The Cold War

batchquonochontaugUrban and Civil

Nov 29, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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The Cold War

Cuban Missile Crisis

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Essential
QUestion

How did the tension of
the Cold War play out
in proxy wars?

VocaBUlary

Nikita Khrushchev

Brinkmanship

John F. Kennedy

Cuban Missile Crisis

ACTIVATOR

Review

What events have led
to the
tension of the Cold
War?

TEnsion

TimelinE


1945


Germany & Berlin are divided; WWII ends


1946


Stalin controls central Europe = “Iron Curtain”


1947


Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan = Containment


1948


Berlin Blockade/Airlift


1949
-
1950s


NATO & Warsaw Pact form; Communists
take China; Proxy Wars in Korea, Vietnam, etc.



Discuss

If you were here yesterday, take a
minute and update your
tablemates on what they missed.


If you weren’t here yesterday,
write 1 thing on the back board
that your tablemates told you.

DISCUSS

New leaders come to
power for the U.S. & USSR.


Who
takes over in the
Soviet Union after Stalin?

Soviet
LEadErship

JOSEPH STALIN

NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV

Nikita KHRUSHCHEV


Background


Becomes Soviet leader
after Stalin’s death in 1953


Fought at Stalingrad; seen
as a tough old soldier


Post
-
Stalin USSR


Destalinization in 1950s


“Shoe”
Incident in 1960


Continues to support
growth of Communism in
the Third World

DISCUSS

Who becomes President of
the United States after
Harry Truman?

AmeRican

LEadErship

HARRY TRUMAN

DWIGHT EISENHOWER

DISCUSS

What events caused
tensions to
rise
further
between
the
U.S. & USSR?

TEnsions

Rise


U
-
2 Incident


1950s


U.S. begins using
spy planes over USSR


May 1960


Soviets shoot
down American spy plane


Khruschev

is furious



Berlin Wall


Built by Soviets in 1961


Separated West Berlin (US)
from East Berlin (USSR)


Made of concrete walls,
barb wire, electric fences,
and guard towers


REVIEW

How destructive were the
nuclear bombs dropped by
the U.S. on Japan at the
end of WWII?

NeW

NucleaR

Weapons


Arms Race


U.S. & USSR compete to
develop the best weapons


Atomic Bomb (A
-
Bomb)


1945


U.S. uses it on Japan


1949


USSR’s first test


Hydrogen Bomb (H
-
Bomb)


1,000x more powerful


1950s


both sides have them


ICBMs


Intercontinental ballistic
missiles (long
-
range attack)


Can reach target in minutes


Story
TIMe

Listen to the reading of
“The Butter Battle Book”


Consider


What metaphors for
the Cold War do you
recognize in the
book?

Click above to see the cartoon.

Discuss

What does the poster here represent?

Discuss

What does the wall represent?

Discuss

What does the build
-
up of inventions represent?

Discuss

What does the “big boy
boomeroo
” represent?

Story
TIMe

This story is a
metaphor for the
Cold War, specifically
brinkmanship
.


Based on this, how
would you define
brinkmanship
?

BRinKmAn

Ship


Brinkmanship



Pushing
dangerous
events to the
edge or
brink

of disaster
in
an
attempt to gain power
in the situation


During the Cold War,
brinkmanship meant
being on the brink of
nuclear destruction

Discuss

How is Dr. Seuss’s
The Butter Battle
Book
a metaphor
for
brinkmanship
?

DISCUSS

Who becomes President of
the United States after
Dwight Eisenhower?

AmeRican

LEadErshi
p

DWIGHT EISENHOWER

JOHN F. KENNEDY

DiscUss

Who is the man
to the right?


How does he
fit into the
Cold War?

RevolUtion

iN

cuBa


1950s Cuba


Anti
-
communist dictator (Batista)
rules over Cuba


U.S. supports Cuba’s dictator
s
ince
he is not a communist


Cuban people are unhappy


Cuban Revolution


1959


Fidel Castro leads a
communist revolution in Cuba


Communists overthrow Batista


U.S. companies are kicked out &
Cuban
govt

takes over all business


U.S. bans trade with Cuba

DISCUSS

How would the
U.S. feel about a
country so close
to America
becoming
Communist?

Reactions to CUBA


Bay of Pigs Invasion


U.S. trains & gives weapons to
Cuban exiles to invade Cuba


Invasion fails because the U.S.
does not join the fight


Huge embarrassment for U.S.



New Alliance


Castro wants protection against
another invasion


Khrushchev
wants to support
Communism in Latin America


Cuba
& USSR become
allies

COLD War sides

VS.

Pro
-
Democratic West

Pro
-
Communist East

Missiles in
TuRkey

Around this time, the U.S. puts ICBMs in Turkey, which
it had been supplying aid through the Marshall Plan

How would the USSR feel about this? Why?

DISCUSS

What could the
Soviet Union do to
get back at the U.S.?

CUBan

Missile Crisis

USSR puts ICBMs in Cuba

DISCUSS

How do you think the
U.S. reacts?

DISCUSS

Why did the U.S. feel so
threatened by the Soviet
ICBMs in Cuba?

CUBan

Missile Crisis

DISCUSS

How did the events of the
Cuban Missile Crisis unfold?


Cuban Missile Crisis


U.S. spy plane discovers Soviet ICBMs in Cuba


Kennedy calls them a direct threat to the U.S. and
demands the Soviet Union removes them


Both sides feared the other may launch ICBMs


U.S. sets up a blockade around Cuba and threatens to
start a war in Soviets attempt to cross


Soviets approach the blockade but do not cross it


Soviets agree to remove ICBMs from Cuba if U.S.
promises to do the same in Turkey & not invade Cuba


World
-
wide nuclear war
is averted

CUBan

Missile Crisis

What were the different viewpoints of
the Cuban Missile Crisis?

SUMMARIZE

Discuss

How is the Cuban Missile
Crisis an example of
brinkmanship?