propagation of
electromagnetic waves
through a vacuum. The homogeneous form of the equation,
written in terms of either the
electric field
or the magnetic field induction
, takes the form:
(
Thidé,
1997
)
2
2
0 0
2
0
t
ò
,
(3a)
2
2
0 0
2
0
t
ò
.
(3b)
w
here,
2 2
2
2 2 2
1 1
r r r r
The dynamical equations of motion in cylindrical coordinate
,,
r z
are (Love, 1944
)
w
here,
,,,.,,
rr r rz rr z zz
s s s s s s s
are the respective stress compone
nts,
,,
R Z
T T T
are the respective
body forces and
,,
u v w
are the respective displacement components.
The stress

strain relations are
2
2
1 1
( ),
r
rr rz
rr R
s
s s
u
s s T
r r z r t
(4a)
2
2
2
1
,
r z r
s s s s
v
T
r r z r t
(4b)
2
2
1
.
z
rz zz rz
Z
s
s s s
w
T
r r z r t
(4c)
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
0 0 0
11 12 13
,
rr rr zz
s e e e
(5a)
0 0 0
21 22 23
,
rr zz
s e e e
(5b)
0 0 0
31 32 33
,
zz rr zz
s e e e
(5c)
0
44
,
rz rz
s e
(5d)
0
55
,
z z
s e
(5e)
0
66
.
r r
s e
(5f)
w
here,
ij
elastic constants (
ij
= 1, 2……6).
The elastic constants of viscoelastic medium are
(Christensen, 1971)
2
0///
2
ij ij ij ij
t t
(
ij
= 1, 2……6).
†
(6)
w
h敲攬
/
ij
慮搠
//
ij
慲攠瑨攠firs琠慮搠獥do湤nor摥爠d敲iv慴iv敳eof
.
ij
周T s瑲慩渠捯浰m湥湴猠慲攠
1
,
2
rr
u
e
r
(㝡)
1 1
,
2
v u
e
r r
(㝢)
1
,
2
zz
w
e
z
(7挩
1 1
,
2
z
w v
e
r r z
(7搩
1
,
2
rz
w u
e
r z
(7攩
1
,
2
zz
w
e
z
(7f)
周T ro瑡瑩o湡氠no浰o湥湴n 慲攠
5
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
1 1
,
2
r
w v
r z
(8a)
1 1
,
2
u w
r z r
(8b)
1 ( )
.
z
rv u
r r
(8c)
Equations
governing the propagation of small elastic disturbances in a perfectly conducting visco
e
lastic solid having electromagnetic force
J
(the Lorentz force,
J
is the
current density
and
being magnetic induction vector) as the only body force are (using Eq. (4))
2
2
1 1
( ),
r
rr rz
rr
R
s
s s
u
s s J
r r z r t
(9a)
2
2
2
1
,
r z r
s s s s
v
J
r r z r t
(9b)
2
2
1
.
z
rz zz rz
Z
s
s s s
w
J
r r z r t
(9c)
Let us assume the components of
magnetic field intensity
are
0
r
and
z
constant.
Therefore, the value of magnetic field intensity is
(
Thidé,
1997
).
0
0,0,
i
(10)
w
here,
0
is the initial magnetic field intensity along z

axis and
i
is the perturbation in the ma
g
netic field intensity.
The relation between magnetic field intensity
and magnetic field induction
is
0
(For vacuum,
0
=
7
4 10
SI units.) (11)
From Eq. (1), Eq. (2), Eq. (3) and Eq. (10), we get
2
0
v
t t
(12)
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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The components of Eq. (12) can be written as
(
Thidé,
1997
).
2
,
0
1
r
r
t
(13a)
2
,
0
1
t
(13b)
2
0
1
.
z
t
(13c)
3 FORMULATION OF THE
PROBLEM
Let us consider a semi

infinite hollow cylindrical tube of radii
α
and
β
. Let the elastic properties of
the shell are symmetrical about z

