Sensation and Perception in the

beeuppityAI and Robotics

Oct 19, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Sensation and Perception in the
Workplace

Module from SIOP

Sensation and Perception in the
Workplace


Sensation

involves the processes that occur
when receptors in our sensory organs (e.g.,
eyes, ears, tongue) are activated and send
signals to the brain


Perception

involves the interpretation and
organization of those sensations in order to
give meaning to sensory information

Sensation and Perception in the
Workplace


In what professions might different senses
become important?


Sight


Hearing


Taste and smell


How could individual differences in perception
make a difference in the workplace?


Speech, depth perception

Sensory Abilities


Sensory Abilities differ across individuals


Sight

can involve things like color discrimination or acute
night
vision


Color discrimination important for graphic designers


Night vision for truck drivers, pilots


Hearing

abilities include
auditory
attention (focus on single
sound) or hearing sensitivity (differences in pitch or
loudness)


Attention matters for tool operators (signals usually auditory)


Sensitivity for musicians and music
-
related occupations


Taste

and
smell

(e.g., palate, olfactory discrimination
)


Food testers, chefs, sommeliers (wine stewards)


Perfume developer

Perceptual Abilities


People perceive things differently


Depth perception
is

important for pilots, machine
operators


Speech perception
is

important for translators,
clergy, speech pathologists


People can only attend to so many things


Multi
-
tasking seems like a good idea until texting
and driving




Class Discussion


If people differ in sensory and perceptual
abilities, and if jobs can require different levels
of these abilities, what kinds of things can
employers do to make sure they have
employees who have these abilities?



What might be the consequences if the wrong
person were hired for jobs requiring sensory
or perceptual abilities?

Further Reading


Buffardi
, L., Fleishman, E.A.,
Morath
, R.A., &

McCarthy, P.M.
(2000).

Relationships between ability requirements and
human errors in job tasks.


Journal of Applied Psychology
,
85
,

551
-
564.


Essock
, E.A., Sinai, M.J.,
McCarley
, J.S., Krebs, W.K., &
DeFord
, J.K., (1999).
Perceptual
ability
with
real
-
world
nighttime scenes
:
Image
-
intensified
,
infrared
, and
fused
-
color
i
magery.
Human
Factors: The Journal of the Human
Factors and Ergonomics
Society
,
41,
438
-
452.



Motowidlo
, S.J.,
Borman
, W.C., &
Schmit
, M.J., (1997). A
theory of individual differences in task and contextual
performance.
Human Performance
,
10
, 71
-
83.