Medicine Through Time

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Oct 28, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Medicine Through Time


GCSE


G&T Booklet











Medicine Through Time



GCSE



G&T Booklet





(7)

Notes


e.g. useful web
-
links, booklists, films

W
eb
-
links:

http://www.wrike.com/timeline
-
software.jsp?gclid=CMvrraPUkqsCFasKtAodDhnbwA

Timeline maker


may

also be a useful tool for organising your homework

http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/

At the
Wellcome Library

you will find a

fascinating c
ollection

of books, manuscripts, archives, films and pictures on the
history of medicine from the earliest times to the present day
.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/shp/

BBC Bi
tesize Revision Trail



Books:

PORTER, R.
A Short History of Medicine: Blood & Guts
,

Penguin (2002) ISBN:
0141010649

STRATHAM, P
A Brief History of Medicine from Hippocrates to Gene Therapy
,
Robinson, (2005) ISBN: 1845291557







































(1)

Getting to grips with CHANGE & CONTINUITY over time

&
Pre
-
historic Medicine

Task One

The best way to feel you have a good overview of the time periods is to
construct your own initial timeline with illustrations to help you remember
basic
developments.



You can use the template below OR download the free smart
-
draw trial
for this task.



Use either a line or block structure and then research each time period
by using the index of your text books or the internet.



Record at least

two

developmen
ts or achievements of an individual in
EACH

period, including a brief explanation & a picture/diagram.



http://www.smartdraw.com/specials/timeline
-
template.htm

Task
Two

Existing
tribes today that share the beliefs and behaviours of the pre
-
historic peoples put great faith in Natural remedies.

a)

Interview between 10
-
20 of your peers and record what ‘ natural’
remedies they use to TREAT illnesses and PREVENT illness

b)

Present your findin
gs in a diagrammatical way in Excel

and tell your
teacher about your findings

c)

What does this suggest to you about the nature of CHANGE &
CONTINUITY in medical treatments over time
?

d)

Dig further into the use of herbs over time and investigate
w
hat
the histo
ry of herbal cures tell us about

the history of medicine,
by
visiting the Welcome

Library website and completing the source
tasks

http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/assets/wtd021378.pdf


(6)

The Medical Renaissance

There are two branches of medicine concerning women:
gynaecology



which deals
with the disease and disorders of the female reproductive system, and
obstetrics


which deals with the treatment of women before & after childbirth. Much was known
about
gynaecology

in the Ancient world by the Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks & R
oman
and you may wish to research these further


Google search!


Task One

In the 16thC progress about the knowledge of
gynaecology & obstetrics
was
resumed. Research the following publications
and their authors
to produce
a ‘
Did you
know’ Guide to women’s

health’

Make sure you include illustrations!



Eucharius Roesslin
Rosegraden of pregnant women and midwives,
1513



The byrth of mankind

1540



De Humani Corporis Fabrica,
Vesalius



Gabriel

Fallopius



William Smellie
, Treaties on Midwifery, 1752
&

William Hunter
Anatomy of the
Human Uterus,
1774

Task Two

Start with the website below, and
produce a pen portrait

of Thomas
Sydenham to reveal in what ways he should, or not, be remembered as
The
English Hippocrates








http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/to
pic/577463/Thomas
-
Sydenham


http://www.sydenham.org.uk/thomas_syd
enham.html








































(5)

Medieval (Middle Ages) Medicine



In the West:

After 1100 the church was still the most important
influence in people’s lives, but it no longer had the same degree of control
over all aspects of medicine.


Task One

Research the
9

areas below and write a
‘Vicky Pollard


YES But, NO
But..


debate scrip
t addressing:
How far were there developments in
medicine after 1100?



you could start by making up a more upbeat
question!

1.

Medieval universities & medical schools

2.

John of Gaddesden (c1280
-
1361)

3.

Advances in surgery


Roger of Salerno

4.

Pharmacies

5.

Hospitals

6.

Women providing surgical care e.g. Trotula

7.

Urine analysis

8.

Theories of disease

9.

