Agricultural Engineering

beeuppityAI and Robotics

Oct 19, 2013 (4 years and 25 days ago)

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Agricultural
engineering

Introduction to Engineering

EGN1

February 11, 2013

Dr. Hornstein

What is agriculture?


Growing crops


Growing food


Growing plants


Raising animals


Farming

Finding Solutions for Life on a Small Planet


40% projected increase in world
population by 2030 will add
2 billion

people to the planet


Growing world population requires
more food, water, energy, goods


Limited resources demand we do
more with less, without degrading
our natural world

Biological and Agricultural Engineers ensure
growing population has the necessities for life


Safe and abundant food and water


Timber and fiber for shelter and clothing


Plentiful and renewable energy resources


A healthy environment in which to live


Biological and Agricultural Engineers

what do they do?


Devise practical, efficient solutions for producing,
storing, transporting, processing, and packaging
agricultural products



Solve problems related to systems, processes, and
machines that interact with humans, plants, animals,
microorganisms, and biological materials


Develop solutions for responsible, alternative uses of
agricultural products, byproducts and wastes and of
our natural resources
-

soil, water, air, and energy

What is agricultural
engineering?


Agricultural engineering is


Engineering + Science + Technology


applied to agricultural production and processing.



Agricultural engineering combines:

Plant biology

Animal biology

Mechanical

engineering

Chemical

engineering

Civil

engineering

Electrical

engineering

Bioengineering

Video: Become an Agricultural Engineer

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8_q7UC6RDg

Video: Agricultural Engineering

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7s3lBNr6VI

What do agricultural engineers do?


Agricultural engineers
may perform tasks as
planning, supervising
and managing the
building of


Dairy effluent schemes


Irrigation


Drainage


Flood and water
control systems


Perform
environmental impact
assessments


Agricultural product
processing


Interpret research
results and implement
relevant practices

Specialty

Areas


Forest Engineering


Aquacultural

Engineering


Safety, Health , Ergonomics


Nursery & Greenhouse Engineering


Power Systems & Machinery Design


Food and Bioprocess Engineering


Information & Electrical Systems



Structures & Environment


Biological Engineering


Natural Resources


Energy

Natural Resources

Improving conservation by understanding
the complex mechanics of soil and water


Wetlands protection


Water control structures: dams,
reservoirs, floodways


Drainage


Erosion control


Pesticide and nutrient runoff


Crop water requirements


Water treatment systems


Irrigation

Food and Process Engineering

Using microbiological processes to develop useful products, treat
municipal, industrial, and agricultural wastes, and improve food safety


Packaging, storage,
transportation of perishable
products


Pasteurization, sterilization,
irradiation techniques


Food processing techniques &
technologies


Biomass fuels


Nutraceuticals
,
phamaceuticals


Biodegradable packaging
materials


Information &


Electrical Technologies

Perhaps the most versatile specialty area, it’s
applied to virtually all others


Data acquisition and
“Bioinformatics”

biorobotics
, machine
vision, sensors,
spectroscopy


Electromagnetics


Global positioning systems


Machine instrumentation and controls


Structures & Environment

Engineering a healthy environment for living things


Animal housing


Grain storage


Waste storage, recovery, reuse, transport


Climate, ventilation, disease control systems


Power Systems & Machinery Design

Improving efficiency and conservation in agricultural, food, and
biological systems


Agricultural tractors, combines,
implements, and transportation equipment


Turf and landscape equipment


Equipment for special crops


Irrigation equipment


Farmstead equipment


Food processing equipment


Energy

Developing renewable energy sources, devising energy conservation
strategies to reduce costs and protect the environment


Devising new ways of meeting the
energy needs of agriculture


Meeting the energy needs of the
general population by using
agricultural products and by
-
products


Biomass, methane, vegetable oils


Wind and solar energy


Aquacultural

Engineering

Preserving our natural fish populations and habitats through
improved
aquacultural

practices.


System design for fish farms


Water quality, machinery, feeding, ventilation


Pollution reduction and water conservation


Ecological reuse or disposal of waste


Product harvesting, sorting and processing


Nursery & Greenhouse Engineering

A microcosm of large
-
scale production agriculture, with similar needs


Irrigation, mechanization


Disease and pest control


Temperature, humidity, ventilation control


Plant biology: tissue culture, seedling
propagation, hydroponics


Forestry

Applying engineering principles to forestry management and
conservation


Machine
-
soil interaction and erosion control


Operations analysis and improvement


Equipment design


Wood product design


Access systems design and construction


Safety, Health and Ergonomics

Making agriculture safer, more efficient, and more economical


Compile and analyze health and injury data


Standardize equipment for component
compatibility


Encourage safe use of machinery,
equipment, and materials through better
design and better communication

Where can I study Ag. Eng.?