axis, and the tube is placed in an axial magnetic field surrounded by
vacuum. Since, we are investigating the torsional waves in an aeolotropic
cylin
d
rical
tube therefore
the displacement ve
ctor has only
v
component. Hence,
0,
u
(14a)
0
w
(14b)
(,).
v v r z
(14c)
Therefore, from Eq. (14) and Eq. (7), we get,
0,
rr zz zr
e e e e
(15a)
1
,
2
z
v
e
z
(15b)
1
.
2
r
v v
e
r r
(15c)
From Eq. (14) and Eq. (8), we get,
1
,
2
r
v
z
(16a)
0,
(16b)
(16c)
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
.
z
v v
r r
Using Eq. (14), Eq. (15) and Eq. (6), the Eq. (5) becomes
0,
rr zz rz
s s s s
(17a)
2
///
66 66 66
2
1
( ) ( ),
2
r
v v
s
t t r r
(17b)
2
///
55 55 55
2
1
( )( ).
2
z
v
s
t t r
(17c)
w
here,
/
ij
and
//
ij
are the first and second order derivatives of
.
ij
For perfectly conducting medium, (
i.e.
), it can be seen that Eq. (2) becomes
0
,0,0
v
c t
(18)
Eq. (1) and Eq. (18), the Eq. (13) becomes,
0,,0
i
v
z
(19)
From the above discussion, the electric and magnetic components in the problem are related as
0
,0,0 0,,0
v v
c t z
(20)
Using Eq. (19) and Eq. (1) to get the components of body force in terms of
SI
system of units as:
2
2
2
0,,0
e
v
H
z
(21)
Eq.
(17)
and Eq.
(20) satisfy
the Eq.
(4a)
and Eq.
(4c)
, therefore, the remaining Eq.
(4b)
becomes
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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2 2
//////
66 66 66 55 55 55
2
2 2
2
2 2
///2 2
66 66 66
2 2
1 1
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2 1
( ) ( )
2 2
e e
v v v
v
r t t r r z t t r
t
v v p v
H E
r t t r r z
w
here,
p
is initial compression stress,
e
and
e
are the permeability and permittivity of the
material.
(22)
Let
//////
,,
l l l
ij ij ij ij ij ij
C r C r C r
and
0
m
r
(23)
w
here,
ij
,
/
ij
,
//
ij
and
0
are constants,
r
is the radius vector and
,
l m
are non