Treatments based on the 4 humours


and the dangers that these could result in

http://www.medieval
-
spell.com/
Medieval
-
Medicine.html

Various Search engines


Task Two

In the East
:
Ask your
teacher for a copy of pages 50
-
63 of Chapter 3 in
Paul Strathern’ s
A Brief History of Medicine from Hippocrates to Gene Therapy


Task Two
The pupil becomes the teacher!




Read all of Chapter 3 if you can, or just the pages suggested above and



prepare a power point presentation to teach the class about the
developments in medicine during the Middle Ages in the Eastern Arab
countries as well as , China and India.



Prepare a more detailed fact sheet for the class without just repeating
the information on the slides



Include progress in chemistry & surgery

(2)

Ancient Greek Medicine






Visit the web sites below, and produce an ‘ Agony Aunts’ information leaflet
explaining how the imbalance of humours affect teenagers moods. Try to
suggest possible ways to re
-
balance the
‘ humours!



You may also like to ask the teachers in the Psychology Department
about the study of ‘ personality’ disorders



You may also like to ask the teachers in the English Department how the
imbalance of the four humours feature in the works of Shakespea
re and
other Elizabethan literature


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Temperaments

http://psychology.jrank.org/pages/484/Personality.html


Task Two




Task One

Greek medicine was based upon religious explanation, but it also
included
RATIONAL

explanations. Through
observation and reason
HIPPOCRATES
developed his theory of the
FOUR HUMOURS
. These
ideas play a pivotal role in psychiatric medicine today
.



Imagine you have been asked to write an audio guide or pod cast
describing a

visit to the Asclepion. Research the history & draw a
labelled plan of an Asclepion; construct an itinerary and write a short
30 second commentary. Print out the transcript of your commentary.




(4)

Ancient Roman Medicine

Task one

Ask you teacher for a copy of an extract from Lindsey Davis Roman
detective novel set at the time of the
Emperor Vespasian called, ‘The Silver
Pigs’. What can you learn about Roman innovations, particularly in medicine
and public health from reading this book? There are some excellent books
for children that use Roman times as the setting for their stories. R
ead,
‘Pompeii, A Roman Girl’s Diary’ by Sue Reid and write a short review of the
book. Remember to
provi de an outl i ne of the pl ot


but don’t gi ve the end away!

Task Two

Ask the librarian for a copy of
Pomeii
by Robert Harris, for a
nother intriguing
insight
into the world of

the Ancient

Rome
. It tells the story of

how the continuity of this
great

Empire
was

explicitly linked to the maintenance of
the

aqueducts of the
Public

Health system
.

E
ngineer Marcus

Attilius,

is

i n charge of the massi ve aqueduct

that servi ces the masses l i vi ng i n and
around the Bay of Napl es. Despi te the pri de he takes i n hi s job, Marcus

has pressi ng
concerns: hi s predecessor i n the job has mysteri ousl y vani shed, and another task i s
handed to Marcus by the schol ar Pl i ny: he i s to

undertake cruci al
repairs to the
aqueduct near Pompeii
, the ci ty i n the shadow of the restl ess Mount Vesuvi us.
A
s
Marcus faces several problems
--
all life threatening
--
an event approaches that will
make all his concerns seem petty.

Read the book and find o
ut what happens and then
: Write a job description for an
assistant to Marcus listing the
technical

and
personal qualities
required
.


(3)

Ancient Egyptian Medicine

Task One

We know a lot about Egyptian

Medicine because of the
development of writing at this time.

Medical books were written on
papyrus
, made from the reeds of
the River Nile.

Conduct an internet search and find out why the following Papyrus
(Egyptian medical boo
ks) are so important to us:



Papyrus Embers



Papyrus Edwin Smith



Papyrus Berlin


Task Two

Religion, especially Gods and

Goddesses

played a big part in medicine in Ancient Egypt.

Produce a display of the following Egyptian

Gods/Goddesses explaining their
importance


to medicine and include:



An image



Their hieroglyphic



An interesting snippet from their legend



Taweret;

Imhotep;

Herodotus;

Sekhmet;

Bast (Bastet);

Hathor;

Isis;

Nekhbet;

Serket

(look out for the
odd one

out!)