Biotechnology 101 & Why You Should Sign Up! - Solano County ...

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Feb 21, 2013 (4 years and 7 months ago)

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Biotechnology 101 & Why You
Should Sign Up!







Judith A. Kjelstrom, PhD

Acting Director


UC Davis Biotechnology Program

www.biotech.ucdavis.edu

September 24 , 2002


Welcome to the teachers and administrators
of the Solano County Office of Education,
SEDCORP members and other community
leaders:


Let’s work together to
create educational and
business opportunities in
the areas of:


Biotechnology


Medical Technology


Bioinformatics


Information Technology


Academic:Industrial
Partnerships are the Key!
Pass it On ……




The two technologies that will shape the
next century are biotechnology and
information technology”





Bill Gates




Microsoft

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


“The two technologies that will have the
greatest impact on each other in the new
millennium are biotechnology and
information technology”








Dr. Martina Newell
-
McGloughlin




UCBREP


(past director of UCD biotech Program)




Quotes from
2000:

What Path Should Students
Follow??


The Hottest Jobs for the New Millennium are:


1. Computer and Information Science


2. Health Sciences


3. Biotechnology & Bioinformatics



All of these careers require a strong background in
MATH, COMPUTER SKILLS & BASIC SCIENCES
!!


Also wanted:
Strong Thinkers & Communicators (oral
and written)


But …….. Will the U.S. Keep Up with the
Demand for Scientists & Engineers??


The National Science Foundation (NSF) reports
that as of 1999, about
25%

of all U.S. workers
with PhDs in science and engineering were
foreign born.


We must produce more American scientists and
engineers as well as increase general science
literacy.


Dr. Judith Ramaley, section of education and
human resources at NSF says, “It has to start
around the 4
-
5
th

grade.
You must go into the
valley of the shadow
, where pupils turn off to
science and math unless they’ve experienced:
good classroom material, chances to explore the
topic and
teachers who love the subject
.”


Full Report:

www.nsf.gov/sbe/src/seind02/start.htm


The Road to the AH HA!

Undergraduate data show a shift, not a
decline in interest in Science

(Science, Dec 27, 2001, pg 2466
-
7)


Paul Romer, an economist at Stanford thinks supplying more money will increase
the number of US scientists and engineers.


Technology Talent Bill (
www.nber.org/papers/w7723
)


Elaine Seymour, a sociologist at the Univ. of Colorado, Boulder cites “appalling
teaching” as a bigger reason for driving students away. She says that more money
won’t hurt, but it won’t fix the problem.
“It requires the systematic reform of the
science curriculum at all levels and improved teacher training”.


But …. How do we account for the steady growth in the life sciences, when other
areas of science like physics are showing a decline?


~38,000 biology undergrads in 1990 to over 60,000 in 1998.


Even though about one third of the total bachelor degree pool is in the life sciences,
in today’s world of greater technological sophistication,
we need to reach out to the

other two thirds (especially women and underrepresented minorities).


Biotech 101
-

What is it???


Biotechnology is
the Ah HA
!


It is the
KEY

to the Future of
California’s Economy


It is a
Collection of Technologies

that uses cells and biological
molecules (DNA, RNA, proteins,
etc.) to create new products,
processes or services.


It is involved in:
medicine,
agriculture, engineering, law
enforcement, environmental clean
-
up, energy production, basic life
science research, etc.

Biotech



The use of living organisms, or parts thereof, to
provide useful products, processes and services.




PRODUCT:


Golden Rice
-

insertion of genes for beta
-
carotene
(pro
-
vitamin A) production into white rice.
(Ag Biotech)


PROCESS:


Microbes manufacturing human insulin for diabetes
therapy.
(Pharmaceutical Biotech)


SERVICE:

Genetically engineered poplar trees for cleaning up
heavy metal contamination of land and water.


(Bioremediation)



Biotechnology or Bioengineering
is generally defined as:

But….we have broadened our
definition of Biotech to include:


Health Sciences & Medical Technology


DNA & Protein biochips, biosensors, tissue & organ
cloning, etc.


Bioinformatics/Proteomics/Genomics/
Metabolomics/Nutrigenomics [
The “OMICS
”]


Pharmaceutical Biotechnology


vaccines, cancer treatments, gene therapy, etc.


Agricultural Biotechnology


genetically enhanced crops & livestock


Environmental Sciences/Bioremediation


Neurobiology (
understanding the Brain
)


Microbiology (esp.
combating Bioterrorism
)


Biomedical Engineering, Nanotechnology, … & More!