homogeneities
.
From Eq. (23), we get Eq. (17) as
2
///
66 66 66
2
1
( ) ( ),
2
l
r
v v
s r
t t r r
(24a)
2
///
66 66 66
2
1
( ) ( ),
2
l
r
v v
s r
t t r r
(24b)
Using Eq. (23), the Eq. (22) becomes
2 2
//////
66 66 66 55 55 55
2
2 2
0
2
2 2
///2 2
66 66 66
2 2
1 1
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
2 1
( ) ( )
2 2
l l
m
l
e e
v v v
r r
v
r t t r r z t t r
r
t
v v p v
r H E
r t t r r z
(25)
w
here,
p
is initial compression stress,
e
and
e
are the permeability and permittivity of the material.
4 SOLUTION OF THE PR
OBLEM
Let
( )
( )
i z t
v r e
(Watson, 1944)
be the solution of Eq.
(25). Hence, Eq. (25) reduces to
2
2 2
1 2
2 2
( 1) ( 1)
0
l
l l
r r r r r
(26)
w
here,
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2///2 2
2
0 55 55 55
1
///2
66 66 66
2 ( )
,
i
i
(27a)
2 2
2
2
2
///2
66 66 66
2 2
.
( )
e e
H E
p
i
(27b)
Eq. (26) is in complex form, therefore we generalize its solution for
0
l
and
2
l
4.1 Solution for
0
l
For,
0
l
the Eq. (26) becomes,
2
2
2 2
1 1
( ) 0
r r r r
(28)
w
here,
2 2 2
1 2
(29)
The solution of Eq. (28) is
( )
1 1
{ ( ) ( )}
i z t
v PJ Gr QX Gr e
(30)
From Eq. (24) and Eq. (30)
///2 ( )
66 66 66 0 1 0 1
2 2
{ } { ( ) ( ) { ( ) ( )
2 2
i z t
r
P Q
s i GJ Gr J Gr GX Gr X Gr e
r r
(31)
5 BOUNDARY CONDITION
S AND FREQUENCY EQUA
TION
The boundary conditions that must be satisfied are
B1. For
r
α
, (
α
is
the internal radius of the tube)
0
( )
r r r
s
B2. For
r
β
, (
β
is the external radius of the tube)
0
( )
r r r
s
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w
here
r
and
0
( )
r
are the Maxwell stresses in the body and in the vacuum, respectively. There will
be no impact of these Maxwell stresses. Hence,
0
( )
0
r r
(32)
On simplification, Eq. (18) and Eq. (30) gives
( )
0
1 1
{ ( ) ( )}
i z t
i PJ Gr QX Gr e
c
(33)
Let
,
( )
0
i z t
e
Hence, Eq. (3) becomes
2
2
2
1
0
r r r
(34)
w
here,
2
2 2
2
c
(35)
The solution of the Eq. (34) becomes
0 0
( ) ( )
RJ r SX r
(36)
w
here
0
J
and
0
X
are Bessel functions of order zero. R and S are constants.
From Eq. (37) and Eq. (40)
( )
0 0
{ ( ) ( )}
i z t
RJ r SX r e
(37)
The
boundary conditions B1 and B2
with the help of the Eq.
(31)
and
(32)
turn into:
0 1 0 1
{ ( ) 2 ( )} { ( ) 2 ( )} 0
P G J G J G Q G X G X G
(38)
0 1 0 1
{ ( ) 2 ( )} { ( ) 2 ( )} 0
P G J G J G Q G X Ga X G
(39)
Eliminating P and Q from Eq. (38) and Eq. (39)
0 1 0 1
0 1 0 1
( ) 2 ( ) ( ) 2 ( )
0
( ) 2 ( ) ( ) 2 ( )
G J G J G G X G X G
G J G J G G X Ga X G
(40)
On solving Eq. (40), we get the obtained frequency equation
11
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Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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0 1 0 1
0 1 0 1
( ) 2 ( ) ( ) 2 ( )
0
( ) 2 ( ) ( ) 2 ( )
G J G J G G X G X G
G J G J G G X G X G
(41)
On the theory of Bessel functions, if tube under consideration is very thin i.e.
and n
e
glecting
2 3
,........
, the
frequency equation can be written as (Watson [18])
3 2
1 0
(42)
w
here,
2 2
2///2 2 2
0 55 55 55
2
///2
66 66 66
2 ( )
2 2
e e
H E
i p
i
(43)
Putting the value of
in Eq. (42), the frequency
of the wave can be found. Clearly, frequency
is
dependent on magnetic field
, electric field
and initial pressure
.
Put ,
(44)
The phase velocity
1
/
c
can be written as
2 2
2
2
2
1
2///2
0 66 66 66
2 2
2
e e
H E
p
c
c i
(45)
w
here,
2
,
k
///2
55 55 55
///2
66 66 66
,
i
i
///2
2
66 66 66
0
0
2
i
c
(46)
The term
s
,
E
and
p
are
negative in Eq. (45) which
means that the combine effect of magnetic field,
electric field and initial pressure reduces
the phase velocity of torsional wave.
Case 1
Since the pipe under
consideration is made of an aeolotropic material, then
///
0
ij ij
(47)
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Hence, from Eq. (42), Eq.
(44) and Eq. (47) the frequency equation becomes
3
0 0
0
(48)
Using Eq. (45) and Eq. (46), the phase velocity is
2 2
2
2 2
66 55
2 0
0 66 66
2 2
2 2
e e
H E
p
c
(49)
1
2 2
2
2
0
55
2
2
0 66 66
[ ]
2 2
2
[ ]
e e
H E
p
c
or
c
(
50)
w
here,
2
0 66 0
2
c
The term
s
,
E
and
p
are negative
in Eq. (49) which reduces the phase velocity of torsional wave.
This is in complete agreement with the corresponding classical results
given by
Chandrasekharaiahi
(
1972)
.
Case 2
If the pipe under consideration is made of an isotropic material, then
///
55 66
0,
ij ij
(51)
Using Eq. (49) and Eq. (50), the phase velocity is
2 2
2
2 2
2 0
0
2 2
1
2 2
e e
H E
p
c
(
52)
This is in complete agreement with the corresponding classical results
given by
Narain (
1978)
.
5.1Solution for l=2
For,
2
l
the Eq. (26) becomes,
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2
2
2
2
1
2 2
(3 )
3
( 0
r r r r
(53)
Putting
1
( )
r
r
in Eq. (53), one get
2 2
2
1
2 2
1
0
r r r r
(54)
w
here,
2 2
2
3
(55)
Soluti
on of Eq. (54) will
be (Watson, 1944
)
1 2
( ) ( )
RJ r SX r
(56)
Putting the value of
and
in Eq. (55),
we get
( )
1 1
1
{ ( ) ( )}
i z t
RJ r SX r e
r
(56)
From the Eq.
(24) and Eq. (56)
1 1 1 1
///2 ( )
66 66 66
1 1 1 1
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )}
2
( ) 0
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )}
2
i z t
r
R
rJ r J r
s i e
S
rX r X r
(57)
With the help of Eq. (32), Eq. (56) and boundary conditions B1 and B2, we get
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )} 0
2 2
R S
J J X X
(
58)
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )} 0
2 2
R S
J J X X
(
59)
Eliminating R and S from Eq. (58) and Eq. (59)
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
0
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
J J X X
J J X X
(60)
On solving Eq. (60), we get
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Viscoelastic Torsional Waves
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
J J J J
X X X X
(61)
If η
1
is the root of the above equation, then
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
J J FJ F J F
X X F X F X F
(62)
w
here,
1
F
On the theory of Bessel functions, if tube under consideration is very thin i.e.
and n
e
glecting
2 3
,........
, the frequency equation can be written as (Watson
,
1944
)
2 2 2
1
1
1
( 2) 2 1 ( 2) 0
(63)
where
,
2 2
2
2 2 2
2
///2
66 66 66
2 2
3 3,
( )
e e
H E
p
i
(64a)
2///2 2
2
0 55 55 55
1
///2
66 66 66
2 ( )
.
i
i
(64b)
From the Eq. (62), Eq. (63) and Eq. (64), the phase velocity can be written as (same as above Eq. (45)
and Eq. (46))
2
///2
2
2
55 55 55
2///2
0 66 66 66
2
i
c
c i
(65)
Case 1
Since the pipe under consideration is made of an aeolotropic material, then
///
0
ij ij
(66)
The frequency equation is given by
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Viscoelastic Torsional Waves
15
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1
3 1 3 3 3 1 3 3
3 1 3 3 3 1 3 3
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
J J J J
X X X X
(67)
3
2 2
6 3 0
(68)
2 2
2
2
1
66
2 2
3,
e e
H E
p
2 2
2
0 55
3
66
2
,
2 3
1
1
at
(69)
Using Eq. (65), Eq. (66), Eq. (67) and Eq. (69), we get (calculations are done in the similar manner as
for the Eq. (48) to Eq. (50) for
0
l
case)
1
2
2
2
3 55
2
01 66
2
c
c
(70)
w
here,
2
01 66 0
/2
c
Case 2
If
the pipe under consideration is made of an isotropic material, then
///
55 66
0,
ij ij
(71)
The frequency equation (calculations are done as for the
l
=0 case) is
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
4 1 4 4 4 1 4 4
4 1 4 4 4 1 4 4
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
{ ( ) ( 2) ( )} { ( ) ( 2) ( )}
J J J J
X X X X
(72)
w
here
2 2
2
2
2
2 2
3,
e e
H E
p
2 2
2
0
4
2
.
Using Eq. (71) and Eq. (72), the phase velocity for this case is (same as above Eq. (45) and Eq. (46))
16
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Viscoelastic Torsional Waves
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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xxx
02
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
1
c
c
(73)
w
here,
02
2
0
2
c
7
NUMERICAL RESULTS
The effect of
non

