SOCIAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES OF ROBOT COMPANIONS

albanianboneyardAI and Robotics

Nov 2, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

106 views

SOCIAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES OF
ROBOT COMPANIONS


F21RO1 Robotics & Automation


Dimitra Gkatzia

Deepak Raj Murugaian

Bhanubhak Nunbhakdi

ROBOT COMPANIANS

WHAT IS A ROBOT COMPANION?


TASKS


ROLES




TYPES OF ROBOT COMPANIONS




COLLABORATORS


SUITS


EXPLORERS


BODY AUGUMENTATION SYSTEM






COMPANAIAN BOTS IN MARKET


WIDELY USED ROBOT COMPANIONS



CleanMate


Dressman


RoboMower


Aibo


Spykee


Wakamaru


RIBA


DiGORO













Future of Social Robots


By 2050,Imagine every home will have a robot as a
member of their family!!!



If these robots can feel pain, should they be granted
certain rights?



If robots develop emotions, as some experts think
they will, should they be allowed to marry humans?



Should they be allowed to own property? Do they be
provided with citizenship?

ISSAC ASIMO’S LAWS



1.A robot may not injure a human being or, through
inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.


2. A robot must obey any orders given to it by human
beings, except where such orders would conflict with
the First Law.


3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as
such protection does not conflict with the First or
Second Law.














Ethical and Social Issues


Automated robots or robots commanded by
humans?



Emotional robots




Robots can affect human relationships




Robots may affect human’s privacy



Privacy



Disclosure of information:



a) existence of malware



b) behavior of robot in front of others



c) design (fault programming, on purpose)


Elderly and Robot Companions



Usually suffer from isolation


loneliness


Issues raised by usage of Robot Companions:



Robots’
Reaction

in different situations



Robots’
Tolerance



Robots’
Responses



Children and Robot Companions





Robot nannies


Ethical and social issues




Privacy



Restraints



Deception



Accountability



Psychological Damage


Robots; rights and legislation



Robots’ rights



Robot Ethics Charter



(ISO, 2006a) has set of rules

especially ISO 10218
-
1:2006



Further study : legislation


children’s negligence

REFERENCES


Noel Sharkey,
COMPUTER SCIENCE: The Ethical Frontiers of Robotics
,
(
Science
19 December 2008: Vol. 322. no. 5909, pp. 1800


1801 DOI:
10.1126/science.1164582)
,
Department of Computer Science,
University of Sheffield, Sheffield.


The Burden of Embodied Autonomy: Some Reflections on the Social
and Ethical Implications of Autonomous Robots
, Matthias Scheutz
-

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Charles R. Crowell
-

Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN
46556, USA.


Linda A.Murray and John T.E. Richardson,
Intelligent Systems in a
Human Context, Development, Implications and Applications
, Oxford
Science Publications, 1989.


Lawrence E. Hinman,
Robotic Companions: Some ethical questions to
consider,
Department of Philosophy, University of San Diego, USA,
2009.


REFERENCES


Dag Sverre Syrdal, Michael L. Walters, Nuno Otero, Kheng Lee
Koay and Kerstin Dautenhahn
,
"He Knows When You Are Sleeping"


Privacy and the Personal Robot Companion
, Adaptive Systems
Research Group, School of Computer Science, University of
Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire,

2007.


Noel Sharkey, Amanda Sharkey.
The crying shame of robot
nannies: an ethical appraisal
. Interaction Studies, Volume 11,
Number 2, 161
-
190(30), 2010.


Robot companions for citizens

by Paolo Dario,
Micro
-
BioRobotics,
Department of Micro
-
BioRobotics, from Italian
Institute of Technology
.


Yueh
-
Hsuan Weng, Chien
-
Hsun Chen and Cheun
-
Tsai Sun,” Safety

REFERENCES


Yueh
-
Hsuan Weng, Chien
-
Hsun Chen and Cheun
-
Tsai Sun,” Safety
Intelligence and Legal Machine Language
-
Do we need the Three
Laws of Robotics? ”, in Yoshihiko Takahashi (Ed.) Service Robot
Applications, Vienna: Intec Education & Publishing, August 2008.
ISBN 978
-
953
-
7619
-
00
-
8 Available at:
http://works.bepress.com/weng_yueh_hsuan/3


The Social Computer


Combining machine and human

by
Fausto Giunchiglia, Computer Science and Information
Engineering, University of Trento.


Exploratory Workshop on the Social Impacts of Robotics:
Summary and Issues compiled by office of technology
assessment, United States of America.


A Robot in Every Home by Bill gates, published in scientific
American Inc,Janauary,2007.
http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~robins/A_Robot_in_Every_Home



QUERIES?