JRC Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements

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Feb 21, 2013 (4 years and 5 months ago)

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JRC Institute for Reference Materials

and Measurements





European Commission

Joint Research Centre


Geel, Belgium


http://irmm.jrc.ec.europa.eu

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc

Back to the roots… 25 March
1957



The Treaties of Rome:


European Economic Community and Euratom


Birth of the Commission


Creation of the JRC




The European Atomic Energy Community
Treaty; Article 8:


1) The Commission […] establishes a
Joint Nuclear Research Centre
. The
Centre ensures that research programmes
and other tasks assigned to it by the
Commission are carried out.


2) For geographical or functional reasons,
the activities of the Centre might
necessitate separate establishments ...

JRC Institute for Reference
Materials and Measurements



Central Bureau for Nuclear Measurements
-

June 1961


Mission defined in the Treaty of Rome:

‘A bureau of standards specialising in nuclear
measurements for isotope analysis and
absolute measurement of radiation and
neutron absorption’



1962 Van de Graaff accelerator installed


1963 first on
-
site mass spectrometric
measurements


1965 LINAC inaugurated


1993 new name:

Institute for Reference Materials and
Measurements


The role of JRC Institute for
Reference


Materials and
Measurements




The mission of the IRMM is to promote a
common


and reliable European measurement
system


in support of EU policies.




IRMM
-

CONFIDENCE IN
MEASUREMENTS
®





complementary to national
activities:




providing quality assurance tools
for all





The prime objective of JRC
-
IRMM is…





to build confidence in
measurements and



ensuring their comparability.



Method development and validation


Validated data


Reference measurements


Production of reference materials


Inter
-
laboratory comparisons


Training



Measurements and legislation


millions of measurements are performed
every year to implement European directives
and regulations



important risk management decisions are
taken based on those measurements


need
confidence in measurements



need for harmonising policy implementation in
EU27+: building consensus






EU and global dimension
of harmonisation


Who needs confidence in
measurements?


The risk manager


Making difficult choices on the basis of
measurements results:



False + or False
-
?



Who is right? Are the results
comparable and reliable?



Are they obtained with the good
technique?



The citizens


Who is checking the safety of our food and
our environment?


What is the quality of the controls being
made?



The industrial operators


Are we being controlled by competent
laboratories?

JRC
-
IRMM core competences &
research areas


Core competences


Reference materials


Food analysis & bio
-
analysis


Chemical/isotopic
reference
measurements:
Metrology in Chemistry


Radionuclide metrology


Neutron physics



Applied in the fields
of


Food and feed safety
and quality


Environment and health


Biotechnology


Industrial standards


Nuclear safety &
safeguards


Nuclear waste treatment



Networking


Strategic partnerships e.g. EFSA, EEA, IFCC, WMO,
JIFSAN, NIST, EPA, DoE, IAEA, ISO, CEN, AOAC,
IUPAC, EA …



Participation in networks, e.g.


Consultative Committee for the Amount of Substance
(CCQM)


Consultative Committee for Ionising Radiation (CCRI)


European National Metrology Institutes (EUROMET)


Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine
(JCTLM)


European Network for GMO Laboratories (ENGL)



Projects within EC Framework Programmes, e.g.
Networks of Excellence, STREPs ...



The Community Reference Laboratories (CRLs)



Training: “our temporary staff are our future partners”

Standard methods of analysis


JRC
-
IRMM develops and validates analytical
methods: consensus building among EU27+



validated methods are submitted to…


Committee for European Standardization (CEN)


Association of Analytical Communities (AOAC)

International


International Standardization Organization (ISO)


Codex Alimentarius



… and become standards e.g. in the field
of food


allergens, mycotoxins, sweeteners,
vegetable fats


Community Reference
Laboratories at the JRC
-
IRMM


Feed additives


Heavy metals in feed and food


Mycotoxins


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
(PAHs)




Set up EU
-
wide standards for
testing methods


Organise comparative tests, train
analysts from national laboratories
and improve their performance in
measurements


Know international standards and
practices


Keep lists of reference substances
and their suppliers


Coordinate a network of national
reference laboratories:
“Reference
Networks” in the ERA

Certified reference materials:
standards for measurements


>650 reference
materials =
‘measurement
standards’



>23 000 units
distributed/yr

Microbiology

Food

Soil/

sediment

Water/

Air

TSE

Clinic
al

GMOs

Engineering

materials

Nuclear

Searchable reference materials catalogue
on
-
line:

http://irmm.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

Demonstrating measurement
capabilities by

inter
-
laboratory comparisons


JRC
-
IRMM organises inter
-
laboratory
comparisons


Participates in inter
-
laboratory comparisons to
benchmark its own capabilities vs. those of
national metrology institutes


Improves EU testing laboratories’
performance via cooperation with European
Accreditation


Provides reference measurements

±
50
%

Nuclear activities at JRC
-
IRMM


Reference materials for nuclear safeguards


External quality control for nuclear
measurements


Neutron data for:


safety of present and future plants


waste treatment


standards


Radioactivity measurements


inter
-
laboratory comparisons


certification of reference materials


support to the SI system


reference measurements




Comparis
on on
uranium
isotope
ratio


Accelerator laboratories at JRC
-
IRMM


150 MeV linear
electron
accelerator
(GELINA)



7 MV van de
Graaff accelerator


Neutron data for
modelling



nuclear waste
transmutation
studies


safe operation of
nuclear power
plants; modelling
of ageing reactors


understanding
safety issues of
innovative reactor
concepts


radiation damage


standards

Joint Research Centre (JRC)


Robust science for policy making