homogeneity
, electric field and magnetic field
on torsional waves in an aeolotropic
material made of viscoelastic solids has been studied. The numerical computation of phase velocity
has been made for homogeneous and non

homogeneous pipe. The graphs ar
e plotted for the two
cases (l=0 and l=2). Different values of
α/λ (diameter/wavelength) for homogeneous in the pre
s
ence of
electro

magneto
field and
non

homogeneous
case in the absence of
electro

magneto field
are
calculated from Eq. (49) and Eq. (65) wi
th the help of MATLAB. The variations elastic constants and
presence of
electro

magneto field
in two curves have been obtained by choosing the following p
a
rameters for homogeneous and non

homogeneous aeolotropic pipe
(table 1)
.
The curves obtained in
fig.
1 clearly show that the phase velocity for homogeneous as well as non

homogeneous case d
e
creases inside the aeolotropic tube. The presence of
electro

magneto field
also reduces the speed of
torsional
waves in viscoelastic solids. These curves justify the r
esults obtained in Eq. (50) and Eq.
(52) mathematically
given by
Narain (
1978)
and
Chandrasekharaiahi (
1972)
.
Table 1
:
Material
parameters
l
0
E (Volt/m)
H (Tesla)
P
(Pascal)
55 66
/
Homogeneous Pipe
0
2.33
15
0
0
0
0.9
Inhomogeneous
Pipe
2
2.33
15
50
0.32x10
4
0.1
0.9
Table 2:
Shows values of
2
0
c
c
(l =0) and
0
c
c
(l = 2) for
different
values of
α/λ (
diameter
/
wavelength)
α/λ
2
0
c
c
0
c
c
0.2
1.9849
2.5680
0.4
1.1662
1.5243
0.6
0.9393
1.2380
0.8
0.8455
1.1206
1.0
0.7985
1.0619
1.2
0.7717
1.0286
1.4
0.7557
1.0080
1.6
0.7441
0.9944
1.8
0.7365
0.9850
2.0
0.7310
0.9782
17
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Viscoelastic Torsional Waves
17
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures xx (20
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) xxx

xxx
Fig
ure 1:
Torsional wave dispersion curves
We see that for homogeneous case when
electro

magneto field
is present and for non

homogeneous
case when
electro

magneto field
is not present the variation i.e. shape of the curves is same. For non

homogeneous case, the elastic constants and the density of the tube are varying as the square of the
radius vector.
6
CONCLUSIONS
The above problem deals with the interaction of
elastic and electromagnetic fields in a viscoelastic
media. This study is useful for detections of mechanical explosions inside the earth. In this study an
attempt has been made to investigate the torsional wave propagation in non

homogeneous viscoela
s
tic
cylindrically aeolotropic material permeated by a
electric and
magnetic field. It has been observed
that the phase velocity decreases as the magnetic field
and
electric
field
increases.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors are thankful to the referees for their
valuable comments.
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