AP Environmental Midterm Review

bankercordMechanics

Oct 27, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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AP Environmental

Midterm Review


1.

Identify which compou
nds are ionic, organic, polyatomic ion, and acidic proton

a.

CaCl₂

b.

C

H₁₂O₆

c.

H⁺


d.

CO₃⁻²


2.

Describe Kinetic Energy, First Law of Thermodynamics, Second Law of Thermodynamics,
and Conservation of mass.

3.

Describe Marine pelagic, Freshwater aquatic, Tundra, Desert, Savannah.

4.

Indicate the
location on a map where you can find vast tundra, North American
Hurricanes, and a savannah biome.

5.

Match the following word with its appropriate description:

a.

Nitrates






produced in the atmosphere by lightning

b.

Ammonia





produced by fi xati on i n the nodul es of l egumes


c.

Atmospheric nitrogen




produced by full oxidation during secondary sewage

d.

Nitrogen dioxide




when

mi xed wi th water vapor, thi s forms aci d rai n.

6.

Describe convection, conduction, radiation.

7.

Describe igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Describe the Rock Cycle.

8.

Match the correct horizon with its description:

a.

O horizon





p
rimarily composed of larger fragments of weathered parent material

b.

A horizon





topsoil







organically rich surface material

c.

B horizon





subsoi l l ayer that i s ri ch wi th i norgani c materi al

d.

C horizon

9.

Describe El Nino/Southern oscillation, Global warming, ozone depletion, Milankovitch
cycle, Leapfrog effect.

10.

Match the following with the appropriate description:

a.

Primary Productivity





Amount of biomass produced through photosynthesis

b.

Secondary Producti
vity




Amount of bi omass i n a bi ol ogical communi ty

c.

Total Productivity




total amount of biomass in a biological community

11.

Describe Mutualism, Parasitism, Commensalism, Interspecific competition, intraspecific
competition.

12.

Describe
fertility, fecundity, demographic transition, birth rate, and total fertility rate.

13.

What international agreement called for the unilateral decrease by all nations in the
production of greenhouse gases?

14.

Genetic redistribution and recombination in organisms
is achieved through what?

15.

What environmental crisis involved the production of water reactive gas that killed
thousands in the middle of the night.

16.

What technique is limestone used to remove oxides of sulfur and nitrogen.

17.

What type of water pollution cause
s pipes to be encrusted and decreases the
effectiveness of soap.

18.

Describe doubling time, stationary phase, environmental resistance, biotic potential,
and carrying capacity.

19.

What is an example of active solar heating in a residential setting?

20.

Describe
urbanization.

21.

What is an energy
-
saving technique that can be accomplished anywhere, regardless of
sun exposure?

22.

Where can ice crystals be found?

23.

What gas poses the highest risk of lung cancer?


24.

Describe an organism that experiences logistic growth.

25.

What un
its are equivalent to
ppm
?

26.

How is ecosystem complexity measured?

27.

Describe a restored area.

28.

Describe
true cost analysis
.

29.

What does “eco” mean?

30.

How much of the energy needed to produce a single aluminum can is saved by recycling
the can?

31.

Name an organism
that is at risk for accumulating fat soluble pollutants?

32.

What federal law protects habitats for endangered species?

33.

What disease results from a lack of Iodine in one’s diet?

34.

What part of a lake is the nutrient
-
rich portion that is closest to the bottom?

35.

Wh
at water compartment contains the greatest amount of fresh water?

36.

What occurs when saltwater comes out of a well?

37.

A solution has a hydrogen ion concentration of 1.0 x 10⁻² moles per liter. The pH of this
solution is

38.

The number of species that a single
ecosystem can support is most related to what?

39.

What organization had the greatest impact on reducing population in the U.S.?

40.

How do carbon filters improve water quality?

41.

A
watt
is NOT a unit of energy…..true or false
?

42.

Write the correct sequence in which co
al is made from organic material.