What makes for a Smart Utility?

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Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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What makes for a Smart Utility?

Presentation at Advanced Energy 2012

October 31st, 2012


Mani Vadari

Modern Grid Solutions

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Key Dimensions of Utility Transformation

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Regulatory





Organization






Business





Operations &
Process





Technology






Customer





Environmental

Utility
Transformation

Traditional Utility

Transformed Utility

Utility Transformation
-

An Evolutionary Process Analogous to a Feedback Loop

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Key Points:


The Smart Grid drivers impact various aspects/dimensions of a utility via the transformation process.


Factors such as disruptive technologies and retail choice can have a positive or negative impact on the
transformation, depending on the specific utility and its processes.


The utility transformation process when applied in a phased manner to all dimensions of the utility, will lead to the
achievement of some desired characteristics of a transformed utility.


However, the utility will continually need to take into account disruptive business models/processes that can have
an amplified effect on the desired end
-
state, and adjust its transformation process accordingly.


Transformation is an evolutionary process and its adoption will put the utility on the path to the Smart Grid.


Smart Grid
Drivers

Disruptive
Technologies

Retail
Choice

Utility
Transformation
Process

Disruptive Business
Models/Processes

Desired Utility
Transformation
Characteristics

+/
-

+/
-

+/
-

+/
-

Transformed Utility
-
Integrated Utility System

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Picture Source: GTM Research

Smart Grid Implementation Methodology
-

A Process for Building the Utility Business Case that address all aspects of
the Utility’s Business and not just Technology

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Business Case

Utility Smart
Grid Vision

Current State
Assessment

Desired
Future State
Assessment

Gap
Analysis

Set of
Solutions

Implementation
Plan

Finalization of
Business Case
& Roadmap

Optimization

Source: Adapted from NETL

Smart Grid Technology Progression: 2012
-
2030

AMI

CS

DR

DMS/DA

TA

AO

DER

ICT

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2012

2015

2020

2025

2030

Intro

Growth

Maturity

R&D

Intro

Growth

Intro

Growth

Maturity

R&D

Intro

Growth

R&D

Intro

Growth

R&D

Intro

Growth

R&D

Intro

Growth

R&D

Intro

Growth

Source: Adapted from Zpryme

Smart Grid Roadmap:

We believe that the Smart Grid marketplace will evolve into full adoption based on
changing market drivers and availability of cost
-
justified @Scale technology

Integrate Distributed Energy

Smart Grid Experiments

Playing around


Happening and predictable

Market Drivers

Optimize the grid and

Sweat assets

Incremental change w/known technologies
-

Happening and predictable

Market redesign

2010


2012


2015


2020



2030?

Smart Grid Experiments

Optimize the grid and sweat assets


Patch work and fragmented subsidy, incentive or regulatory support
-

Big focus
ARRA funding


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Smart Grid Roadmap:

While waves 1 and 2 are more predictable from a technology direction perspective, waves 3 and 4 are
more unpredictable both from extent and timing perspective because of too many unknowns in policy,
regulatory directions, and availability of economically feasible @scale technology

Smart Grid Experiments

Market Drivers

Optimize the grid and

Sweat assets

2010


2012


2015


2020



2030?

Integrate Distributed Generation, Storage, Active Demand Response etc.

Market Redesign


Policy and regulatory drivers provide price signals that make customer sited DG
cost competitive


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Customer fully engaged


DR is in


High visibility/controllability in T and D


self
-
healing grid appears on horizon.


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Residential energy services integrated with other digital services like cellular,
entertainment, automotive, home automation, security and health services.


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superconductors, advanced transformers, and cdv controls
(Distribution PMUs) prevalent

Integrate Distributed Energy

Depends on storage and renewables breaking

reliability and economic barriers

Market redesign

Depends on national energy policy
and regulatory directions

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